Aurangabad played a major role in the Indian independence struggle,and is also the birthplace of eminent nationalist & first Deputy Chief Minister of state, Bihar Vibhuti Dr. Anugrah Narayan Sinha , a participant of Champaran Satyagraha who is regarded among makers of modern independent Bihar.
|District of Bihar|
Location of Aurangabad district in Bihar
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Aurangabad|
|• Total||3,305 km2 (1,276 sq mi)|
|• Density||760/km2 (2,000/sq mi)|
|• Sex ratio||916|
|Major highways||NH2 now NH19|
Aurangabad district occupies an area of 3,389 square kilometres (1,309 sq mi), comparatively equivalent to Russia's Vaygach Island. Aurangabad town is the administrative headquarters of this district. Aurangabad district is a part of Magadh division.
In 2006, the Indian government named Aurangabad one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
According to the 2011 census Aurangabad district, Bihar has a population of 2,511,243, roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait or the US state of Nevada. This gives it a ranking of 172nd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 760 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,000/sq mi). Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 24.75%. Aurangabad has a sex ratio of 916 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 72.77%.
Vaygach Island 3,329km2