Aube (French pronunciation: [ob]) is a French department in the Grand Est region of north-eastern France. As with sixty departments in France, this department is named after a river: the Aube. With 305,606 inhabitants (2012), Aube is 76th department in terms of population. The inhabitants of the department are known as Aubois or Auboises
The department was constituted as it is today by a decree of the National Assembly of 15 January 1790.
Prefecture building of the Aube department, in Troyes
Coat of arms
Location of Aube in France
|• President of the General Council||Philippe Adnot (DVD)|
|• Total||6,004 km2 (2,318 sq mi)|
|• Density||51/km2 (130/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|^1 French Land Register data, which exclude estuaries, and lakes, ponds, and glaciers larger than 1 km2|
The Aube department is located in the south-west side of the Grand Est region. It borders the departments of Marne in the north (about 130 km long), Haute-Marne to the east (about 100 km long), Côte-d'Or in the south-east (about 45 km long), Yonne in the south-west (about 175 km long), and Seine-et-Marne in the west (about 45 km long).
Within the department regions of natural or traditional countryside can be identified as follows:
Aube is divided into 431 communes totalling 308,503 inhabitants. Major cities with more than 10,000 inhabitants) are:
They are mostly located in the centre of the department. Four of those five cities are part of the Agglomeration of Troyes.
|Lowest Altitude||100 metres||67 metres||156 metres||60 metres|
|Highest Altitude||126 metres||112 metres||348 metres||113 metres|
|Average Altitude||113 metres||90 metres||252 metres||87 metres|
|Town Hall Altitude||107 metres||77 metres||165 metres||71 metres|
There are 23 rivers throughout the department,[Note 1] the four main rivers being the Seine, the Aube (tributary of the Seine), the Armance (tributary of the Armançon), and the Vanne (a tributary of the Yonne).
The department has 140,000 hectares of forests.
In the same place, there is the Orient Lake and the Amance and Temple lakes where fishing, recreational water sports, and bathing are available. Each lake specialises in one or more of these activities.
Between 1950 and 1985 the average annual temperature recorded in the department was 10.1 °C which is equivalent to the Paris basin and the cities of north-eastern France. The average sunshine hours per year is 1771.
Average annual rainfall is quite high (653.4 mm over 115 days of rain). In general there is more rain in autumn than in winter but rainfall is highest during spring. In contrast summer is the season when rainfall is lowest. There is, however, more rain in the south-east than the north-west.
Snow is relatively infrequent. Prevailing wind is from the west.
In the Agglomeration of Troyes TCAT (Transport for the Communes of Troyes) provides a transport network between communes. Unlike many networks that are provided by other operators, the agglomeration community of the city is the owner of the company. The network currently serves eleven communes including two outside the Troyes agglomeration. Other cities, including Romilly-sur-Seine, have no transport network.
Aube also has intercity transport networks. 21 regular bus routes are operated between the major cities of the department. The use of these lines is entrusted to private coaches: Transdev – The Carriers of Aube has 15 routes, Keolis Sud Lorraine has 4 routes, Procars Champagne has 2 routes, Autocars Bardy has one route.
Five railway stations are currently in operation. These are: Nogent-sur-Seine, Romilly-sur-Seine, Troyes, Vendeuvre-sur-Barse, Bar-sur-Aube.
Aube does not have a strong rail coverage. Only one main non-electrified line passes through Aube – the line that connects Paris-Est to Mulhouse.
Saints Potentian and Savinian, Greek priests from Samos, came to preach the gospel from the middle of the 3rd century. Saint Patroclus was one of the first martyrs of the new faith in the year 259. Shortly after Saint Jule and some notables of the city of Tricasses also suffered martyrdom. Nevertheless, as elsewhere, the Christian community became large enough to accommodate a bishop. Saint Amateur was the first in 340. In the year 286 the Bagaudae ravaged the land which forms Aube. Emperor Julian came to Troyes with his army and rescued it.
The territory making up Aube was first attached to France in 843, following the Treaty of Verdun.
Two important monasteries were founded in the department: one at Clairvaux in 1114, created by Bernard of Clairvaux, the other at Paraclete, by his illustrious rival, Pierre Abélard and of which Héloïse d'Argenteuil was the first abbess. Bernard of Clairvaux was noted for his eloquence at the Council of Troyes and his preaching of the Second Crusade which had no result and whose outcome was disastrous.
