August Bournonville (21 August 1805 – 30 November 1879) was a Danish ballet master and choreographer. He was the son of Antoine Bournonville, a dancer and choreographer trained under the French choreographer, Jean Georges Noverre, and the nephew of Julie Alix de la Fay, née Bournonville, of the Royal Swedish Ballet.
Bournonville was born in Copenhagen, Denmark, where his father had settled. He trained with his father Antoine Bournonville as well he studied under the Italian choreographer Vincenzo Galeotti at the Royal Danish Ballet, Copenhagen, and in Paris, France, under French dancer Auguste Vestris. He initiated a unique style in ballet known as the Bournonville School.
Following studies in Paris as a young man, Bournonville became solo dancer at the Royal Ballet in Copenhagen. From 1830 to 1848 he was choreographer for the Royal Danish Ballet, for which he created more than 50 ballets admired for their exuberance, lightness and beauty. He created a style which, although influenced from the Paris ballet, is entirely his own. As a choreographer, he created a number of ballets with varied settings that range from Denmark to Italy, Russia to South America. A limited number of these works have survived.
Bournonville's work became known outside Denmark only after World War II. Since 1950, The Royal Ballet has several times made prolonged tours abroad, not the least to the United States, where they have performed his ballets.
Portrait of Bournonville by Louis Aumont (1828)
Antoine Auguste Bournonville
21 August 1805
|Died||30 November 1879 (aged 74)|
|Resting place||Asminderød Cemetery, Fredensborg, Denmark |
|Known for||Bournonville School|
|Spouse(s)||Helena Fredrika Håkansson|
Born in Copenhagen 21 August 1805, Bournonville was the son of the French ballet master Antoine Bournonville, who had settled in Denmark, and Lovisa Sundberg, a Swede. At the age of eight, he entered the Royal Ballet School at the Court Theatre in Christiansborg Palace under the tutelage of his father and Vincenzo Galeotti, ballet master and principal choreographer of the Royal Danish Ballet from 1775 to 1816.
On 2 October 1813, Bournonville made his first stage appearance in a small part as the son of a Viking king in Galeotti's Lagertha, the first ballet on a Nordic theme. Less than a year later, he received his first personal applause for dancing a Hungarian solo at the Court Theatre. In addition to dance, Bournonville was a voracious reader, learned French at home, played the violin, sang in a boy soprano voice, and studied declamation with the actors Michael Rosing, Lindgreen, and Frydensdahl. His many talents were brought together on the Queen's birthday, 29 October 1817, when as a twelve-year-old he played the role of Adonia to royal acclaim in a music-drama, Solomon's Judgment and sang a romance, "The Mother with Her Drooping Wings".
Bournonville had five siblings. He was the only one in out of the children who showed any interest in dancing. He married Helena Fredrika Håkansson on 23 June 1830. They had seven children, including Charlotte who became an opera singer and actress. Both sons died as toddlers.
In 1820, Antoine Bournonville received a grant from his sovereign to briefly study ballet in Paris. Bournonville accompanied his father to Paris, and, although he studied solely with his father during the Paris sojourn, he was exposed to the latest trends in ballet and watched the illustrious teachers, Gardel and Vestris in action. Upon returning to Denmark, Bournonville became a member of the Royal Theatre, dancing in repertory that was less interesting to him after his exposure to Paris ballet.
In the spring of 1824, Bournonville returned to Paris for final studies and examination preparations at the Paris Opera. The expected fifteen-month sojourn would stretch to five years, during which time Danish ballet would approach near-disastrous decline. In Paris, Bournonville met his father's old friend, Louis Nivelon, who provided him with friendship, meals, and entree into society. Bournonville hoped the master Gardel would accept him but Gardel's studio was no longer in existence and he was directed to Auguste Vestris for training in his weakest areas — "balance, pirouettes, and arms." Vestris accepted Bournonville. Bournonville wrote his father:
Bournonville danced from 1820 to 1828 with the noted dancer Marie Taglioni and the Paris Opera Ballet.
Bournonville stopped teaching adult classes in the spring of 1877. On returning from church on 30 November 1879, he was stricken and taken to a hospital. Bournonville was interred near Asminderød Church near Fredensborg.
