Ashuelot River

The Ashuelot River is a tributary of the Connecticut River, approximately 64 miles (103 km) long, in southwestern New Hampshire in the United States. It drains a mountainous area of 425 square miles (1,101 km2), including much of the area known as the Monadnock Region. It is the longest tributary of the Connecticut River within New Hampshire.[1]

Ashuelot River
Ashuelot River, West Swanzey, NH
View of the Ashuelot River, West Swanzey, New Hampshire. 1915 postcard
Location
CountryUnited States
StateNew Hampshire
RegionMonadnock Region
Physical characteristics
SourceButterfield Pond, Washington, New Hampshire
 - coordinates43°13′35″N 72°07′09″W / 43.2265°N 72.1193°W
MouthConnecticut River at Hinsdale, New Hampshire
 - coordinates
42°46′20″N 72°29′15″W / 42.7723°N 72.4875°WCoordinates: 42°46′20″N 72°29′15″W / 42.7723°N 72.4875°W
Length64 mi (103 km)
Basin features
Tributaries 
 - leftThe Branch
South Branch Ashuelot River
Mirey Brook

Etymology

Ashuelot is a Native American word meaning "collection of many waters".[2]

Course

The Ashuelot River rises out of Butterfield Pond south of Sunapee Mountain in Pillsbury State Park, near Washington in southeastern Sullivan County. It flows southwest through Ashuelot Pond into Cheshire County, then south past Keene and Swanzey and along the east side of the Pisgah Mountains. At Winchester, approximately 3 miles (5 km) from the Massachusetts state line, it turns west, flowing past the village of Ashuelot and joining the Connecticut from the east at Hinsdale, in the extreme southwest corner of New Hampshire.

The river is impounded to supply hydroelectricity at Marlow, Keene, Swanzey, and Hinsdale. The river is part of the Atlantic Salmon Restoration Program of the U.S. government.

Covered bridges

The Ashuelot River has several covered bridges spanning its waters. All are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. From source to mouth:

Selected tributaries

From source to mouth:

See also

References

  1. ^ New Hampshire GRANIT state geographic information system Archived 2013-08-03 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ "The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States (second edition)" (PDF). pubs.usgs.org.

External links

Ashuelot, New Hampshire

Ashuelot is an unincorporated community in the town of Winchester near the southwestern corner of New Hampshire, United States. The village is named after the Ashuelot River.

New Hampshire Route 119 passes through the village, connecting Hinsdale to the west and the village of Winchester to the east. A covered bridge crosses the Ashuelot River at the village. Ashuelot has a separate ZIP code (03441) from the rest of the town of Winchester.

Ashuelot Pond

Ashuelot Pond is a 368-acre (149 ha) water body located in Sullivan County in western New Hampshire, United States, in the town of Washington. It is situated along the upper reaches of the Ashuelot River, a tributary of the Connecticut River.

The pond is good for boating, fishing, and wildlife watching. Personal water craft with a capacity of two passengers or less are prohibited by the state of New Hampshire. The pond mostly has a muddy bottom.

The lake is classified as a warmwater fishery, with observed species including smallmouth bass, largemouth bass, chain pickerel, yellow perch, pumpkinseed, horned pout, and American eel.Pond associations include the Ashuelot Pond Association and the LAE Association.

Coombs Covered Bridge

The Coombs Covered Bridge is a wooden covered bridge which carries Coombs Bridge Road over the Ashuelot River in northern Winchester, New Hampshire. It was built in 1837, and is one of the state's small number of surviving 19th-century covered bridges. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1976.

East Swanzey, New Hampshire

East Swanzey is an unincorporated community in the town of Swanzey in Cheshire County, New Hampshire.

The village is located in the eastern portion of Swanzey, along the South Branch Ashuelot River, between New Hampshire Route 32 to the west and New Hampshire Route 12 to the northeast.

East Swanzey has a separate ZIP code (03446) from other areas, such as West Swanzey, in the town of Swanzey.

Gap Mountain

Gap Mountain, located in Troy, New Hampshire, United States, is a small monadnock with three summits ranging between 1,820 feet (555 m) and 1,900 feet (579 m) above sea level. The lower north and middle summits are mostly bald and offer panoramic views of the surrounding rural landscape and of the higher and more popular Mount Monadnock. The Metacomet-Monadnock Trail passes over the north and middle peaks. The higher southern summit is wooded with no views. The mountain, located entirely within the Gap Mountain Reservation managed by the Society for the Protection of New Hampshire Forests, is named for the cleft separating the south peak from the north and middle summits.

The mountain is flanked by Mount Monadnock 3 miles (5 km) to the north and Little Monadnock Mountain 4 miles (6 km) to the southwest; the mountain's slopes drain to the east and south into the Millers River, thence into the Connecticut River to Long Island Sound. To the north and west, the slopes drain into the Ashuelot River, thence to the Connecticut River.

