Asansol is a city in the Indian state of West Bengal. It is the second largest metropolitan and most populated city of West Bengal after Kolkata. It is the district headquarters of Paschim Bardhaman district. It is the 39th largest urban agglomeration in India. According to a 2010 report released by the International Institute for Environment and Development, a UK-based policy research non-governmental body, Asansol was ranked 11th among Indian cities and 42nd in the world in its list of 100 fastest-growing cities.
The City of Brotherhood
Asansol cityscape Clockwise from top: Asansol Railway Station, IISCO Steel Plant, TV Tower, Galaxy Mall, Asansol Engineering College, Asansol Indoor Stadium, Rabindra Bhavan, Eastern Coalfields Limited
"The City of Brotherhood"
|• Type||Civic Administration|
|• Body||Asansol Municipal Corporation|
|• Mayor||Jitendra Kumar Tiwari —TMC|
|• Commissioner of Police||Laxmi Narayan Meena|
|• Metropolitan City / Urban Agglomeration||326.48 km2 (126.05 sq mi)|
|Elevation||111 m (364 ft)|
|• Metropolitan City / Urban Agglomeration||1,156,387|
|• Density||3,500/km2 (9,200/sq mi)|
|Demonym(s)||Asansolians / Asansolites/ Asansolbashi|
|• Official||Bengali, English|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
|Vehicle registration||WB 37 / WB 38 / WB 44 (WB 44A, WB 44B, WB 44C, WB 44D)|
|Sex ratio||1.08 ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Asansol (MP — Babul Supriyo — BJP)|
|Vidhan Sabha constituencies||Asansol Uttar (Vidhan Sabha constituency) (MLA — Moloy Ghatak —TMC Barabani (MLA —Bidhan Upadhyay —TMC|
"Asan", a species of tree which generally grows thirty meters tall, is found on the banks of the Damodar River; "sol" refers to land. The name "Asansol" is a combination of these two words. Asansol is a city on the banks of Damodar and its land is rich in minerals.
The region saw an initial settlement of the Dravidian people and Australoid race. Notable Jain activities were exercised around two thousand five hundred years ago in this region which is apparent from the Jain temples which are present in Pareshnath hill in the neighbouring state of Jharkhand. Further, the presence of Jain temple at the banks of Barakar River in Begunia and neighbouring Bankura district also confirms this theory. It is believed that Mahavira Vardhamana who was the last Tirthankar of Jain religion used to live and work here. There is a Jain temple present in Asansol, devoted to Vasupujya, the twelfth Tirthankara.
Subsequently, the region was believed to have been a part of the kingdom of Vishnupur where the Malla dynasty ruled for approximately a thousand years till the emergence of the British. This theory is backed by the presence of Vishnupur style temple present at Chhotodighari village and Domohani village in Asansol. 
Asansol is a cosmopolitan city located on the lower Chota Nagpur Plateau, which occupies most of Jharkhand, between the Damodar and Ajay rivers. Another river, the Barakar, joins the Damodar near Dishergarh. Two small rivulets, Nunia and Garui flows past Asansol.
While Dhanbad district in Jharkhand lies on the western side, Durgapur subdivision lies on the eastern side. To the south, across the Damodar river are the Purulia and Bankura districts. To the north are Dumka and Birbhum districts. Dhanbad district is a major coal mining area and has close links with Asansol; both lie in the Damodar valley.
Asansol is administered by the Asansol Municipal Corporation. In 1850, a union committee was formed to look after the civic needs of Asansol. The Assensole (now Asansol) Municipality was approved in 1885 but started functioning effectively in 1896. It was upgraded to the status of a corporation in 1994. Since 2011 it has had its own Police Commissionerate. In 2015, Kulti, Jamuria and Raniganj Municipalities were dissolved and now these areas are administered by the Asansol Municipal Corporation. Thus the proper city limits of Asansol includes the old Asansol Area, including Burnpur, as well as other prominent locations like Raniganj, Chinakuri, Mithani, Barakar, Kulti, Dishergarh, Neamatpur, Sitarampur and Jamuria. Asansol Municipal Corporation has 106 wards.
