Aurora (2016 population 55,445) is a town in central York Region in the Greater Toronto Area, within the Golden Horseshoe of Southern Ontario, Canada. It is located north of the Town of Richmond Hill and is partially situated on the Oak Ridges Moraine. In the Canada 2016 Census, the municipal population of Aurora was the 95th largest in Canada, compared to 97th for the 2006 Census. Aurora has been ranked in the top 10 wealthiest towns in Canada.
|Town of Aurora|
Aurora Town Hall
You're in Good Company
Location of Aurora in southern Ontario
|Regional municipality||York Region|
|• Mayor||Tom Mrakas|
|• Total||49.85 km2 (19.25 sq mi)|
|• Total||55,445 (Ranked 95th)|
|• Density||1,112.3/km2 (2,881/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (EST)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
|Forward Sortation Area|
|Area code(s)||905 and 289|
|GNBC CGNDB Key||FDJFO|
Lieutenant-Governor John Graves Simcoe gave the order for Yonge Street to be extended to Holland Landing in 1793, the first step toward the establishment of a community where Aurora now stands. Yonge Street opened between 1794 and 1796. In 1795, the first house in Aurora was built at Yonge St and Catherine Av. The government began granting deeds to land in 1797. By 1801 there were fourteen homes.
In 1804, Richard Machell became the first merchant at the crossroads of Yonge and Wellington and the hamlet soon became known as Machell's Corners. Charles Doan was another early businessman at Machell's Corners and became the first postmaster and later the first reeve. The post office was originally known as "Whitchurch".:10 As postmaster, he was influential in renaming the village Aurora, after the goddess Aurora from Roman mythology.:10[a] Machell proposed to rename the town "Match-Ville", ostensibly for the match factory in the town, but the name Aurora was more popular and ultimately chosen as the town's name.:12 Flour and grist mills were built around 1827. With the coming of the railway in 1853, Aurora emerged as an important centre north of Toronto. The Fleury plough works foundry opened in 1859, making agricultural implements.
The settlement was incorporated as a village in 1863 with Charles Doan as the first reeve. Records from 1885 describe Aurora as the "largest village in the county" an "enterprising and stirring business community" with several factories and mills, five churches, a school house with 210 students, and two weekly newspapers. The population in 1881 was 1540. The population reached 2,107 by 1888.
Aurora is noted for preserving its historical built form and in 2008 was awarded The Prince of Wales Prize for Municipal Heritage Leadership. In 2009 the town received the Lieutenant Governor's Ontario Heritage Award for Community Leadership in heritage conservation and promotion.
On April 8, 2010, the town re-opened the historic and fully renovated Church Street School as the Aurora Cultural Centre.
Aurora is situated just north of the Oak Ridges Moraine and borders Newmarket in the north, Richmond Hill in the south, King City in the west and Whitchurch–Stouffville in the east
|Visible minority and Aboriginal population (Canada 2006 Census)|
|Population group||Population||% of total population|
|Visible minority group
|Visible minority, n.i.e.||90||0.2%|
|Multiple visible minority||250||0.5%|
|Total visible minority population||6,165||13.1%|
|Multiple Aboriginal identity||0||0%|
|Total Aboriginal population||285||0.6%|
According to the 2016 Census, the town had a population of 55,445. The town's growth rate from 2011 to 2016 was 4.2 per cent. Based upon current population figures and total area, the town's population density is 1,112.3 residents per square kilometre. The population is forecasted to reach approximately 69,688 by 2020. In 2010, average household income in Aurora was $155,463, making it one of Canada's most affluent towns.
Mother languages as reported by each person: Source:
|Canada 2011 Census||Population||% of Total Population||% of Non-official language Population|
The Town of Aurora municipal government is composed of a mayor and six councillors elected on an "at large" basis. The councillor with the highest votes becomes the deputy mayor and may proxy for the mayor. The mayor is a member of York Regional Council. In the municipal elections of 2018, Tom Marakas was elected mayor. The town is part of the federal riding of Newmarket—Aurora. The riding is represented in the House of Commons of Canada by Kyle Peterson, a member of the Liberal Party of Canada, who was first elected in the 2015 federal election. Aurora is also part of the provincial riding of Newmarket—Aurora. The member of Provincial Parliament is Christine Elliott, who was elected in the Ontario general election, 2018. Elliot belongs to the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario.
