Ascoli Piceno

Ascoli Piceno ([ˈaskoli piˈtʃɛːno] listen ; Latin: Asculum)[4] is a town and comune in the Marche region of Italy, capital of the province of the same name. Its population is around 48,278[3] but the urban area of the city has more than 93,000.

Ascoli Piceno
Città di Ascoli Piceno
Piazza del Popolo
Piazza del Popolo
Coat of arms of Ascoli Piceno

Coat of arms
Location of Ascoli Piceno
Ascoli Piceno is located in Italy
Ascoli Piceno
Ascoli Piceno
Location of Ascoli Piceno in Italy
Ascoli Piceno is located in Marche
Ascoli Piceno
Ascoli Piceno
Ascoli Piceno (Marche)
Coordinates: 42°51′N 13°35′E / 42.850°N 13.583°ECoordinates: 42°51′N 13°35′E / 42.850°N 13.583°E
CountryItaly
RegionMarche
ProvinceAscoli Piceno (AP)
Frazionisee list
Government
 • MayorGuido Castelli (FI)
Area
 • Total158.02 km2 (61.01 sq mi)
Elevation
154 m (505 ft)
Population
(2018-01-01)[2]
 • Total48,773
 • Density310/km2 (800/sq mi)
Demonym(s)Ascolani
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
63100
Dialing code0736
Patron saintSt. Emygdius
Saint day5 August
WebsiteOfficial website

Geography

The town lies at the confluence of the Tronto River and the small river Castellano and is surrounded on three sides by mountains. Two natural parks border the town, one on the northwestern flank (Parco Nazionale dei Monti Sibillini) and the other on the southern (Parco Nazionale dei Monti della Laga).

Ascoli has good rail connections to the Adriatic coast and the city of San Benedetto del Tronto, by highway to Porto d'Ascoli and by the Italian National Road 4 Salaria to Rome.

History

Ascoli was founded by an Italic population (Piceni) several centuries before Rome's founding on the important Via Salaria, the salt road that connected Latium with the salt production areas on the Adriatic coast. In 268 BC it became a civitas foederata, a "federated" city with nominal independence from Rome. In 91 BC, together with other cities in central Italy, it revolted against Rome, but in 89 BC was reconquered and destroyed by Pompeius Strabo. Its inhabitants acquired Roman citizenship, following the developments and the eventual fall of the Roman Republic.

During the Middle Ages Ascoli was ravaged by the Ostrogoths and then by the Lombards of King Faroald (578). After nearly two centuries as part of the Lombard Duchy of Spoleto (593–789), Ascoli was ruled by the Franks through their vicars, but ultimately it was the bishops that gained influence and power over the city.

In 1189 a free republican municipality was established but internal strife led dramatically to the demise of civic values and freedom and to unfortunate ventures against neighboring enemies. This unstable situation opened the way to foreign dictatorships, like those of Galeotto I Malatesta (14th century), initially recruited as a mercenary (condottiero) in the war against Fermo, and Francesco Sforza. Sforza was ousted in 1482, but Ascoli was again compelled to submit to the Papal suzerainty. In 1860 it was annexed, together with Marche and Umbria, into the newly unified Kingdom of Italy.

Government

SanFrancescoAP-GiulioII
The monumental entrance of Julius II in the church of San Francesco

Main sights

Many of the buildings in the central historical part of the city are built using marble called travertino, a grey-hued stone extracted from the surrounding mountains. Its central Renaissance square, Piazza del Popolo ("Square of the People") is surrounded by a number of buildings utilizing this stone, now often hosting open-air markets. A few blocks away, the Piazza Arringo, or piazza dell'Arengo, was the administrative and religious center of the town, surrounded by the Cathedral, the baptistery, the Bishop's residence, and the Palace of the Commune. According to traditional accounts, Ascoli Piceno once housed some two hundred towers in the Middle Ages: today some fifty can still be seen.

