Australian Defence College

The Australian Defence College (ADC) comprises three joint education and training organisations operated by the Australian Defence Force in Canberra, Australian Capital Territory:

The ADC is commanded by a two-star officer, currently Major General Mick Ryan since January 2018. Each of the educational organisations is commanded by a one-star officer or Colonel (equivalent), titled Commandant of their organisation.

In 2019, the Australian Defence College implemented its biggest organisational reform in almost two decades. The changes included the amalgamation of the Centre for Defence and Strategic Studies and the Australian Command and Staff College to form the Australian War College, to focus on Joint Professional Military Education. Individual training delivered by the Australian Defence Force Warfare Training Centre, Peace Operations Training Centre, Defence Force Chaplains College, Defence International Training Centre, and Defence Force School of Languages was centralised in the Australian Defence Force Training Centre.

The first two organisations are sited at a campus at Weston, ACT.

History of Australian Defence College

The current Australian Defence College has its origins in the report of the Defence Efficiency Review from May 1997. The report recommended sweeping changes to officer education in the Australian Defence Force.

The Australian Defence College (ADC) was officially opened on 18 January 1999 by the Hon Bruce Scott MP, Minister Assisting the Minister of Defence. The founding Commander of the ADC was Rear Admiral Raydon Gates CSM, RAN.

The first two courses that were run at the new ADC in 1999 were the Defence Staff Course (DSC) and the Defence and Strategic Studies Course (DSSC). In 2000 these two courses were merged to form one course, the Defence and Strategic Studies Course.

On 14 March 2001 the then Governor–General, Sir William Deane, officially opened the Australian Command and Staff College (ACSC). Prior to this date, middle management officer Command and Staff training was conducted at separate single Service staff colleges:[1]

On 1 October 2007 the Australian Defence Force Warfare Centre (ADFWC) came under command of the Commander ADC, as part of the Vice Chief of the Defence Force Group.

In July 2017, the Australian Defence College transferred to the new Joint Capabilities Group.

Commanders

Commander, Australian Defence College
Commander Term began Term ended
Rear Admiral Raydon Gates CSM, RAN January 1999 August 2002
Major General Jim Molan AO August 2002 April 2004
Rear Admiral Mark Bonser AO, CSC, RAN May 2004 January 2006
Major General David Morrison AM January 2006 April 2007
Brigadier Brian Dawson AM, CSC (Acting) April 2007 August 2007
Rear Admiral Davyd Thomas AO, CSC, RAN August 2007 January 2008
Commander Joint Education, Training and Warfare
Rear Admiral Davyd Thomas AO, CSC, RAN January 2008 May 2008
Rear Admiral James Goldrick AO, CSC, RAN May 2008 August 2011
Major General Craig Orme AM, CSC August 2011 July 2013
Major General Simone Wilkie AO July 2013 January 2018
Major General Mick Ryan AM January 2018

Australian War College

On 15 February 2019, the Hon Darren Chester (Australian politician) MP, Minister for Defence Personnel, officially opened the new Australian War College.

The War College delivers the Australian Defence Force’s core Joint Professional Military Education continuum through the War College’s two principal courses: The Australian Command and Staff Course and The Defence Strategic Studies Course.

Both courses use distinguished guest lecturers to give the course a practical context. Visiting Fellows include prominent academics from overseas.

Commandants

The following is a list of the Commandants, Australian War College.

Commander Term began Term ended
Air Commodore Matt Hegarty CSC January 2019 Present

Defence and Strategic Studies Course (DSSC)

"Joint Services Staff College" is also the former name of the British Joint Service Defence College

In 2019, the Centre for Defence and Strategic Studies (CDSS) – formerly known as the Australian College of Defence and Strategic Studies, and the Joint Services Staff College - was amalgamated with the Australian Command and Staff College to form the Australian War College, which is now responsible for the delivery of CDSS' main course, the Defence and Strategic Studies Course (DSSC). The DSSC is intended for senior Service and civilian officers of mainly Colonel (equiv) rank.

The intensive Defence and Strategic Studies Course (DSSC) primarily uses study modules from Australian universities. The DSSC is intended to give officers of the Australian Defence Force, the Australian Public Service and overseas participants the knowledge and skills required by senior leaders and managers operating in the national security environment. The interconnected thematic core curriculum blocks that are:

  • Development of Strategic Thought;
  • Command, Strategic Leadership and Management;
  • The Contemporary Strategic Setting;
  • Future Strategic Settings;
  • Australian Strategic policy – Past, Present and Future; and
  • Higher Command and Staff Studies.