The reunion of Champagne with the kingdom of France was finalised in 1361. Yet people wanted absolutely the incorporation of Champagne but in 1328 King Philip VI gave the city of Bar-sur-Seine to Philippe de Croy. The inhabitants, however, ransomed him to return it to the king on the condition that it become inalienable.
The decree of the National Assembly of 15 January 1790 formally established the department of Aube. Its first president was Augustin-Henri-Marie Picot and his first deputy was Louis Antoine Joseph Robin. Jacques Claude Beugnot was elected Attorney-General and also MP.
The 19th century marked the emergence of the Hosiery business in the department.
After the victory of the allies in the Battle of Waterloo on 18 June 1815, the department was occupied by Russian troops from June 1815 to November 1818.
Azure, a band argent with two cotises potent and counter potent in Or, chief wavy in argent.
The General Council of Aube is located in Troyes. Its president has been DVD Senator Philippe Adnot since July 1990. It includes the 34 councillors of the 17 cantons of Aube. Of these, 32 are from the Right (mainly the UMP), the others are from the Miscellaneous left. Currently the budget of the General Council is €329.8 million. Its main mission and expenditure on social activities and health.
|Aube's 1st constituency||Grégory Besson-Moreau||La République En Marche!|
|Aube's 2nd constituency||Valérie Bazin-Malgras||The Republicans|
|Aube's 3rd constituency||Gérard Menuel||The Republicans|
|Europe Ecology – The Greens||EELV||1|
|Union for a Popular Movement||UMP||13|
|President of the General Council|
Aube is inhabited by 308,503 people with more than a third (130,430 inhabitants) live in the Troyes agglomeration.
In 2009, the department had 303,298 inhabitants.
Sources : Historical data of Aube department on the SPLAF website Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)
Percentage Distribution of Age Groups in Aube compared to Champagne-Ardennes region in 2009
|0 to 14 Years||19.0||17.3||19.1||17.2|
|15 to 29 Years||19.3||17.2||20.0||18.1|
|30 to 44 Years||20.6||19.5||20.7||19.7|
|45 to 59 Years||21.4||20.6||21.2||20.7|
|60 to 74 Years||13.0||14.1||12.7||13.6|
|75 to 89 Years||6.3||10.0||6.0||9.6|
|socio-professionnel category||2007||1999||Details for 2007|
|Nb||%||Nb||%||Men||Women||%age of the population aged|
|15 to 24 yrs||25 to 54 yrs||55 yrs +|
|Farmers and Farm workers||5,094||2.1||5,408||2.3||3,584||1,510||0.2||3||1.6|
|Artisans, shopkeepers, business managers||7,232||2.9||7,619||3.2||5,025||2,207||0.5||4.7||1.5|
|Executives and Intellectuals||12,656||5.1||9,435||4||8,196||4,460||0.7||8.5||2.5|
|Others without occupation||40,194||16.3||47,198||20||15,397||24,797||56.6||10.2||7.6|
|Source : INSEE Census 2006 Population census of January 2006 (in French)|
The economy of Aube has focused on the textile industry since the 19th century. This sector is now in crisis due to the department being in an area of real economic change.
In 2007, the departmental workforce totalled 139,083 with 121,966 persons in employment and 17,117 people unemployed. Men accounted for nearly 53% of the active population and women 47%.
The Aube department has a high rate of feminization in employment. Nearly half of people with active jobs (46% in 2007) are women. The main areas affected by the feminization are trade, transport, textiles, utilities, education, and health. Women are slightly more affected than men by unemployment (54.8% of the unemployed in 2007). This is mainly due to layoffs in the textile sector.
Distribution of Employment by Industry sector
|Agriculture||Industry||Construction||Commerce[Note 2]||Public Administration[Note 3]|
|Comparison with the Region||6.7%||19.2%||6.5%||36.7%||31.0%|
|Sources: INSEE Employment by sector of activity for 2007 in Aube, (in French), Employment by sector of activity for 2007 in Champagne-Ardenne (in French)|
|No. of Employees|
|Petit Bateau (Textiles)||1,022|
|Mefro Roues (Wheel rims)||584|
|Petitjean (Public lighting)||567|
|Holiday Cottages||310||2,006 places|
The utilized agricultural area is 379,720 hectares. Aube is largest producer of hemp; the 2nd largest producer of champagne, cabbage for sauerkraut, medicinal poppies, and alfalfa; the 6th largest producer of potatoes; the 8th largest producer of cereals; and the 9th largest producer of beet in France.