Main sights include:

Churches and convents

Secular buildings

Porta Romana Ascoli Piceno
Porta Gemina
Porta Tufilla Ascoli Piceno
Porta Tufilla.
  • The Palazzo dei Capitani del Popolo ("Palace of the People's Captains"). Built in the 13th century connecting three pre-existing edifices, it was the seat of the podestà, the people's captains and, later, of the Papal governors. In the 15th century the southern side was enlarged, and, in 1520, a Mannerist façade was added in the rear side. In 1535 it underwent a general renovation, and in 1549 a new portal, with a monument of Pope Paul III, was added.
  • Palazzo dell'Arengo, located near the Cathedral
  • Palazzo Malaspina: Palace in Corso Mezzini, previous 14th-century structure reconstructed in the 16th century using designs attributed to architect Cola dell'Amatrice.
  • Roman Solestà Bridge
  • Porta Gemina ("Twin Gate"): an ancient Roman gate from the 1st century BC, through which the Via Salaria entered the city. The ruins of the ancient theater are located nearby. It had two passageways, each 5.70 metres (18.7 ft) tall and 2.95 metres (9.7 ft) wide
  • Porta Tufilla, a tower-like gate built in 1552–55. It is annexed to the Ponte Tufillo, a medieval bridge built in 1097 over the River Tronto.
  • Ponte di Cecco (Cecco Bridge), over the Castellano, recently identified of being of Roman Republican origin
  • Ponte Maggiore ("Great Bridge"), of medieval origin
  • Lombard Palace and the Ercolani Tower (11th-12th centuries)
  • Loggia dei Mercanti: a 16th-century portico annexed to the church of San Francesco. It was commissioned by the city's wool traders guild and finished in 1513.
  • Fortezza Pia, a fortress commanding the city rebuilt in 1560 by Pope Pius IV (whence the name).
  • Malatesta Fortress, in a site probably occupied by Roman baths. It was rebuilt by Galeotto I Malatesta, lord of Rimini, during the war against Fermo. The construction, used as a jail until 1978, was enlarged by Antonio da Sangallo the Younger in 1543.
  • Grotte dell'Annunziata ("Grottoes of the Annunciation"), a large portico with niches from the 2nd-1st centuries BC, whose original function is unknown (it has been suggested that they could be barracks or slaves dwellings, or a fortified palace[5])

In Castel Trosino, not far from the city, in 1893 a rare 6th-century Lombard necropolis was found.

Parks and gardens

Ascoli01
Palazzo dei Capitani del Popolo.

Economy

Recent industrialization has brought to Ascoli several Italian and multinational companies (YKK, Manuli, Pfizer, Barilla) but the bulk of the economy is made up of small and medium-sized enterprises and by those providing professional services to the area. Agriculture is still important (wheat, olives, fruits).

Transport

Ascoli Piceno railway station, opened in 1886, is the southwestern terminus of the San Benedetto del Tronto–Ascoli Piceno railway, a branch of the Adriatic railway.

Education

The city is the administrative headquarters and teaching the School of Architecture and Design at the University of Camerino and the International School on Safety and Environmental Protection private university's Alma Mater Europaea.

Culture and sport

The main festivity is on the first Sunday in August. The historical parade with more than 1500 people dressed in Renaissance costume is held in celebration of Saint Emidio, protector of the city. The parade is followed by a tournament, called Quintana, in which six knights, each competing for one of the six neighborhoods in the city, ride the course one after the other trying to hit an effigy of an Arab warrior. Strength and ability are necessary for the knight to win the palio or grand prize.

The Castellano river is a site for swimming and bathing in summer.

Gastronomy

Olive ascolane is a dish which originated from this locality. It is prepared from olives.

Territorial subdivision

Bivio Giustimana, Campolungo-villa sant'Antonio, Caprignano, Carpineto, Casa circondariale, Casalena, Casamurana, Case di Cioccio, Casette, Castel di Lama stazione, Castel Trosino, Cervara, Colle, Colle san Marco, Colloto, Colonna, Colonnata, Faiano, Funti, Giustimana, Il Palazzo, Lago, Lisciano, Lisciano di Colloto, Montadamo, Morignano, Mozzano, Oleificio Panichi, Palombare, Pedana, Piagge, Pianaccerro, Poggio di Bretta, Polesio, Ponte Pedana, Porchiano, Rosara, San Pietro, Santa Maria a Corte, Talvacchia, Taverna di mezzo, Trivigliano-villa Pagani, Tronzano, Valle Fiorana, Valle Senzana, Valli, Vena piccola, Venagrande, Villa S. Antonio.