Successful completion of the DSSC is considered necessary for promotion to Brigadier (equivalent) rank in the Australian Defence Force.

Past Principals Centre for Defence and Strategic Studies (CDSS)

The following is a list of the Principals, Centre for Defence and Strategic Studies.

Principal Term began Term ended
Paul Varsanyi 18 January 1999 5 January 2005
Myra Rowling 6 January 2005 8 December 2005
Maurice Hermann 5 January 2006 3 December 2006
Dr Alan Ryan 4 December 2006 January 2012
Ian Errington January 2012 February 2018
Colonel Charles Weller February 2018 December 2018

Australian Command and Staff Course (ACSC)

The Australian Command and Staff Course intellectually prepares future leaders to fulfil command and staff appointments in single-Service, joint, multi-national and interagency environment.

Other courses conducted are:

  • RAN Staff Acquaint Course; and
  • Army Reserve Command and Staff Course

Other courses are preparations for these:

  • Overseas Course Member Orientation Period (OCMOP)
  • ACSC Course Member Orientation Week
  • Defence International Training Centre
  • Australian Defence Force Peace Operations Training Centre Course
  • Directing Staff Development Course (DSDP)

The Australian Command and Staff College (ACSC) conducts courses intended to prepare field ranking officers (Major / Lieutenant Commander / Squadron Leader) and their Defence civilian equivalent for staff duties and subsequent promotion to command positions.

Past Commandants Australian Command and Staff College (ACSC)

The following is a list of the Commanders, Australian Command and Staff College.

Commander Term began Term ended
Air Commodore Peter McDermott AM, CSC March 2001 December 2002
Commodore Campbell "Cam" Darby AM, RAN December 2002 January 2005
Brigadier Michael Clifford CSC January 2005 July 2005
Brigadier Wayne Bowen SC, AM July 2005 September 2006
Brigadier Chris Appleton CSC February 2007 December 2007
Captain Richard McMillan CSC, RAN (acting) December 2007 March 2008
Brigadier Barry McManus CSC March 2008 January 2009
Brigadier Wayne Goodman AM January 2009 May 2010
Commodore Richard Menhinick AM, CSC, RAN May 2010 2012
Brigadier Peter Gates AM, CSM 2012 2017
Air Commodore Matt Hegarty CSC 2017 2018

Roof collapse

At about 4.15pm on 30 January 2006, part of the roof collapsed into the staff offices on the second floor used by the ACSC at the Geddes building. Several staff had minor injuries. Classes were moved to the ADFA campus while restoration work was completed.

Australian Defence Force Training Centre (ADFTC)

The Australian Defence Force Training Centre was stood up in 2019 following the Australian Defence College organisational changes and centralised joint individual training for Defence, Government Agencies and selected foreign students.

The ADFTC is as follows:

  • Australian Defence Force Warfare Training Centre, providing individual joint training for Defence, Government Agencies and selected foreign students, as well as assisting with training of joint headquarters staff for operations and job-specific training in the concepts of joint warfare.
  • The Peace Operations Training Centre is a joint, inter-agency and multi-national training establishment and a recognised United Nations (UN) training provider. It prepares Australian military, foreign military and civilians from other government departments to deploy on operations. The Peace Operations Training Centre also delivers the Australian Defence Force Gender Advisor Course, training students to apply a Gender perspective into policy, and planning at all levels.
  • Defence Force Chaplains College provides Initial, Intermediate and Senior level instruction to Australian Defence Force Chaplains.
  • Defence Force School of Languages, which celebrates its 75th anniversary this year, teaches and assesses Australian Defence Force and civilian members in Languages Other Than English (LOTE). The courses are unique within Australian academic institutions due to the intensity of delivery and the focus on military and strategic contexts.
  • Defence International Training Centre is the entry point for international military members on arrival in Australia, providing language training, teacher training and cultural familiarisation courses. Defence International Training Centre is a major contributor to Defence regional engagement especially in the South-East Asian and South Pacific regions.

Commandants

The following is a list of the Commandants, Australian Defence Force Training Centre.

Commander Term began Term ended
Captain Ray Leggatt AM, CSC, RAN January 2019 Present

Australian Defence Force Academy (ADFA)

The Australian Defence Force Academy (ADFA) is the educational institution for trainee officers of the Australian Defence Force, offering three- and four-year primary degrees, and postgraduate degrees.

ADFA's academic services are provided by the University of New South Wales Canberra and academic and some support staff are employed by the university. Military staff conduct a separate Joint Military Education and Training program to prepare the trainee officers for their military careers.