Bournonville's work remains an important link with earlier traditions. He resisted many of the excesses of the romantic era ballets in his work. He is noted for his egalitarian choreography, which gave equal emphasis to both male and female roles, at a time when European ballet emphasized the ballerina. Many of his contemporaries explored the extremes of human emotion, while Bournonville, using enthusiastic footwork and fluid phrases in his work, portrayed a more balanced human nature.
Events from the year 1805 in Denmark.1879 in Denmark
Events from the year 1879 in Denmark.A Folk Tale
A Folk Tale (Danish: Et Folkesagn) is a ballet in three acts, created in 1854 for the Royal Danish Ballet by the Danish ballet master and choreographer August Bournonville to the music of Johan Peter Emilius Hartmann and Niels W. Gade. The first performance took place on 20 March 1854. Set in the Middle Ages, the ballet tells the story of a changeling living among the trolls and elves. Bournonville declared the ballet "The most complete and best of all my choreographic works."Andrea Krætzmer
Andrea Marie Krætzmer, née Møller (1811–1889), was a Danish ballet dancer. She became a soloist in the early ballets of August Bournonville.Antoine Bournonville
Antoine Bournonville (19 May 1760 – 11 January 1843) was a French ballet dancer a choreographer, active in the Royal Swedish Ballet and the Royal Danish Ballet and eventually ballet master in the latter. He is considered to have played a great role in the development of the ballet in Scandinavia. He was the father of August Bournonville.Bournonville (disambiguation)
August Bournonville (1805–1879) was a Danish ballet master and choreographer, creator of Bournonville method in dance practicing.
Antoine Bournonville (1760–1843), French ballet dancer, actor, singer and choreographer, the father of August Bournonville.Bournonville may also refer to:
Bournonville, Pas-de-Calais, a commune in FranceBournonville method
The Bournonville method is a ballet technique and training system devised by the Danish ballet master August Bournonville.Dance Chronicle
Dance Chronicle: Studies in Dance and the Related Arts is a triannual peer-reviewed academic journal focusing on dance. It was established in 1977 and first published in 1978 by Marcel Dekker. The founding editors-in-chief were George Dorris and Jack Anderson, who edited the journal for thirty years, until 2007. In 2003, publication of the journal was transferred to Routledge. The current co-editors are Joellen Meglin and Lynn Matluck Brooks.
The journal covers a wide range of topics relating to dance, including music, theater, film, literature, painting, and aesthetics. Individual issues have been devoted to such topics as Moscow's Island of Dance, August Bournonville, and the Camargo Society.Flower Festival in Genzano
The Flower Festival in Genzano (Danish: Blomsterfesten i Genzano) is a one-act ballet by Danish choreographer and ballet master August Bournonville (1805–1879). Bournonville created the work for Denmark's Royal Ballet in 1858 specifically on December 19, 1858, at the Royal Danish Theatre, on the basis of general enthusiasm among the Danes for Italy. The libretto is adapted from a tale found in Impressions de voyage by Alexandre Dumas and tells the story of a pair of young lovers, Rosa and Paolo, who alludes to the festival that is still celebrated in Genzano, Italy, during the month of June. The music is by Edvard Helsted and Holger Simon Paulli. Bournonville was a dancer, choreographer, ballet teacher and director; son of the dancer and French ballet master Antoine Bournonville, who had been a disciple of the great Noverre. Auguste was born in Copenhagen in 1805, studied with his father and completed his training in France - with the last virtuoso of the French classical style, Vestris - before becoming a star of the Paris opera. But Bournonville's personal contribution to the development of romantic ballet in the course of his long reign as head of the Royal Danish Ballet far outweighed French influence. Bournonville created a repertoire of more than 50 ballets, a school and its own style. The characteristic of his repertoires is that he was able to maintain real characters, that the dancers are as they are (they did not exaggerate the gestures), and looking for exotic places for his works.Frank Andersen
