Auburn Hills, Michigan

Auburn Hills (formerly Pontiac Township) is a city in Oakland County, in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 21,412 at the 2010 census.[9] It is home to the U.S. headquarters of Fiat Chrysler Automobiles, The Palace of Auburn Hills (former home of the Detroit Pistons and several other teams), and Oakland University.

Auburn Hills, Michigan
City of Auburn Hills
Chrysler Headquarters and Technology Center
Motto(s): 
"Honoring The Past. Building The Future" [1]
Location in the state of Michigan
Location in the state of Michigan
Auburn Hills is located in Michigan
Auburn Hills
Auburn Hills
Location in Michigan
Auburn Hills is located in the United States
Auburn Hills
Auburn Hills
Auburn Hills (the United States)
Auburn Hills is located in North America
Auburn Hills
Auburn Hills
Auburn Hills (North America)
Coordinates: 42°41′15″N 83°14′03″W / 42.68750°N 83.23417°WCoordinates: 42°41′15″N 83°14′03″W / 42.68750°N 83.23417°W
CountryUnited States
StateMichigan
CountyOakland
Settled [2]1821
Incorporated [3]1983
Government
 • ManagerThomas Tanghe
 • MayorKevin McDaniel
Area
 • City16.68 sq mi (43.19 km2)
 • Land16.63 sq mi (43.07 km2)
 • Water0.04 sq mi (0.11 km2)
Elevation
961 ft (293 m)
Population
 • City21,412
 • Estimate 
(2017)[6]
23,296
 • Density1,400.76/sq mi (540.84/km2)
 • Metro
4,296,250
Time zoneUTC-5 (EST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP codes
48321, 48326
Area code(s)248, 947
FIPS code26-04105[7]
GNIS feature ID1675443[8]
WebsiteCity of Auburn Hills, Michigan

History

In 1908, automobile pioneer John Dodge bought a farmhouse 3 miles (4.8 km) northeast of Auburn Heights to use as his country retreat. His oldest child, Winifred Dodge, married real estate baron Wesson Seyburn, who built his own country retreat 2.5 miles (4.0 km) north of Auburn Heights. The estate included hunting land, dog kennels, a swimming pool, horse stables, and a 5,000-square-foot (460 m2) Colonial Revival house. Pontiac Township purchased the estate in 1976, and adapted the buildings for government use. Today, it is known as the Auburn Hills Civic Center.

The first use of the name "Auburn Hills," in 1964, was by Oakland Community College. They named their campus (a former Nike missile base) at Featherstone and Squirrel roads for the town and the hilly terrain in the area. Besides Oakland Community College, three other colleges, Oakland University, Baker College, and Western Michigan University Thomas M. Cooley Law School have campuses partially within the city limits.

Incorporation history

Auburn Hills began as Pontiac Township, including the village of Auburn, in 1821, at what is today the corner of Auburn and Squirrel roads. Situated on the Clinton River, it was named by Aaron Webster, the first settler, for Auburn, New York. His sawmill and grist mill attracted settlers to Auburn. After the streets were laid out in 1826, Auburn rivaled nearby Pontiac until the 1860s, when it lost its prosperity. The town was renamed Amy in 1880, and it officially became Auburn Heights in 1919. Pontiac Township bordered the city of Pontiac on two sides. The township attempted to incorporate as Pontiac Heights in 1971, but was denied by state officials. Pontiac Township became a charter township in 1978, to protect itself from further annexation. In 1983, Pontiac Township merged with the village of Auburn Heights to become the City of Auburn Hills. It is not to be confused with the similarly named city of Auburn, Michigan, that exists in Bay County, near Saginaw Bay.

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 16.64 square miles (43.10 km2), of which 16.60 square miles (42.99 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) is water.[10]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880111
199017,076
200019,83716.2%
201021,4127.9%
Est. 201723,296[6]8.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[11]

2010 census

As of the census[5] of 2010, there were 21,412 people, 8,844 households, and 4,923 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,289.9 inhabitants per square mile (498.0/km2). There were 9,965 housing units at an average density of 600.3 per square mile (231.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 66.3% White, 18.5% African American, 0.3% Native American, 8.9% Asian, 2.7% from other races, and 3.4% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.8% of the population.

There were 8,844 households, of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.8% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 44.3% were non-families. 33.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 7.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.90.