The campus is in Campbell, ACT, and is located between Russell, Campbell Park and Duntroon.

Current Commandant: Commodore Peter James Leavy (ADFA Class of '86)

Rector: Professor Michael Frater

References and notes

  1. ^ The History of the Australian Command and Staff College, Australia Defence College website. This page also contains: RAAF Staff College History; RAN Staff Course History; and History of the Army Staff College.

External links

Coordinates: 35°19′12″S 149°03′30″E / 35.320036°S 149.05823°E

Australian Defence Organisation

The Australian Defence Organisation (abbreviated as ADO and commonly referred to simply as Defence) is an Australian Government organisation that consists of both the Australian Defence Force (ADF) and the civilian Department of Defence personnel supporting the ADF whose two purposes are to "defend Australia and its national interests" and "protect and advance Australia's strategic interests".

Chief of Joint Capabilities

The Chief of Joint Capabilities (CJC) is the head of the Joint Capabilities Group (JCG) in the Australian Department of Defence, part of the Australian Defence Organisation. This position was created on 1 July 2017. The current chief is Air Marshal Warren McDonald.

Chief of the Defence Force (Australia)

The Chief of the Defence Force (CDF) is the professional head of the Australian Defence Force (ADF) and the most senior uniformed military adviser to the Minister for Defence. The current Chief of the Defence Force is General Angus Campbell, who took office on 6 July 2018.

Dave Cochrane (Canadian Forces officer)

Brigadier General David Bruce "Dave" Cochrane, MSM, CD is a Royal Canadian Air Force officer. Brig. Gen. Cochrane is currently the Commander National Cadet and Junior Canadian Ranger Support Group in Ottawa, Ontario Canada. He succeeded BGen Kelly Woiden.

Col. Cochrane assumed command of CFB Trenton, as well as the primary lodger unit for the base, 8 Wing, on February 19, 2010 eleven days after his predecessor, Russell Williams, was formally charged under the Criminal Code with two counts of first-degree murder along with two counts of forcible confinement and two counts of break and enter and sexual assault.Col. Cochrane graduated from Royal Military College of Canada in 1986 with a degree in mechanical engineering, and later qualified as a navigator. In 2009, he deployed overseas for six months and served in the War in Afghanistan as commanding officer of Theatre Support Element Roto 8.Colonel Dave Cochrane was promoted to the Rank of Brigadier General in Royal Canadian Air Force on 11 February 2015.He transferred command of CFB Trenton in August 2011. He graduated from the year-long Australian Defence College, Centre for Defence and Strategic Studies Course. Brigadier-General Cochrane assumed the position of Senior Advisor to the National Security Advisor in the Privy Council Office in Ottawa in early 2013. Promoted to Brigadier-General in 2015, he assumed the position of Commander 2 Canadian Air Division in Winnipeg overseeing individual training and education for RCAF officers and non-commissioned members (NCMs). was appointed to the command of 2 Canadian Air Division in Winnipeg.

In summer 2018, BGen Cocharane was be appointed Commander National Cadet and Junior Canadian Ranger Support Group in Ottawa, succeeding BGen Kelly Woiden.

David Morrison

Lieutenant General David Lindsay Morrison (born 24 May 1956) is a retired senior officer of the Australian Army. He served as Chief of Army from June 2011 until his retirement in May 2015. He was named Australian of the Year for 2016.

Davyd Thomas

Rear Admiral Davyd Rhys Thomas (born 2 May 1956) is a senior officer in the Royal Australian Naval Reserve.

Fort Queenscliff

Fort Queenscliff, in Victoria, Australia, dates from 1860 when an open battery was constructed on Shortland's Bluff to defend the entrance to Port Phillip. The Fort, which underwent major redevelopment in the late 1870s and 1880s, became the headquarters for an extensive chain of forts around Port Phillip Heads. Its garrison included volunteer artillery, engineers, infantry and naval militia, and it was manned as a coastal defence installation continuously from 1883 to 1946. The other fortifications and armaments around the Heads were completed by 1891, and together made Port Phillip one of the most heavily defended harbours in the British Empire.

The first Allied shots of World War I were fired when a gun at Fort Nepean fired across the bow of the German freighter Pfalz, as she was attempting to escape to sea. The orders to fire came from Fort Queenscliff. The same gun, with a different barrel, also fired the first Allied shot of World War II. By 1946 coastal artillery was outmoded, and the Fort became home of the Army Command and Staff College. After the three Service Staff Colleges were combined into the Australian Defence College in Canberra, it became the base for Army's Soldier Career Management Agency in 2001.

