Australian Army Cadets

The Australian Army Cadets (AAC) is a youth organisation that is involved in training and adventurous activities in a military setting. The programme has more than 19,000 Army Cadets between the ages of 12½ and 18 based in more than 200 units around Australia. The values of the AAC are "Courage, Initiative, Teamwork and respect"[1].

The cadet programme has strong links to the Australian Army and is a part of the Australian Defence Force Cadets. However, its members are not members of the Australian Defence Force by virtue only of their membership of the Australian Army Cadets. While cadets are encouraged to consider enlisting in the military, it is not required that they do so.

Activities of the Army Cadets include navigation and orienteering, fun games, team-building games, field camps, ceremonial drill, radio communication skills, basic bush skills, first aid, equipment maintenance, participation in cadet bands, shooting the Australian Defence Force Service Rifles, the F88 Austeyr and the Australian Army Service Light Machine Gun, the F89 Minimi, with Army supervision.

Australian Army Cadets
Australian Army Cadets (emblem)
Active1906–1975
1976 – present
Country Australia
RoleVolunteer Youth Organisation
Motto(s)"Courage, Initiative, Teamwork, Respect"
Colonel-in-chiefThe Duke of Edinburgh

Background

The Australian Army Cadets is authorised under Section 62 of the Defence Act 1903 with lawful policies provided in the Cadet Forces Regulations 2013 (originally authorised under Cadet Forces Regulations 1977). The Australian Army Cadets is a youth organisation that is modelled on the Australian Army. It differs from Scouts Australia and other youth exploration groups as its main focus is that of learning and using military and leadership skills. The organisation boasts a nationwide reach with Cadet units in every state and territory in Australia.

Youths who have reached the age of 12 and a half (turning 13 in the year they join) are eligible to apply for enrollment into the AAC. Once enrolled, they may remain as a cadet until the last day of the year they attain the age of 18 years old . A cadet in the AAC is not considered to be a member of the Australian Defence Force, nor are cadets allowed to be a member of the Defence Force or, other than in approved exceptional circumstances, any other cadet service during their time as a cadet.

Research studies have shown that cadets have performed better than non-cadets in Australian Defence Force Training, and 25.4% of the Australian Defence Force has been in the Australian Defence Force Cadets. From 2001 to 2005, cadets have made up 10% of applications and 11% of total Australian Defence Force enlistments.[2]

History

Australian Army Cadets
Cadets and Australian veterans parading in Melbourne on ANZAC Day.

The King's School and Newington College vie for the honour of having the oldest Cadet Corps in Australia.[3] An embryonic corps was founded by Newington College when a drill master was appointed to staff in 1865. Two years later, a sergeant-major was appointed and muskets and carbines were purchased and an armoury and gunpowder store were opened at Newington College. The first official unit in Australia was established on 29 March 1866 at St Mark's Collegiate School by Reverend Macarthur. In June 1868, The King's School had closed and did not reopen until January 1869, when it was amalgamated with the St Mark's unit, the unit was renamed The King's School Cadets Corps. In 1869, the Newington College Cadet Corps was formally incorporated by the Governor of New South Wales (Somerset Lowry-Corry, 4th Earl Belmore) and that unit is now believed to be the second oldest continually running corps in Australia, after The King's School Cadet Corps.[4] The first regional unit, and third oldest continually running corps in the country, was established in September 1898 by The Armidale School.[5] With the establishment of many cadet units and corps at numerous boys schools throughout the Commonwealth, His Majesty King Edward VII established the Commonwealth Cadet Corps in Australia on 16 July 1906.

However, military training to students commenced in 1851 in the Port Phillip Colony of New South Wales, the year Victoria separated from NSW, when Sergeant Major Cleary from the 12th Regiment of Foot, based at Victoria Barracks (Melbourne), commenced drill instruction to students at Scotch College before the establishment of their cadet unit in 1884 when The Volunteer (Cadet) Act 1884 came into effect. A school holiday was proclaimed on 19 November 1886 to mark the occasion of the first public parade of the Victorian Cadet Force at Albert Park. More than 2000 cadets representing the units of 41 state schools, 11 independent or private schools and one catholic school were inspected by the Governor.