Notable people

International relations

Ascoli Piceno is twinned with:

See also

References

  1. ^ "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018". Istat. Retrieved 16 March 2019.
  3. ^ a b Population data from Istat
  4. ^ Richard J.A. Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World: Map-By-Map Directory. I. Princeton, NJ and Oxford, UK: Princeton University Press. p. 607. ISBN 0691049459.
  5. ^ Carducci, Giambattista (1853). Su le memorie e i monumenti di Ascoli nel Piceno. Fermo: Arnaldo Forni Editore. pp. 206–209.
  6. ^ Banská Bystrica, Sister cities - Twin towns
  7. ^ Chattanooga Sister Cities
  8. ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Archived from the original on 2013-10-08. Retrieved 2013-12-26.

External links

Appignano del Tronto

Appignano del Tronto is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Ascoli Piceno in the Italian region Marche, located about 80 kilometres (50 mi) south of Ancona and about 9 kilometres (6 mi) northeast of Ascoli Piceno.

Appignano del Tronto borders the following municipalities: Ascoli Piceno, Castel di Lama, Castignano, Offida.

Ascoli Piceno railway station

Ascoli Piceno railway station (Italian: Stazione di Ascoli Piceno) serves the town and comune of Ascoli Piceno, in the region of Marche, central Italy. Opened in 1886, it is the southwestern terminus of the San Benedetto del Tronto–Ascoli Piceno railway, a branch of the Adriatic railway.

The station is managed by Rete Ferroviaria Italiana (RFI). The commercial area of the passenger building is managed by Centostazioni. Train services are operated by Trenitalia. Each of these companies is a subsidiary of Ferrovie dello Stato (FS), Italy's state-owned rail company.

Cassa di Risparmio di Ascoli Piceno

Cassa di Risparmio di Ascoli Piceno known as Carisap, is a former Italian regional bank based in Ascoli Piceno, Marche. A subsidiary of Intesa Sanpaolo, the bank merged with another subsidiary of the group, Banca dell'Adriatico in 2013.

The former owner of the bank, Fondazione Cassa di Risparmio di Ascoli Piceno (Fondazione Carisap), still operated as a charity organization. The foundation still held 0.3537% shares of Intesa Sanpaolo, as of 31 December 2013.

Castorano

Castorano is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Ascoli Piceno in the Italian region Marche, located about 80 kilometres (50 mi) south of Ancona and about 13 kilometres (8 mi) northeast of Ascoli Piceno.

Castorano borders the following municipalities: Ascoli Piceno, Castel di Lama, Colli del Tronto, Monsampolo del Tronto, Offida, Spinetoli.

Colli del Tronto

Colli del Tronto ("Tronto's hills") is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Ascoli Piceno in the Italian region Marche, located about 80 kilometres (50 mi) south of Ancona and about 14 kilometres (9 mi) northeast of Ascoli Piceno. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 3,290 and an area of 5.9 square kilometres (2.3 sq mi).Colli del Tronto borders the following municipalities: Ancarano, Ascoli Piceno, Castorano, Spinetoli.

Emidio Morganti

Emidio Morganti (born 23 July 1966, in Ascoli Piceno) is an Italian football referee. He won the Serie A Referee of the Year award in 2010.

Guido Castelli

Matteo Biffoni (born 30 November 1965 in Siena) is an Italian lawyer and politician.Former member of the Italian Social Movement and National Alliance, he has been a member of the centre-right party Forza Italia since 2013. He was elected Mayor of Ascoli Piceno on 23 June 2009, and re-elected for a second term on 28 May 2014.

List of mayors of Ascoli Piceno

The Mayor of Ascoli Piceno is an elected politician who, along with the Ascoli Piceno's City Council, is accountable for the strategic government of Ascoli Piceno in Marche, Italy. The current Mayor is Guido Castelli, a member of the centre-right party Forza Italia, who took office on 23 June 2009.

List of railway stations in the Marche

This is the list of the railway stations in the Marche owned by Rete Ferroviaria Italiana, a branch of the Italian state company Ferrovie dello Stato.

Maltignano

Maltignano is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Ascoli Piceno in the Italian region Marche, located about 90 kilometres (56 mi) south of Ancona and about 8 kilometres (5 mi) east of Ascoli Piceno. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 2,470 and an area of 8.2 square kilometres (3.2 sq mi).Maltignano borders the following municipalities: Ascoli Piceno, Folignano, Sant'Egidio alla Vibrata.

