Aureliano Cândido Tavares Bastos

Aureliano Cândido Tavares Bastos (20 April 1839 – 3 December 1875) was a Brazilian politician, writer and journalist.[1] He was a supporter of federalism within the Empire of Brazil. The familial surname is Tavares Bastos.

Aureliano Cândido Tavares Bastos
Born20 April 1839[1]
Died3 December 1875 (aged 36)[1]
Nice, France[1]
OccupationPolitician, writer, journalist
  • José Tavares Bastos (father)
  • Rosa Candida Araujo (mother)

Early life

Tavares Bastos was the first of six children born to Brazilian politician José Tavares Bastos, and Rosa Candida Araujo. He attended the University of São Paulo Law School and graduated in 1858 at age 20. He followed this by earning a doctorate in law in 1859.

Political career

In 1860, Tavares Bastos was elected to the legislature for the province of Alagoas. In 1861, after openly disagreeing with the Minister of the Navy, Tavares Bastos was dismissed from his official position as Secretary of the Navy. In 1864, Tavares Bastos was re-elected deputy and attended the Mission Hail by the River Plate as secretary.

Death and legacy

In 1874 Tavares Bastos travelled to Europe due to his poor health. He died from pneumonia on 3 December 1875. His body was buried in the city of Rio de Janeiro, where he lived much of his life, on 2 May 1876. Rio's Tavares Bastos favela is named after him.


Tavares Bastos was a supporter of liberalism. His ideas were influenced by American missionary James Cooley Fletcher, and thinkers such as John Stuart Mill, Alexis de Tocqueville and Alexander Hamilton. As such advocated the separation of church and state and even the immigration of Protestants in the region.

Published works

In 1862 he anonymously published Cartas do Solitário (English: The Lone Letters) in Correio Mercantil. The book consists of letters that deal with issues such as administrative centralization, the opening of the Amazon River to navigation, freedom of navigation cabotage and communications with the United States. In 1870, he published A província (English: The Province), which opposed the centralization of government. In 1872, he published A situação e o Partido Liberal (English: The Situation and the Liberal Party), and in 1873 studies on Electoral Reform.

Year Book title
1861 Os males do presente e as esperanças do futuro
1862 Cartas do Solitário
1866 O vale do Amazonas. (A livre navegação do Amazonas, estatistica, producções, commercio, questões fiscaes do valle do Amazonas)
1867 Memória sobre an imigração (Reflexões sobre an imigração)
1870 A província. Estudo sobre a descentralização no Brasil
1872 A situação e o Partido Liberal
1873 A reforma eleitoral e parlamentar e Constituição da magistratura


Tavares Bastos was the one of the original patrons of the Academia Brasileira de Letras, holding the 35th seat.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Perfil do Acadêmico: Tavares Bastos". Academia Brasileira de Letras (in Portuguese). Retrieved 24 August 2016.

External links


Aureliano, equivalent to Aurelian and Aurelianus, is both a given name and a surname which can refer to:

Given nameAureliano Blanquet (1849-1919), general of the Federal Army during the Mexican Civil War

Aureliano Bolognesi (1930–2018), Italian boxer

Aureliano Brandolini (1927–2008), Italian agronomist and development cooperation scholar

Aureliano Cândido Tavares Bastos (1839-1875), Brazilian politician, writer and journalist

Aureliano Chaves (1929–2003), Brazilian politician

Aureliano de Sousa e Oliveira Coutinho (1800-1855), Brazilian politician, judge and monarchist

Aureliano de Beruete (1845-1912), Spanish landscape painter, art critic and social activist

Aureliano Fernández-Guerra (1816–1894), Spanish historian, epigrapher and antiquarian

Aureliano Lessa (1828–1861), Brazilian poet

Aureliano Maestre de San Juan (1828-1890), Spanish scientist, histologist, physician and anatomist

Aureliano Milani (1675–1749), Italian painter of the late-Baroque period

Aureliano Pertile (1885–1952), Italian lyric-dramatic tenor

Aureliano Sánchez Arango (1907-1976), Cuban lawyer, politician and university professor

Aureliano Torres (born 1982), Paraguayan football player

Aureliano Urrutia (1871–1975), Mexican physician, and the Minister of InteriorSurnameMariano Aureliano (1925-1988), American author

Waldemar Aureliano De Oliveira Filho (born 1965), etired Brazilian footballer

James Cooley Fletcher

James Cooley Fletcher (1823–1901) was a Presbyterian minister and missionary with strong activities in Brazilian lands.

