Ashland, New Hampshire

Ashland is a town in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 2,076 at the 2010 census.[1] Located near the geographical center of the state, Ashland is home to Scribner-Fellows State Forest.

The main village of the town, where 1,244 people resided at the 2010 census,[1] is defined as the Ashland census-designated place (CDP), and is located at the junction of U.S. Route 3 and New Hampshire Route 25 with NH Route 132.

Ashland, New Hampshire
Town
Main Street
Main Street
Location in Grafton County, New Hampshire
Coordinates: 43°41′42″N 71°37′54″W / 43.69500°N 71.63167°WCoordinates: 43°41′42″N 71°37′54″W / 43.69500°N 71.63167°W
CountryUnited States
StateNew Hampshire
CountyGrafton
Incorporated1868
Government
 • Board of SelectmenFrances Newton, Chair
Casey Barney
Harold Lamos
Leigh Sharps
Kathleen DeWolfe
 • Town AdministratorCharlie Smith
Area
 • Total11.5 sq mi (29.8 km2)
 • Land11.0 sq mi (28.5 km2)
 • Water0.5 sq mi (1.4 km2)  4.62%
Elevation
558 ft (170 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total2,076
 • Density180/sq mi (70/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-4 (Eastern)
ZIP code
03217
Area code(s)603
FIPS code33-02020
GNIS feature ID0873534
Websiteashlandnh.org

History

Ashland was once the southwestern corner of Holderness, chartered in 1751 by Colonial Governor Benning Wentworth. But hostilities during the French and Indian War delayed settlement, and in 1761, it was regranted as "New Holderness" (although "New" would be dropped in 1816). Settled in 1763, the town was predominantly agricultural except for Holderness Village on the Squam River, with falls that drop about 112 feet (34 m) before meeting the Pemigewasset River. The falls provided water power for mills, and in 1770-1771, a sawmill and gristmill were built. The Squam Lake Woolen Mill was established in 1840. Goods manufactured at local factories included hosiery, gloves, sporting equipment, wood products and paper.[2]

The Boston, Concord & Montreal Railroad[3] entered in 1849, carrying freight but also tourists bound for hotels on the Squam Lakes, to which they traveled by steamer up the Squam River. The interests of the industrialized settlement increasingly diverged from those of the farming community, however, and in 1868 Holderness Village was set off as Ashland, named for Ashland, the Kentucky estate of Henry Clay. The last textile mill, the L.W. Packard Company, would close in 2002, and Ashland is today a residential and resort community.[4]

Squam Lake House, Ashland, NH

Downtown c. 1912

Town Hall, Episcopal Church & Parish House, Ashland, NH

View of Town Hall c. 1910

Mill Dam, Ashland, NH

Mill dam c. 1910

Mills, Ashland, NH

View of the mills c. 1908

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 11.5 square miles (29.8 km2), of which 11.0 square miles (28.5 km2) is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) is water, comprising 4.62% of the town.[5] Bounded on the west by the Pemigewasset River, Ashland is drained by the Squam River and Owl Brook. Little Squam Lake is on the eastern boundary. The highest point in Ashland is Hicks Hill, at 1,386 feet (422 m) above sea level. Ashland lies fully within the Merrimack River watershed.[6]

The town is served by Interstate 93, U.S. Route 3, and state routes 25, 132 and 175.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870885
18809608.5%
18901,19324.3%
19001,2898.0%
19101,4129.5%
19201,325−6.2%
19301,3753.8%
19401,4606.2%
19501,5999.5%
19601,473−7.9%
19701,5998.6%
19801,80713.0%
19901,9156.0%
20001,9552.1%
20102,0766.2%
Est. 20172,059[7]−0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[8]

As of the census of 2010, there were 2,076 people, 980 households, and 522 families residing in the town. There were 1,355 housing units, of which 375, or 27.7%, were vacant. 267 of the vacant units were for seasonal or recreational use. The racial makeup of the town was 96.1% white, 0.4% African American, 0.2% Native American, 1.3% Asian, 0.0% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, 0.2% some other race, and 1.7% from two or more races. 0.9% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.[9]

