Audrey Niffenegger

Audrey Niffenegger (born June 13, 1963) is an American writer, artist and academic.

Audrey Niffenegger
Niffenegger in 2009
Niffenegger in 2009
BornJune 13, 1963 (age 55)
South Haven, Michigan, United States
OccupationNovelist, artist



Niffenegger's debut novel, The Time Traveler's Wife, was published in 2003. A film adaptation was released in 2009. In 2005, she wrote a graphic novel, or "novel in pictures" as Niffenegger calls it, titled The Three Incestuous Sisters, telling the story of three unusual sisters who live in a seaside house; the book has been compared to the work of Edward Gorey. Another graphic novel, The Adventuress, was released on September 1, 2006.

The 2004 short story "The Night Bookmobile" was serialized in 2008 in "Visual Novel" format in The Guardian.[1]

In March 2009, Niffenegger sold her second novel, a literary ghost story called Her Fearful Symmetry, to Charles Scribner's Sons for an advance of $5 million.[2] The book was released on October 1, 2009[3] and is set in London's Highgate Cemetery where, during research for the book, Niffenegger acted as a tour guide.[4] Though not as huge a commercial juggernaut as The Time Traveler's Wife, this book got generally more positive critical reviews and cinched Niffenegger's reputation as a leading novelist of ideas and atmosphere.[5]

Niffenegger collaborated with Wayne McGregor on a balletic fable, Raven Girl (2013), performed at the Royal Opera House in London in 2013, 2015.[6]

She is currently working on a novel called The Chinchilla Girl in Exile.[7]

Art and academia

Niffenegger is a professor in the Department of Creative Writing at Columbia College Chicago, and the founding member of T3 or Text 3, an artist and writer's group which also performs and exhibits in Chicago. She is an alumna and board member of the Ragdale Foundation.

Personal life

Niffenegger is married to cartoonist Eddie Campbell.[8]


Niffenegger describes herself as "somewhere in the spectrum of agnosticism and atheism" and ascribes her disbelief to her Catholic background.[9]



  • Ghostly : A Collection of Ghost Stories (Scribner, 2015) ISBN 9781501111198 An anthology selected and illustrated by Audrey Niffenegger. She also wrote the introduction.

Visual books

  • The Spinster (1986)
  • Aberrant Abecedarium (1986)
  • The Murderer[10]
  • Spring[10]
  • Bizarre Romance (with Eddie Campbell, Abrams, 2018)


Graphic novels

  • The Three Incestuous Sisters (2005)
  • The Adventuress (2006)
  • The Night Bookmobile (2008)[11]

Short stories

  • "Jakob Wywialowski and the Angels" (2004)
  • "Prudence: The Cautionary Tale of a Picky Eater" in the book Poisonous Plants at Table (2006)


  1. ^ "The Night Bookmobile | Books". London: The Guardian. July 21, 2008. Retrieved 2013-07-09.
  2. ^ Motoko Rich (March 11, 2009). "Audrey Niffenegger Receives $5 Million Advance for Second Novel". The New York Times. pp. C2. Retrieved 2013-07-09. Six years after the publication of her best-selling novel, The Time Traveler's Wife, Audrey Niffenegger sold a new manuscript for almost $5 million, according to people with knowledge of the negotiations. It is an especially significant sum at a time of retrenchment and economic uncertainty in the publishing world. After a fiercely contested auction, Scribner, a unit of Simon & Schuster, bought the rights to publish the new novel, Her Fearful Symmetry, in the United States this fall.
  3. ^ Allfree, Claire (October 1, 2009). "Niffenegger goes on a timely journey". Metro. Retrieved 2009-10-03.
  4. ^ Niffenegger, Audrey (October 3, 2009). "Audrey Niffenegger on Highgate Cemetery". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 2009-10-03.
  5. ^ Cokal, Susann (2009-09-25). "Book Review | 'Her Fearful Symmetry,' by Audrey Niffenegger". The New York Times.
  6. ^ "Raven Girl — Productions — Royal Opera House".
  7. ^ Audrey Niffenegger. "Official Website FAQs". Archived from the original on May 7, 2013. Retrieved 29 March 2015. What are you writing now? I have started to work on a novel called The Chinchilla Girl in Exile. It is about a nine-year-old girl named Lizzie Varo who has hypertrichosis (she is covered with hair) and her desire to go to school (she's been home-schooled by her clever and amusing Aunt Mariella) and what happens when she does go to school (things get weird).
  8. ^ Lehoczky, Etelka. "ARTS & LIFE: 'Bizarre Romance' Finds Love, But Misses That Perfect Moment," NPR (March 20, 2018).
  9. ^ Soriano, César G. (October 5, 2009). "Niffenegger finds 'Symmetry' in death for second novel". USA Today. Retrieved 2009-10-07.
  10. ^ a b Audrey Niffenegger – biography, plus book reviews & excerpts
  11. ^ Niffenegger, Audrey (August 4, 2008). "31.05.2008: The Night Bookmobile". The Guardian. London.

