Atil (also Átil) is a small town in Atil Municipality in the northwest of the Mexican state of Sonora. The total area is 400.43 km² and the population of the municipality was 734 in 2005, of whom 699 lived in the municipal seat (2000). Neighboring municipalities are Tubutama, Trincheras, Oquitoa, and Altar.
It was founded in 1751 by the Jesuit missionary Jacobo Sedelmayer as a mission with the name of Atil. The first inhabitants were Pima Alto or Nebome Indians, who before conversion had led a nomadic or semi-nomadic life.
Atil is one of the smallest municipalities in the state. It is said that its name means "Arrow Point", in the Pima language.
The terrain is desert and mostly flat. Summer temperatures average 25.6 °C but daytime extremes are frequently above 40 °C. The winter average is 12.8 °C.
The economy is based on agriculture with lands irrigated by the Cuautémoc Reservoir located in the north of the municipality. There is also cattle raising.
Mission Santa Teresa de Atil
Location in Mexico
|• City||400.43 km2 (154.61 sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC-7 (Pacific (US Mountain))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-7 (No DST)|
The range of area codes 600-699 is reserved for Baja California, Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Durango, Sinaloa and Sonora.
(For other areas, see Area codes in Mexico by code).Atil (disambiguation)
Atil was the capital of Khazaria from the middle of the 8th century until the end of the 10th century, Atil may also refer to:
Atıl Kutoğlu (born 1968), Turkish fashion designer
Atil, Sonora, small town in Atil Municipality in the northwest of the Mexican state of SonoraChannel 14 TV stations in Mexico
The following television stations broadcast on digital channel 14 in Mexico:
XEX-TDT on Altzomoni, State of MexicoXHADO-TDT in Adivino, Sonora
XHALS-TDT in Atil, SonoraXHAO-TDT in San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas
XHAZP-TDT in Arizpe, SonoraXHBC-TDT in Mexicali, Baja California
XHBCA-TDT in Bacanora, Sonora
XHBCI-TDT in Bacoachi, Sonora
XHBNI-TDT in Bacadehuachi, Sonora
XHBNL-TDT in Benjamín Hill, Sonora
XHBVA-TDT in Baviacora, Sonora
XHBVE-TDT in Bavispe, SonoraXHCOJ-TDT in Ciudad Obregón, Sonora
XHCTTO-TDT in Toluca, State of MexicoXHGDP-TDT in Torreón, Coahuila
XHHCH-TDT in Huachineras, SonoraXHIE-TDT in Acapulco, Guerrero
XHMDS-TDT in Magdalena de Kino, SonoraXHMOR-TDT in Morelia, Michoacán
XHNCO-TDT in Nacori Chico, Sonora
XHNGE-TDT in Nacori Grande, SonoraXHONV-TDT in Onavas, SonoraXHOPMT-TDT in Monterrey, Nuevo LeónXHOPUM-TDT in Uruapan, Michoacán
XHRPS-TDT in Cucurpe, SonoraXHSAM-TDT in Sahuayo-Jiquilpan, Michoacán
XHSCZ-TDT in Santa Cruz, SonoraXHSECE-TDT in Querétaro, Querétaro
XHSIC-TDT in Saric, SonoraXHSJR-TDT in San Javier, Sonora
XHSPE-TDT in San Pedro de la Cueva, Sonora
XHSSE-TDT in Sasabe, Sonora
XHSYT-TDT in Sonoita, SonoraXHTAO-TDT in Tampico, Tamaulipas
XHTCE-TDT in Tepache, SonoraXHTHI-TDT in Tula, Hidalgo
XHTUB-TDT in Iturbide, Nuevo León
XHUES-TDT in Ures, Sonora
XHVHO-TDT in Villa Hidalgo, SonoraXHYES-TDT in Yécora, Sonora
XHZRZ-TDT in Zaragoza, Nuevo LeónEusebio Kino
Eusebio Francisco Kino (Italian: Eusebio Francesco Chini, Spanish: Eusebio Francisco Kino; 10 August 1645 – 15 March 1711) was a Jesuit, missionary, geographer, explorer, cartographer and astronomer born in the Territory of the Bishopric of Trent, then part of the Holy Roman Empire. For the last 24 years of his life he worked in the region then known as the Pimería Alta, modern-day Sonora in Mexico and southern Arizona in the United States. He explored the region and worked with the indigenous Native American population, including primarily the Tohono O'Odham, Sobaipuri and other Upper Piman groups. He proved that the Baja California Peninsula is not an island by leading an overland expedition there. By the time of his death he had established 24 missions and visitas (country chapels or visiting stations).Santa Teresa de Atil
Santa Teresa de Átil also known as Santa Teresa de Ádid and Los Siete Príncipes del Átil, is a historic Spanish mission located in the small town of Atil, Sonora.
The original mission was founded in 1687 by Jesuit missionary Eusebio Francisco Kino. Some buildings were constructed by Jesuit missionary Jacobo Sedelmayer.
On February 3, 1768, King Carlos III ordered the Jesuits forcibly expelled from New Spain and returned to the home country. That year, the Franciscans arrived to take over the mission.
In Jesuit records, the mission is called Los Siete Príncipes del Átil (The Seven Archangels of Átil). The name of the mission was changed when the Franciscans arrived in 1768.Spanish missions in the Sonoran Desert
The Spanish missions in the Sonoran Desert are a series of Jesuit Catholic religious outposts established by the Spanish Catholic Jesuits and other orders for religious conversions of the Pima and Tohono O'odham indigenous peoples residing in the Sonoran Desert. An added goal was giving Spain a colonial presence in their frontier territory of the Sonora y Sinaloa Province in the Viceroyalty of New Spain, and relocating by Indian Reductions (Reducciones de Indios) settlements and encomiendas for agricultural, ranching, and mining labor.