In 1910, the universal training scheme was introduced. Under the scheme, all medically fit males 14–18 years of age had to serve in cadets. Boys who did not comply were charged and dealt with by the courts. Training cadets were divided into two groups. Senior cadets aged between 16–18 years of age were attached to Militia Units (now known as Army Reserve Units), called Regimental Detachments, while students aged between 14–16 years of age remained as school cadets. Officers came from teaching staff and selected cadets were made "Cadet Lieutenants". In 1939, the outbreak of World War II caused the Regimental Detachments to be disbanded as staff were needed to train soldiers for overseas service. Some School Based Units closed down while some struggled on. By the end of World War II, Regimental Detachments had been re-raised. Between 1949 and 1975, School Based Units were attached to Citizen Military Forces units. The CMF is the precursor of the modern day Australian Army Reserve. Regimental Units continued to exist. By 1951, The Commonwealth Cadet Corps was renamed the Australian Cadet Corps (ACC) and on 2 June 1953, The Duke of Edinburgh became the Colonel-in-Chief of the ACC, as a part of the coronation of his wife, Queen Elizabeth II. The Duke of Edinburgh presented his banner as a gift to the Corps on 2 May 1970 at Victoria Barracks, Sydney. At this time, there were 46,000 cadets in Australia.

In 1975, the ACC was disbanded by the Whitlam Labor government and was re-raised by the Fraser Liberal government on 1 October 1976. By 1981, the ACC had 20,650 cadets. As a result of the Beazley Defence review white paper in 1984, full military support was withdrawn from school based cadet units, now classed as Limited Support Units (LSU). Military support for LSUs was limited solely to the discretionary loan of equipment for Annual camps. Uniforms, transport, rations and personal equipment all had to be funded by the school, parents or community organisations such as the RSL. As a result, most government school based cadet units closed between 1984 and 1986. Instead, full military support was provided to cadet units based at existing Army depots, now classified as Regional Cadet Units (RCU). Some school based units in disadvantaged areas or located some distance from a military depot were given RCU status. Many RCUs attracted cadets from the nearby school based units recently closed down. In NSW, the first RCU formed was 20 RCU Ashfield, originally Punchbowl High School Cadets, and then based at the 2 Construction Group depot of RAE in Haberfield, Sydney in early 1984. By 1998, however all cadet units again received full support. During 1993, the Australian Cadet Corps was renamed the Australian Army Cadet Corps. Many cadet units were now re-equipped with DPCU uniforms replacing the older green uniforms. In 2001, the Australian Army Cadet Corps was renamed the Australian Army Cadets as part of major reforms brought about with the Topley review and during 2004, the title of Regional Cadet Unit (RCU) was dropped in favour of Army Cadet Unit (ACU). Governor-General Michael Jeffery presented a replacement banner on behalf of the Duke to commemorate the centenary of the cadets on 24 September 2005, with the old Duke of Edinburgh Banner laid up at the Soldiers Chapel at Kapooka during the 2006 Chief of Army Cadet Team Challenge.

The AAC celebrated its centenary since the establishment of the Commonwealth Cadet Corps on 16 July 2006, as opposed to the centenaries of individual units, with the Victorian Brigade holding a large parade to mark the event.

Structure

AACstructure
Structure of the Australian Army Cadets.
  • Brigades are then broken up into Battalions.
  • Cadet Units are usually based on a company structure (the larger units are based on a battalion structure), and are under the control of both the Battalion and Brigade HQs.

Note: Although most regional headquarters are state based, Queensland has been split into North and South due to their combined size.