External links

Clare (given name)

Clare is a given name, the Medieval English form of Clara. The related name Clair was traditionally considered male, especially when spelled without an 'e', but Clare and Claire are usually female.

It is very often associated with the Irish County Clare. That name was derived from the Irish word ('Clár') given to a small bridge that crossed the River Fergus near the town of Ennis in what is now County Clare.

Eddie Campbell

Eddie Campbell (born 10 August 1955) is a British comics artist and cartoonist who now lives in Chicago. Probably best known as the illustrator and publisher of From Hell (written by Alan Moore), Campbell is also the creator of the semi-autobiographical Alec stories collected in Alec: The Years Have Pants, and Bacchus (aka Deadface), a wry adventure series about the few Greek gods who have survived to the present day. His graphic novel The Lovely Horrible Stuff, which playfully investigates our relationship with money, was published in July 2012 by Top Shelf Productions.

His scratchy pen-and-ink style is influenced by the impressionists, illustrators of the age of "liberated penmanship" such as Phil May, Charles Dana Gibson, John Leech and George du Maurier, and cartoonists Milton Caniff and Frank Frazetta (particularly his Johnny Comet strip). Campbell's writing has been compared to that of Jack Kerouac and Henry Miller.

Fearful Symmetry

Fearful Symmetry is a phrase from William Blake's poem "The Tyger" (Tyger, tyger, burning bright / In the forests of the night, / What immortal hand or eye / Could frame thy fearful symmetry?). It has been used as the name of a number of other works:

In film and television:

"Fearful Symmetry" (The X-Files), an episode of the television series The X-Files

"Fearful Symmetry", an episode of the animated television series Justice League Unlimited

Fearful Symmetry, a 1998 documentary on the making of To Kill a Mockingbird

"Fearful Symmetry", an episode of the ITV television series Lewis (2012)

"Fearful Symmetry", a 2011 episode of the television series EndgameIn music:

Fearful Symmetry (album), a 1986 album by Daniel Amos

Fearful Symmetry, a band headed by Jimmy P. Brown II of Deliverance

"Fearful Symmetries", a composition by John Adams

"Fearful Symmetry", a 1990 album by Box of Chocolates, a group that included Will OldhamIn video games:

"Fearful Symmetry & The Cursed Prince", a puzzle game released in 2017In print:

"Fearful Symmetry" a play by Alan Haehnel

Fearful Symmetry, a book by mathematician Ian Stewart

Fearful Symmetry (Frye), a work of Blake scholarship by Northrop Frye

Fearful Symmetry, a popular science book by physicist Anthony Zee

Fearful Symmetry, a 2008 novel in the Star Trek: Deep Space Nine relaunch series

Fearful Symmetry, the fifth issue of the comic book Watchmen by Alan Moore

Fearful Symmetry, an alternate title for the Spider-Man graphic novel Kraven's Last Hunt

Fearful Symmetry, a short story by Sherman Alexie, included in his book War Dances

Fearful Symmetries, a novel by S. Andrew Swann

Her Fearful Symmetry, a novel by Audrey Niffenegger, the website of novelist Dan WellsIn climbing:

"Fearful Symmetry", a difficult ice climb in the Canadian Rockies

Ghostly (disambiguation)

Ghostly is the adjectival form of ghost.

