Atlantic Canada, also called the Atlantic provinces, is the region of Canada comprising the four provinces located on the Atlantic coast, excluding Quebec: the three Maritime provinces – New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island – and the easternmost province of Newfoundland and Labrador. The population of the four Atlantic provinces in 2016 was about 2,300,000 on half a million km2. The provinces combined had an approximate GDP of $121.888 billion in 2011.
Provinces de l'Atlantique (Fr)
The Atlantic Provinces
Atlantic Canada (green) within the rest of Canada
|Provinces||New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island|
|• Total||500,531 km2 (193,256 sq mi)|
|• Density||4.7/km2 (12/sq mi)|
The first Premier of Newfoundland, Joey Smallwood, coined the term "Atlantic Canada" when Newfoundland joined the Dominion of Canada in 1949. He believed that it would have been presumptuous for Newfoundland to assume that it could include itself within the existing term "Maritime Provinces," used to describe the cultural similarities shared by New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. The three Maritime provinces entered Confederation during the 19th century (New Brunswick and Nova Scotia were founding members of the Dominion of Canada in 1867, and Prince Edward Island joined in 1873). Today, Atlantic Canada is a culturally distinct region of the country, with the original founding cultures of Mi'kmaq, Celtic, English, and French remaining strong and vibrant to this day.
Although Quebec has physical Atlantic coasts on the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Ungava Bay, and the Hudson Strait, it is generally not considered an Atlantic Province, instead being classified as part of Central Canada along with Ontario.
2016 census figures for "Metropolitan Areas" (broadest definition, includes entire municipalities and all commuter municipalities) and "Population Centres" (limited to actual continuously-built-up area) in Atlantic Canada. The list includes communities above 10,000, by Metropolitan Area population, or 5,000 by Population Centre population.
|Community||Province||Population (Metropolitan)||Population (Pop. Centre)|
|St. John's||Newfoundland and Labrador||205,955||178,427|
|Saint John||New Brunswick||126,202||58,341 – Saint John|
|24,445 – Quispamsis-Rothesay|
|Cape Breton||Nova Scotia||98,722||29,904 – Sydney|
|17,556 – Glace Bay|
|12,823 – Sydney Mines|
|Charlottetown||Prince Edward Island||69,325||44,739|
|New Glasgow||Nova Scotia||34,487||18,665|
|Corner Brook||Newfoundland and Labrador||31,917||19,547|
|Miramichi||New Brunswick||27,523||11,329 – Chatham-Douglastown|
|Summerside||Prince Edward Island||16,587||13,814|
|Grand Falls-Windsor||Newfoundland and Labrador||14,171||12,046|
|Gander||Newfoundland and Labrador||13,234||10,220|
Atlantic University Sport (AUS) is a regional membership association for universities in Atlantic Canada which assists in co-ordinating competition between their university level athletic programs and providing contact information, schedules, results, and releases about those programs and events to the public and the media. This is similar to what would be called a college athletic conference in the United States. The AUS, which covers Canada east of the province of Quebec, is one of four such bodies that are members of the country's governing body for university athletics, U Sports. The other three regional associations coordinating university-level sports in Canada are Ontario University Athletics (OUA), the Canada West Universities Athletic Association (CW), and Quebec Student Sport Federation (known by its French initialism of RSEQ).Bell Fibe TV
Bell Fibe TV is an IP-based television service offered by Bell Canada in Ontario and Quebec. It is bundled with a FTTN or FTTH Bell Internet service, and uses the Ericsson Mediaroom platform. Bell Fibe TV officially launched on September 13, 2010. It is also available in Manitoba and Atlantic Canada, where Fibe TV is re-packaged, being offered by BellMTS and Bell Aliant with similar services and integrated with Bell Fibe TV.CBAL-FM
CBAL-FM is a Canadian radio station, which broadcasts SRC's Ici Musique network at 98.3 FM in Moncton, New Brunswick.
The station went on the air as CBAF-FM on April 15, 1983. For a long time, it was the only station in Radio-Canada's FM service that didn't serve any portion of Quebec. It adopted its current calls in 1989 after Radio-Canada AM outlet CBAF moved to the FM band and picked up the CBAF-FM calls.CBH-FM
CBH-FM is a Canadian radio station broadcasting in Halifax, Nova Scotia at 102.7 MHz. The station was launched on June 1, 1976 and is the CBC Music outlet for Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island. CBH-FM's studios are located on 7067 Chebucto Road in Halifax, while its transmitter is located on Washmill Lake Drive in Clayton Park.