Controversies

Generally, many of the Australian public view the Cadets program as a positive youth development program, however, political views have constantly changed throughout the years.[6] Cadets have most notably been subject to criticism because their program and structure has often resembled that of a paramilitary organisation including the adoption of military uniforms, discipline and structure unlike other youth development organisations. This was especially in the 1970s, where the Cadet movement was temporary disbanded and also resulted in the suspension and review of Military-Like Training.

In 2007, a Cadet from Scotch College Cadet Unit called Nathan Francis died from an anaphylactic reaction to a Combat Ration Pack, and it resulted in that particular brand of rations getting banned.[7]

National Cadet Advisory Council

The National Cadet Advisory Council is the link between cadets and officers in the Australian Army Cadets, system. The NATCAC, as it is commonly known, endeavours in improve cadets and the standard of cadets any way it can. The NATCAC generally meets once a year, with regional CAC's meeting at least once a school semester. Although named the same, this should not be confused with the National Cadet Advisory Council[8] of Civil Air Patrol, the United States Air Force Auxiliary.

Meets at least once a year. Items to be discussed are compiled previous to the meeting by the NATCUO, and are based around what was brought up in RCAC meetings. Minutes from each meeting are recorded and passed onto the CO of the AAC.

Members of the NATCAC

The NATCAC is chaired by the National Cadet Under Officer and the National Cadet Regimental Sergeant Major. The Regional Cadet Under Officer and Regional Cadet RSM of each AAC region make up the council. The regions are divided as follows; North Queensland, South Queensland, New South Wales, Victoria, Tasmania, South Australia, Western Australia and Northern Territory.

Uniform

Cadets wear Auscam uniforms and general duty dress. In order to distinguish Cadets from Australian Soldiers, cadets wear a blue oval patch in a similar shape to the ADF service badges but with the Corps's iconic "sword and torch emblem" on it, epaulets always have the prefix "Army Cadet" or "AAC" added to them. Cadet's slouch hats generally have a metal "sword and torch" badge at the front and a blue and yellow patch on the left side, although some School Based Units issue their own badges.

Previously cadets could also wear ceremonial uniform identical to that of the Australian Army.

Cadets of more senior ranks may wear additional accoutrements that help to distinguish their rank, such as a red sash for Cadet Sergeants, Sam Browne belts for Cadet Warrant Officers and Cadet Under Officers.

Cadets Rank System

Insignia (No insignia) (No insignia) One Chevron Two Chevrons Three Chevrons St Edward's crown surrounded by a black box Australian Coat of Arms Black wreath surrounding the Australian Coat of Arms Chevrons in the form of a diamond Chevrons in the form of a diamond with a blue centre Chevrons in the form of a diamond with a red centre
Rank Cadet Recruit Cadet Cadet Lance Corporal Cadet Corporal Cadet Sergeant Cadet Warrant Officer Class Two Cadet Warrant Officer Class One National Cadet Regimental Sergeant  Major Cadet Under Officer Regional Cadet Under Officer National Cadet Under Officer
Abbreviation CDTREC CDT CDTLCPL CDTCPL CDTSGT CDTWO2 CDTWO1 NATCDTRSM CUO RCUO NATCUO

Cadet rank slides have a blue ribbon with "ARMY CADET" written in yellow.

AAC uniform
Example of a Cadet Corporals rank patch.

Officer of Cadets (OOC) Rank

Insignia 1 pip 2 pips 3 pips 1 St Edward's crown 1 pip and 1 St Edward's crown 2 pips and 1 St Edward's crown
Rank Second Lieutenant
AAC
Lieutenant
AAC
Captain
AAC
Major
AAC
Lieutenant Colonel
AAC
Colonel
AAC
Abbreviation 2LT
(AAC)
LT
(AAC)
CAPT
(AAC)
MAJ
(AAC)
LTCOL
(AAC)
COL
(AAC)