The median age in the city was 31.4 years. 19.4% of residents were under the age of 18; 17.8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 31.9% were from 25 to 44; 21.6% were from 45 to 64; and 9.4% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.4% female and 51.6% male.

2000 census

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 19,837 people, 8,064 households, and 4,604 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,194.5 per square mile (461.1/km²). There were 8,822 housing units at an average density of 531.2 per square mile (205.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.92% White, 13.22% African American, 0.32% Native American, 6.33% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.56% from other races, and 2.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.50% of the population.

There were 8,064 households, out of which 26.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them; 43.0% were married couples living together; 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present and 42.9% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.92.

The age distribution is 20.4% under the age of 18, 15.9% from 18 to 24, 38.1% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, and 7.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 31 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $51,376, and the median income for a family was $60,849. Males had a median income of $45,686 versus $34,015 for females. The per capita income for the city was $25,529. About 3.9% of families and 6.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.4% of those under age 18 and 4.4% of those age 66 or over.

Economy

Auburn Hills roughly follows the course of Interstate 75 and is home to a prosperous business community. In the early 1980s, Oakland University partnered with developers to create a technology and research park. The Oakland Technology Park was approved by the city in 1985, with Comerica, EDS, and Chrysler to build campuses there. The city's many tech and office buildings host 80,000 people during the workday.

Great Lakes Crossing Outlets, an enclosed super-regional outlet shopping mall, opened November 12, 1998.

In 2002, the area at Auburn and Squirrel was revitalized as the "Village Center" with streetscape improvements. Pedestrian-friendly development is encouraged in this district now known simply as Downtown Auburn Hills. At the end of 2013, a number of large projects were completed Downtown, including a four-story graduate student apartment complex, a 233-space parking deck, an auxiliary classroom space for schools and colleges called the University Center and the Downtown Educational Nook (DEN), a refurbished historic log cabin acting as a student and community center.

Auburn Hills is home to BorgWarner, Guardian Industries, Autoliv, RGIS, the Americas headquarters of GKN Driveline, the North American headquarters of Faurecia, Volkswagen/Audi North American Headquarters, Great Lakes Crossing shopping mall, as well as The Palace of Auburn Hills, the former home of the National Basketball Association's Detroit Pistons and the former home of Women's National Basketball Association's Detroit Shock.

In 2017 Maserati announced it was moving its U.S. headquarters from Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey to the former Walter P. Chrysler Museum in Auburn Hills.[12]

Education

Auburn Hills Public Library 3
Auburn Hills Public Library

Primary and secondary schools

School districts serving sections of Auburn Hills include Avondale School District,[13] Pontiac School District,[14] and Rochester Community Schools.

The Avondale School District operates two elementary schools in the city limits: R. Grant Graham Elementary School and Auburn Elementary School. Portions of Auburn Hills in ASD are zoned to these schools. All ASD residents are zoned to Avondale Middle School in Rochester Hills and Avondale High School in Auburn Hills. Other ASD facilities in Auburn Hills include the district administrative offices and Avondale Montessori.[13]

A Pontiac school district school, Will Rogers Elementary School, is located in northeastern Auburn Hills.[15]

Private schools include:

Higher education

The main campus of Oakland University sits within Auburn Hills. Oakland Community College, Baker College, and Western Michigan University Thomas M. Cooley Law School are also situated in Auburn Hills.

Parks and recreation

Auburn Hills is home to several local parks, many of which are open year-round.

Auburn Hills Skate Park

A skateboard, inline skate and BMX bike park open to all ages and skill levels. The use of the facility is always free and it remains open from April to November, 8 a.m. until dusk.

Civic Center Park

Popular hiking and walking attraction with numerous nature trails. A fishing pond and picnic area are also available for public use. The park offers open lawn areas and a picnic shelter with a fireplace inside. The park features a softball field, 9-hole disc golf course, tennis courts, two play structures, and swings.

Riverwoodswater
River Woods Park
Clinton River Trail

An expansive, 16-mile (26 km) walkway through the heart of Oakland County. The trail cuts through several different cities, including Rochester, Rochester Hills, Sylvan Lake, Auburn Hills, and Pontiac. The 2.1-mile (3.4 km) section of trail within Auburn Hills is covered in finely crushed stone, ideal for walking, jogging and biking.