Granite Lake (New Hampshire)

Granite Lake is a 233-acre (0.9 km2) water body located in Cheshire County in southwestern New Hampshire, United States, in the towns of Nelson and Stoddard. The village of Munsonville, within the town of Nelson, is located at the outlet. The lake flows into a tributary of Otter Brook, which flows southwest to the Ashuelot River in Keene and thence to the Connecticut River.

New Hampshire Route 9 formerly passed along the southern shore of the lake as it traveled from Keene to Hillsborough, but since the 1990s has bypassed the lake on higher ground to the south. The old routing is now the local Granite Lake Road.

The lake is classified as a coldwater fishery, with observed species including rainbow trout, lake trout, smallmouth bass, rock bass, chain pickerel, and horned pout.

List of covered bridges in New Hampshire

This is a list of New Hampshire covered bridges, old, new, and restored. There are fifty-five historic wooden covered bridges currently standing in the U.S. state of New Hampshire. The Chester Covered Bridge is the newest official bridge, #55.

List of rivers of New Hampshire

This is a list of rivers and significant streams in the U.S. state of New Hampshire.

All watercourses named "River" (freshwater or tidal) are listed here, as well as other streams which are either subject to the New Hampshire Comprehensive Shoreland Protection Act or are more than 10 miles (16 km) long. New Hampshire rivers and streams qualify for state shoreland protection (and are listed here in bold) if they are fourth-order or larger water bodies, based on the Strahler method of stream order classification.

Little Monadnock Mountain

This article is about a mountain located in Troy and Fitzwilliam, New Hampshire. For other mountains with similar names, see Monadnock (disambiguation)

Should not be confused with the nearby Mount Monadnock, the most prominent mountain in southern New Hampshire.Little Monadnock Mountain, 1,900 feet (579 m), is located in the towns of Fitzwilliam and Troy, New Hampshire. Most of the mountain is located within Rhododendron State Park; there are scenic vistas from ledges just below the summit. The 110 mile Metacomet-Monadnock Trail crosses the mountain.

The mountain is flanked by Gap Mountain four miles northeast and by the Franconia Range (not the major ridge in the White Mountains), 4.5 miles to the west; its south and east slopes drain into the Tully River, then to the Millers River, thence to the Connecticut River and Long Island Sound, while its north and west slopes drain into the Ashuelot River, thence to the Connecticut River.

Mirey Brook

Mirey Brook is a 6.5-mile (10.5 km) long stream located in southwestern New Hampshire in the United States. It is a tributary of the Ashuelot River, itself a tributary of the Connecticut River, which flows to Long Island Sound.

Mirey Brook begins in the town of Warwick, Massachusetts, at the confluence of Mountain Brook and Kidder Brook at the foot of Mount Grace. Flowing north, the brook quickly enters the town limits of Winchester, New Hampshire, just as the valley changes from steep and narrow to flat and wide. The brook reaches the Ashuelot River at the village of Winchester.

State Route 78 follows Mirey Brook for the brook's entire length.

A major tributary of Mirey Brook is Roaring Brook, which enters from the east near the village of Scotland, New Hampshire.

Mount Grace

Mount Grace, 1,617 feet (493 m), is a prominent monadnock located in north central Massachusetts in the town of Warwick, approximately two miles south of the New Hampshire border. The mountain is rugged and largely wooded, but a firetower on the summit provides expansive views of the surrounding rural countryside. Little Mount Grace, 1,226 feet (374 m), is the southern summit of the mountain. Mount Grace supports a predominantly northern hardwood forest as well as stands of red spruce near its summit.The north side of Mount Grace drains into the Ashuelot River, thence into the Connecticut River, then Long Island Sound; the west side drains into the Connecticut River via Mill Brook; and the south and east sides drain into the Millers River, thence into the Connecticut River.

Otter Brook (Ashuelot River tributary)

Otter Brook is a 13.2 mile long (21.2 km) river located in southwestern New Hampshire in the United States. It is a tributary of The Branch of the Ashuelot River, itself a tributary of the Connecticut River, which flows to Long Island Sound.

Otter Brook begins at the outlet of Chandler Meadow, in the town of Stoddard, New Hampshire. It flows southwest through the towns of Nelson, Sullivan, and Roxbury, eventually entering the city of Keene, where it joins Minnewawa Brook to form The Branch.

The brook passes through Ellis Reservoir (a small lake in Sullivan) and Otter Brook Lake, a flood control reservoir built on the boundary between Keene and Roxbury. The dam which created Otter Brook lake was completed in 1958. From the village of East Sullivan to Otter Brook Lake, the brook is followed by New Hampshire Route 9.