Of the 980 households, 22.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.8% were headed by married couples living together, 10.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.7% were non-families. 35.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.1% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.12, and the average family size was 2.77.[9]

In the town, 17.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.7% were from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 30.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.8% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.1 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.1 males.[9]

For the period 2011-2015, the estimated median annual income for a household was $45,938, and the median income for a family was $52,106. Male full-time workers had a median income of $37,695 versus $27,130 for females. The per capita income for the town was $22,620. 13.8% of the population and 8.6% of families were below the poverty line. 17.7% of the population under the age of 18 and 9.0% of those 65 or older were living in poverty.[10]

Sites of interest

Notable people

References

  1. ^ a b United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures. Retrieved March 23, 2011.
  2. ^ Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts. pp. 529–530.
  3. ^ Article in Statistics and Gazetteer of New-Hampshire (1875)
  4. ^ "History of Ashland, New Hampshire". Archived from the original on 2010-05-27. Retrieved 2010-04-23.
  5. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001) - Ashland town, New Hampshire". U.S. Census Bureau American Factfinder. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved November 10, 2011.
  6. ^ Foster, Debra H.; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N.; Medalie, Laura (1995). Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers. U.S. Department of the Interior and U.S. Geological Survey.
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2017 (PEPANNRES): Minor Civil Divisions – New Hampshire". Retrieved November 14, 2018.
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2016.
  9. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (DP-1): Ashland town, Grafton County, New Hampshire". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 27, 2017.
  10. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2011-2015 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (DP03): Ashland town, Grafton County, New Hampshire". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved October 27, 2017.

External links

Ashland (CDP), New Hampshire

Ashland is a census-designated place (CDP) and the main village in the town of Ashland in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States. The population of the CDP was 1,244 at the 2010 census, out of 2,076 people in the entire town of Ashland.

Ashland Gristmill and Dam

The Ashland Gristmill and Dam are a historic former industrial facility in the heart of Ashland, New Hampshire. Built in 1903 on the site of an older mill, the gristmill demonstrates the continuing viability of wood framing for mill buildings in an era when it had become uncommon. The property was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979. It has been converted to professional offices.

Ashland Junior High School

The Ashland Junior High School is a historic former school building at 41 School Street in Ashland, New Hampshire. Built in 1877-78, it is an excellent example of Second Empire design, although its architect is unknown. It served as a school until 1990, and now houses community organizations. The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983.

Ashland Railroad Station

The Ashland Railroad Station is a historic train station at 39 Depot Street in Ashland, New Hampshire. Built in 1869 and remodeled in 1891, it is a well-preserved example of a rural 19th-century railroad station. It is now a museum operated by the Ashland Historical Society. The station was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1982.

Ashland Town Hall

Ashland Town Hall, at 10 Highland Street, is the town hall of Ashland, New Hampshire. Built in 1871, it is a distinctive Victorian interpretation of a typical New England town hall, which has served the town in civic roles (as both town hall and a school) since its construction. The building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983.

First Free Will Baptist Church

First Free Will Baptist Church may refer to a building in the United States:

First Free Will Baptist Church and Vestry, Ashland, New Hampshire

First Freewill Baptist Church (East Alton, New Hampshire)

First Free Will Baptist Church in Meredith, New Hampshire

First Free Will Baptist Church (Ossipee, New Hampshire)

First Free Will Baptist Church and Vestry

The First Free Will Baptist Church and Vestry (also known Miss Perkins' High School and Holderness Academy) are an historic Free Will Baptist Church complex at 57 Main Street in Ashland, New Hampshire. The complex consists of three buildings: the brick church building, which was built in 1834; the old vestry, a brick building standing near the street which was built c. 1835 as a school and converted to a vestry in 1878; and the new vestry, a wooden structure added in 1899 to join the two brick buildings together. The church, a fine vernacular Federal style building when it was built, had its interior extensively restyled in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The complex was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983, primarily as a good example of modest Victorian church architecture. It now houses the Ashland Community Church.