Frank Andersen (born 15 April 1953 in Copenhagen) is a former Danish ballet dancer who was twice artistic director of the Royal Danish Ballet. He has been an influential supporter of the Danish choreographer August Bournonville.Julie Alix de la Fay
Léonne-Julie Alix de la Fay, also known as Julianne Bournonville and Madame Alix (14 December 1748 – 14 March 1826), was a French ballet dancer and dance instructor. She played an important part in the development of the Royal Swedish Ballet. She was the sister of the famous ballet dancer Antoine Bournonville and the aunt of August Bournonville.La Sylphide
La Sylphide (English: The Sylph; Danish: Sylfiden) is a romantic ballet in two acts. There were two versions of the ballet; the original choreographed by Filippo Taglioni in 1832, and a second version choreographed by August Bournonville in 1836. Bournonville's is the only version known to have survived and is one of the world's oldest surviving ballets.Le Conservatoire
Le Conservatoire, or A Marriage by Advertisement (Konservatoriet eller et Avisfrieri) is a two-act vaudeville ballet created by the Danish choreographer and ballet master August Bournonville in 1849 for the Royal Danish Ballet. The ballet's setting is a dance studio at the Conservatoire de Paris. Bournonville studied at the Paris Conservatoire in the 1820s with the renowned dancer Auguste Vestris. The ballet launched the career of prima ballerina Juliette Price. A divertissement within the larger work called "The Dancing School" (Pas d'école) permitted Bournonville to display the basics of his style and raise them to the level of enduring art.List of ballets by August Bournonville
The following is a list of ballets by Danish ballet master and choreographer August Bournonville (1805–1879).
Acclaim to the Graces (Gratiernes Hyldning). Divertissement. Music: M.E. Caraffa, W.R. v. Gallemberg, and F. Sor. First performed on Tuesday, 01-09-1829.
The Night Shadow La Somnambule (Søvngængersken). Ballet in three acts based on a ballet by J. Aumer. Music: F. Herold,First performed on Monday, 21-09-1829.
Soldier and Peasant (Soldat og Bonde). Pantomime idyll in one act. Composer and arranger: Philip Ludvig Keck. First performed on Tuesday, 13-10-1829.1830
Duke of Vendome Pager Les Pages du Duc de Vendôme (Hertugen af Vendômes Pager). Pantomime ballet in two acts. Music: A. Gyrowetz. First performed on Friday, 03-09-1830.
Paul and Virginia (Paul og Virginie). Pantomime ballet in three acts. Music: Rodolphe Kreutzer. First performed on Friday, 29-10-1830.1831
Victor's Wedding, or The Ancestral House (A Sequel to "Soldier and Peasant") (Victors Bryllup eller Fædrene-Arnen (Fortsættelse of "Soldat og Bonde")). Ballet in one act. Music: Philip Ludvig Keck. First performed on Saturday, 23-04-1831.1832
Faust. Romantic ballet in three acts. Composer and arranger: Philip Ludvig Keck. First performed on Wednesday, 25-04-1832.1833
The Veteran, or the Hospitable House (Veteranen eller det Gæstfrie Tag). Idyllic ballet in one act. Music: Ludvig Zinck. First performed on Tuesday, 29-01-1833.
Romeo and Juliet (Romeo og Giulietta). Tragic ballet in five acts by Vincenzo Galeotti and August Bournonville made his own choreographer. Music: C. Schall. songs of Niels Thoroup Bruun. First performed on Saturday, 27-04-1833.1834
Nina, ou la Folle par amour Nina, or The Girl Driven Mad by Love, (Nina eller den Vanvittige af Kærlighed). Pantomime ballet in two acts. Music: L. de Persuis. A script by: Louis J. Milon. First performed on Tuesday, 30-09-1834.1835
The Tyroleans (Tyrolese). Idyllic ballet in one act. Music: J.F. Frøhlich (and Rossini). First performed on Friday, 06-03-1835.
Yelva Drama in 2 Departments of Eugène Scribe, Ferdinand de Villeneuve and Desvergers (Yelva, ou L'Orpheline rousse), translated by Castelli Translation of Th. Overskou, the mimic: Paul Diderich Muth-Rasmussen. First performed on Tuesday, 09-06-1835.