Local police services are provided by the York Regional Police, who serve all of the municipalities of the region. Fire protection services are provided by Central York Fire Services, a shared arrangement with the town of Newmarket.
Public health services are managed by York Region. There is no hospital within Aurora's boundaries; the nearest is Southlake Regional Health Centre in Newmarket.
Aurora is served by schools from three publicly funded school boards: the York Region District School Board (the English Public Board), the York Catholic District School Board (the English Catholic Board), and Conseil scolaire de district catholique Centre-Sud (the French-language Catholic Board). The Conseil scolaire Viamonde (the secular French-language board) also has Aurora in its territory.
Both publicly funded English boards maintain head offices in Aurora. The York Region District School Board is located at 60 Wellington Street West, just west of the historical downtown area, and the York Catholic District School Board is located at 320 Bloomington Road West. Both boards operate a number of elementary schools in Aurora. Conseil scolaire de district catholique Centre-Sud operates only one elementary school in Aurora: École St. Jean.
The York Region District School Board operates two high schools in Aurora:
The York Catholic District School Board operates two high schools in Aurora:
Conseil scolaire de district catholique Centre-Sud operates one high school in Aurora:
St. Andrew's College, a private, independent school for boys, also operates in Aurora.
A largely undeveloped portion of Aurora is subject to the Ontario Government's Greenbelt legislation which enforces limits on growth in designated Green Belt locations. In Aurora, this affects mostly the south-eastern areas of the town.
Growth is occurring in the north-eastern locations, particularly in the form of high-density residential homes and townhouses along Bayview Ave and north of Wellington St. E. (also known as "Aurora Rd."), and commerce along Wellington St. E. on Aurora's eastern border between Leslie St. and Hwy. 404.
Future growth will be concentrated in two greenfield areas of the town: the 2C Lands, located on the east and west sides of Leslie Street, running north from Aurora Road to the town limit, just north of the St. John's Sideroad. As part of its current Official Plan review, Aurora Town Council will soon be considering a plan that will see employment lands, worth approximately 6,000 jobs, preserved on the east side of Leslie Street, with residential restricted to the west side of Leslie Street.
One other area of growth will be via intensification along the Yonge and Wellington Street corridors. As part of the town's Official Plan review, a sub-committee of Council developed a plan in 2010, called the Aurora Promenade, that sets out new and redevelopment for the coming years. More than 30 public meetings, open-houses and workshops were held to create the plan. It is anticipated that 2,930 additional residents will live along the Yonge and Wellington Street corridors, close to new major transportation systems being implemented by Viva. The study was expected to stimulate new and redevelopment along both corridors in the coming years and to reinvigorate the downtown core.
The Aurora Public Library is located in the northeast corner of the intersection of Yonge Street and Church Street. A library was first established in Aurora in 1855, and was moved to the current location in 2001. The library is open all days of the week, but closed on Sundays between May 17 and September 11, and between December 20 and January 2.
Major roads running through Aurora include Bathurst Street at its western border, Yonge Street, Bayview Avenue, Leslie Street, and Highway 404 at its eastern border and Bloomington Road at the southern border. Wellington Street is the town's major east-west road, with the Yonge-Wellington area having the busiest traffic volume in Aurora. St John's Sideroad is the northernmost main road in the town, located about 100 metres from its northern border.
The Aurora GO Station is a stop on GO Transit's Barrie Line. Trains depart approximately every 15–30 minutes southbound towards Toronto during weekday morning peak periods, and northbound towards Barrie approximately every 30 minutes during the afternoon peak. On evenings, weekends, holidays, as well as during the weekday midday period, trains operate approximately every hour between Aurora and Toronto with GO Bus connections at Aurora to and from Barrie. Under the GO Transit Regional Express Rail plan, by a target date of 2024 service will be increased to run every 15 minutes during peak, midday, evenings, and weekends between Aurora and Toronto using electric trains rather than the current diesel trains, and every along the full route between Barrie and Toronto every 30 minutes during peak and every 60 minutes off-peak.
