Attock (Punjabi, Urdu: اٹک), formerly known as Campbellpur (کیمبل پور), is a city located in the north of Pakistan's Punjab Province, not far from the country's capital Islamabad. It is the headquarters of Attock District and Attock Tehsil. The city was founded in 1908 several miles southeast of the older city of Attock Khurd, which had been established by the Mughal Emperor Akbar in the 16th century, and was initially named in honour of Sir Colin Campbell.
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Attock is located in a historically significant region. Gandhara was an ancient kingdom extending to the Swat valley and the Potohar plateau regions of Pakistan as well as the Jalalabad district of northeastern Afghanistan. Situated astride the middle Indus River, the region had Takshashila and Peshawar as its chief cities. The place is of both political and commercial importance, as the Indus is here crossed by the military and trade route through the Khyber Pass into Afghanistan. Alexander the Great, Timur and Nader Shah crossed the Indus at or about this spot in their respective invasions of India.
The Attock Fort was completed in 1583 under the supervision of Khawaja Shamsuddin Khawafi, a minister of Emperor Akbar. Nader Shah crossed through Attock when he defeated the Mughals at the Battle of Karnal and thus ended Mughal power in Northern India. The Battle of Attock took place at Attock Khurd on 28 April 1758 between the Durrani Empire Maratha Kingdom. The Marathas under Raghunathrao Ballal Peshwa and Tukojirao Holkar Bahadur were victorious in the battle and Attock was captured. But this conquest was short-lived as Ahmad Shah Durrani came in person to recapture Attock and checked the Maratha advance permanently after destroying their forces at Panipat. After the decline of the Durrani Empire, the Sikhs invaded and occupied Attock District. The Sikh Kingdom (1799–1849) under Ranjit Singh (1780–1839) captured the fortress of Attock in 1813 from the Durrani Nawab.
In 1849, Attock Khurd (Old Attock) was conquered by the British East India Company who created Campbellpur District. Following the Indian Rebellion in 1857, the region's strategic value was appreciated by the British, who established the Campbellpur Cantonment in 1857-58. Campbellpore District was organised in 1904, by the division of Talagang Tehsil in the Jhelum District with the Pindigheb, Fateh Jang and Attock tehsils from Rawalpindi District.
The city's foundations were laid in 1908 by Sir Colin Campbell, the British Commander-in-Chief of India for whom the city is named. The old city was established near the 16th century near the Attock fort that had guarded the major routes between Central Asia and South Asia. Attock's first oil well was drilled in Khaur in 1915, while the Attock Oil Company was established. It has an oil and gas field Dakhini near Jand and in Fateh Jang.
After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs emigrated to India, while Muslim refugees from India settled in Attock. The Government of Pakistan renamed Campbellpur as Attock in 1978. The city and surrounding area are known for their high representation among soldiers of the Pakistani Military.
According to the Alif Ailaan Pakistan District Education Rankings 2014, Attock is ranked 3 out of 146 districts of Pakistan in terms of the quality of education. For facilities and infrastructure, the district is ranked 17 out of 146. A detailed picture of the district's education performance is also available online. Army Public School & College, Government Polytechnic Institute, Beacon Light English Model Secondary School,COMSATS University Islamabad and Punjab College Attock are few important educational institutes in Attock.
Attock City Junction railway station (Urdu and Punjabi: اٹک سٹی جنکشن ریلوے اسٹیشن) is located in Attock city, Attock district, Punjab province, Pakistan.Attock District
Attock District (ضِلع اٹک) is a district in Pothohar Plateau of the Punjab Province of Pakistan. Attock is the capital of the district.
The district was created in April 1904 by the merging of tehsils of nearby districts. Its former name was Campbellpur. Today the district consists of 6 tehsils that are Attock, Fateh Jang, Hazro, Hassan Abdal, Jand and Pindi Gheb.
It is located in the north of the Punjab province, Attock district is bordered by Chakwal to its south, Mianwali to its south west, Rawalpindi to its east, Kohat to its west, Nowshera to its north west and Swabi and Haripur to its north.Attock Khurd railway station
Attock Khurd railway station (Urdu and Punjabi: اٹک خورد ریلوے اسٹیشن) is located at Attock Khurd village, Attock district, Punjab province, Pakistan.Battle of Attock (1758)
The Battle of Attock took place on 28 April 1758 between Maratha Empire and the Durrani Empire. The Marathas, under Raghunathrao (Raghoba), delivered a decisive victory and Attock was captured. The battle is seen as a great success for Marathas who hoisted Maratha flag in Attock. Raghunathrao left Punjab after three months appointing Maratha Sardar Narsoji Pandit with 4000 Maratha troops to guard the fort from Afghans.Burhan railway station
Burhan railway station (Urdu and Punjabi: برہان ریلوے اسٹیشن ) is located in Burhan town, Attock district of Punjab province, Pakistan.COMSATS University Islamabad
The COMSATS University Islamabad (CUI), formerly known as COMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT), is a public university in Pakistan. It is a multi-campus university with its principal seat located in Islamabad.Constituency PP-1 (Attock-I)
Constituency PP-1 (Attock-I) (Old PP-15) is a Constituency of Provincial Assembly of Punjab as per Final Delimitation 2018 MAPS.Constituency PP-2 (Attock-II)
PP-2 (Attock-II) (Old PP-16) is a Constituency of Provincial Assembly of Punjab.Constituency PP-3 (Attock-III)
PP-3 (Attock-III) (Old PP-17) is a Constituency of Provincial Assembly of Punjab.Daud Khel Junction railway station
Daud Khel Junction railway station (Urdu: داود خیل ریلوے اسٹیشن) is located in Pakistan.Faqirabad railway station
Faqirabad railway station (Urdu and Punjabi: فقیر آباد ریلوے اسٹیشن ) is located in Faqirabad village, Attock district of Punjab province, Pakistan.Habib Kot Junction railway station
Habib Kot Junction railway station (Urdu: حبیب کوٹ جنکشن ریلوے اسٹیشن , Sindhi: حبيب ڪوٽ جنڪشن ريلوي اسٽيشن ) is located in Habib Kot village, Shikarpur district of Sindh province of the Pakistan. It is the junction of Kotri - Habib Kot via Dadu and Larkana branch railway line.Larkana Junction railway station
Larkana Junction railway station (Urdu: لاڑکانہ جوڑ اسٹیشن, Sindhi: لاڙڪاڻو ريلوي اسٽيشن ) is located in middle of the Larkana, Sindh, Pakistan. The station is staffed and has a booking office.Mari Indus railway station
Mari Indus railway station (Urdu: ماڑی انڈس ریلوے اسٹیشن) is located in Mari Indus, Pakistan.NA-55 (Attock-I)
NA-55 (Attock-I) (Urdu: این اے-۵۵، اٹک-۱) is a constituency for the National Assembly of Pakistan.NA-56 (Attock-II)
NA-56 (Attock-II) (Urdu: این اے-۵٦، اٹک-۲) is a constituency for the National Assembly of Pakistan.Rumian railway station
Rumian railway station (Urdu and Punjabi: رومیان ریلوے اسٹیشن ) is located in Rumian village, Attock district of Punjab province of the Pakistan.Sanjwal railway station
Sanjwal railway station (Urdu and Punjabi: سنجوال ریلوے اسٹیشن) is located in Sanjwal village, Attock district of Punjab province, Pakistan.Shikarpur railway station
Shikarpur railway station (Urdu: شکارپور ریلوے اسٹیشن , Sindhi: شکارپور ریلوے اسٹیشن ) is located in Shikarpur city, Shikarpur district of Sindh province of the Pakistan.
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