Pillsbury State Park

Pillsbury State Park is a state park located mainly in Washington and partially in Goshen, New Hampshire, in the United States. It is home to the headwaters of the Ashuelot River. It contains one of the more rustic campgrounds in the state park system, with no electricity and limited running water. There are 35 campsites, most of which are reservable. Eleven of the sites are at "remote" locations, most of which are accessible by canoe. Hiking trails connect to the 51-mile-long (82 km) Monadnock-Sunapee Greenway trail.

Pisgah State Park

Pisgah State Park is a 13,668-acre (55.31 km2) woodland located in Cheshire County in New Hampshire. It is the largest state park in New Hampshire and contains a complete watershed north of the Ashuelot River, seven ponds, four highland ridges, numerous wetlands, and a 20-acre (8 ha) parcel of old-growth forest.

Pitcher Mountain

Pitcher Mountain is a 2,153 feet (656 m) monadnock located in southwest New Hampshire. The mountain is traversed by the 50 mile (80 km) Monadnock-Sunapee Greenway and offers 360 degree views from its open summit. Lower elevations are wooded with species of the northern hardwood forest type; small stands of coniferous red spruce cling to the upper slopes. A fire tower stands on the summit and a beef livestock farm occupies the east shoulder of the mountain. Pitcher Mountain is part of an extensive area of heath barrens and blueberry fields that continue north over Hubbard Hill and Jackson Hill.

The east and north sides of Pitcher Mountain drain into the Beards Brook watershed, then into the Contoocook River, then the Merrimack River and the Atlantic Ocean. The west and south sides drain into Robinson Brook, thence Otter Brook, "The Branch", the Ashuelot River, then the Connecticut River and Long Island Sound.

Silver Lake (Harrisville, New Hampshire)

Silver Lake is a 346-acre (1.40 km2) water body located in Cheshire County in southwestern New Hampshire, United States, in the towns of Harrisville and Nelson. Water from Silver Lake flows via Minnewawa Brook and The Branch to the Ashuelot River, a tributary of the Connecticut River.

The Silver Lake District, located along the southern portion of the lake, is a historic district listed in the National Register of Historic Places.

The lake is classified as a coldwater fishery, with observed species including rainbow trout, lake trout, smallmouth and largemouth bass, and horned pout.

South Branch Ashuelot River

The South Branch of the Ashuelot River is a 17.4-mile (28.0 km) long river located in southwestern New Hampshire in the United States. It is a tributary of the Ashuelot River, itself a tributary of the Connecticut River, which flows to Long Island Sound.

The South Branch begins in the town of Troy, New Hampshire, at the confluence of Rockwood Brook and Quarry Brook. The river flows in a zigzag manner northwest, then southwest, then north to the Ashuelot River in Swanzey. On the river's northwest-flowing leg, it drops rapidly as it cuts a deep, narrow valley through the highlands of Troy and Marlborough. New Hampshire Route 12 and an abandoned railroad line follow the river along this section. When the river turns southwest, the valley widens, except for a brief section where the river passes the village of East Swanzey. The final, north-flowing leg of the river is through a broad, flat intervale, where the river makes numerous tight meanders.

Surry Mountain Lake

Surry Mountain Lake is a 353-acre (1.43 km2) impoundment on the Ashuelot River in Cheshire County in southwestern New Hampshire, United States, in the town of Surry.

The reservoir was built to protect downstream communities, such as Keene, from flooding. Surry Mountain Dam was built by the United States Army Corps of Engineers in 1941 as an earthen rock-fill structure. Its height is 83 feet (25 m), its length is 1,800 feet (550 m) at the crest, with a maximum capacity of 44,000 acre-feet and a normal capacity of 1,320 acre-feet. Both dam and reservoir are owned by the Corps of Engineers.The lake is classified as a warmwater fishery, with observed species including rainbow trout, brown trout, smallmouth and largemouth bass, chain pickerel, horned pout, and black crappie.

The Branch

The Branch is a 2.6-mile-long (4.2 km) river located entirely in the city of Keene, in southwestern New Hampshire in the United States. It is a tributary of the Ashuelot River, itself a tributary of the Connecticut River, which flows to Long Island Sound.

While itself a very short river, The Branch is formed by the confluence of the much-longer Otter Brook and Minnewawa Brook and was sometimes considered in the past to be part of Otter Brook. A 1982 decision by the federal Board on Geographic Names established the name "The Branch". Variant names cited by the Board include "Branch of Ashuelot", "Otter Branch", and "Otter Brook".The Branch is paralleled for its entire length by New Hampshire Route 101.

Tributaries
Lakes
Major cities
(>100k)
Smaller cities and towns
(<100k)
Crossings
Androscoggin River Watershed
Connecticut River Watershed
Merrimack River Watershed
Piscataqua River Watershed
Saco River Watershed

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