Local media include Metroland-owned The Banner (formerly the Era Banner) and The Auroran (a member of the Simcoe York Group of Newspapers) newspapers and Aurora programming provided by Rogers Cable (formerly Aurora Cable Internet).
Aurora has a long history of theatre, with its own community theatre group, Theatre Aurora. Founded in 1958 as the Aurora Drama Workshop, the group joined with the Aurora Musical Society in 1973 to form Theatre Aurora. The next year the group moved into its current home at the Factory Theatre on Henderson Drive. The group has performed a wide variety of shows, and currently produces five shows each year, along with two youth shows.
The Aurora armoury is a recognized Federal Heritage building, listed in 1991 on the Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings.
Aurora is also home to Hillary House National Historic Site. Hillary House is recognized by the National Historic Sites and Monuments Board as one of Canada's best examples of Gothic Revival architecture.
Aurora Cable Internet (ACI) was a Canadian company based in Aurora, Ontario that provided digital cable television, cable Internet and VOIP service in the town of Aurora and the Oak Ridges neighbourhood of Richmond Hill. Founded by Jim Irvine, Aurora Cable was the town's only cable provider from the time of its inception in 1969 until its eventual takeover in 2008.
Along with providing cable service it also produced a series of community-based programs to help inform Aurora residents of local events and services. Some of these shows aired for many years including Sports Beat (hosted by Lowell McClenny) and Our Town (which was hosted by former Aurora mayor Dick Illingworth). In its final year of broadcast ACI's programming line-up included Plugged In, Bookmarks, Fit & Fabulous, Sports Beat, Our Town, On The Money, Council In Action, Body Mind & Spirit, @aci:The Internet Show and Tigers This Week. Fit & Fabulous was the only ACI show brought over to continue production with Rogers TV York Region.
For many years Aurora Cable provided weekly live-to-tape broadcasts of the Aurora Tigers of the Ontario Junior Hockey League. During the playoffs, every Aurora Tigers game was broadcast with play-by-play provided by Scott Ferguson and colour commentary by Anthony Regan. These broadcasts were produced and directed by station manager Steve Mitchell. Under his guidance Aurora Cable (ACI) became the first Canadian community channel to broadcast entirely in high definition.The company used Docsis ver. 2.0 systems.
ACI was the last remaining independently owned cable distributor in the Greater Toronto Area, which are served exclusively by larger national cable companies, either Rogers Cable or Cogeco.
In early 2008, Rogers received Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC) approval to overbuild portions of Aurora Cable's service area, a move that Aurora had opposed. Shortly thereafter, Rogers announced an agreement to purchase Aurora Cable Internet, pending CRTC approval.The purchase agreement was finalized and approved on June 12, 2008, and Aurora Cable Internet became part of Rogers Cable services.Aurora GO Station
Aurora GO Station is a railway station and bus station in the GO Transit network located on Wellington Street East between Yonge Street and Bayview Avenue in Aurora, Ontario, Canada. It is a stop on the Barrie line train service, and connects with York Region Transit local bus routes, and the GO Express Bus between Newmarket Bus Terminal and Union Station Bus Terminal.Aurora High School (Ontario)
Aurora High School is one of five high schools in Aurora, Ontario, and is one of two under the jurisdiction of the York Region District School Board. It serves students from Grades 9 to 12. Aurora High School has a strong French immersion program, and serves as the feeder school for many local French immersion public schools. This includes Aurora, Whitchurch-Stouffville, Oak Ridges, and King CityAurora Tigers
The Aurora Tigers are a Canadian ice hockey team from Aurora, Ontario. They play in the Ontario Junior Hockey League. The team has previously played in the Metro Junior A Hockey League, Ontario Provincial Junior A Hockey League, and the Ontario Junior Hockey League.Aurora—Oak Ridges—Richmond Hill