Montalto delle Marche

Montalto delle Marche is a comune (municipality) and former Latin catholic bishopric in the Province of Ascoli Piceno in the Italian region Le Marche, located about 70 kilometres (43 mi) south of Ancona and about 15 kilometres (9 mi) north of Ascoli Piceno.

Montalto delle Marche borders the following municipalities: Carassai, Castignano, Cossignano, Monte Rinaldo, Montedinove, Montelparo, Ortezzano.

Palmiano

Palmiano is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Ascoli Piceno in the Italian region Marche, located about 80 kilometres (50 mi) south of Ancona and about 11 kilometres (7 mi) northwest of Ascoli Piceno.

Palmiano borders the following municipalities: Comunanza, Force, Roccafluvione, Venarotta.

Pope Nicholas IV

Pope Nicholas IV (Latin: Nicolaus IV; 30 September 1227 – 4 April 1292), born Girolamo Masci, Pope from 22 February 1288 to his death in 1292. He was the first Franciscan to be elected pope.

Province of Ascoli Piceno

The province of Ascoli Piceno (Italian: Provincia di Ascoli Piceno) is a province in the Marche region of Italy. Its capital is the city of Ascoli Piceno, and the province is bordered by the Adriatic Sea to the east, the province of Macerata to the north, and it faces the regions of Umbria and Abruzzo (Abruzzi) to the south. There are 33 comuni in the province, see Comunes of the Province of Ascoli Piceno.The first settlers of the province were located on the banks of River Tronto by the Picentes tribe. It was later conquered by the Romans and became known as Asculum Picenum by 268 BCE. From 91-88 BCE the Picentes revolted against the Romans and attempted to re-claim the land, but Gnaeus Pompeius Strabo besieged and sacked the city. The town of Ascoli Piceno managed to revive, but after the collapse of the Western Roman Empire, it was conquered many times. King of the Ostrogoths Totila invaded the town in 545. Ascoli Piceno was then under strong control from the church and was made free in 1185, but the bishop declared it under his control in 1212.

Ripatransone

Ripatransone is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Ascoli Piceno in the Italian region Marche, located about 70 kilometres (43 mi) southeast of Ancona and about 20 kilometres (12 mi) northeast of Ascoli Piceno.

Roman Catholic Diocese of Ascoli Piceno

The Italian Catholic Diocese of Ascoli Piceno (Latin: Dioecesis Asculanus in Piceno) in the Marche, has existed since the fourth century. Historically immediately dependent on the Holy See, it is now a suffragan of the Archdiocese of Fermo. There is, in 2015, one priest for every 1,074 Catholics.

Rotella

Rotella is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Ascoli Piceno in the Italian region Marche, located about 70 km (43 mi) south of Ancona and about 11 km (6.8 mi) north of Ascoli Piceno. As of 31 December 2005, it had a population of 985 and an area of 27.2 km2 (10.5 sq mi).The municipality of Rotella contains the frazioni (subdivisions, mainly villages and hamlets) Castel di Croce, Capradosso, and Poggio Canoso.

Rotella borders the following municipalities: Ascoli Piceno, Castignano, Force, Montedinove, Montelparo, Venarotta.

Stadio Cino e Lillo Del Duca

Stadio Cino e Lillo Del Duca is a multi-purpose stadium in Ascoli Piceno, Italy. It is currently used mostly for football matches and the home of Ascoli Picchio F.C. 1898. The stadium was built in 1962 and holds 20,550.

The stadium has twice hosted Italy's end-of-year rugby union international: victories against Samoa on 28 November 2009 and 8 November 2014.

Stefano Travaglia

Stefano Travaglia (born 18 December 1991 in Ascoli Piceno) is an Italian tennis player.

Travaglia has a career high ATP singles ranking of 108 achieved on 23 April 2018. He also has a career high ATP doubles ranking of 243 achieved on 1 December 2014.

Travaglia made his ATP main draw debut at the 2014 Internazionali BNL d'Italia where he qualified for the main draw defeating Albert Montañés and Blaž Rola in the qualifying rounds. In the main draw he put up a good fight against fellow Italian Simone Bolelli in the first round, but lost 6–3, 5–7, 6–7(5–7).

Travaglia won his first Challenger title of any kind in the doubles event at the 2014 Morocco Tennis Tour – Meknes, partnering Hans Podlipnik-Castillo, defeating Gerard Granollers and Jordi Samper Montaña in the final, 6–2, 6–7(4–7), [10–7].

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