Aurangabad district, Maharashtra

Aurangabad District, also called one of the 36 districts of Maharashtra state in western India. It is bordered by the districts of Nashik to the west, Jalgaon to the north, Jalna to the east, and Ahmednagar to the south. Aurangabad is the headquarters and principal city. The district covers an area of 10,100 km², out of which 37.55% is urban and the remainder is rural. Aurangabad district is a major tourism region in Marathwada.

Aurangabad district
Location of Aurangabad district in Maharashtra
Location of Aurangabad district in Maharashtra
CountryIndia
StateMaharashtra
Administrative divisionAurangabad Division
HeadquartersAurangabad, Maharashtra
Tehsils1. Aurangabad, 2. Paithan, 3. Vaijapur, 4. Gangapur, 5. Khuldabad, 6. Phulambri, 7. Kannad, 8. Sillod, 9. Soegaon
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies1. Aurangabad, 2. Jalna (shared with Jalna district) (based on Election Commission website)
Area
 • Total10,100 km2 (3,900 sq mi)
Population
(2011)
 • Total3,695,928
 • Density370/km2 (950/sq mi)
 • Urban
37.53%
Demographics
 • Literacy61.15%
 • Sex ratio924
Major highwaysNH-211
Average annual precipitation734 mm
WebsiteOfficial website
Bibika
Bibi Ka Maqbara is a monument built in 1660 by Aurangzeb's son, Azam Shah, as a loving tribute to his mother, Dilras Bano Begam.

Geography

Aurangabad District is located mainly in the Godavari River Basin and partly in the Tapi River Basin. The district is located between 19 and 20 degrees north longitude, and 74 and 76 degrees east latitude.

Geology

Geologically the whole area is covered by the Deccan Trap lava flows of upper Cretaceous to lower Eocene age. The basaltic lava flows belonging to the Deccan Trap are the only major geological formation. The traps are overlain by thin alluvial deposits along the major rivers. The lava flows are horizontal and each flow has two distinct units. The upper layers consist of vesicular and amygdule zeolitic basalt, while the bottom layer consists of massive basalt.[1]

Mountains

  • Antur –

827 m

  • Satonda – 552 m
  • Abbasgad – 671 m and Ajintha 578 m; average height of southern portion is 600–670 m

Rivers

The major rivers in Aurangabad district are the Godavari, Purna, Shivana, Maniyad, Sukhana, Kham, and the famous Shahbaz river.

The Narangi rises on the southern slopes of the water divide to the south of the Maniyad river, a little above Naral village, and flows past Vaijapur. Below the latter it is joined by the Deo nala, flowing from Nasik district. It has a fairly long south-southwesterly course before its point of entry into the Godavari is carried a little down the latter. It is joined by the Chor nala from the west and Kurla nala from the east. Actually the Narangi continues the trend of the Kurla river after the latter's confluence.

Climate

Aurangabad
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
2.8
 
 
29
12
 
 
2.1
 
 
32
14
 
 
3.3
 
 
36
19
 
 
3.5
 
 
38
22
 
 
24
 
 
38
25
 
 
114
 
 
34
24
 
 
116
 
 
30
22
 
 
120
 
 
29
21
 
 
122
 
 
30
21
 
 
61
 
 
32
19
 
 
11
 
 
30
15
 
 
6.5
 
 
28
12
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: MSN Weather
Imperial conversion
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
0.1
 
 
84
54
 
 
0.1
 
 
90
57
 
 
0.1
 
 
97
66
 
 
0.1
 
 
100
72
 
 
1
 
 
100
77
 
 
4.5
 
 
93
75
 
 
4.6
 
 
86
72
 
 
4.7
 
 
84
70
 
 
4.8
 
 
86
70
 
 
2.4
 
 
90
66
 
 
0.4
 
 
86
59
 
 
0.3
 
 
82
54
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches

In Aurangabad district the rainy season runs from June to September. Winter is from approximately October to February and summer from March to May. The average rainfall of Aurangabad district is 734 mm, and the temperature range is about 6–46 degree Celsius.