Aurora—Oak Ridges—Richmond Hill is a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada. It encompasses a portion of Ontario previously included in the electoral districts of Newmarket—Aurora, Oak Ridges—Markham, and Richmond Hill.Aurora—Oak Ridges—Richmond Hill was created by the 2012 federal electoral boundaries redistribution and was legally defined in the 2013 representation order. It came into effect upon the dropping of the writs for the 2015 federal election.Bette Stephenson
Bette Mildred Stephenson, M.D., (born July 31, 1924) is a Canadian medical doctor and former politician in Ontario. She served in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario from 1975 to 1987, and was a cabinet minister in the Progressive Conservative governments of Bill Davis and Frank Miller.Dr. G.W. Williams Secondary School
Dr. G.W. Williams Secondary School is one of five high schools in Aurora, Ontario and is one of two under the jurisdiction of the York Region District School Board. In 2005, there were approximately 1350 students from Grades 9 to 12. However, the enrolled has drastically reduced to 663 students. As of the 2017-2018 school year, enrollment increased to approximately 750 students.Frank Klees
Frank Klees (born March 6, 1951) is a former politician in Ontario, Canada. He was a Progressive Conservative member of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario from 1995 to 2014. He was a cabinet minister in the governments of Mike Harris and Ernie Eves.Frank Stronach
Frank Stronach, (born 6 September 1932) is an Austrian and Canadian businessman and politician.
He is the founder of Magna International, an international automotive parts company based in Aurora, Ontario, Canada, Granite Real Estate, and Stronach Group, which specializes in horse-racing. With an estimated net worth of $CAD 3.12 billion (as of November 2013), Stronach was ranked by Canadian Business as the 19th wealthiest Canadian.In 2011, he entered Austrian politics: founding the Stronach Institute to campaign for classical liberalism and against the euro. In 2012, he founded the political party Team Stronach for Austria.Hill 'n' Dale Farms
Hill 'n' Dale Farms is a thoroughbred race horse breeding farm with operations in Canada and the United States. It was founded in 1960 in Aurora, Ontario in 1960 by John Sikura, Jr., who died in a car fire in 1994. The Canadian operation is now run by his son, R. Glenn Sikura.James Tuck (Canadian football)
James Tuck (born June 12, 1990) is a Canadian football fullback for the Edmonton Eskimos of the Canadian Football League (CFL). He was drafted by the Montreal Alouettes in the fourth round of the 2014 CFL Draft. He played CIS football at York. Tuck also played junior football for the Newmarket Storm of the Ontario Varsity Football League.Magna International
Magna International Inc. is a Canadian global automotive supplier headquartered in Aurora, Ontario. In 2014, Magna became the largest automobile parts manufacturer in North America by sales of original equipment parts, and one of Canada's largest companies. Its operating groups include Magna Steyr, Magna Powertrain, Magna Exteriors, Magna Seating, Magna Closures, Magna Mirrors, Magna Electronics and Cosma International.
Magna manufactures auto parts that are primarily supplied to General Motors, Ford Motor Company, and Chrysler LLC. In addition to the Big 3 U.S. automakers, Magna's major customers include Tesla Motors, Volkswagen, BMW and Toyota. In Europe, Magna Steyr holds contracts for the assembly of vehicles for BMW, Daimler and Jaguar Land Rover.Magna has approximately 174,000 employees in 348 manufacturing operations and 91 product development, engineering and sales centres in 29 countries. Magna operates under a corporate constitution which calls for distribution of profits to employees and shareholders. The terms of this contract are "fair enterprise" according to Frank Stronach, company founder.Newmarket—Aurora
Newmarket—Aurora is a federal electoral district in Ontario, Canada, that has been represented in the House of Commons of Canada since 2004.
The district contains the towns of Newmarket, Aurora, and a very small portion of East Gwillimbury.