Fort Queenscliff is located in the Borough of Queenscliffe, some 106 km from Melbourne, on the western side of the entrance to Port Phillip. It occupies an area of 6.7 hectares on high ground known as Shortland's Bluff and overlooks the shipping lanes leading to Melbourne and Geelong. The Fort is a superb example of the defences that existed around the coastline of Australia from colonial times through to the end of the Second World War. Considerable restoration has been accomplished at Fort Queenscliff in recent years, including the recovery and refurbishment of some of the original guns, the restoration of historic buildings, and the development of a comprehensive indoor display and archival centre. Fort Queenscliff has been classified by the National Trust and entered in the Register of the National Estate.

A museum was established at Fort Queenscliff in 1982 to show the significance of the Fort in the local, state and national context and to provide a centre for historical research.

James Goldrick

Rear Admiral James Vincent Purcell Goldrick, (born 1958) is a naval historian, analyst of contemporary naval and maritime affairs, and a retired senior officer of the Royal Australian Navy. He currently holds the position of fellow at the Sea Power Centre – Australia. He is also an adjunct professor in the School of Humanities and Social Sciences in the University of New South Wales at the Australian Defence Force Academy and a member of the Naval Studies Group at the Australian Centre for the Study of Armed Conflict and Society, an adjunct professor in the Strategic and Defence Studies Centre of the Australian National University and a professorial fellow of the Australian National Centre for Ocean Resources and Security at the University of Wollongong. He was a visiting fellow at All Souls College, University of Oxford in the first half of 2015 and a non-resident Fellow of the Lowy Institute from 2013 to 2018.

Jim Molan

Andrew James Molan, (born 11 April 1950) is an Australian politician and former major general in the Australian Army. He was a Senator for New South Wales from December 2017 to June 2019, representing the Liberal Party.

During his military career, Molan was commanding officer of the 6th Battalion, Royal Australian Regiment, commander of the 1st Brigade, commander of the 1st Division and its Deployable Joint Force Headquarters, and commander of the Australian Defence College. In April 2004, he deployed for a year to Iraq to serve as Chief of Operations for the new Headquarters Multinational Force in Iraq. He has been awarded the Distinguished Service Cross, as well as the Legion of Merit by the U.S. government. He retired from the Australian Army in 2008, and later that year released his first book, Running the War in Iraq.

Following his retirement from the Australian Army, Molan was appointed by the Abbott Government as a special envoy for Operation Sovereign Borders and was subsequently credited with being an architect of the coalition's Stop the Boats Australian border protection and asylum-seeker policies. In 2016, Molan unsuccessfully stood as a Liberal Party candidate for the Senate in New South Wales at the 2016 federal election. In December 2017, during the parliamentary eligibility crisis, the High Court declared him elected in place of Fiona Nash, who was ineligible to stand.

Jone Baledrokadroka

Colonel Jone Baledrokadroka is a former career soldier who joined the Army in 1981 and was commissioned after attending an Officers commissioning course in Fiji. He was briefly the Acting Land Force Commander in January 2006. He was dismissed from this position on 13 January 2006, after only two days in the post. He disagreed with the Commander on issues affecting the Military and attempted to shut out the Commander from the barracks. His attempt to rally the troops to his cause failed; they saw it as a coup attempt against the Commander and withheld their support for his actions. Baledrokadroka was dismissed as a result. Prior to his appointment as Acting Land Force Commander, Baledrokadroka had attended the Defence and Strategic Studies Course at the Australian Defence College, Canberra,in 2003.

Mark Bonser

Rear Admiral Marcus Frederick Bonser, (born 7 August 1952) is a retired flag rank officer of the Royal Australian Navy. His final posting was as Head of the Military Justice Implementation Team for the Australian Defence Force.

Mick Ryan

Mick Ryan may refer to:

Mick Ryan (Australian footballer) (1882–1957), Australian rules footballer for Collingwood