Asansol-Durgapur Development Authority (ADDA) was established in April 1980 by the merger of the Asansol Planning Organisation and the Durgapur Development Authority. Jurisdiction of ADDA covers the areas administered by Asansol Municipal Corporation, the Jamuria Panchayet Samiti, the Community Development Blocks of Andal, Pandabeswar and Durgapur-Faridpur, Durgapur Municipal Corporation and a small part of Kanksa Community Development Block.
Asansol has hot and dry summers and cold chilly winters. In summers temperatures soar above 40°C with dry hot air blowing known as 'loo' while in winter temperatures go below 10°C. Monsoon lasts from June to September. The Köppen Climate Classification sub-type for this climate is "Aw" (Tropical Savanna Climate).
|Climate data for Asansol, India|
|Average high °C (°F)||26
|Average low °C (°F)||12
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||18
The Grand Trunk Road (NH 19 - old numbering NH 2) runs across the subdivision and NH 14 (old numbering NH 60) connects Asansol with Odisha. NH 19 has been broadened as part of the Golden Quadrilateral project and now allows three-lane traffic in both directions. A highway bypass avoids the areas of Ushagram, Murgasol, Asansol Bazar, Chelidanga, BNR, Gopalpur, Neamatpur, Kulti, and Barakar. Some of the other important roads of the city are namely Vivekananda Avenue, Burnpur Road, and S.B Gorai Road.
The South Bengal State Transport Corporation operates daily bus services to Kolkata and numerous other destinations, such as Malda, Siliguri, Midnapur, Bankura, Siuri, Purulia, Burdwan, Kalna, Howrah, Barackpore, Digha, Bolpur, Kirnahar and Berhampore. The North Bengal State Transport Corporation also runs services to and from the city and towns in North Bengal like Malda, Raiganj and Balurghat. There are also many private buses, Taxis and Radio Taxis like Ola Cabs etc., which ply locally and on intercity and interstate routes.
Asansol Junction railway station is the Division of Eastern Railway zone This is one of the oldest divisions on the Indian Railways and has always been in the forefront of operations, both freight and passenger. As far as Eastern Railway is concerned, Asansol Division is referred to as the heart of operations, being at the crossroads of the Grand Chord route via Gaya and the main line route via Patna. With a total of 629.38 route kilometers, the division has the unique distinction of having quadruple lines (two up and two down line) from Khana to Sitarampur.
The railway track from Kolkata to Delhi passes through the subdivision and bifurcates into the main line and the grand chord line at Sitarampur railway junction, a little to the west of Asansol railway junction. Another railway track links Asansol with Adra and then to Jamshedpur via Purulia and Kharagpur via Bankura. A branch line connects Andal with Sainthia on the Sahibganj Loop.
Almost all the trains linking Kolkata with north India also connect with Asansol including Sealdah Rajdhani, Howrah Rajdhani, Howrah Duronto, Sealdah Humsafar Express, Yuva Express and Shalimar Duronto. As a result, Asansol enjoys superb connectivity with cities like New Delhi, Jammu, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Allahabad, Kanpur, Lucknow, Dehradun, Jaipur, Kota, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, Gwalior, Bhopal, Indore, Patna, Ranchi and Dhanbad on the one hand and commands a fairly good traffic movement towards the western cities like Mumbai, Ahmedabad and Surat and southern cities like Bhubaneshwar, Visakhapatnam, Vijaywada, Chennai, Bangalore and Trivandrum. It is also connected with Guwahati in the north-east region.
Kazi Nazrul Islam Airport at Andal is the nearest domestic airport. Its operations commenced from May 2015 and is situated roughly 25 kilometres (16 mi) from the Asansol City Bus Terminus and 28 km from Burnpur SAIL Steel Town The nearest international airport is Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport at Dum Dum in Kolkata.