See also

Other Australian Defence Force Cadets

Other Army Cadet organizations

References

  1. ^ "Australian Army Cadets: Vision, Purpose and Values". 2 October 2018.
  2. ^ [1] Archived 17 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ "Kings School Cadet Page". Archived from the original on 15 September 2008. Retrieved 1 October 2008.
  4. ^ Newington Across the Years, A History of Newington College 1863–1998 (Syd, 1999) pp. 4–17
  5. ^ Graham, Jim (1994). A School of Their Own: The History of The Armidale School. The Armidale School. p. 65. ISBN 0646158570.
  6. ^ Stockings, Craig (2007). The Torch and the Sword. UNSW Press. ISBN 978-086840-838-5.
  7. ^ Milovanovic, Selma (30 June 2009). "Scotch probe urged over nut allergy death". The Sydney Morning Herald.
  8. ^ [2] Archived 16 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine National Cadet Advisory Council - CAP

External links

Army Cadets

Army Cadets may refer to:

Army Cadet Force (UK)

New Zealand Cadet Corps

Royal Canadian Army Cadets

Australian Army Cadets

Corps of Cadets at the United States Military Academy

Army Black Knights, formerly known as the Cadets

Australian Air Force Cadets

The Australian Air Force Cadets (AAFC), known as the Air Training Corps (AIRTC) until 2001, is a Federal Government funded youth organisation. The parent force of the AAFC is the Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF). Along with the Australian Army Cadets (AAC) and the Australian Navy Cadets (ANC) it is part of the Australian Defence Force Cadets.

Australian Cadet Forces Service Medal

The Australian Cadet Forces Service Medal is awarded to recognise long and efficient service by officers and instructors in the Australian Defence Force Cadets. It is awarded for 15 years service. Additional clasps are issued for every 5 years additional service.

The medal is the successor to the Cadet Forces Medal which is awarded by the United Kingdom and New Zealand and ceased to be awarded by Australia in 1974.

Recipients of the Australian Cadet Forces Service Medal do not earn an entitlement to use post-nominal letters.

Australian Commendations and Citations

Australian Commendations are awards of recognition which applies to all Defence personnel. The Scheme provides a means to formally recognise outstanding/exceptional achievement, or specific acts of bravery for which awards from within the Australian Honours System are not an appropriate medium of recognition. The circumstances attracting the award of a commendation may relate to an isolated instance or to a series of instances over a period of time.

Australian Defence Force Cadets

The Australian Defence Force Cadets (ADFC) (Known as the Australian Service Cadet Scheme until 2001) consists of three Australian Defence Force affiliated community-based, youth development organisations of approximately 22,000 cadets and 2,200 cadet staff in 464 units and squadrons across Australia. Coordination of the Australian Defence Force Cadets is via the ADF HQ unit called Reserve and Youth Division, with Commander ADF Cadets - directly accountable to VCDF. The ADFC is funded by the Australian Government through the Department of Defence, in partnership with the community.

The Australian Defence Force Cadets have been a large part of the Australian community since the 19th century. After the cadets were re-raised in 1976 the three cadet services were grouped together as the Australian Services Cadet Scheme, beforehand the three organisations were run under the directions of single service policy, in 2001 the name was changed to the Australian Defence Force Cadets as recommended by a review. While the Australian Defence Force Cadets is sponsored by ADF (Australian Defence Force) and runs under a similar rank structure, uniform and training activities, the ADFC is not an official branch of the Defence Force and runs in accordance with the Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict which Australia has signed.

Cadet units are referred to differently depending on the parent service. Air Force Cadet units are referred to as Squadrons, Navy Cadet units are referred to as Training Ships and Army Cadet units are referred to as Army Cadet Units. The ADFC encompasses three organizations:

Australian Navy Cadets (ANC)

Australian Army Cadets (AAC)

Australian Air Force Cadets (AAFC)

Australian Navy Cadets

The Australian Navy Cadets (ANC) is a voluntary youth organisation owned and sponsored by the Royal Australian Navy. Together with the Australian Air Force Cadets and Australian Army Cadets, it forms the Australian Defence Force Cadets. It hosts over 91 units.