Climate data for Aurangabad
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29.7
(85.5)
32.5
(90.5)
36.1
(97.0)
39.0
(102.2)
39.9
(103.8)
34.9
(94.8)
30.3
(86.5)
29.1
(84.4)
30.4
(86.7)
32.6
(90.7)
30.9
(87.6)
29.3
(84.7)
32.9
(91.2)
Average low °C (°F) 14.2
(57.6)
16.3
(61.3)
20.2
(68.4)
23.7
(74.7)
24.6
(76.3)
23.0
(73.4)
21.8
(71.2)
21.1
(70.0)
20.9
(69.6)
19.7
(67.5)
16.4
(61.5)
14.0
(57.2)
19.7
(67.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 2.2
(0.09)
2.9
(0.11)
5.1
(0.20)
6.3
(0.25)
25.5
(1.00)
131.4
(5.17)
167.0
(6.57)
165.0
(6.50)
135.3
(5.33)
52.6
(2.07)
29.3
(1.15)
8.4
(0.33)
731.0
(28.78)
Source: IMD

Economy

Companies operating out of Aurangabad District include:

  • Bajaj Auto Ltd
  • Videocon Industries (I) Pvt. Ltd
  • Skoda Auto (I) P Ltd,
  • Seimens Ltd.
  • Crompton Greaves Ltd
  • Dhoot Transmission Pvt. Ltd

Major manufacturing companies include:

  • Bajaj Auto Limited
  • Garware Polyester
  • Videocon Industries Ltd.
  • Skoda
  • Audi assembly
  • Siemens
  • Perkins
  • Hindalco
  • Varroc
  • Endurance
  • Ceat Goodyear
  • Orchid
  • Lupin
  • Ajanta Pharma
  • Sabmiller
  • Fosters
  • Cosmo Films Ltd.
  • Grind Master Machines Pvt Ltd
  • Greaves
  • Forbes Gokak
  • Forbes Marshall
  • Lombardini

Aurangabad has the following MIDC areas: Waluj, Shendra five star MIDC, Chikalthana, Paithan and Railway Station MIDC. There is a software technology park in Chikalthana MIDC.

Divisions

The district comprises nine tehsils: Kannad, Soygaon, Sillod, Phulambri, Aurangabad, Khultabad, Vaijapur, Gangapur and Paithan.

Nine Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha constituencies are located in this district: Sillod, Kannad, Pulambri, Aurangabad Central, Aurangabad West, Aurangabad East, Paithan, Gangapur and Vaijapur. Aurangabad is the only Lok Sabha constituency in this district.[2]

Demographics

According to the 2011 census Aurangabad district, Maharashtra has a population of 3,695,928,[3] roughly equal to the nation of Liberia[4] This gives it a ranking of 72nd in India (out of a total of 640).[3] The district has a population density of 365 inhabitants per square kilometre (950/sq mi).[3] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 27.33%.[3] Aurangabad has a sex ratio of 917 females for every 1000 males,[3] and a literacy rate of 80.4%.[3]

According to the 2001 Census, the total population of Aurangabad District is 2,897,013, and the main languages are Marathi, Hindi, English and Urdu. The population of the district is 37.53% urban as of 2001.[5]

Languages spoken include Ahirani, a Kandeshi tongue with approximately 780,000 speakers, similar to Marathi and Bhili;[6] and Andh, an Indo-Aryan language spoken by 100,000 people.[7]

Transport

Road

  • Mumbai - Aurangabad
  • Hyderabad - Aurangabad
  • Nagpur - Aurangabad
  • Aurangabad-Dhule
  • Pune - Aurangabad (approximately 4.5 hours journey time)

Rail

The Manmad-Kachiguda Railway Station Broad gauge railway line which emanates from the Mumbai-Bhusawal-Howrah trunk route at Manmad is an important artery of traffic in Aurangabad district.

  • Mumbai - Aurangabad
  • Hyderabad - Nanded - Aurangabad
  • Secunderabad - Bangalore - Parbhani - Aurangabad
  • Delhi - Aurangabad - Delhi
  • Nagpur - Aurangabad - Nagpur
  • Mumbai-Aurangabad - Mumbai - Janshatabdi Express - daily service - up and down
  • Nandigram Express - via - Aurangabad to Mumbai - daily service
  • Devgiri Express - via - Aurangabad to Mumbai - daily service
  • Tapovan Express - daily service

Air

Aurangabad Airport has flights to Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad-Tirupati & also to Jaipur.