Her Fearful Symmetry

Her Fearful Symmetry is a literary ghost story novel by American writer Audrey Niffenegger.

The book was published on 1 October 2009 and is set in London's Highgate Cemetery where, during research for the book, Niffenegger acted as a tour guide.

List of fictional librarians

This is a list of fictional librarians: librarians having significant roles in notable fictions.

Karin Andersson in the Sune series

Belle (Emilie de Ravin) in the television series Once Upon a Time

Olivia Caliban in A Series of Unfortunate Events (portrayed by Sara Rue in A Series of Unfortunate Events (TV Series))

Evelyn "Evie" Carnahan O'Connell in the films The Mummy, The Mummy Returns (portrayed by Rachel Weisz); and The Mummy: Tomb of the Dragon Emperor (portrayed by Maria Bello)

Flynn Carsen (Noah Wyle) in The Librarian franchise of made-for-TV movies

Mr. Collins in the film Pride and Prejudice

Miss DeGroot (Lu Leonard) in the television series Married… with Children

Henry DeTamble in the novel The Time Traveler's Wife by Audrey Niffenegger and the film The Time Traveler's Wife (portrayed by Eric Bana)

Dewey Denouement in A Series of Unfortunate Events (portrayed by Max Greenfield in A Series of Unfortunate Events (TV series))

Emily (Michelle Williams) in The Station Agent

Lisa Gibbs (Laura Heisler) in the sitcom The Middle

Rupert Giles (Anthony Stewart Head) in Buffy the Vampire Slayer

Barbara Gordon ("Oracle") Batgirl

Zoe Heriot in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who

Maudette Hornsby (Sherilyn Fenn) in the television series Psych

Alicia Hull (Bette Davis) in the film Storm Center

Mary Elizabeth Hull in the film Where the Heart Is

Jean-Paul in The Virgin Blue by Tracy Chevalier

Judy (and later Mary) in Party Girl

Lou in the novel Bear

Lucien in various DC Comics issues and most notably as the librarian of the Dreaming in The Sandman series

Mariah (Maite Schwartz) in the television series Community

Marion (Ashley Gardner) in the sitcom Seinfeld

Marissa (Christi Waldon) in two episodes of Stranger Things

Mary in the movie and television series Party Girl

Kosuzu Mootori and Patchouli Knowledge from the Touhou Project Doujin series

Ms. Chloe, the ghost of a librarian from the 1880s and an honorary member of the Avengers, in Vol. 2 #36 of Marvel Comic's The Unbeatable Squirrel Girl

Nick (Mandy Patinkin) in the film Maxie

Marian Paroo (Shirley Jones) in the film The Music Man

Miss Phelps (Jean Speegle Howard) in the novel and film Matilda

Jocasta Nu (Alethea McGrath) in the film Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones

Marybeth Pickett, wife of Joe Pickett, in the series of novels by C. J. Box

Madam Irma Pince in the Harry Potter series

Hilary Robinson in the Australian soap opera Neighbours

Tionne Solusar in the Star Wars expanded universe

Twilight Sparkle (voiced by Tara Strong) in the television series My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic

Sarah Sugden in the ITV soap opera Emmerdale

Wan Shi Tong (a giant talking barn owl voiced by Héctor Elizondo) in the TV series Avatar: the Last Airbender

