Aurangabad district, Bihar

Aurangabad district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India. It is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[1]

Aurangabad played a major role in the Indian independence struggle,[2]and is also the birthplace of eminent nationalist & first Deputy Chief Minister of state, Bihar Vibhuti Dr. Anugrah Narayan Sinha , a participant of Champaran Satyagraha who is regarded among makers of modern independent Bihar.[3]

Aurangabad district
Location of Aurangabad district in Bihar
Location of Aurangabad district in Bihar
Administrative divisionMagadh
HeadquartersAurangabad, Bihar
 • Lok Sabha constituenciesAurangabad
 • Total3,305 km2 (1,276 sq mi)
 • Total2,511,243
 • Density760/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
 • Literacy72.77%
 • Sex ratio916
Major highwaysNH2 now NH19
WebsiteOfficial website


Aurangabad district occupies an area of 3,389 square kilometres (1,309 sq mi),[4] comparatively equivalent to Russia's Vaygach Island.[5] Aurangabad town is the administrative headquarters of this district. Aurangabad district is a part of Magadh division.

Aurangabad became a fully-fledged district when it was split from the Gaya district in 1972.[6]


In 2006, the Indian government named Aurangabad one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[7] It is one of the 36 districts in Bihar currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[7]


According to the 2011 census Aurangabad district, Bihar has a population of 2,511,243,[8] roughly equal to the nation of Kuwait[9] or the US state of Nevada.[10] This gives it a ranking of 172nd in India (out of a total of 640).[8] The district has a population density of 760 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,000/sq mi).[8] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 24.75%.[8] Aurangabad has a sex ratio of 916 females for every 1000 males,[8] and a literacy rate of 72.77%.[8]


  1. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 11 December 2009. Retrieved 17 September 2011.
  2. ^ Indian Post. "First Bihar Deputy CM cum Finance Minister;Dr. A N Sinha". official Website. Retrieved 20 May 2008.
  3. ^
  4. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.
  5. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 18 February 1997. Retrieved 11 October 2011. Vaygach Island 3,329km2
  6. ^ Law, Gwillim (25 September 2011). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 11 October 2011.
  7. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (8 September 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme" (PDF). National Institute of Rural Development. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 April 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2011.
  8. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 30 September 2011.
  9. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 1 October 2011. Kuwait 2,595,62
  10. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 19 October 2013. Retrieved 30 September 2011. Nevada 2,700,551

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