Atil, Sonora

Atil (also Átil) is a small town in Atil Municipality in the northwest of the Mexican state of Sonora. The total area is 400.43 km² and the population of the municipality was 734 in 2005, of whom 699 lived in the municipal seat (2000). Neighboring municipalities are Tubutama, Trincheras, Oquitoa, and Altar.

It was founded in 1751 by the Jesuit missionary Jacobo Sedelmayer as a mission with the name of Atil. The first inhabitants were Pima Alto or Nebome Indians, who before conversion had led a nomadic or semi-nomadic life.

Atil is one of the smallest municipalities in the state. It is said that its name means "Arrow Point", in the Pima language.[1]

The terrain is desert and mostly flat. Summer temperatures average 25.6 °C but daytime extremes are frequently above 40 °C. The winter average is 12.8 °C.

There is one tarmacked road crossing the municipality linking Altar with Tubutama. There are several dirt roads crossing the desert.

The economy is based on agriculture with lands irrigated by the Cuautémoc Reservoir located in the north of the municipality. There is also cattle raising.

Atil
Mission Santa Teresa de Atil
Mission Santa Teresa de Atil
Atil is located in Mexico
Atil
Atil
Location in Mexico
Coordinates: 30°50′37″N 111°35′1″W / 30.84361°N 111.58361°WCoordinates: 30°50′37″N 111°35′1″W / 30.84361°N 111.58361°W
Country Mexico
StateSonora
MunicipalityAtil
Founded1751
Area
 • City400.43 km2 (154.61 sq mi)
Population
 (2005)
 • City734
 • Metro
699
Time zoneUTC-7 (Pacific (US Mountain))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-7 (No DST)

References

  1. ^ "Enciclopedia de los Municipios de México : ESTADO DE SONORA". Web.archive.org. Retrieved 9 July 2018.

Other sources

External links

See also

Area codes in Mexico by code (600-699)

The range of area codes 600-699 is reserved for Baja California, Baja California Sur, Chihuahua, Durango, Sinaloa and Sonora.

(For other areas, see Area codes in Mexico by code).

Atil (disambiguation)

Atil was the capital of Khazaria from the middle of the 8th century until the end of the 10th century, Atil may also refer to:

Atıl Kutoğlu (born 1968), Turkish fashion designer

Atil, Sonora, small town in Atil Municipality in the northwest of the Mexican state of Sonora

Channel 14 TV stations in Mexico

The following television stations broadcast on digital channel 14 in Mexico:

XEX-TDT on Altzomoni, State of MexicoXHADO-TDT in Adivino, Sonora

XHALS-TDT in Atil, SonoraXHAO-TDT in San Cristóbal de las Casas, Chiapas

XHAZP-TDT in Arizpe, SonoraXHBC-TDT in Mexicali, Baja California

XHBCA-TDT in Bacanora, Sonora

XHBCI-TDT in Bacoachi, Sonora

XHBNI-TDT in Bacadehuachi, Sonora

XHBNL-TDT in Benjamín Hill, Sonora

XHBVA-TDT in Baviacora, Sonora

XHBVE-TDT in Bavispe, SonoraXHCOJ-TDT in Ciudad Obregón, Sonora

XHCTTO-TDT in Toluca, State of MexicoXHGDP-TDT in Torreón, Coahuila

XHHCH-TDT in Huachineras, SonoraXHIE-TDT in Acapulco, Guerrero

XHMDS-TDT in Magdalena de Kino, SonoraXHMOR-TDT in Morelia, Michoacán

XHNCO-TDT in Nacori Chico, Sonora

XHNGE-TDT in Nacori Grande, SonoraXHONV-TDT in Onavas, SonoraXHOPMT-TDT in Monterrey, Nuevo LeónXHOPUM-TDT in Uruapan, Michoacán

XHRPS-TDT in Cucurpe, SonoraXHSAM-TDT in Sahuayo-Jiquilpan, Michoacán

XHSCZ-TDT in Santa Cruz, SonoraXHSECE-TDT in Querétaro, Querétaro

XHSIC-TDT in Saric, SonoraXHSJR-TDT in San Javier, Sonora

XHSPE-TDT in San Pedro de la Cueva, Sonora

XHSSE-TDT in Sasabe, Sonora

XHSYT-TDT in Sonoita, SonoraXHTAO-TDT in Tampico, Tamaulipas

XHTCE-TDT in Tepache, SonoraXHTHI-TDT in Tula, Hidalgo

XHTUB-TDT in Iturbide, Nuevo León

XHUES-TDT in Ures, Sonora

XHVHO-TDT in Villa Hidalgo, SonoraXHYES-TDT in Yécora, Sonora

XHZRZ-TDT in Zaragoza, Nuevo León

Eusebio Kino

Eusebio Francisco Kino (Italian: Eusebio Francesco Chini, Spanish: Eusebio Francisco Kino; 10 August 1645 – 15 March 1711) was a Jesuit, missionary, geographer, explorer, cartographer and astronomer born in the Territory of the Bishopric of Trent, then part of the Holy Roman Empire. For the last 24 years of his life he worked in the region then known as the Pimería Alta, modern-day Sonora in Mexico and southern Arizona in the United States. He explored the region and worked with the indigenous Native American population, including primarily the Tohono O'Odham, Sobaipuri and other Upper Piman groups. He proved that the Baja California Peninsula is not an island by leading an overland expedition there. By the time of his death he had established 24 missions and visitas (country chapels or visiting stations).

Santa Teresa de Atil

Santa Teresa de Átil also known as Santa Teresa de Ádid and Los Siete Príncipes del Átil, is a historic Spanish mission located in the small town of Atil, Sonora.

The original mission was founded in 1687 by Jesuit missionary Eusebio Francisco Kino. Some buildings were constructed by Jesuit missionary Jacobo Sedelmayer.

On February 3, 1768, King Carlos III ordered the Jesuits forcibly expelled from New Spain and returned to the home country. That year, the Franciscans arrived to take over the mission.

In Jesuit records, the mission is called Los Siete Príncipes del Átil (The Seven Archangels of Átil). The name of the mission was changed when the Franciscans arrived in 1768.

Spanish missions in the Sonoran Desert

The Spanish missions in the Sonoran Desert are a series of Jesuit Catholic religious outposts established by the Spanish Catholic Jesuits and other orders for religious conversions of the Pima and Tohono O'odham indigenous peoples residing in the Sonoran Desert. An added goal was giving Spain a colonial presence in their frontier territory of the Sonora y Sinaloa Province in the Viceroyalty of New Spain, and relocating by Indian Reductions (Reducciones de Indios) settlements and encomiendas for agricultural, ranching, and mining labor.

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