Australian Labor Party (South Australian Branch)

The Australian Labor Party (South Australian Branch), commonly known as South Australian Labor, is the South Australian Branch of the Australian Labor Party, originally formed in 1891 as the United Labor Party of South Australia. It is one of two major parties in the bicameral Parliament of South Australia, the other being the Liberal Party of Australia (SA Division).

Since the 1970 election, marking the beginning of democratic proportional representation (one vote, one value) and ending decades of pro-rural electoral malapportionment known as the Playmander, Labor have won 11 of the 15 elections. Spanning 16 years and 4 terms, Labor was last in government from the 2002 election until the 2018 election. Jay Weatherill led the Labor government since a 2011 leadership change from Mike Rann. During 2013 it became the longest-serving state Labor government in South Australian history, and in addition went on to win a fourth four-year term at the 2014 election.

Labor's most notable historic Premiers of South Australia include Thomas Price in the 1900s, Don Dunstan in the 1970s and John Bannon in the 1980s.

Australian Labor Party
(South Australian Branch)
LeaderPeter Malinauskas
Deputy LeaderSusan Close
PresidentKatrine Hildyard
SecretaryReggie Martin [1]
Founded1891
Headquarters141 Gilles Street, Adelaide
Youth wingSouth Australian Young Labor
National affiliationAustralian Labor Party
SA House of Assembly
19 / 47
SA Legislative Council
8 / 22
Australian House of Representatives
(SA seats)
6 / 11
Australian Senate
(SA seats)
3 / 12
Website
sa.alp.org.au

Formation

SAULP1893.jpeg
ULP parliamentarians following the 1893 colonial election.

A United Trades and Labor Council meeting with the purpose of creating an elections committee was convened on 12 December 1890, and held on 7 January 1891. The elections committee was formed, officially named the United Labor Party of South Australia (unlike state Labor, prior to 1912 their federal counterparts included the 'u' in their spelling of Labour) with John McPherson the founding secretary. Four months later, Labor enjoyed immediate success, electing David Charleston, Robert Guthrie and Andrew Kirkpatrick to the South Australian Legislative Council. A week later, Richard Hooper won the 1891 Wallaroo by-election as an Independent Labor member in the South Australian House of Assembly. McPherson won the 1892 East Adelaide by-election on 23 January, becoming the first official Labor leader and member of the House of Assembly.

Prior to party creation, South Australian politics had lacked parties or solid groupings, although loose liberal and conservative blocs had begun to develop by the end of the 1880s. The 1893 election was the first general election Labor would stand at, resulting in liberal and conservative leaning MPs beginning to divide, additionally with unidentified groupings and independents, as well as the subsequent formation of the staunchly anti-Labor National Defence League. The voluntary turnout rate increased from 53 to 68 percent, with Labor on 19 percent of the vote, and 10 Labor candidates including McPherson and Hooper were elected to the 54-member House of Assembly which gave Labor the balance of power. The Kingston liberal government was formed with the support of Labor, ousting the Downer conservative government. Kingston served as Premier for a then-record of six and a half years, usually implementing legislation with Labor support.

Thomas Price formed the state's first Labor minority government and the world's first stable Labor Party government at the 1905 election with the support of several non-Labor MPs to form the Price-Peake administration, which was re-elected at the 1906 double dissolution election, with Labor falling just two seats short of a majority. So successful, John Verran led Labor to form the state's first of many majority governments at the 1910 election, just two weeks after the 1910 federal election where their federal counterparts formed Australia's first elected majority in either house in the Parliament of Australia, the world's first Labor Party majority government at a national level, and after the 1904 Chris Watson minority government the world's second Labor Party government at a national level.[2][3][4]

Known as the United Labor Party of South Australia until 1917, the Australian Labor Party at both a state/colony and federal level pre-dates, among others, both the British Labour Party and the New Zealand Labour Party in party formation, government, and policy implementation.[5]