Dennis Dearing Jr. Memorial Park

Featuring a fireman-themed "tot-lot" for children ages 2–5, Dennis Dearing Jr. Memorial Park is a popular spot for families with children. The park also has swings, picnic tables and open space areas for picnic or play.

Hawk Woods Nature Center

Eighty acres of woods, meadows and marsh are accessible via several groomed nature trails and a boardwalk. This year-round facility features heated restroom and shower facilities for the winter months, along with a two-story lodge with six overnight camping cabins. The lodge can be rented for meetings or activities year-round.

Manitoba Park

A two-acre park which contains a play structure, sand volleyball courts, a paved play area and open space for activities.

Riverside Park

Located adjacent to downtown Auburn Hills and along the Clinton River, Riverside Park is a popular spot during the warmer months. A canoe launch is open during the warm season.

River Woods Park

Located near downtown Auburn Hills, this park has picnic areas, both open and sheltered, standing barbecue grills and heated restrooms which remain open year-round. Visitors can navigate through the park on a paved pathway system, which includes a bridge over the Clinton River. The park also contains four basketball courts and play structures.

See also

References

  1. ^ "City of Auburn Hills, Michigan". City of Auburn Hills, Michigan. Retrieved August 25, 2012.
  2. ^ a b "Auburn Hills Web Site". Auburnhills.org. Retrieved 2013-09-30.
  3. ^ Auburn Hills Web Site Archived September 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "2017 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jan 3, 2019.
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
  6. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 24, 2018.
  7. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Auburn Hills, Michigan
  9. ^ "Race, Hispanic or Latino, Age, and Housing Occupancy: 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File (QT-PL), Auburn Hills city, Michigan". U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder 2. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved August 17, 2011.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-25.
  11. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  12. ^ Snavely, Brent (2017-04-12). "Maserati is headed to Auburn Hills offices". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved 2017-04-21. Version posted at USA Today
  13. ^ a b "District Map" ( Archived 2015-06-20 at WebCite). Avondale School District. Retrieved on June 20, 2015.
  14. ^ Murray, Diana Dillaber. "Law being proposed could dissolve Pontiac schools, other struggling districts." Oakland Press. June 12, 2013. Retrieved on May 7, 2014. "Pontiac school district spreads from Pontiac into portions of seven surrounding communities including Auburn Hills, Sylvan Lake, Lake Angeles and townships of Bloomfield, Orion, Waterford and West Bloomfield."
  15. ^ "Rogers Elementary Archived 2012-11-21 at the Wayback Machine." Pontiac School District. Retrieved on November 28, 2012.

External links

Athletics Center O'rena

Athletics Center O'rena is a 4,000-seat multi-purpose arena in Auburn Hills, Michigan. It is home to the Oakland University Golden Grizzlies men's basketball, women's basketball and volleyball teams. The court has a distinctive "blacktop" color first used in the 2015–16 season.

Avondale High School (Michigan)

Avondale High School is located in Auburn Hills, Michigan, which is found in the greater Metro Detroit area. Avondale High School is the only high school serving the Avondale School District. The high school feeds from Auburn, Deerfield, R. Grant Graham, and Woodland Elementary Schools where students then attend Avondale Middle School, then to Avondale High School. Students residing in the Avondale School District live in sections of Troy, Rochester Hills, Auburn Hills, and Bloomfield Township. There are approximately 1,100 students presently enrolled at AHS, which serves grades 9-12. The students have the option of taking regular, honors, or AP classes.

Avondale School District

The Avondale School District is a public school district headquartered in Auburn Hills, Michigan, in Metro Detroit.

The district educates about 3300 students, and covers southeast Auburn Hills, northeast Bloomfield Township, southwest Rochester Hills and northwest Troy, Michigan. The school district is named such because Rochester Hills used to be named Avon Township. The school district was formed in 1947.

Detroit Fury

The Detroit Fury were an arena football team based in Auburn Hills, Michigan. The team was a member of the Arena Football League from 2001 to 2004 and played at The Palace of Auburn Hills, also the home of the NBA's Detroit Pistons. The team was co-owned by William Davidson, who owned the Pistons, along with William Clay Ford, Jr., son of the owner of the National Football League Detroit Lions. On September 20, 2004, the AFL announced the termination of this franchise, and that its players would be made available to the remaining teams in a dispersal draft. The Fury made the playoffs in their first season and again in 2003.