CUO

CUO may refer to:

Cadet Under Officer rank in Senior Division & Senior Women Army wings of the National Cadet Corps (India)

CuO - Copper(II) oxide

COU is the ICAO airline designator for Aerocuahonte, Mexico

Compaq Users Organisation

Cadet Under Officer in the Australian Army Cadets

Cadet Under Officer in the Australian Air Force CadetsRefer also:

King Cuo of ZhongshanCUO-abbreviation of Chief Underwriting Officer used in insurance company or top underwriting occupation of an insurance company

Director general

A director general or director-general (plural: directors general, directors-general, director generals or director-generals

) or general director is a senior executive officer, often the chief executive officer, within a governmental, statutory, NGO, third sector or not-for-profit institution. The term is commonly used in many countries worldwide, but with various meanings.

Enoggera Barracks

Enoggera Barracks (also known as Gallipoli Barracks) is an Australian Army base in the northwestern Brisbane suburb of Enoggera in Queensland. It was officially established in the early 20th century when the area was used for field training, although the area was used by military units as far back as the mid-19th century. Since then it has been developed into a modern military base, which is now home to units of the 7th and 11th Brigades as well as the headquarters of the 1st Division and the 16th Aviation Brigade.

Hampstead Barracks

Hampstead Barracks is an Australian Army base in the Adelaide suburb of Greenacres, located about 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) to the north of the Adelaide central business district. Situated on the corner of Hampstead and Muller Roads, it is only a small suburban base, sitting on less than 24 acres of land. The barracks is home to the Tom Derrick VC Soldiers' Club, which is named after Tom Derrick, a South Australian Victoria Cross recipient from the Second World War.The Adelaide Universities Regiment (AUR), an Australian Army Reserve officer training unit, is the main occupying unit, with the base hosting the Regimental Headquarters, as well as Training, Support and Beersheba Companies. The regiment's commanding officer is also the garrison commander. Other units located at Hampstead include the Land Warfare Centre – South Australia (LWC–SA), which consists of the Warrant Officer and Non Commissioned Officer Academy South Australian Wing (WO & NCO A-SA Wing) and the Regional Education Detachment – South Australia, both of which are units of the Regular Army. The base is also home to a number of cadet units. These include: 4 Flight, No. 604 Squadron, Australian Air Force Cadets, and 'A' Company, 44 Army Cadet Unit and Headquarters South Australia Australian Army Cadets Brigade (HQ SA AAC Bde).In 2007, there was a proposal to close the base as part of the rationalisation of Army bases in Adelaide which would have seen the personnel based at Hampstead relocated to RAAF Base Edinburgh and Warradale Barracks. As of 2011, however, the base remains open.

Mentone Grammar School

Mentone Grammar (formerly known as simply The Boys' Grammar in the local community) is an independent, Anglican co-educational grammar school in Mentone, a suburb of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Oakleigh Barracks

Oakleigh Barracks is located in the suburb of Oakleigh South. It is situated on North Road, close to Huntingdale Railway Station.

Address - 1318 North Road, Oakleigh South, Victoria, 3167

Currently, it is host to the following Units - Sub units:

22nd Construction Regiment, (Royal Australian Engineers) (RAE) - 10th Construction Squadron & 10th Combat Engineer Squadron

3rd Health Support Battalion (Royal Australian Army Medical Corps) (RAAMC) - 6th Health Support Company.

4th Combat Services Support Battalion (Royal Australian Army Ordnance Corprs) (RAAMC) - 105 Field Workshop Company & 6th Health Company.

The Barracks is also used for the purposes of the Australian Army Cadets, 302 Unit.

Ratel (disambiguation)

Ratel is a small mammal (Mellivora capensis), also known as a Honey Badger

Ratel may also refer to:

Radio Telecommunications, a method of communicating over a radio used in the Australian Army and Australian Army Cadets

Ratel IFV, a family of wheeled infantry vehicles in service with the South African Army

Stéphane Ratel Organisation, organizer of the FIA GT Championship, ADAC GT Masters, Belcar, FIA GT3 and other motorsport series

Ratel, a software application part of the Okapi Framework to create and maintain SRX segmentation rules

Ratel, The codename assigned to Hitomi Uzaki, the main character from the Japanese manga series Killing Bites who is a genetically engineered hybrid of a human and a honey badger.