Premiers

Parliamentary Party Leader
Peter Malinauskas
Incumbent
Peter Malinauskas

since 9 April 2018
Inaugural holderJohn McPherson

Thirteen of the nineteen parliamentary Labor leaders have served as Premier of South Australia: Thomas Price (1905–1909), John Verran (1910–1912), Crawford Vaughan (1915–1917), John Gunn (1924–1926), Lionel Hill (1926–1927 and 1930–1931; expelled from party but continued as Premier until 1933), Frank Walsh (1965–1967), Don Dunstan (1967–1968 and 1970–1979), Des Corcoran (1979), John Bannon (1982–1992), Lynn Arnold (1992–1993), Mike Rann (2002–2011) and Jay Weatherill (2011–2018). Robert Richards was Premier in 1933 while leading the rebel Parliamentary Labor Party of MPs who had been expelled in the 1931 Labor split; he would later be readmitted and lead the party in opposition. Bannon is Labor's longest-serving Premier of South Australia, ahead of Rann and Dunstan by a matter of weeks. Every Labor leader for more than half a century has gone on to serve as Premier.

Deputy Premiers

Since the position's formal introduction in 1968, seven parliamentary Labor deputy leaders have served as Deputy Premier of South Australia: Des Corcoran (1968 and 1970–1979), Hugh Hudson (1979), Jack Wright (1982–1985), Don Hopgood (1985–1992), Frank Blevins (1992–1993), Kevin Foley (2002–2011) and John Rau (2011–18). Foley is the state's longest-serving Deputy Premier.

List of parliamentary leaders

Current federal parliamentarians

Lower

Upper

Historic party officials

State election results

Election Seats won ± Total votes % Position Leader
1893
10 / 54
Increase10 16,458 18.8% Third party John McPherson
1896
12 / 54
Increase2 39,107 24.3% Third party John McPherson
1899
11 / 54
Decrease1 40,756 25.4% Third party Lee Batchelor
1902
5 / 42
Decrease6 48,515 19.9% Opposition Thomas Price
1905
15 / 42
Increase10 148,550 41.3% Minority government Thomas Price
1906
20 / 42
Increase5 143,577 44.8% Minority government Thomas Price
1910
22 / 42
Increase2 197,935 49.1% Majority government John Verran
1912
16 / 40
Decrease6 253,163 46.7% Opposition John Verran
1915
26 / 46
Increase10 153,034 45.9% Majority government Crawford Vaughan
1918
17 / 46
Decrease9 145,093 44.7% Opposition Andrew Kirkpatrick
1921
16 / 46
Decrease1 179,308 44.6% Opposition John Gunn
1924
27 / 46
Increase11 192,256 48.4% Majority government John Gunn
1927
16 / 46
Decrease11 243,450 47.9% Opposition Lionel Hill
1930
30 / 46
Increase14 102,194 48.6% Majority government Lionel Hill
1933
6 / 46
Decrease24 48,273 27.8% Opposition Edgar Dawes
1938
9 / 39
Increase3 57,124 26.1% Opposition Andrew Lacey
1941
11 / 39
Increase2 56,062 33.3% Opposition Robert Richards
1944
16 / 39
Increase5 105,298 42.5% Opposition Robert Richards
1947
13 / 39
Decrease3 133,959 48.6% Opposition Robert Richards
1950
12 / 39
Decrease1 134,952 48.1% Opposition Mick O'Halloran
1953
14 / 39
Increase2 166,517 50.9% Opposition Mick O'Halloran
1956
15 / 39
Increase1 129,853 47.4% Opposition Mick O'Halloran
1959
17 / 39
Increase2 191,933 49.3% Opposition Mick O'Halloran
1962
19 / 39
Increase2 219,790 53.9% Opposition Frank Walsh
1965
21 / 39
Increase2 274,432 55.0% Majority government Frank Walsh
1968
19 / 39
Decrease2 292,445 51.9% Opposition Don Dunstan
1970
27 / 47
Increase8 305,478 51.6% Majority government Don Dunstan
1973
26 / 47
Decrease1 324,135 51.5% Majority government Don Dunstan
1975
23 / 47
Decrease3 321,481 46.3% Majority government Don Dunstan
1977
27 / 47
Increase4 383,831 51.6% Majority government Don Dunstan
1979
20 / 47
Decrease7 300,277 40.8% Opposition Des Corcoran
1982
24 / 47
Increase5 353,999 46.3% Majority government John Bannon
1985
27 / 47
Increase3 393,652 48.2% Majority government John Bannon
1989
22 / 47
Decrease5 346,268 40.1% Minority government John Bannon
1993
10 / 47
Decrease12 277,038 30.4% Opposition Lynn Arnold
1997
21 / 47
Increase11 312,929 35.2% Opposition Mike Rann
2002
23 / 47
Increase2 344,559 36.4% Minority government Mike Rann
2006
28 / 47
Increase5 424,715 45.2% Majority government Mike Rann
2010
26 / 47
Decrease2 367,480 37.5% Majority government Mike Rann
2014
23 / 47
Decrease3 364,420 35.8% Minority government Jay Weatherill
2018
19 / 47
Decrease4 343,896 32.8% Opposition Peter Malinauskas