CBH-FM originates one local program, Connections with Olga Milosevich. The program highlights upcoming cultural events in the Maritimes as well as a wide range of music from the region. This program is able to air primarily because of a gap on the national CBC Music schedule in Atlantic Canada, since some Saturday afternoon network programs are timed to air live in both the Atlantic and Eastern time zones. CBN-FM in St. John's is the only other station to air local programming of this type, however in that case the program is shared with the local CBC Radio One station, whereas Connections is exclusive to CBC Music.CBT (AM)
CBT is a clear-channel radio station broadcasting at 540 kHz (AM) from Grand Falls-Windsor, Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada, and is the local Radio One station of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation.
CBT's daytime signal covers most of Central Newfoundland. At night, it covers most of Eastern North America. Four FM rebroadcasters provide additional coverage.CFXY-FM
CFXY-FM is a Canadian radio station in Fredericton, New Brunswick that broadcasts at 105.3 FM. The station uses its on-air brand as 105.3 The Fox with an Active rock format. The station is owned by Bell Media which also owns sister stations CIBX-FM and CKHJ.CIBX-FM
CIBX-FM is a radio station in Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada, broadcasting at 106.9 FM. The station is owned by Bell Media and plays a Top 40 radio format branded on-air as Capital FM. (Fredericton is the capital city of the Province of New Brunswick.)
The studios and offices are on Rookwood Avenue in Fredericton, shared with sister stations 105.3 CFXY-FM and AM 1260 CKHJ. The transmitter is on Provincial Route 620 at Route 617, at Hamtown Corner in Douglas, northwest of Fredericton.CJCJ-FM
CJCJ-FM is a hot adult contemporary radio station broadcasting from Woodstock, New Brunswick, Canada. The station operates at 104.1 MHz/FM. It is currently owned and operated by Bell Media.CKBC-FM
CKBC-FM is a Canadian radio station broadcasting in Bathurst, New Brunswick at 104.9 MHz with an effective radiated power of 33,500 watts. The station has been broadcasting since April 18, 1955.
The station is currently owned by Bell Media.CKHJ
CKHJ is a Canadian radio station in Fredericton, New Brunswick broadcasting at 1260 on the AM dial. The station broadcasts a country music format under the "KHJ" branding. The station is owned by Bell Media which also owns sister stations CFXY-FM and CIBX-FM.
Based on the current format, CKHJ competes with Newcap-owned CFRK-FM.CKTO-FM
CKTO-FM is a Canadian radio station, broadcasting at 100.9 FM in Truro, Nova Scotia. The station plays an active rock format and is branded as Big Dog 100.9. The station has been on the air since 1965.
The station is owned by Bell Media which also owns sister station CKTY-FM as well as six other radio stations in the Atlantic provinces.CKTY-FM
CKTY-FM is a Canadian radio station broadcasting at 99.5 FM in Truro, Nova Scotia. It plays a country music format branded as Cat Country 99.5. The station has been on the air since September 10, 1947. It originally broadcast at 1400 AM as CKCL then to 600 in 1956, and received CRTC approval to move to 99.5 FM in 2001 after shutting down the AM 600 frequency.The station is owned by Bell Media.
CKTY was formerly the callsign of a now-defunct AM radio station out of Sarnia, Ontario, which moved to the FM dial and is now CHKS-FM. CKCL was also a former callsign of a radio station in Toronto, Ontario in the 1920s.Eastern Canada
Eastern Canada (also the Eastern provinces) is generally considered to be the region of Canada east of Manitoba, consisting of the following provinces:
Newfoundland and Labrador
Prince Edward Island
QuebecOntario and Quebec define Central Canada, while the other provinces constitute Atlantic Canada. New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island are also known as the Maritime Provinces.First Nations in New Brunswick
The First Nations of New Brunswick, Canada number more than 10,000, mostly Mi'kmaq and Maliseet. Although the Passamaquoddy maintain a land claim at St. Andrews, New Brunswick and historically occurred in New Brunswick, they have no reserves in the province, and have no official status in Canada.J. Pius Callaghan Cup
The J. Pius Callaghan Cup is a trophy that was formerly given to the ice hockey Junior A Champion of Atlantic Canada from 1981 until 1991. The trophy is named for Joseph Pius Callaghan, sports writer for the Charlottetown Guardian, school teacher, and sports executive, by Hockey PEI. From 1991 until 2006, the trophy was awarded to the playoff champion of the Maritime Junior A Hockey League. In 2006 it was retired and now resides in the Charlottetown Civic Centre. Prior to 1981, the championship was just called the Atlantic Junior A Championship.Nova Scotia Voyageurs
The Nova Scotia Voyageurs were a professional ice hockey team, based in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada. They played in the American Hockey League, from 1971 to 1984. Originally chartered as the Houston Apollos of the Central Hockey League, the organization was relocated to Montreal after five seasons due to low attendance and travel costs. The Voyageurs (or "Vees" for short) played their first two seasons (1969–71), as the Montreal Voyageurs and were the affiliate of the National Hockey League's Montreal Canadiens.