In 2010 elementary and secondary education consisted of:
|Type of Institution||No. of Institutions|
|Type of Institution||No. of Institutions|
|Handicapped Children's Centre||18|
|Type of Institution||No. of Institutions|
|Institution to help for work||8|
|Businesses adapted for handicapped people||2|
|Professional rehabilitation Centres||1|
|Specialised Foster Homes||2|
|Residential Home Care for the autistic||2|
|Type of Institution||No. of Institutions|
|Nursing Homes for the Elderly (EHPAD)||38|
|Long Term Care Units (USLD)||5|
|Rural Homes for the Elderly||1|
There are 580 clubs and sports associations in the Aube department. The main ones are:
At Troyes there are three independent local radio stations:
At Romilly-sur-Seine, in addition to Latitude Radio, there is a local independent radio broadcaster: Radio Aube et Seine.
French Christian Radio (RCF) Aube is located in the department.
|Name||Place||Distribution Area||Press Group||Circulation|
|L'Est-Éclair||Saint-André-les-Vergers (agglomération de Troyes)||Aube||Groupe Hersant Média||27,948|
|Libération Champagne||Troyes||Aube||Groupe Hersant Média||6,395|
All Aube jurisdictions are located in Troyes. The city has a Tribunal d'instance and a High Court, a commercial court and an Employment Tribunal for civil and criminal jurisdictions. There is also a Correctional court and a Juvenile court.
Aube currently has two storage facilities for radioactive waste:
The four main theatres are:
The Aube has 365 historical monuments of which 144 are classified, and 221 are enrolled.
Arcis-sur-Aube is a French commune in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of north-central France.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Arcisiens or ArcisiennesThe commune has been awarded three flowers by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom.Aube, Moselle
Aube (German: Alben) is a commune in the Moselle department in Grand Est in northeastern France.Bar-sur-Aube
Bar-sur-Aube (French: [baʁ syʁ ob] (listen)) is a French commune and a sub-prefecture in the Aube department in the Grand Est region of France.Surrounded by hills and Champagne vineyards, the city is traversed by the river Aube, from which it derives its name.
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Baralbins or Baralbines and Barsuraubois or Barsurauboises.The commune has been awarded three flowers by the National Council of Towns and Villages in Bloom in the Competition of cities and villages in Bloom.Bessy, Aube
Bessy is a commune in the Aube department in north-central France that lies 43 km east of Nogent-sur-Seine.Châtres, Aube
Châtres is a commune in the Aube department in north-central France.Communes of the Aube department
The following is a list of the 431 communes of the Aube department of France.
(CAT) Communauté d'agglomération Troyenne, created in 2000.Dampierre, Aube
Dampierre is a commune in the Aube department in north-central France.Fouchères, Aube
Fouchères is a commune in the Aube department in north-central France located at the river Seine.Laferté-sur-Aube
Laferté-sur-Aube is a commune in the Haute-Marne department in north-eastern France.Longueville-sur-Aube
Longueville-sur-Aube is a commune in the Aube department in north-central France.Maupas, Aube
Maupas is a commune in the Aube department in north-central France.Nozay, Aube
Nozay is a commune in the Aube department in north-central France.Saint-Nabord-sur-Aube
Saint-Nabord-sur-Aube is a commune in the Aube department in north-central France.Saron-sur-Aube
Saron-sur-Aube is a commune in the Marne department in north-eastern France.Troyes AC
Espérance Sportive Troyes Aube Champagne is a French association football club, based in Troyes, who play in Ligue 2. It was founded in 1986, as the third professional club from the city, after ASTS and TAF. They won the Intertoto Cup in 2001, beating Newcastle United on the away goals rule after the score was 4–4 on aggregate.Vallières, Aube
Vallières is a commune in the Aube department in north-central France.Verrières, Aube
Verrières is a commune in the Aube department in north-central France.Villette-sur-Aube
Villette-sur-Aube is a commune in the Aube department in north-central France.Étrelles-sur-Aube
Étrelles-sur-Aube is a commune in the Aube department in north-central France.
|Climate data for Troyes|
|Average high °C (°F)||6.2
|Daily mean °C (°F)||3.1
|Average low °C (°F)||−0.1
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||50.5
|Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm)||10.0||8.4||10.3||9.1||10.1||8.6||7.2||7.0||7.5||9.6||9.8||10.6||108.2|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||69||88||144||185||215||229||235||228||179||124||67||54||1,817|
|Source: Meteorological data for Troyes – 112 m altitude, from 1981 to 2010 January 2015 (in French)|