Hans-Jörg Tschirner (Moritz Bleibtreu) in the film Agnes and His Brothers

Paige Turner (voiced by Kate Hutchinson) in the television series Arthur

Tammy Two (Megan Mullally) in the television series Parks and Recreation

Valerie (Gina Gershon) in the television series Rescue Me

Poussey Washington (Samira Wiley) in Orange Is the New Black

Bunny Watson (Katharine Hepburn) in the film Desk Set

Horace Worblehat the Librarian of Unseen University in the Discworld series

Mander Zuma from the novel Scourge by Jeff Grubb


MacAdam/Cage was a small publishing firm located in San Francisco, California. It was founded by publisher David Poindexter in 1998. In 2003, it published around 30 to 45 titles per year, primarily fiction, short story collections, history, biography, and essays, and had twelve employees. Most notably, it published The Time Traveler's Wife by Audrey Niffenegger and The Contortionist's Handbook by Craig Clevenger. Publishers Weekly describes MacAdam/Cage as "one of the West Coast's most literary" independent publishing firms.

Raven Girl

Raven Girl is a 2013 novel by Audrey Niffenegger

Soft science fiction

Soft science fiction, or soft SF, is a category of science fiction with two different definitions. It either (1) explores the "soft" sciences, and especially the social sciences (for example, anthropology, sociology, or psychology), rather than engineering or the "hard" sciences (for example, physics, astronomy, or chemistry), or (2) is not scientifically accurate. Soft science fiction of either type is often more concerned with character and speculative societies, rather than speculative science or engineering. It is the opposite of hard science fiction. The term first appeared in the late 1970s and is attributed to Australian literary scholar Peter Nicholls.

The Book Club Bible

The Book Club Bible is a non-fiction anthology of literary review, with a foreword by Lionel Shriver, whose novel We Need to Talk About Kevin has its own prominent entry. Aside from providing a synopsis for each book, the text also features background information on the author, suggested comparison volumes, a detailed historical context and starting points for group discussion. The intention of the anthology is to encourage book club members to seek out and discuss important contemporary or classical works.

The Time Traveler's Wife

The Time Traveler's Wife is the debut novel of American author Audrey Niffenegger, published in 2003. It is a love story about a man with a genetic disorder that causes him to time travel unpredictably, and about his wife, an artist, who has to cope with his frequent absences and dangerous experiences. Niffenegger, frustrated in love when she began the work, wrote the story as a metaphor for her failed relationships. The tale's central relationship came to her suddenly and subsequently supplied the novel's title. The novel, which has been classified as both science fiction and romance, examines issues of love, loss, and free will. In particular, it uses time travel to explore miscommunication and distance in relationships, while also investigating deeper existential questions.

As a first-time novelist, Niffenegger had trouble finding a literary agent. She eventually sent the novel to MacAdam/Cage unsolicited and, after an auction took place for the rights, Niffenegger selected them as her publishers. The book became a bestseller after an endorsement from author and family friend Scott Turow on The Today Show, and as of March 2009 had sold nearly 2.5 million copies in the United States and the United Kingdom. Many reviewers were impressed with Niffenegger's unique perspectives on time travel. Some praised her characterization of the couple, applauding their emotional depth; others criticized her writing style as melodramatic and the plot as emotionally trite. The novel won the Exclusive Books Boeke Prize and a British Book Award. A film version was released in August 2009.

The Time Traveler's Wife (TV series)

The Time Traveler's Wife is an upcoming American drama television series based on the novel of the same name by Audrey Niffenegger, set to premiere on HBO.

Thrills (Andrew Bird's Bowl of Fire album)

Thrills is an album created by Andrew Bird. It was released on April 7, 1998, on the Rykodisc label. It is the first Andrew Bird album released with Andrew Bird's Bowl of Fire.

Vintage Vinyl

Vintage Vinyl is a record store in Evanston, Illinois, frequented by some of the world's most famous musicians and used as a reference in works of popular culture.