There is also a private aerodrome located at Burnpur Riverside Area. At present this Aerodrome is operated by IISCO. Recently Airport Authority of India gave nod to start commercial flights for six routes in West Bengal; Burnpur Airport being one of them is hopeful to receive its first commercial flight by the last quarter of 2017.
The economy of Asansol is primarily dependent on its steel and coal industries, railways, and its superb trade and commerce.
The IISCO (Indian Iron and Steel Company Ltd) steel-making plant at Kulti was the first such facility in India. It became well-known during the 1960s and 1970s, with its company shares being traded on the London Stock Exchange. However, a decade later the company became loss-making until it was revived in 2006 when it merged with the Steel Authority of India Ltd (SAIL). Modernisation at IISCO Steel Plant has helped the city develop at a very rapid pace. The plant's capacity will be raised from 0.4 MT to 2.5 MT of saleable steel, using what will be the biggest blast furnace in the country. As of 2015, the investment for modernization was the single largest investment in West Bengal till then.
Eastern Coalfields, which has its headquarters in Sanctoria near Dishergarh, has a significant presence in the area due to the huge deposits of high-quality coal. However, most of the coalfields and surrounding residential colonies are located away from the main city. Nearby areas like Ranigunj, Chinakuri, and Jamuria are of particular importance as coal blocks. As of 2012, the total coal reserve in the ECL command area up to 600 metre depth was 49.17 billion tonnes.
Railways also is a big contributor to the economy of Asansol. Railways were the first employer in the city and they are credited with developing the city in the late 19th century. Asansol is one of the four divisions of Eastern Railway Zone and among the major revenue generating divisions in Indian Railways.
Other industries include Dishergarh Power Supply, Damodar Valley Corporation, Burn Standard Co. which is now a subsidiary of Eastern Railways, Hindustan Cables Limited and cement factories like Burnpur Cement.
Among the many educational institutions are:
There are several public libraries, including the District Library. Asansol Polytechnic
Prasar Bharati has a High Power Transmitter Station at Asansol which broadcasts Doordarshan National / Bangla and Doordarshan News Channel. Transmissions are not only received by the city but also neighbouring places. Other than national channels, several local channels are available through cable TV networks, such as Vision 24, Drishti Channel, ATV, and ISP Channel.
Asansol currently has three FM radio stations: All India Radio, 92.7 BIG FM and 93.5 RED FM.
Andal is a railway station on the Bardhaman-Asansol line. The Andal-Sainthia and Andal-Sitarampur branch lines, both include colliery siding and start from Andal. The station is located in Paschim Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It serves Andal and the surrounding mining-industrial areas.Asansol Dakshin
Asansol Dakshin (Vidhan Sabha constituency) is an assembly constituency in Paschim Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It covers most of the area earlier under Hirapur (Vidhan Sabha constituency).Asansol Junction railway station
Asansol Junction railway station is a model railway station in Asansol Sadar subdivision of Paschim Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. The station is lay between Howrah-delhi main line . Every trains stop here (except Duronto express and one rajdhani express). It is the 29th busiest railway station in India in terms of frequency of trains after Kanpur Central, Vijayawada Junction, Delhi Junction, New Delhi, Ambala Cant, Howrah and Patna Junction. Around 171 trains passes through the station daily.