Royal Canadian Army Cadets

The Royal Canadian Army Cadets (RCAC; French: Cadets royaux de l’Armée canadienne) is a national Canadian youth program sponsored by the Canadian Armed Forces and the civilian Army Cadet League of Canada. Under the authority of the National Defence Act, the program is administered by the Canadian Armed Forces and funded through the Department of National Defence. Additionally, the civilian partner of the Royal Canadian Army Cadets, the Army Cadet League of Canada, also ensures financial, accommodations and transportation support for RCAC programs and services at a community level.

All Royal Canadian Army Cadet corps receive logistical assistance and a certain degree of administrative support from their affiliated Regular Force or Reserve Force units.

While cadets may wear the badges and accoutrements of their affiliated unit, cadets are considered to be civilians and are not members of the Canadian Armed Forces.The Royal Canadian Army Cadets is recognized as Canada's oldest youth program.

As of 2016, there are approximately 18,920 army cadets in about 429 corps which are spread across the country.

Together with the Royal Canadian Sea Cadets and Royal Canadian Air Cadets, it forms the largest federally funded youth program which is known as the Canadian Cadet Organizations.

Members of the Royal Canadian Army Cadets are encouraged to become active and responsible members of their communities.

The Royal Canadian Army Cadets are the rough equivalent to the Junior Reserve Officers' Training Corps in the United States, the Army Cadet Force in the United Kingdom and the Australian Army Cadets in Australia.

Simpson Barracks

Simpson Barracks is an Australian Army facility in the suburb of Yallambie in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. It is named after Major General Colin Hall Simpson, Signals Officer-in-Charge of Allied Land Forces during the Second World War.Simpson Barracks is home to the DFSS (Defence Force School of Signals), Financial Services Unit, Defence Force School of Music, and the headquarters of 4th Brigade. It also has depots for 4th/19th Prince of Wales's Light Horse Regiment and 108th Signals Squadron.

It also is the main workshop for 105 Field Workshop (RAEME). It also houses the Victorian Headquarters for the Australian Army Cadets, 402 Squadron, Australian Air Force Cadets and 39 Army Cadet Unit Watsonia.

The Simpson Barracks Post Office opened on 31 March 1987 replacing the Macleod office open since 1923, and was closed in 1996. A Watsonia Military Post Office was open from 1942 until 1946 and a Watsonia Camp office was open from 1948 until 1952.Simpson Barracks also has its own chapel, where over 250 weddings have been celebrated since it opened in 1971. It was modelled on the chapel in Nui Dat in South Vietnam. The Simpson Barracks Chapel has seating capacity for 80 people, and has a regular Eucharist/Mass. Baptisms and funerals are also held there.

The Royal Australian Army Corps of Signals Museum and Royal Australian Army Pay Corps Museum are located at Simpson Barracks.

Steele Barracks (Moorebank)

Steele Barracks is an Australian Army base in the Sydney suburb of Moorebank in New South Wales, near Liverpool. It is the home of the Royal Australian Engineers School of Military Engineering (SME), which was established there in 1940, as well as the RAE Museum, and the RAE Golf Club. It was also the location of the Regional Headquarters for the NSW Brigade of the Australian Army Cadets before it was moved to Holsworthy Barracks.

The base is located on Moorebank Avenue and its main access road is the M5 South Western Motorway. It is situated adjacent to Holsworthy Barracks in the Liverpool Military Area. In the Federal government's 2010–11 Budget it was announced that $35.2 million would be spent over two years to move SME to Holsworthy. The move is scheduled to take place in 2014, after which the site will be turned into the Moorebank Intermodal Terminal.The barracks is named after Major General Sir Clive Steele, an engineer officer who had a key role in expanding the Corps during the Second World War.

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