Atarib

Atarib (Arabic: أتارب‎) is a town in western Aleppo countryside, Aleppo Governorate, Syria. Located 25 kilometres (16 miles) west of the city of Aleppo and 25 km (16 mi) southeast from Reyhanlı in Turkish-administered Hatay Province, it is the regional center of Atarib District. In the 2004 census, the town of Atarib had a population of 10,657.[1]

Atarib is a large trading and agricultural center in the governorate, and the community is characterized by its rural life. An archaeological site is located at the top of a hill in the center of the town.

During the Syrian Civil War, Atarib has been a rebel-held town. In August 2012, it was reported that every building downtown was damaged, with windows blown out, doors peppered with shrapnel and awnings shredded to ribbons. At the center sat the charred shells of the police station and city hall, which troops occupied in February. For months, local rebels attacked their positions and tried to cut their supply lines. By the time the army left in June, the city was destroyed and deserted. Town leaders have formed military and civil councils and opened a prison that holds some 15 people. The army shelled the town daily, keeping residents away.[2] Only about 4,000 residents remained as of August 2012.[3]

It "is known for its history of civil and armed resistance against both the Syrian government and hard-line Islamist groups" and its residents have driven out both ISIL in 2014 and al-Nusra troops in 2015. By November 2013, the town was controlled by ISIL.[4] By early January 2014, clashes were reported between the Islamic Front and ISIS forces in the town.[5] By April 2014, the town was under rebel control. By June 2014, clashes were reported between the SRF and al-Nusra, about 5 days later, most of al-Nusra Front withdrew from the towns of Atarib and Sarmada. Al-Nusra attempted to take control of the city in February 2015. During al-Nusra's campaign to eliminate the FSA-affiliated Hazzm Movement, al-Nusra reportedly threatened to besiege Atarib and demanded the surrender of locals who were members of the Hazzm Movement. However, with support from other rebel groups, Atarib resisted al-Nusra control.[6]

In 2017, it came within one of the "de-escalation zones" brokered between Russia, Iran and Turkey, but has been bombed since by government forces, including strikes on the marketplace in November 2017.[7][6][8]

Atarib

أتارب
Town
Atarib is located in Syria
Atarib
Atarib
Location of Atarib in Syria
Coordinates: 36°08′20″N 36°49′48″E / 36.1389°N 36.83°E
Country Syria
GovernorateAleppo
DistrictAtarib
SubdistrictAtarib
Elevation
310 m (1,020 ft)
Population
 (2004)[1]
10,657
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
GeocodeC1022

Climate

Atarib has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification: Csa).

References

  1. ^ a b "2004 Census Data for Nahiya Atarib" (in Arabic). Syrian Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 15 October 2015. Also available in English: UN OCHA. "2004 Census Data". Humanitarian Data Exchange. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
  2. ^ "Rebels carve out large enclave in north Syria", AP, Aug 11, 2012.
  3. ^ حصاد الجزيرة وأخر مستجدات معركة حلب هــ جداـام, Aljazeera, 9/8/2012.
  4. ^ Marlin Dick (28 November 2013). "Battles rage around Damascus, jihadists slay rival rebel leader". Daily Star. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
  5. ^ Al Qaeda gaat helemaal los in Syrië Dagelijkse Standaard, 4 January 2014
  6. ^ a b Haid Haid Local Community Resistance to Extremist Groups in Syria: Lessons from Atarib Chatham House, June 2017
  7. ^ Marked for ‘De-escalation,’ Syrian Towns Endure Surge of Attacks, New York Times 18 November 2017
  8. ^ Bombing Civilians at Public Market in Syria’s Atarib, Bellingcat 22 December 2017
  9. ^ "Climate: Atarib". Climate-Data.org. Retrieved September 6, 2018.
Al-Jabbul

Al-Jabbul (Arabic: الجبول‎) is a Syrian village in the Aleppo Governorate to the north of Sabkhat al-Jabbul. The old city of Gabula used to host the Monastery of St. Isaac (Syriac: ܕܝܪܐ ܕܡܪܝ ܐܝܣܚܩ‎, romanized: Dayro d-Mor Isḥaq).

Atarib District

Atarib District (Arabic: منطقة الأتارب‎, romanized: manṭiqat al-Atārib) is a district of Aleppo Governorate in northern Syria. Administrative centre is the city of Atarib.

The district is located in the central western region of the Aleppo Governorate, sharing its west border with the Idlib Governorate. Until December 2008, it was a subdistrict of the neighboring Mount Simeon District. At the 2004 census, the subdistrict had a population of 76,873.

Atarib Subdistrict

Atarib Subdistrict (Arabic: ناحية تل رفعت‎, romanized: Nāḥiyah Atarib) is a subdistrict of Atarib District in western Aleppo Governorate, northwestern Syria. Administrative centre is the town of Atarib.

At the 2004 census, the villages forming this subdistrict had a total population of 32,186.

Atarib market massacre

The 2017 Atarib airstrike was an air strike by the Russian Air Force on the Free Syrian police station of the town of Atarib, Syria on 13 November 2017 that killed at least 84 people and injured 150.

Banan, Syria

Banan (Arabic: بنان‎) is a town in the Aleppo Governorate. It is the administrative center of a nafiya with the same name, and part of the As-Safira District.

Bawabiyah

Bawabiya (Arabic: بوابية‎) is a village about 35 kilometers (22 mi) from Aleppo, Syria, and about 1.5 kilometers (0.93 mi) off the road to Damascus.

Humaymah Kabirah

Humaymah Kabirah (Arabic: حميمة كبيرة‎) is a Syrian town located in Dayr Hafir District, Aleppo. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Humaymah Kabirah had a population of 4,190 in the 2004 census. During Syria Civil war this town was under ISIS Occupation until Syrian Arab Republic liberated the town on 13 March 2017.