Detroit Rockers

The Detroit Rockers were an indoor soccer team in the National Professional Soccer League from 1990 to 2001. They played in Joe Louis Arena and Cobo Arena in downtown Detroit, Michigan as well as The Palace of Auburn Hills and Compuware Sports Arena in the suburbs. For a time, they were led by star player-coach Andy Chapman until he was lured away by the more deep-pocketed Detroit Neon in 1994. The big stars of the Rockers included Drago Dumbovic and goalie Bryan "Goose" Finnerty. The Rockers won the 1991–1992 NPSL Championship. The Rockers outlasted the home-town rival Neon only because the Neon folded with their league the CISL.The Rockers themselves finally folded in 2001 when the NPSL ceased operations. Until the Rockers folded, they were owned by businessmen from Walled Lake.

Detroit Shock

The Detroit Shock were a Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA) team based in Auburn Hills, Michigan. They were the 2003, 2006, and 2008 WNBA champions.

Debuting in 1998, it was one of the league's first expansion franchises. It was also the first WNBA expansion franchise to win a WNBA Championship. The team was the sister team of the Detroit Pistons and from 2002 to the 2009 season was coached by Pistons legend Bill Laimbeer.

On October 20, 2009, it was announced that the Shock would be moving to Tulsa, Oklahoma to play in the new downtown arena, the BOK Center. Former men's college coach Nolan Richardson was named the team's new head coach. The Shock roster and history was retained along with the Shock name, but the team colors were changed to black, red, and gold. The franchise is currently known as Dallas Wings.

FCA US LLC Headquarters and Technology Center

The FCA US LLC Headquarters and Technology Center is the North American headquarters and main research and development facility for the automobile manufacturer FCA US LLC (commonly known as Chrysler). in the United States. It is located in the Metro Detroit suburb of Auburn Hills, Michigan. Completed in 1996, the complex has 5,300,000 square feet (490,000 m2) on 504 acres (2.04 km2) located near Interstate 75.

Great Lakes Crossing Outlets

Great Lakes Crossing Outlets is an enclosed shopping mall, super-regional in size, located in the city of Auburn Hills, a suburb on the northern outskirts of metro Detroit, Michigan, United States. Developed and owned by Taubman Centers, Great Lakes Crossing Outlets features 185 manufacturer's outlets, traditional retail stores and restaurants, a 1,000-seat food court, and a 25-screen AMC Star movie theater. Anchor stores of the mall include Burlington Coat Factory, Bass Pro Shops, TJ Maxx, Bed Bath & Beyond, Marshalls, and Lord & Taylor Outlet. Great Lakes Crossing Outlets is also home to Legoland Discovery Center Michigan and Sea Life Michigan Aquarium.

Guardian Industries

Guardian Industries is a privately held industrial manufacturer of glass, automotive and building products based in Auburn Hills, Michigan.

The company manufactures float glass, fabricated glass products, fiberglass insulation and building materials for commercial, residential and automotive applications.

The company employs more than 17,000 people and has present activities in North and South America, Europe, Asia, Africa and the Middle East.

Oakland Christian School

Oakland Christian School (OCS) is a private pre-kindergarten–12 Christian school located in Auburn Hills, Oakland County, Michigan.

Oakland Community College

Oakland Community College (OCC) is a public community college in Oakland County, Michigan established June 8, 1964. With five campuses, it is one of the largest community colleges in Michigan and has the state's third largest undergraduate enrollment. In addition to the five campus locations the college has a district headquarters in Bloomfield Hills. Enrollment at the college over the 2016-2017 school year was 29,560. Oakland Community College has been accredited by the Higher Learning Commission since 1971 and has a Carnegie Classification of Associate's Colleges: High Transfer-High Nontraditional. The college offers 57 different degrees at the Associates level and 41 different certificate programs.

Paul Haynes (basketball)

Paul Haynes (born 1982) is an American former professional basketball player. After a six-year career spanning from 2004 to 2010, Haynes retired from the sport to pursue business in the Detroit, Michigan area.

Slammiversary (2009)

Slammiversary Seven was a professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event produced by Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA), which took place on June 21, 2009 at The Palace of Auburn Hills in Auburn Hills, Michigan. It was the fifth event under the Slammiversary chronology and used to commemorate the seventh anniversary of the promotion. There were seven matches on the card.