Note: Following the 2014 election, the Labor minority government won the 2014 Fisher by-election which took them to 24 of 47 seats and therefore majority government. Prior to the 2018 election, a Labor MP became an independent, reducing them back to a minority 23 seats.

See also

References

  1. ^ Owen, Michael (17 July 2015). "Labor's South Australian candidates line up for preselection". The Australian. Retrieved 6 September 2015.
  2. ^ History of South Australian elections 1857-2006, volume 1 - ECSA
  3. ^ Sound of Trumpets: History of the Labour Movement in South Australia - By Jim Moss
  4. ^ Why did a 'labour movement' emerge in South Australia in the 1880s? - By Nicholas Klar
  5. ^ "Australian Labor Party". AustralianPolitics.com. 6 October 2013. Retrieved 11 December 2014.

External links

Andrew Kirkpatrick (Australian politician)

The Hon Andrew Alexander Kirkpatrick (4 January 1848 – 19 August 1928) was an Australian politician, representing the South Australian Branch of the Australian Labor Party. He was a member of the South Australian Legislative Council from 1891 to 1897 and 1900 to 1909, a member of the South Australian House of Assembly from 1915 to 1918, and again a member of the Legislative Council from 1918 to 1928. He was the state Agent General in London from 1909 to 1914. Kirkpatrick was state Labor leader from 1917 to 1918, when the party split nationally over Billy Hughes' stance on conscription.

Andrew Lacey

Andrew William Lacey (19 October 1887 – 24 August 1946) was the 22nd Leader of the Opposition in the Parliament of South Australia from 1933 to 1938, representing the South Australian Branch of the Australian Labor Party. Lacey was previously the Labor member for the seat of Grey in the Australian House of Representatives from 1922 to 1931.

Arts South Australia

Arts South Australia (previously Arts SA) Arts South Australia is responsible for managing the Government's funding for the arts and cultural heritage. It does this by developing and administering policies and programs to build the arts and cultural heritage sector in South Australia, supporting the State's Makers, Presenters and Collectors of arts organisations and administering grant programs and project funds for established and emerging independent artists. Arts South Australia operates with an annual budget of $140 million, less than one percent of the state budget, and employs 30 staff. It is a division of the Department of State Development, and is overseen by the Minister for the Arts. Arts South Australia manages the South Australian Ruby Award which recognise outstanding achievement in South Australia's arts and culture sector.Ministers for The Arts have included:

Mike Rann (5 March 2002 - 21 October 2011), while also serving as Premier

John Hill (21 October 2011 - 21 January 2013)

Jay Weatherill (21 January 2013 - 26 March 2014), while also serving as Premier)

Jack Snelling (26 March 2014 - 17 September 2017).

Jay Weatherill (Minister for the Arts while also serving as Premier)