Over the years the store has been a favorite haunt of many noteworthy actors, musicians and authors, many of whom have referenced it in their work. The most noteworthy example of this is when former Evanston resident John Cusack chose the store as the original filming location for the movie High Fidelity. A different location was used, but the name "Vintage Vinyl" is still referenced in the film.

More recently, author Audrey Niffenegger used the store owner, Steve Kay, as a character in her bestseller, The Time Traveler's Wife.

While it's not uncommon to spot musicians such as Billy Corgan in the building, most of the noteworthy rock stars who frequented the store did so in the 1980s and 1990s. During a period in the 80s, notoriously transgressive writer Peter Sotos (also a member of seminal industrial-noise band Whitehouse) was an employee of the store.There are several other independent record stores named Vintage Vinyl, including one in New Jersey [1], one in the Delmar Loop near St. Louis [2], and another one in Regina, Saskatchewan.

Wayne McGregor

Wayne McGregor, CBE (born 12 March 1970) is a multi award-winning British choreographer and director, internationally renowned for trailblazing innovations in performance that have radically redefined dance in the modern era. Driven by an insatiable curiosity about movement and its creative potentials, his experiments have led him into collaborative dialogue with an array of artistic forms, scientific disciplines, and technological interventions. The startling and multi-dimensional works resulting from these interactions have ensured McGregor’s position at the cutting edge of contemporary arts for over twenty-five years. He is the Artistic Director of Studio Wayne McGregor and Resident Choreographer of The Royal Ballet. McGregor was appointed Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) 2011 for Services to Dance.Founded in 1993 (formerly known as Random Dance Company and Wayne McGregor | Random Dance), Studio Wayne McGregor encompasses McGregor's touring company of dancers, Company Wayne McGregor, which is also Resident Company at Sadler's Wells in London, and all of McGregor's creative work in dance, film, theatre, opera, fashion, technology, and TV. Studio Wayne McGregor also leads extensive learning and engagement projects nationally and internationally, artist development initiatives, and research and development work with science and technology partners. Significant large-scale engagement projects include 'Big Dance' in Trafalgar Square as part of the 2012 London Olympics, and 'LightLens' for Aarhus European City of Culture in 2017. Studio Wayne McGregor's building opened at Here East on Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park in March 2017.

McGregor has made over 30 works for Company Wayne McGregor (celebrating its 25th anniversary in 2018), and over 15 works for The Royal Ballet. He also regularly creates new work for international companies including La Scala Theatre Ballet, Paris Opera Ballet, NDT1, Bayerisches Staatsballett Munich, American Ballet Theatre, San Francisco Ballet, Stuttgart Ballet, New York City Ballet, The Australian Ballet and the English National Ballet. McGregor also has works in the repertories of companies including Paris Opera Ballet, Bolshoi Ballet, Mariinsky Ballet, and Alvin Ailey American Dance Theater.

Notable works include Autobiography, Tree of Codes, Atomos, FAR, UNDANCE, Entity, (Company Wayne McGregor); Yugen, Multiverse, Obsidian Tear, Woolf Works, Raven Girl, Carbon Life, Tetractys: The Art of Fugue, Infra, Limen, Chroma, Qualia (The Royal Ballet); +/- Human (Company Wayne McGregor, The Royal Ballet, Random International); AfteRite (American Ballet Theatre); Sunyata (Bayerisches Staatsballett Munich); Alea Sands, Genus (Paris Opera Ballet); Kairos (Ballett Zurich); Borderlands (San Francisco Ballet); Outlier (New York City Ballet); Skindex, Renature (NDT1), Eden | Eden (Stuttgart Ballet), PreSentient (Rambert).

He has worked on numerous feature films, music videos, in fashion and TV, including Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire (Movement Director), The Legend of Tarzan (Movement Director), Fantastic Beasts and Where to Find Them (Movement Coach), Sing (Choreographer), Fantastic Beasts: The Crimes of Grindelwald (Choreographer), and Mary Queen of Scots (Choreographer and Movement Coach), Radiohead "Lotus Flower", Atoms for Peace "Ingenue", The Chemical Brothers featuring Beck "Wide Open" (Choreographer), ITV Brit Awards Paloma Faith performance 2015 and 2016 opening sequence, London and New York Fashion weeks with Gareth Pugh.