The main event for the show was annually held King of the Mountain match (KOTM) for the TNA World Heavyweight Championship which saw Kurt Angle defeat Mick Foley, Jeff Jarrett, Samoa Joe, and A.J. Styles. For the first time, the undercard for the event also featured another KOTM for the TNA X Division Championship having champion Suicide retain over Consequences Creed, Jay Lethal, Chris Sabin, and Alex Shelley. Other matches featured include: Robert Roode and James Storm (known as Beer Money, Inc.) versus Team 3D for the TNA World Tag Team Championship, Angelina Love versus Tara for the TNA Women's Knockout Championship, Daniels wagering his position in the company against a returning Shane Douglas, Abyss and Taylor Wilde fighting Raven and Daffney in a Monster's Ball Mixed Tag Team match, and Sting versus Matt Morgan.

In October 2017, with the launch of the Global Wrestling Network, the event became available to stream on demand.

TI Fluid Systems

TI Fluid Systems develops, manufactures and supplies automotive fluid storage, carrying and delivery systems. The company serves the automotive aftermarket through Bundy, Walbro and Marwal brands. The company's headquarters are located in Oxford, UK, with Corporate Offices based in Auburn Hills, Michigan. It is listed on the London Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the FTSE 250 Index.

The Palace of Auburn Hills

The Palace of Auburn Hills, commonly referred to as The Palace, is a defunct multi-purpose arena located in Auburn Hills, Michigan. It was the home of the Detroit Pistons of the National Basketball Association (NBA), the Detroit Shock of the Women's National Basketball Association (WNBA), the Detroit Vipers of the International Hockey League, the Detroit Safari of the Continental Indoor Soccer League, and the Detroit Fury of the Arena Football League.

The Palace was one of eight basketball arenas owned by their respective NBA franchises.

UFC 123

UFC 123: Rampage vs. Machida was a mixed martial arts event held by the Ultimate Fighting Championship on November 20, 2010 at the Palace of Auburn Hills in Auburn Hills, Michigan. It was the first UFC event in the Metro Detroit area since UFC 9.

Walter P. Chrysler Museum

The Walter P. Chrysler Museum was a car museum in Auburn Hills, Michigan, featuring historically significant vehicles designed and manufactured by Chrysler, Dodge, Plymouth, Jeep, AMC, Nash, Hudson, and Rambler.

It was in operation from October 1999 through December 2012, with a brief re-opening in 2016 before closing permanently in December 2016. The museum was named after Walter P. Chrysler, the founder of Chrysler Corporation.

World War 3 (1997)

World War 3 (1997) was the third World War 3 professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event produced by World Championship Wrestling (WCW). The event took place on November 23, 1997 from The Palace of Auburn Hills in Auburn Hills, Michigan.

Nine matches were contested at the event. The main event was the traditional World War 3 battle royal, in which the winner would receive a future title shot at the WCW World Heavyweight Championship. Scott Hall won by last eliminating The Giant. WCW World Heavyweight Champion Hollywood Hogan was also a participant in the match, who joined the match for himself to prevent anyone from getting the title shot. Hall won after Kevin Nash, in a Sting disguise, attacked Giant with a baseball bat and eliminated him. Hall was entitled to receive his title shot at SuperBrawl VIII, but Hogan controversially lost the title to Sting at Starrcade. This resulted in the title being vacated and the two competing in a rematch at SuperBrawl VIII, where Sting won the title. Hall received his title shot at Uncensored in March, where Sting defeated him.

Another important match on the card was Curt Hennig versus Ric Flair in a no disqualification match for the WCW United States Heavyweight Championship. Hennig won the match to retain the title.

World War 3 (1998)

World War 3 (1998) was the fourth and final World War 3 professional wrestling pay-per-view (PPV) event produced by World Championship Wrestling (WCW). The event took place on November 22, 1998 from The Palace of Auburn Hills in Auburn Hills, Michigan, the same location as the previous year's event. This event marked the only instance where the traditional World War 3 battle royal did not headline the event.

Seven matches were contested at the event. The main event was a standard wrestling match between Diamond Dallas Page and Bret Hart for the WCW United States Heavyweight Championship, in which Page pinned Hart to retain the title. The World War 3 match, where the winner would receive a WCW World Heavyweight Championship match at Starrcade, was won by Kevin Nash.

Places adjacent to Auburn Hills, Michigan
Auburn Hills, Michigan
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