Valdemar (Valdemar). Romantic ballet in four acts. Music: J.F. Frøhlich. First performed on Wednesday, 28-10-1835.1836
La Sylphide (Sylfiden). Romantic ballet in two acts. Music: Løvenskiold. (There are other choreographies by Adolphe Nourrit (1802-1839) and by Filippo Taglioni (1777-1871). First performed on Tuesday, 29-11-1836.1837
Don Quixote by Camacho's Wedding (Don Quixote ved Camachos Bryllup). Pantomime ballet in three acts. Arranger: Ludvig Zinck . It was performed only two times: first performance was on Friday, 24-02-1837 and second was on Saturday, 25-02-1837.1838
Hertha's Offering (Herthas Offer). Divertissement. Arranger: J.F. Frøhlich. First performed on Monday, 29-01-1838.
Imagination Island (Fantasiens ø eller fra Kinas Kyst or Fantasien Ø). Romantic ballet in two acts and a final tableau. Music by various of composers: J.F. Bredal, J.P.E. Hartmann, Edvard Helsted, Herman Løvenskiold, H.S. Paulli and Ludvig Zinck. First performed on Sunday, 28-10-1838.1839
The Festival in Albano (Festen i Albano). Idyllic ballet in one act. Music: J.F. Frøhlich. First performed on Monday, 28-10-1839.1840
National Muses or Fatherland Muser (Fædrelandets Muser). Pantomime prelude to one act with prologue. Composers and arrangers: J.F. Frøhlich and Niels. W. Gade. First performed on Friday, 20-03-1840.
Toreador (Toréadoren). Idyllic ballet in two acts. Composer and arranger: Edvard Helsted. First performed on Friday, 27-11-1840.1842
Naples, or The Fisherman and His Bride (Napoli eller Fiskeren og Hans Brud). Romantic ballet in three acts. Music: H.S. Paulli, Edvard Helsted, Niels. W. Gade and [the finale to Act 3] Hans Lumbye. First performed on Tuesday, 29-03-1842.
Polka Militaire (Military Polka) Polka militaire (Militærpolka). Divertisement. Music: Hans Lumbye. First performed on Tuesday, 01-11-1842.1843
The Childhood of Erik Menved (Erik Menveds Barndom). Romantic ballet in four acts. Music: J.F. Frøhlich. First performed on Thursday, 12-01-1843.1844
Bellmanor Polish dance on Grönalund or The Dance at Grønalund (Bellman eller Polskdansen paa Grønalund). Ballet vaudeville in one act. Music: Carl Michael Bellman and H.S. Paulli. First performed on Monday, 03-06-1844.
A Children's Party (En Børnefest). Divertisement. Composer and arranger by H.S. Paulli. First performed on Wednesday, 23-10-1844. (This ballet was performed only once).
Hamburger Dans pas de deux. Music: H.C. Lumbye. First performed in 1844.1845
Kirsten Piil, or Two Mid-Summer Festivals (Kirsten Piil eller To Midsommerfester). Romantic ballet in three acts. Music: Edvard Helsted. First performed on Wednesday, 26-02-1845.
Rafael. Romantic ballet in 6 Tableaux. Music: J.F. Frøhlich. First performed on Friday, 30-05-1845.1846
Polacca Guerriera. Divertisement. Pas de deux. Music: H.C. Lumbye. First performed on Wednesday, 25-04-1832.1847
The new Penelope, or Spring Festival in Athens (Den Nye Penelope eller Foraarsfesten i Athen). Ballet in two acts. Music: Herman Løvenskiold. First performed on Tuesday, 26-01-1847.
Maritana. Romantic danse scene. Music: H.C. Lumbye. First performed in 1847.