The Marshall Government has not established a Minister for The Arts, however Steven Marshall is "responsible" for the portfolio (while also serving as Premier, in the first Liberal Party government in over 16 years )Since 2015, Arts South Australia was headed by Peter Louca, former chief of staff to Minister Jack Snelling and one-time Labour Party candidate for the Federal Seat of Mayo. Peter Louca instigated the re-branding Arts SA to Arts South Australia in 2016. He was later dismissed two weeks before the first budget of the Marshall Ministry, possibly due to his long association with the Australian Labor Party (South Australian Branch), and his position of executive director abolished entirely. Previous chief executives include Alexandra Reid and Greg Mackie. From 2010-2018, Arts South Australia managed Australia's oldest intact mainland theatre, The Queens Theatre. It is now managed by GWB McFarlane Theatres.Following significant federal funding cuts experienced by several South Australian small to medium arts organisations in 2016, Arts South Australia has been criticised by Arts Industry Council for South Australia for not providing enough financial support to the independent arts sector.In 2016 Arts South Australia established the campaign "Made In Adelaide" to export and promote South Australian artists at the Edinburgh Fringe Festival.After the Liberal Party came into government in 2018, the role of Arts South Australia was focused on provision of policy advice, with other administrative functions being incorporated into the Department of Premier and Cabinet, and significant aspects of the Arts South Australia portfolio being redirected to the Minister for Education and the Minister for Training and Further Education. These changes have been seen as a "dismantling" of Arts South Australia, and were conducted without prior consultation with the arts industry. During the 2018 South Australian Election, the Liberal Party policy was to develop and implement South Australia's first Arts Plan in almost 20 years, which has since be re-stated by Premier Steven Marshal as a promise due before the 2019 state budget, to follow "very extensive consultation with the [arts] sector".Statutory Authorities reporting to the Arts South Australia include:

the Adelaide Festival Corporation

the Adelaide Festival Centre Trust

the Art Gallery of South Australia

Carrick Hill

South Australian Country Arts

the South Australian Museum

the State Library of South Australia

State Opera of South Australia

State Theatre Company of South AustraliaAs of August 2018, the following organisations were moved from Arts South Australia to the Department of Education:

the History Trust of South Australia

Patch Theatre

Windmill Theatre Company

CarclewAs of August 2018, the following organisations were moved from Arts South Australia to the Department of Industry and Skills:

South Australian Film Corporation

South Australian Film Festival

Jam Factory

Contemporary Music program

Des Corcoran

James Desmond Corcoran AO (8 November 1928 – 3 January 2004) was an Australian politician, representing the South Australian Branch of the Australian Labor Party. He was the 37th Premier of South Australia, serving between 15 February 1979 and 18 September 1979. He also served as the 1st Deputy Premier of South Australia in 1968 and again from 1970 to 1979.

Edgar Dawes

Edgar Rowland Dawes (28 November 1902 – 5 August 1973) was an Australian politician. He was an Labor Party member of the South Australian House of Assembly from 1930 until 1933, representing the electorate of Sturt. He was the leader of the official Labor Party in South Australia in the aftermath of the 1931 Labor split from May 1932 until his defeat at the 1933 state election.

Frank Walsh

Francis Henry Walsh (6 July 1897 – 18 May 1968) was the 34th Premier of South Australia from 10 March 1965 to 1 June 1967, representing the South Australian Branch of the Australian Labor Party.

Jay Weatherill

Jay Wilson Weatherill (born 3 April 1964) is an Australian politician who was the 45th Premier of South Australia, serving from 21 October 2011 until 19 March 2018. Weatherill represented the House of Assembly seat of Cheltenham as a member of the South Australian Branch of the Australian Labor Party from the 2002 election to 17 December 2018, when he retired.Labor was in government from 2002, with Weatherill leading the Labor government since a 2011 leadership change from Mike Rann. During 2013 it became the longest-serving state Labor government in South Australian history, and in addition went on to win a fourth four-year term at the 2014 election. The 16-year state Labor Government lost power at the 2018 election. On 18 March, the day after the election, Weatherill announced his decision to step down as Labor leader, but intended to remain in Parliament on the back-bench. Peter Malinauskas succeeded Weatherill as Labor leader on 9 April. Weatherill announced his intention to retire from Parliament on 6 December 2018.

John Bannon

John Charles Bannon (7 May 1943 – 13 December 2015) was an Australian politician. He was the 39th Premier of South Australia, leading the South Australian Branch of the Australian Labor Party from a single term in opposition back to government at the 1982 election.

Just as the Prime Ministry of Bob Hawke stressed cohesion and conflict resolution in a way that Gough Whitlam's had not, so Bannon's consensual approach to government differed markedly from the more obviously radical Don Dunstan era. At the 1985 election Bannon's government was re-elected with an increased majority, but it was reduced to minority government status at the 1989 election. In 1992 Bannon became Labor's longest-serving and South Australia's second longest-serving Premier. As a result of the State Bank collapse, he resigned as Premier in 1992, and from parliament at the 1993 election landslide.