Ibbin Samaan

Ibbin Samaan (Arabic: أبين سمعان‎) is a small town in western Aleppo Governorate, northwestern Syria. With a population of 6,220 as per the 2004 census, the town is administrative center of Nahiya Ibbin Samaan.

Ibbin Samaan Subdistrict

Ibbin Samaan Subdistrict (Arabic: ناحية أبين سمعان‎, romanized: Nāḥiyah Ibbin Samaan) is a subdistrict of Atarib District in western Aleppo Governorate, northwestern Syria. Administrative centre is the town of Ibbin Samaan.

At the 2004 census, the villages forming this subdistrict had a total population of 21,925.

Kafr Halab

Kafr Halab (Arabic: كفر حلب‎, also spelled Kafar Halab) is a town in northern Syria, administratively part of the Atarib District of the Aleppo Governorate, located southwest of Aleppo. Nearby localities include Zardana to the west, Kafr Nuran, al-Jinah and Ibbin Samaan to the northwest, Urum al-Sughra to the north, al-Bawabiya to the south and Maarrat al-Ikhwan and Taftanaz to the southwest. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Kafr Halab had a population of 4,136 in the 2004 census.Kafr Halab was visited by Syrian geographer Yaqut al-Hamawi in the early 13th-century during Ayyubid rule. He described it as "a village belonging to Aleppo [Halab]."

Kafr Kalbin

Kafr Kalbin (Arabic: كفر كلبين‎) is a village in northern Syria, administratively part of the A'zaz District of Aleppo Governorate, located northeast of Aleppo. Nearby localities include A'zaz to the northwest, Jarez to northeast and Kaljibrin to the southeast. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics, Kafr Kalbin had a population of 2,146 in the 2004 census.

Kimar, Syria

Kimar (Arabic: كيمار‎) is a village in northern Syria, administratively part of the Afrin District of the Aleppo Governorate, located northwest of Aleppo. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), it had a population of 660 in the 2004 census.

Lilawa

Lilawa (Arabic: ليلوة‎) is a village in northern Aleppo Governorate, northwestern Syria. Administratively belonging to Nahiya Ghandoura in Jarabulus District, the village has a population of 473 as per the 2004 census. It is located midway between al-Rai and Jarabulus, at the eastern banks of Sajur River, immediately at the Sajur Dam. Nearby localities include Qebbet al-Turkmen to the southwest and Ghandoura to the southeast.

Tell al-Daman

Tell al-Daman (Arabic: تل الضمان‎) is a Syrian village located in Mount Simeon District, Aleppo. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Tell al-Daman had a population of 872 in the 2004 census.

Tishrin, Aleppo

Tishrin (Arabic: تشرين‎, romanized: Tišrīn, literally October ) is a Syrian town, located just west of Tishrin Dam, in the Aleppo Governorate, Syria.

Urum al-Kubra

Urum al-Kubrah (Arabic: أورم الكبرى‎, also spelled Urem al-Kubra) is a town in western Aleppo Governorate, northwestern Syria. With a population of 5,391 as per the 2004 census, it is the administrative center of Nahiya Urum al-Kubrah in Atarib District. Located southwest of Aleppo, Nearby localities include Atarib to the west, Awayjil to the north, Kafr Naha to the east, al-Radwan to the south and Urum al-Sughra to the southwest.

Urum al-Sughra

Urum al-Sughra (Arabic: أورم الصغرى‎) is a village in western Aleppo Governorate, northwestern Syria. With a population of 637 as per the 2004 census, the village administratively belongs to Nahiya Urum al-Kubrah in Atarib District.

Siege of Base 46 took place here in 2012.

Zammar

Zammar (Arabic: زمار‎) is a Syrian village located in Mount Simeon District, Aleppo. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Zammar had a population of 1,919 in the 2004 census. Zammar was previously part of al-Zirbah Subdistrict until 2009, it later became a subdistrict itself.

Zunqul

Zunqul (Arabic: زونقل‎), also spelled Zūnqal, Zounqul or Zornaqal, is a village located 14 kilometers (8.7 mi) northwest of Manbij in northern Syria. In the 2004 census, it had a population of 1,966.SDF seized the village from ISIL in June 2016.

Climate data for Atarib
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 10.6
(51.1)
12.9
(55.2)
16.8
(62.2)
22.2
(72.0)
28.1
(82.6)
32.7
(90.9)
35.0
(95.0)
35.3
(95.5)
33.2
(91.8)
27.1
(80.8)
18.6
(65.5)
12.5
(54.5)
23.8
(74.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 6.6
(43.9)
7.9
(46.2)
11.1
(52.0)
15.7
(60.3)
20.6
(69.1)
25.2
(77.4)
27.8
(82.0)
28.2
(82.8)
25.5
(77.9)
19.8
(67.6)
12.7
(54.9)
8.1
(46.6)
17.4
(63.4)
Average low °C (°F) 2.6
(36.7)
2.9
(37.2)
5.4
(41.7)
9.1
(48.4)
13.1
(55.6)
17.7
(63.9)
20.5
(68.9)
21.0
(69.8)
17.7
(63.9)
12.5
(54.5)
6.8
(44.2)
3.7
(38.7)
11.1
(52.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 82
(3.2)
71
(2.8)
55
(2.2)
40
(1.6)
18
(0.7)
4
(0.2)
0
(0)
0
(0)
3
(0.1)
26
(1.0)
43
(1.7)
74
(2.9)
416
(16.4)
Source: Climate-Data.org [9]
Governorate centres
District centres
Sub-district centres

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.