The riding was created for the 2004 election by merging 50% of the riding of York North with 24% of the riding of Vaughan—King—Aurora.
According to the 2006 census, 121,924 people are represented in the House of Commons in this riding.
The major industry in the riding is manufacturing, and auto parts maker Magna International is the largest manufacturer. According to the 2006 census, the average family income is $118,060 which is higher than the national average. Unemployment in the riding is lower than the national average at 3.6%. Retail trade and the service sector are also important to the economy.Newmarket—Aurora (provincial electoral district)
Newmarket—Aurora is a provincial electoral district in Ontario, Canada, that has been represented in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario since 2007.
The district contains the towns of Newmarket and Aurora.
The riding was created for the 2004 federal election by merging 50% of the riding of York North with 24% of the riding of Vaughan—King—Aurora.
According to the 2006 census, 121,924 people are represented in the Ontario Legislature in this riding.
The major industry in the riding is manufacturing, and auto parts maker Magna International is the largest manufacturer. Average family income in the riding is higher than the national average at slightly over $97,000 a year. Unemployment in the riding is lower than the national average at 3.6%.St. Andrew's College, Aurora
St. Andrew's College, also known as SAC, is an independent school founded in 1899 located in Aurora, Ontario, Canada. It is a university-preparatory school for boys in grades 5 to 12, with a focus on academic achievement, athletics, and leadership development. It is accredited by the Canadian Educational Standards Institute and is affiliated with other associations, including CAIS, CASE, NAIS and the International Boys' Schools Coalition (IBSC).
St. Andrew's College was first situated at the northeast corner of Yonge Street and Roxborough Avenue in Toronto, in a house named Chestnut Park that was previously owned by Sir David Macpherson. In 1905, the School moved to Rosedale, and made its final move to the current campus in Aurora in 1926. The School has a 126-acre (0.51 km2) campus in a suburban environment.
Its Georgian architecture is built around the traditional quadrangle form. There are four boarding houses on campus, which is home to approximately half of the 651 boys. Many teaching faculty also live on campus. St. Andrew's College's Arms were registered with the Canadian Heraldic Authority on August 15, 2006.Vanessa Crone
Vanessa Crone (born October 29, 1990) is a Canadian ice dancer. She skated with Paul Poirier from 2001 to 2011, becoming the 2010 Grand Prix Final bronze medalist, 2011 Four Continents bronze medalist, 2008 World Junior silver medalist, and 2011 Canadian national champion.Vaughan—King—Aurora
Vaughan—King—Aurora was a federal electoral riding in Ontario, Canada, that was represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1997 to 2004, and was a provincial electoral riding represented in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario from 1999 to 2007.York Region Shooters (1998)
The York Region Shooters were a soccer team playing in the Canadian Professional Soccer League from 1998–2002. They played their home matches in the town of Aurora, Ontario, north of Toronto.
The franchise was one of the original teams of the CPSL. The team had its origins in the York Region Soccer League and were previously known as the York Region Stallions. During its five-year stint in the CPSL the club failed to secure a postseason berth, but managed to develop some top talent for the Canadian national team. In 2002, the York Region Shooters were sold by the Bisceglia family to Tony De Thomasis, and merged the club with the Vaughan Sun Devils in 2003.York—Peel
York—Peel was a federal electoral district represented in the House of Commons of Canada from 1979 to 1988. It was located in the province of Ontario. This riding was created in 1976 from parts of Peel—Dufferin—Simcoe, York North and York—Simcoe ridings. It was represented in the House of Commons by Sinclair Stevens of the Progressive Conservative Party during its whole existence.
York—Peel consisted of the Town of Caledon in Peel Region, and the Townships of East Gwillimbury and King and the Towns of Aurora, Newmarket and Whitchurch–Stouffville in York Region.
The electoral district was abolished in 1987 when it was re-distributed between Halton—Peel, Markham, York North and York—Simcoe ridings.
Places adjacent to Aurora, Ontario
Municipalities of York Region, Ontario
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Largest city: Toronto
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