John Gunn (Australian politician)

John Gunn (16 December 1884 – 27 June 1959) was the 29th Premier of South Australia, leading the South Australian Branch of the Australian Labor Party to government at the 1924 election.

John McPherson

John Abel McPherson (28 January 1860 – 13 December 1897) was the first leader of the South Australian United Labor Party from 1892 to 1897. So successful, less than a decade later at the 1905 election, Thomas Price would form the world's first stable Labor government. John Verran led Labor to form the state's first of many majority governments at the 1910 election.

Lang Labor Party (South Australia)

The Lang Labor Party was a political party active in South Australia from 1931 to 1934, aligned with Lang Labor and the policies of Premier of New South Wales Jack Lang.

Liberal Party of Australia (South Australian Division)

The Liberal Party of Australia (South Australian Division), commonly known as the South Australian Liberals, is the South Australian Division of the Liberal Party of Australia, formed in 1974, succeeding the Liberal and Country League (LCL). It is one of two major parties in the bicameral Parliament of South Australia, the other being the Australian Labor Party (SA Branch). The party has been led by Premier of South Australia Steven Marshall since the 2018 state election; their first win in twenty years.

The party has won only 4 of the 13 state elections since their formation: 1979, 1993, 1997 and 2018. The 1970 election marked the beginning of democratic proportional representation (one vote, one value), which ended decades of pro-rural electoral malapportionment known as the Playmander.

Lionel Hill

Lionel Laughton Hill (14 May 1881 – 19 March 1963) was the thirtieth Premier of South Australia, representing the South Australian Branch of the Australian Labor Party.

List of state branches of the Australian Labor Party

The Australian Labor Party is an Australian political party. It is organised into a national organisation as well as a branch in each state and territory, as follows:

Australian Labor Party (New South Wales Branch) (Site)

Australian Labor Party (Victorian Branch) (Site)

Australian Labor Party (Queensland Branch) (Site)

Australian Labor Party (Western Australian Branch) (Site)

Australian Labor Party (South Australian Branch) (Site)

Australian Labor Party (Tasmanian Branch) (Site)

Australian Labor Party (Australian Capital Territory Branch) (Site)

Australian Labor Party (Northern Territory Branch) (Site)

Country Labor is a separate branch for rural and regional areas (Site)

Lynn Arnold

Lynn Maurice Ferguson Arnold, AO (born 27 January 1949) is an Anglican priest and a former Australian politician who represented the South Australian Branch of the Australian Labor Party, serving as Premier of South Australia between 4 September 1992 and 14 December 1993 at the end of 11 years of Labor government resulting from the 1993 election landslide.

After leaving politics, Arnold worked for World Vision from 1997 to 2007, and for Anglicare SA since March 2008. In November 2013 he was ordained a deacon in the Anglican Church. In December 2014 he was ordained priest in St Peter's Cathedral, Adelaide.

Mick O'Halloran

Michael Raphael O'Halloran (12 April 1893 – 22 September 1960) was an Australian politician, representing the South Australian Branch of the Australian Labor Party. He served as Leader of the Opposition in the Parliament of South Australia and also in the Australian Senate. Since his death in 1960, every South Australian Labor leader since then has served as Premier of South Australia.

Peter Malinauskas

Peter Bryden Malinauskas (born 14 August 1980) is an Australian politician, serving as leader of the South Australian Branch of the Australian Labor Party and Leader of the Opposition following the 2018 state election.

First entering state parliament as a member of the South Australian Legislative Council from 2015, he held Cabinet portfolios in the Weatherill Ministry from 2016, before moving to the South Australian House of Assembly seat of Croydon in 2018.

Robert Richards (Australian politician)

Robert Stanley "Bob" Richards (31 May 1885 – 24 April 1967), generally referred to as "R. S. Richards" was the 32nd Premier of South Australia, representing the South Australian Branch of the Australian Labor Party.

SA Unions

SA Unions (originally the United Trades and Labour Council of South Australia) is the peak body for trade unions in South Australia. It coordinates political, social, economic, and industrial campaigns between its affiliate members and implements the policies of the Australian Council of Trade Unions in South Australia.

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