George Whipple

George Hoyt Whipple (August 28, 1878 – February 1, 1976) was an American physician, pathologist, biomedical researcher, and medical school educator and administrator. Whipple shared the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1934 with George Richards Minot and William Parry Murphy "for their discoveries concerning liver therapy in cases of anemia". This makes Whipple the only Nobel laureate born in New Hampshire, and the first of several Nobel laureates affiliated with the University of Rochester.

James Frankland Briggs

James Frankland Briggs (October 23, 1827 – January 21, 1905) was an American politician and a U.S. Representative from New Hampshire.

John Kotter

John Paul Kotter is the Konosuke Matsushita Professor of Leadership, Emeritus, at the Harvard Business School, a New York Times best-selling author, and the founder of Kotter International (a management consulting firm based in Seattle and Boston). He is a well-known thought leader in the fields of business, leadership, and change.

Little Squam Lake

Little Squam Lake is a 408-acre (1.65 km2) water body located in Grafton County in the Lakes Region of central New Hampshire, United States, in the towns of Holderness and Ashland. The lake connects upstream via a short channel to Squam Lake in Holderness. The two lakes are maintained at a common water level by a dam located one mile downstream from the outlet of Little Squam Lake, on the Squam River, a tributary of the Pemigewasset River.

Moses Cheney

Moses Cheney (January 31, 1793 – July 17, 1875) was an abolitionist, printer and legislator from New Hampshire,.

Cheney was born in 1793 in Thornton, New Hampshire. Cheney entered the paper printing business in a region of nearby Holderness which was later renamed Ashland. On June 23, 1816 he married Abigail (Morrison) Cheney (b. 1796). Moses Cheney served as a conductor on the Underground Railroad at his home in Peterborough where he hosted Frederick Douglass on several occasions. Cheney was also the original printer of The Morning Star, an abolitionist Freewill Baptist newspaper. Cheney's son Oren Cheney was the founder and first president of Bates College in Maine, and Moses' son Person Cheney served as a U.S. Senator and Governor of New Hampshire. Moses Cheney died on July 17, 1875, and was buried in Ashland.

Mount Zion Covered Bridge

The Mount Zion Covered Bridge, near Mooresville, Kentucky, was built in 1871. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1976.It is a Burr truss covered bridge.The bridge was built 280 feet (85 m) long.It spans the Little Beech Fork.It is located north of Mooresville on Kentucky Route 458.During the 2015-2017 restoration of the Beech Fork Bridge it was determined by the contractor, Arnold M. Graton Associates of Ashland, New Hampshire, that the arches were a very early modification to the bridge. As such, Beech Fork is now correctly classified as a Multiple Kingpost Truss with added arches.

Beech Fork, Mooresville, and Mount Zion are all accepted names for the bridge. Mount Zion appears to be the most used historic name. Robert W. M. Laughlin

Oren Burbank Cheney

Oren Burbank Cheney (December 10, 1816 – December 22, 1903) was an American politician, minister, and statesman who was a key figure in the abolitionist movement in the United States during the later 19th century. Along with textile tycoon Benjamin Bates, he founded the first coeducational university in New England (the Bates College) which is widely considered his magnum opus. Cheney is one of the most extensively covered subjects of Neoabolitionism, for his public denouncement of slavery, involuntary servitude, and advocation for fair and equal representation, egalitarianism, and personal sovereignty.