He has directed opera (Dido and Aeneas, Acis and Galatea for La Scala/Royal Opera), and choreographed for theatre (productions at ENO, Old Vic, National Theatre and Royal Court).

Collaboration is at the heart of McGregor's work, and he has created work with composers (Jlin, John Tavener, Mark-Anthony Turnage, Kaija Saariaho, Jon Hopkins, Max Richter, Joby Talbot/The White Stripes, Rokia Traore, Steve Reich, Jamie xx, Scanner), visual artists and designers (Lucy Carter, Edmund de Waal, Random International, Olafur Eliasson, Ben Cullen Williams, Mark Wallinger, Vicki Mortimer, Aitor Throup, Shirin Guild) filmmakers (Ravi Deepres, Ruth Hogben) and architects (We Not I, John Pawson), writers (Audrey Niffenegger, Uzma Hameed).

Designed by architects We Not I, Studio Wayne McGregor's creative arts space for making, contains three large dance studios, meeting and collaboration spaces. It also features artwork installations by Tatsuo Miyajima and Haroon Mirza on loan from the Lisson Gallery in London, original artworks by We Not I based on Josef Albers' 'Structural Constellations' and 'Homages to the Square', and Anni Albers' Study for 'Camino Real', with permission from The Josef and Anni Albers Foundation.

Women's Studio Workshop

Women's Studio Workshop (WSW) is a nonprofit visual arts studio and private press offering residencies and educational workshops, located in Rosendale, New York.

The workshop was founded in 1974 by Ann Kalmbach, Tatana Kellner, Anita Wetzel, and Barbara Leoff Burge as an alternative space for female artists to create new work, gain artistic experience, and develop new skills. The studio operates throughout the year with artist residencies, gallery exhibitions, artist lectures, and diverse educational programs for children and adults. In addition, they operate a Summer Art Institute which includes options to study abroad. The studio supports projects in a wide range of media types, with a focus on book arts, papermaking, and printmaking methods: screen printing, letterpress, etching, intaglio.

WSW is the largest publisher of artists' books in North America. The workshop is represented in book arts and special collections of notable libraries, such as the Library of Congress, the National Museum of Women in the Arts, the Dexter Library, Maryland Institute College of Art, and James Branch Cabell Library, Virginia Commonwealth University.[1] Editions by visiting artists published by the Women's Studio Workshop have been featured in overview exhibitions and symposiums on contemporary book arts such as the Codex Book Fair and Symposium, and the Pyramid Atlantic Book Arts Fair.

Zola Books

Zola Books is a social eBook retailer that launched on September 20, 2012. It is described by the Washington Post as "a venture whose strategy is to combine all three of the e-book world’s major market functions — retailing, curation and social-networking — in an ambitious bid to become a one-stop destination for book lovers on the Web"The site currently sells six eBook exclusives: The Accidental Victim by James Reston Jr., Isaac Marion's The New Hunger, Making Mavericks by surfer Frosty Hesson, The Chemickal Marriage by Gordon Dahlquist, Autumn Leaves by comic Annabelle Gurwitch and The Time Traveler's Wife by Audrey Niffenegger. The company will soon start selling eBooks from a variety of different publishers. The social aspects of the website come from the ability to follow authors, publishers and other readers, read book lists created by them, and see what friends are reading and where they highlight or mark passages in a book. The site also features publishing news, exclusive author Q&As, and a large amount of book reviews. Zola is supportive of independent bookstores and provides them with storefronts on the site and a way for customers to pledge their allegiance to a certain store so that store receives money from all of that customer's purchases on the site.

The name Zola comes from the idea of including everything from Z to A on the website and being like Amazon but backwards.

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