Fletcher was born in Indianapolis, the son of Calvin Fletcher, a banker and one of the first settlers of Indiana. James Cooley Fletcher graduated from Brown University in 1846, and studied theology for two years in the Princeton Theological Seminary under Charles Hodge. His studies were completed in Europe, as he sought to improve his French in order to become a missionary in Haiti. In that period, he married a daughter of César Malan, a minister from Geneva.

In 1852 he went to Rio de Janeiro (at that time the capital of Brazil) as an agent of both the American Christian Union and American Seamen's Friend Society. The American Christian Union worked together with the American Bible Society and the American Tract Society.

He went back to the USA in 1854, shortly after his daughter Julia Constance Fletcher was born.

In 1855, Fletcher went back to Brazil as an agent of the American Sunday School Union. During this trip he traveled more than 5,000 kilometers through Brazil, giving out Bibles. His travels to Brazil, added to the experiences of the Methodist minister and missionary Daniel Parish Kidder, became the focus of a book in 1857, Brazil and the Brazilians Portrayed in Historical and Descriptive Sketches, a pioneering depiction of Brazil for the American people, with at least eight editions.

In 1862, Fletcher sailed more than 3,000 kilometers through the Amazon River to collect species for professor Louis Agassiz. This resulted in the Agassiz expedition of 1865. In 1864 and 1865, Fletcher and the liberal Brazilian politician Aureliano Cândido Tavares Bastos convinced the governors of Brazil and the USA to set up a steamboat line between Rio de Janeiro and New York. Influenced by Fletcher, Aureliano and other Brazilian politicians tried and in some cases managed to make many political, social and economic reforms in Brazil; they also encouraged European and North American migrants.

In 1868 and 1869, Fletcher worked as an agent for the American Tract Society. This would be his last journey to Brazil. Thereafter he was nominated consul at Oporto, Portugal, between 1869 and 1873, and was a missionary in Naples, Italy between 1873 and 1877. In 1877, he returned to Indianapolis, where he settled. His daughter stayed in Italy, where she became a prolific writer with the pen name George Fleming.

Fletcher left many important friends in Brazil, including liberal politicians and intellectuals as well as the emperor Dom Pedro II. He worked as a North American diplomatic secretary, and his book left a strong image of Brazil in the USA. In Brazil, he left behind a strong desire for Protestant and Anglo-Saxon values.

Marechal Deodoro, Alagoas

Marechal Deodoro is a municipality and an important tourist center of Alagoas, Brazil. Its population is 42,793 (2005) and its area is 334 km². The town was the first capital of Alagoas state.

Tavares (surname)

Tavares is a Portuguese surname. The Spanish version of this name is Tavarez. This surname was adopted by Sephardic Jews as well.

Tavares Bastos

Tavares Bastos is the surname of a political family during the Empire of Brazil. It can refer to:

Aureliano Cândido Tavares Bastos (1839-1875), Brazilian politician, writer and journalist

Tavares Bastos (favela), a favela (slum) in Rio de Janeiro, named after the politician

Rua Tavares Bastos, the main road to the Tavares Bastos favela

José Tavares Bastos (1813-1893), Brazilian politician, and father of Aureliano Cândido Tavares Bastos

Cassiano Cândido Tavares Bastos, Brazilian politician: brother of Aureliano Cândido Tavares Bastos, and son of José Tavares Bastos

Tavares Bastos (favela)

Tavares Bastos is a favela in the Catete neighborhood of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It is named after the Brazilian politician Aureliano Cândido Tavares Bastos. The main access road is the Rua Tavares Bastos.

Many films have been filmed in the Tavares Bastos, including Elite Squad, Last Stop 174 and The Incredible Hulk. The Snoop Dogg and Pharrell Williams music video "Beautiful" was also filmed in the favela.

The favela used to be the only major city slum where drug trafficking or activities of militias were curtailed due to the presence of the headquarters of the Batalhão de Operações Policiais Especiais, the special police unit of the Military Police of Rio de Janeiro State. This was described in the factual book Elite da Tropa, which was made into the film Elite Squad.

Patrons and members of the Brazilian Academy of Letters
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