Mick Ryan (Gaelic footballer) (born 1946), Irish retired Gaelic footballer

Mick Ryan (golfer) (1897–1965), Australian amateur golfer

Mick Ryan (hurler) (1925–2007), Irish hurler

Mick Ryan (politician) (1884–1970), Australian politician

Mick Ryan (rower) (born 1947), Irish Olympic rower

Mick Ryan (rugby league) (born 1953), Australian rugby league footballer

Mick Ryan (general), Commander, Australian Defence College 2018

Ray Funnell

Air Marshal Raymond George (Ray) Funnell, (born 1 March 1935) is a retired senior commander of the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF). He served as Chief of the Air Staff (CAS) from 1987 until 1992. A graduate of RAAF College, he began his career flying CAC Sabre jet fighters in Australia and South East Asia in the 1950s and 1960s. From 1972 to 1975 he commanded No. 6 Squadron, during which time the General Dynamics F-111C swing-wing bomber entered Australian service. He held senior staff posts in the early 1980s. In 1986, he was promoted to air marshal and became the inaugural Vice Chief of the Defence Force. Appointed CAS in July 1987, Funnell was closely involved in the development and dissemination of air power doctrine. He retired from the RAAF in October 1992 following his term as CAS, and was founding Principal of the Australian College of Defence and Strategic Studies from 1994 to 1998. Since then he has served on various Federal Government committees on immigration and detention.

Raydon Gates

Rear Admiral Raydon William Gates, (born 1 January 1952) is a retired senior officer of the Royal Australian Navy. He was later the chief executive of Lockheed Martin Australia & New Zealand from 2010 to 2016.

Roland Rich

Roland Rich (born 2 May 1951) is an Australian career diplomat who has been the head of the United Nations Democracy Fund since 2007, and is also Officer-in-Charge of the United Nations Office for Partnerships. Rich was Australia's Ambassador to Laos from 1994 to 1997, and founding Director of the Australian National University's Centre for Democratic Institutions from 1998 to 2005. He has also been a research fellow at the National Endowment for Democracy and served on the Australian Defence College staff.Rich joined Australia's foreign service in 1975 and served in a variety of overseas posts, including Ambassador to Laos (1994 to 1997), before being appointed Assistant Secretary for the International Organisations Branch in Australia's Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (1997-1998). He was then founding Director of the Australian National University's Centre for Democratic Institutions from 1998 to 2005. He was a Reagan-Fascell Democracy Fellow at the National Endowment for Democracy in 2005, and then taught in the Centre for Defence and Strategic Studies of the Australian Defence College.A lawyer by training, Rich followed a BA in Government/Anthropology from the University of Sydney (1972) with an LLB (1975, University of Sydney) and a Masters in International Law (Australian National University, 1982). He also holds a PhD from the Australian National University.

Simone Wilkie

Major General Simone Louise Wilkie, (née Burt, born 1964) is a retired Australian Army officer who was the Australian Deputy National Commander in the War in Afghanistan in 2011 and 2012. She was Assistant Chief of Staff to General David Petraeus during the Iraq War troop surge of 2007, and was the first female Commanding Officer of the Royal Military College, Duntroon and Commandant at the Army Recruit Training Centre at Kapooka. In March 2013 the Minister for Defence, Stephen Smith, announced her promotion to major general to take over as Commander of the Australian Defence College in July 2013.

Timoci Natuva

Colonel Timoci Lesikivatukoula Natuva (born 1957 in Wainibokasi, Tailevu) is a former Fijian politician and Member of the Parliament of Fiji. He has previously served as Minister for Immigration, National Security and Defence.Natuva is a former Colonel in the Republic of Fiji Military Forces. He holds a Master of Arts in Strategic Studies from Deakin University. He attended Sawani Village School and later Lelean Memorial School. He has had over 30 years of military experience. Between 1989–90, he Company Commandered with 2FIR in Sinai. He was appointed Chief Operations Officer Civil Military Affairs at the UNTAET in Dili, East Timor and Darwin, Australia, and between 1992–93, he was appointed Military Advisor to the UN Secretary General in Afghanistan and Pakistan. In 2001, he assumed the position of Chief-of-Staff of the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL). In 2007 he was appointed to be Contingent Commander of the First Fiji Infantry Regiment, Fiji Guard Unit for the United Nations Assistance Mission in Iraq (UNAMI).

Natuva has attended various institutions including Royal Australian Naval College, Asia Pacific Centre for Security Studies at Honolulu, Naval and the Post Graduate School at Monterey California. He is also a Fellow of the Australian Defence College of Strategic Studies at Canberra, Australia.

Natuva was elected to Parliament in the 2014 election, in which he won 2,691 votes. He was appointed to Cabinet as Minister for Immigration, National Security and Defence in September 2014. in August 2016 he resigned as a Minister in order to spend more time with his family. He was replaced as an MP by Howard Politini.

Weston, Australian Capital Territory

Weston (postcode: 2611) is a suburb of Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, Australia. At the 2016 census, Weston had a population of 3,576 people.Weston was named after a former homestead built in the area sometime around 1835. The Weston Creek grant was once held by Captain Edward Weston the Superintendent of the Hyde Park Barracks, Sydney. Streets in Weston are named after artists.

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