The White Rose, or Summer in Brittany (Den Hvide Rose eller Sommeren i Bretagne). Ballet in one act. Composer and arranger: H.S. Paulli. First performed on Monday, 20-09-1847.1848
Old Memories or A Laterna Magica (Gamle Minder). Ballet in one act. Music: E. Helsted. First performed on Monday, 18-12-1848.1849
Le Conservatoire, or A Marriage by Advertisement (Konservatoriet eller et Avisfrieri). Vaudeville ballet in two acts. Music: Holger Simon Paulli. First performed on Sunday, 06-05-1849.1850
The Irresistible or Psyche. Divertisement. Music by Hans Lumbye. First performed on Sunday, 03-02-1850.1851
The Kermesse in Bruges, or The Three Gifts (Kermessen i Brügge). Romantic ballet in three acts. Music: Holger Simon Paulli. First performed on Friday, 04-04-1851.
Love prophecies (Kærligheds Spaadomme). Divertissemnt. Music by HS Paulli. First performed on Tuesday, 04-11-1851. This ballet was performed only once).1852
Zulma, or Crystal Palace. Ballet in three acts. Music by H.S. Paulli. First performed on Wednesday, 14-04-1852.1853
Bridal Movements in Hardanger (Brudefærden i Hardanger). Ballet in two acts. Music by H.S. Paulli. First performed on Friday, 04-03-1853.1854
A Folk Tale (Et Folkesagn). Ballet in three acts. Music: Johan Peter Emilius Hartmann and Niels W. Gade. First performed on Monday, 20-03-1854.1855
Abdallah, Gazelle from Bassora (Abdallah, eller Gazellen fra Bassora). Music by H.S. Paulli. First performed on Friday, 30-03-1855.
Sailor Homecoming (Matrosens Hjemkomst). Divertissement. First performed on Sunday, 23-09-1855.1856
La Ventana. Divertisement. Music composed and arranged by Hans Lumbye and William Holm. First performed on Monday, 06-10-1856.
The serious girl (Den alvorlige Pige). Divertisement. Music by T.H.E. Lincke. First performed on Sunday, 23-11-1856.1857
In the Carpathians (I Karpatherne). Ballet in three acts. Music by H.S. Paulli. First performed on Wednesday, 04-03-1857.1858
The Flower Festival in Genzano (Blomsterfesten i Genzano). Ballet in one act. Music: Edvard Helsted and Holger Simon Paulli. First performed n Sunday, 19-12-1858.1859
Mountain living room (Fjeldstuen). Pantomime ballet in three Tableaux. Music by A. Winding and Emil Hansen. First performed on Friday, 13-05-1859.1860
Far from Denmark (Fjernt fra Danmark). Vaudeville ballet in two acts. Music by Joseph Glæser and (finale) O.F. Lincke. First performed on Friday, 20-04-1860.1861
Valkyrie or Valkyrien. Ballet in four acts. Music by J.P.E. Hartmann. First performed on Friday, 13-09-1861.1866
Ponte Molle or An Artist Guild in Rome or Pontemolle. Vaudeville ballet in two Tableaux. Music by William Holm and T.H.E. Lincke. First performed on Wednesday, 11-04-1866.1867
Il trovatore (Trubaduren). Divertisement from the opera Il trovatore, music by Giuseppe Verdi, Hans Lumbye and anonymous Spanish composer. First performed on Friday, 25-01-1867.1868
Thrymskviden. Ballet in four acts. Music by J.P.E. Hartmann. First performed on Friday, 21-02-1868.1870
Cort Adeler in Venice (Cort Adeler i Venedig). Ballet in three acts and a conclusion Tableau. Music by Peter Heise. First performed on Friday, 14-01-1870.
Scandinavian Quadrille (Skandinavisk Quadrille). Divertisement. Music by Hans Lumbye. First performed on Sunday, 06-02-1870.1871
King's Volunteers on Amager (Livjægerne paa Amager). Vaudeville ballet in one act. Music by William Holm. First performed on Sunday, 19-02-1871.
An Adventure in Pictures (Et Eventyr i Billeder). Ballet in three acts. Music by William Holm. First performed on Tuesday, 26-12-1871.1873
Mandarinens daughters (Mandarinens Døtre). Divertisement. Music by William Holm. First performed on Wednesday, 23-04-1873.1874
Weyse Memorial (Weyses Minde). Aftermath of Tableaux. Music by William Holm. First performed on Thursday, 05-03-1874.