See also

References

  1. ^ K.R. Aher and S.M. Deshpande 'Assessment of Water Quality of the Maniyad Reservoir of Parala Village, district Aurangabad: Suitability for Multipurpose Usage', International Journal of Recent Trends in Science And Technology, Vol.1(3), pp 91-95, 2011, E-ISSN 2249-8109.
  2. ^ "District wise List of Assembly and Parliamentary Constituencies". Chief Electoral Officer, Maharashtra website. Archived from the original on 2009-02-25.
  3. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
  4. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Liberia 3,786,764 July 2011 est.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-05-24. Retrieved 2008-03-12.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Ahirani: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
  7. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Andh: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28.

External links

Coordinates: 19°53′19.63″N 75°20′36.37″E / 19.8887861°N 75.3434361°E

Ajanta, Maharashtra

Ajantha is a village in Aurangabad district, Maharashtra.

Antur Fort

Antur Fort is a fort near chimnapur village in Kannad taluka In Aurangabad district of Maharashtra state of India. This monument is protected by Maharashtra State, Archaeology Department.

Aurangabad (Maharashtra Lok Sabha constituency)

Aurangabad Lok Sabha constituency (Marathi: औरंगाबाद लोकसभा मतदारसंघ) is one of the 48 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Maharashtra state in western India.

Aurangabad railway station

Aurangabad railway station is a railway station located on the Secunderabad-Manmad section which mainly services Aurangabad City. This railway station comes under the Nanded division of the South Central Railway zone and has rail connectivity with major cities such as Hyderabad, Delhi, Nizamabad, Nagpur, Nasik, Pune, Nanded and Latur Road.

Bidkin

Bidkin is a large village in Paithan Taluka of Aurangabad district in the Indian state of Maharashtra.

Gangapur, Maharashtra

'Gangapur is a city and a municipal council in Aurangabad district in the state of Maharashtra, India.

Gangapur (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Gangapur (Assembly constituency) is one of the six constituencies of Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha located in the Aurangabad district.

It is a part of the Aurangabad (Lok Sabha constituency) along with five other assembly constituencies, viz Vaijapur (Assembly constituency), Kannad (Assembly constituency), Aurangabad East (Vidhan Sabha constituency), Aurangabad Central (Vidhan Sabha constituency) and Aurangabad West (Vidhan Sabha constituency).

Grishneshwar

Grishneshwar temple, sometimes referred to as the Ghrneshwar Jyotirlinga or Dhushmeshwar temple, is one of the 12 Jyotirlinga shrines mentioned in the Shiva Purana. The word Ghrneshwar means "lord of compassion". The temple is an important pilgrimage site in Shaivism tradition of Hinduism, which considers it as the last or twelfth Jyotirlinga (linga of light). This pilgrimage site is located in Ellora (also called Verul), less than a kilometer from Ellora Caves – a UNESCO World Heritage site. It is about 30 kilometres (19 miles) north-west of the city of Aurangabad, and about 300 kilometres (190 miles) east-northeast from Mumbai.

This temple was destroyed by the Delhi Sultanate during the Hindu-Muslim wars of 13th and 14th-century. The temple went through several rounds of rebuilding followed by re-destruction during the Mughal-Maratha conflict. It was rebuilt in the current form in the 18th century under the sponsorship of a Hindu queen Rani Ahalyabai of Indore, after the fall of the Mughal Empire. It is presently an important and active pilgrimage site of the Hindus and attracts long lines of devotees daily. Anyone can enter the temple premises and its inner chambers, but to enter the sanctum sanctorum core (garbha-ghrya) of the temple, the local Hindu tradition demands that men must go bare chested.