In 1971, they relocated to Halifax, Nova Scotia. They were the first AHL team to be located in Atlantic Canada, and would be the first to play in the Halifax Metro Centre. The team was also the first Canadian club to win the Calder Cup, and were the class of the league for many years - only in two seasons did the team garner a losing record, and the Voyageurs never missed the playoffs. The team eventually moved to Sherbrooke, Quebec to become the Sherbrooke Canadiens.
The Vees won three Calder Cups, the first in 1972. Nova Scotia won again in 1976 and 1977, while their parent Canadiens were winning back-to-back Stanley Cups; this is the only time an NHL/AHL affiliated combo have won both Cups in the same year twice.
The team was replaced in Halifax by the Nova Scotia Oilers, an affiliate of the Edmonton Oilers and subsequently the Halifax Citadels, an affiliate of the Quebec Nordiques.
With the success of the Voyageurs in its existence of 13 seasons, it spawned a period of 34 consecutive years where there would be at least one AHL team in Atlantic Canada. This was largely due to the desire of several Canadian NHL franchises to continue to pay players sent down to the minors in Canadian dollars throughout the 1980s and 1990s. However, by the late 1990s, many of the remaining AHL teams in Atlantic Canada had disappeared, either by relocation or by the franchise being rendered dormant. The last remaining team in this long period would be the St. John's Maple Leafs, which moved from St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador in 2005 to Toronto, Ontario to play as the Toronto Marlies. The AHL did not return to Atlantic Canada until 2011 with the St. John's IceCaps.TV1 (Canada)
TV1 (formerly Bell Local and Community One) is a group of community channels operated by Bell Canada's Fibe TV and FibreOP TV services and are exclusive to those services.
Bell Local channels operated in four cities in Bell's Fibe TV service area; they were renamed TV1 on August 31, 2015.Bell Aliant simultaneously operated a single Community One channel serving all of Atlantic Canada, prior to its full acquisition by (and integration into) Bell Canada in 2014. In 2015, Bell Aliant acquired broadcast rights to Atlantic University Sport for broadcast on Community One. Community One was also renamed TV1 in September 2015.The Maritimes
The Maritimes, also called the Maritime provinces (French: Provinces maritimes) or the Canadian Maritimes, is a region of Eastern Canada consisting of three provinces: New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island (PEI). The Maritimes had a population of 1,813,606 in 2016. Together with Canada's easternmost province, Newfoundland and Labrador, the Maritime provinces make up the region of Atlantic Canada.
Located along the Atlantic coast, various aquatic sub-basins are located in the Maritimes, such as the Gulf of Maine and Gulf of St. Lawrence. The region is located northeast of New England, southeast of Quebec's Gaspé Peninsula, and southwest of the island of Newfoundland. The notion of a Maritime Union has been proposed at various times in Canada's history; the first discussions in 1864 at the Charlottetown Conference contributed to Canadian Confederation which instead formed the larger Dominion of Canada. The Mi'kmaq, Maliseet and Passamaquoddy people are indigenous to the Maritimes, while Acadian and British settlements date to the 17th century.Township (Canada)
The term township generally means the district or area associated with a town. However, in some systems, no town needs to be involved. The specific use of the term to describe political subdivisions has varied by country, usually to describe a local rural or semi-rural government within the country itself.
In eastern Canada a township is one form of the subdivision of a county. In Canadian French, it is called a canton.