Farewell to the old theater (Farvel til det gamle Teater). First performed on Monday, 01-06-1874. (This ballet was performed only one time).1875
Flower Festival in Genzano (Blomsterfesten i Genzano). Music by Edvard Helsted and H.S. Paulli. First performed on Friday, 01-01-1875.
Arkona. Ballet in four acts. Music by J.P.E. Hartmann. First performed on Friday, 07-05-1875.
From the last century (Fra det forrige Aarhundrede). Divertisement. Music arranged by W. Holm. First performed on Sunday, 31-10-1875.1876
From Siberia to Moscow (Fra Sibirien til Moskov). Ballet in two acts. Music by C.C. Moeller. First performed on Thursday, 07-12-1876.1878
The Soldier (Den tapre Landsoldat). Suite of five Tableaux, Peter Faber's memorial. Music by C.C. Moeller. First performed on Sunday, 10-03-1878. (This ballet was performed only twice).1879
Memory's garland of Denmark's great poet (Mindets Krans for Danmarks store Digter). Suite of four Tableaux, with introduction written by Sophus Schandorph. Music arranged by C.C. Moeller. First performed on Friday, 14-11-1879.(This ballet was performed only twice; it was the last choreography of August Bournonville before he died).Napoli (ballet)
Napoli, or The Fisherman and His Bride is a ballet created in 1842 for Denmark's Royal Ballet by Danish choreographer and ballet master August Bournonville. The ballet tells the story of Teresina, a young Italian girl who falls in love with Gennaro, a fisherman. The tale culminates in the marriage of the lovers.New York Theatre Ballet
New York Theatre Ballet or NYTB was founded in 1978 by Diana Byer, who became its artistic director. Dedicated to the principles of the Cecchetti-Diaghilev tradition, the company both reprises classic masterworks and produces original ballets.
New York Theatre Ballet has performed works by choreographers including Richard Alston, Frederick Ashton, George Balanchine, Gemma Bond, August Bournonville, Michel Fokine, David Gordon, José Limón, John Taras, and Antony Tudor. The company tours its family and adult programs both nationally and abroad, and has become the most widely seen chamber ballet company in the United States.Rachel Rutherford
Rachel Rutherford (born Rachel Rutherford Englund Knapp) is a soloist with New York City Ballet.
Rutherford was born in New York City, the daughter of dancer and ballet teacher Gage Bush Englund. She began her training at age eight at the Joffrey Ballet School and entered the School of American Ballet in 1987. While attending the Chapin School, from which she eventually graduated in 1994, Rutherford also received the D.A.N.C.E. scholarship allowing her to study in Spring 1992 at the Royal Danish Ballet. She became an apprentice with the New York City Ballet the following year and joined the corps de ballet late 1995. The next Spring she appeared on the Late Show with David Letterman.
Ms. Rutherford was promoted to soloist at the New York City Ballet in May 2002, danced that year in Chiaroscuro on the Live from Lincoln Center broadcast, New York City Ballet's Diamond Project: Ten Years of New Choreography, and again two years later dancing in Concerto Barocco on their Lincoln Center Celebrates Balanchine 100, both on PBS.Royal Danish Ballet
The Royal Danish Ballet is an internationally renowned classical ballet company, based at the Royal Danish Theatre in Kongens Nytorv, Copenhagen, Denmark. It is one of the oldest ballet companies in the world and originates from 1748, when the Royal Danish Theatre was founded. It was finally organized in 1771 in response to the great popularity of French and Italian styles of dance. The company was founded with the opening of the Royal Danish Theatre, which has served as its home since that time.The Royal Danish Ballet school was founded in 1771 under the French ballet teacher Pierre Laurent (1730-1807), Then Vincenzo Galeotti developed it and August Bournonville founded his methodology for the school.The Kermesse in Bruges
The Kermesse in Bruges, or The Three Gifts is a burlesque ballet in three acts created by the Danish ballet master and choreographer August Bournonville to music by Holger Simon Paulli, first performed by the Royal Danish Ballet on 4 April 1851. The Danish title is Kermessen i Brügge eller De tre Gaver. The ballet tells the story of three brothers who receive magic gifts from an alchemist.