The Grishneswar temple is an illustration of south Indian temple architectural style and structure. The temple, built of red rocks, is composed of a five tier shikara. The temple was re-constructed by Maloji Bhosale of Verul, (grandfather of Shivaji) in the 16th century and later again by queen Ahilyabai Holkar in the 18th century. She is credited with rebuilding some of major Hindu temples such as the Kashi Vishvanath temple in Varanasi, a Vishnu temple in Gaya, and a much larger Shiva Jyotirlinga temple in Somnath.This 240 ft x 185 ft temple is the smallest Jyotirlinga temple in India. Halfway up the temple, Dashavataras of Vishnu are carved in red stone. A court hall is built on 24 pillars. On these pillars there are carvings summarizing various legends and mythologies of Shiva. The Garbhagriha measures 17 ft x 17 ft. The Lingamurty faces eastward. There is a Nandi bull in the court hall. Ghrishneshwar Temple is a revered temple, situated in the state of Maharashtra. The temple houses carvings and sculptures of many Hindu gods and goddesses.

Jalna (Lok Sabha constituency)

Jalna Lok Sabha constituency is one of the 48 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Maharashtra state in western India.

Jama Mosque, Aurangabad

The Jama Masjid is a mosque built in 1612 AD, located near the Killa Arrak in Aurangabad, Maharashtra, India. It is historically significant because it was constructed in 1612 AD, very soon after the foundation of Aurangabad (then called "Khadki") by Malik Amber in 1610 AD. The mosque was later extended by Aurangzeb(R.H) in the year 1692 AD, it is one of the oldest mosques of Aurangabad which is still in good condition.

Kannad

Kannad is a city and a municipal council in Aurangabad district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is located 30 km away from the Ellora Caves and part of the Gautala Autramghat Sanctuary is located within its borders.

Mitalee Jagtap Varadkar

Mitalee Jagtap Varadkar is a National Film Award winning Indian actress who works in the Marathi film industry. She is known for her role in the film Baboo Band Baaja (2010), which fetched her a National Film Award for Best Actress at the 58th National Film Awards. The award was presented by the jury for portraying with finesse a mother who strives to achieve for her son a better future than the one denied to her by circumstances. She shared this award title with Saranya Ponvannan for the latter's role in the Tamil film Thenmerku Paruvakaatru.

Varadkar is a trained classical dancer and did experimental theatre in Aurangabad, Maharashtra before moving to her film career.

Paithan (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Paithan Vidhan Sabha constituency is one of the 288 Vidhan Sabha (legislative assembly) constituencies of Maharashtra state in western India.

Pitalkhora

The Pitalkhora Caves, in the Satamala range of the Western Ghats of Maharashtra, India, are an ancient Buddhist site consisting of 14 rock-cut cave monuments which date back to the third century BCE, making them one of the earliest examples of rock-cut architecture in India. Located about 40 kilometers from Ellora, the site is reached by a steep climb down a flight of concrete stairs, past a waterfall next to the caves.

Prozone Mall Aurangabad

Prozone Mall was one of the largest and the first horizontally designed shopping mall in India. It has over 1 million square feet of retail space and ushers in the concept of modern retailing in Aurangabad.

Salim Ali Lake

Salim Ali Sarovar (lake) ( Marathi - पक्षीमित्र सलीम आली सरोवर ) is located near Delhi Gate, opposite Himayat Bagh, Aurangabad. It is located in the northern part of the city. During the Mughal period it was known as Khiziri Talab. It has been renamed after the great ornithologist, naturalist Salim Ali and also known as birdman of India.

The office of Divisional Commissioner Aurangabad division is located near it, so is the collector's office of Aurangabad District.

Shendra MIDC

After 1960, Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC) began acquiring land and setting up industrial estates. Land was acquired near Shendra village on Aurangabad - Jalna highway in the 1990s.

As part of its efforts, the MIDC developed the Waluj and Chikalthana Industrial Areas, which were soon snapped up. This success along with additional demand for infrastructure necessitated the development of a third industrial area in the city - Shendra Industrial Area. Total notified area is 902 hectares.

Sillod (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Sillod Vidhan Sabha constituency is one of the 288 Vidhan Sabha (legislative assembly) constituencies of Maharashtra state in western India.

Waluj MIDC

Waluj MIDC

After 1960, Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation (MIDC) began acquiring land and setting up industrial estates. Land was acquired near Waluj Village on Aurangabad - Ahmednagar highway in the 1970s & 1980s.

Total notified area is 1298 hectares (12.98 km2).

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