Cheney's main social ideology was that of egalitarianism; he personally voiced his disdain for racial inequality, social elitism, and socioeconomic depravation regularly, in controversial speeches and articles. He was ordained a minister in his early twenties, became the headmaster at Parsonsfield, and illegally harbored and transferred slaves to safety during the 1840s in New Hampshire–an action punishable with a decade's jail time by the federal Fugitive Slave acts. His religious community work garnered him widespread support culminating in him being nominated for a seat in the Maine House of Representatives without his knowledge. Having been told he was nominated and elected on his way to his induction ceremony, Cheney would go on to be an able Free Soil legislator. His first bills drafted and passed supported state prohibition, advocated for temperance, regulated liquor traffic (notably the passage of the Maine Liquor Law), and provided the funds for his first school–the Lebanon Academy in Lebanon, Maine. He gave many formal speeches to the legislature regarding the reduction of slavery to mixed reaction and death threats; historians have occasionally noted him as "completely and utterly careless with his life."He was elected as the only delegate to attend the 1852 Free Soil Party Convention in Pittsburgh from Maine, where the famously advocated for anti-slavery, and physically threatened the owner of a local tavern for refusing to serve Frederick Douglass, a noted abolitionist and black member of the party. After his political career, he continued to publish anti-slavery pieces in his newspaper, and establish the Maine State Seminary, which would later be named "Bates College." He governed as the first President of Bates College for nearly four decades–from 1855 to 1894–creating its liberal arts curriculum, hiring faculty, and designating its campus; during this time he adopted the moniker, O.B. Cheney.

Person Colby Cheney

Person Colby Cheney (February 25, 1828 – June 19, 1901) was a paper manufacturer, abolitionist and Republican politician from Manchester, New Hampshire. He was the 35th Governor of New Hampshire and later represented the state in the United States Senate.

St. Mark's Episcopal Church

St. Mark's Episcopal Church may refer to:

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Hope, Arkansas)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Glendale, California)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Cocoa, Florida)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Haines City, Florida)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Palatka, Florida)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Starke, Florida)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Louisville, Kentucky)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Shreveport, Louisiana)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Augusta, Maine)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Highland, Maryland)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Kingston, Maryland)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Lappans, Maryland)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Perryville, Maryland)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Boston, Massachusetts)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Worcester, Massachusetts)

St. Mark's Episcopal Cathedral (Minneapolis)

Saint Mark's Episcopal Church (Raymond, Mississippi)

St. Mark's Episcopal Pro-Cathedral, Hastings, Nebraska

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Tonopah, Nevada)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Ashland, New Hampshire)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (West Orange, New Jersey)

Saint Mark's Episcopal Church (Chelsea, New York)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Fort Montgomery, New York)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Green Island, New York)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Hoosick Falls, New York)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Mt. Kisco, New York)

Saint Mark's and Saint John's Episcopal Church, Rochester

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Halifax, North Carolina)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Huntersville, North Carolina)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Wadsworth, Ohio)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Jim Thorpe, Pennsylvania)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Philadelphia)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Pinewood, South Carolina)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (San Antonio, Texas)

St. Mark's Cathedral (Salt Lake City)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Alexandria, Virginia)

St. Mark's Episcopal Cathedral, Seattle

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Washington, D.C.)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (St. Albans, West Virginia)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Beaver Dam, Wisconsin)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church, Guild Hall and Vicarage, Oconto, Wisconsin

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Cheyenne, Wyoming)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church (Ashland, New Hampshire)

St. Mark's Episcopal Church is an historic Episcopal church located at 6-8 Highland Street in Ashland, New Hampshire, in the United States. Organized in 1855, it is part of the Episcopal Diocese of New Hampshire. Its building, completed in 1859, was designed by New York City architect J. Coleman Hart, and is one of the region's most distinctive churches, having a Gothic Revival design built out of half-timbered brick. On December 13, 1984, the church building was added to the National Register of Historic Places. The current pastor is Rev. Tobias Nyatsambo.

Whipple House (Ashland, New Hampshire)

The Whipple House is a historic house museum at 4 Pleasant Street in Ashland, New Hampshire. Built about 1837, it is a well-preserved example of a mid-19th century Cape-style house, that is relatively architecturally undistinguished. It is significant for its association with George Hoyt Whipple (1878–1976), a Nobel Prize-winning doctor and pathologist who was born here. Whipple gave the house to the town in 1970, and it is now operated by the Ashland Historical Society as a museum, open during the warmer months. The house was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1978.

Places adjacent to Ashland, New Hampshire
Municipalities and communities of Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States
City
Towns
Township
CDPs
Other villages
Tributaries
Lakes
Towns
Landmarks

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