It serves Asansol and the surrounding areas.Asansol Uttar
Asansol Uttar (Vidhan Sabha constituency) is an assembly constituency in Paschim Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It covers most of the area earlier under Asansol constituency. There is another constituency named Asansol Dakshin (Vidhan Sabha constituency).Asansol–Gaya section
The Asansol–Gaya section is a railway line connecting Asansol and Gaya in India. This 267-kilometre long (166 mi) track is part of the Grand Chord, Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line and Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line. This section includes the NSC Bose Gomoh-Barkakana line. It is under the jurisdiction of Eastern Railway and East Central Railway. The section links to South Eastern Railway through Bokaro Steel City and Adra.Asansol–Patna section
The Asansol–Patna section is a railway line connecting Asansol in the Indian state of West Bengal and Patna in Bihar. The 331 km (206 mi) line passes through the fringe areas of West Bengal, a portion of Santhal Parganas in Jharkhand and the Gangetic Plain in Bihar.Asansol–Tatanagar–Kharagpur line
The Asansol–Adra-Tatanagar–Kharagpur line is part of Howrah and eastern India's links with Mumbai and Chennai. It is also a major freight line for transporting iron ore, coal and steel products. This page includes the Adra-Gomoh branch line and Tatanagar-Badampahar branch lines.Barabani (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
Barabani (Vidhan Sabha constituency) is an assembly constituency in Paschim Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.Bardhaman–Asansol section
The Bardhaman–Asansol section is a railway line connecting Bardhaman and Asansol. This 106 kilometres (66 mi) track is part of the Howrah–Delhi main line, Howrah-Gaya-Delhi line and Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line. It is under the jurisdiction of Eastern Railway, and is connected to the South Eastern Railway through Asansol Adra line at Asansol Jn and Kalipahari Damodar connector at Kalipahari (this line is only used by freight trains).Burnpur
Burnpur is a captive township of SAIL in Asansol of Paschim Bardhaman district, in the heart of the mining-industrial belt in the western periphery of the state of West Bengal, India.Burnpur Airport
Burnpur Airport (IATA: ??, ICAO: VE23) is located at Burnpur in Asansol, India. It is a private airport owned by IISCO Steel Plant of Steel Authority of India and can handle small aircraft.Durgapur
Durgapur is a Tier-II city in Paschim Bardhaman district, in the state of West Bengal, India. Durgapur is the 3rd largest urban agglomeration after Kolkata and Asansol in West Bengal and happens to be the 2nd planned city in India after Chandigarh. Durgapur was planned by two American Architects- Joseph Allen Stein and Benjamin Polk in 1955. It is the only city in Eastern India to have an operational dry dock.Durgapur railway station
Durgapur is a model railway station on the Bardhaman-Asansol section. It is located in Paschim Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It serves Durgapur, the third most populous city in West Bengal, and the surrounding industrial areas.Hirapur (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
Hirapur (Vidhan Sabha constituency) was an assembly constituency in what is now Paschim Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Hirapur is the police station for the Burnpur area and the assembly constituency covered that area.
Hirapur assembly constituency was part of Asansol (Lok Sabha constituency). As a consequence of the orders of the Delimitation Commission Hirapur ceased to be an assembly constituency from 2011. The area is now covered under Asansol Dakshin (Vidhan Sabha constituency).Kazi Nazrul Islam Airport
Kazi Nazrul Islam Airport (IATA: RDP, ICAO: VEDG), named after Bengali poet Kazi Nazrul Islam, a project under Bengal Aerotropolis Projects Limited (BAPL), is a domestic airport located at Andal, West Bengal, India. The airport serves the industrial cities of Asansol and Durgapur. The airport is roughly 15 km from Durgapur's City Centre and 25 km from Asansol's City Bus Terminus in West Bengal, India. The airport's hinterland comprises the towns of Burdwan, Bankura, Bishnupur, Purulia, Sainthia, Suri, Bolpur, Rampurhat in South Bengal and Dhanbad & Bokaro in Jharkhand. It is part of the country's first private sector Aerotropolis, being developed by Bengal Aerotropolis Projects Limited (BAPL). The airport was officially inaugurated on 19 September 2013. Durgapur Airport or Kazi Nazrul Islam Airport as the passenger movements for the year 2017-2018 is the 3rd busiest airport of West Bengal and the 83rd busiest airport of India.Kulti (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
Kulti (Vidhan Sabha constituency) is an assembly constituency in Paschim Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.Pandaveswar (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
Pandaveswar (Vidhan Sabha constituency) is an assembly constituency in Durgapur subdivision of Paschim Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.Paschim Bardhaman district
Paschim Bardhaman district is a predominantly urban mining-industrial district in West Bengal. The headquarter of the district is Asansol. It was formed on 7 April 2017 after bifurcation of the erstwhile Bardhaman district as the 23rd district of West Bengal.Ukhra (Vidhan Sabha constituency)
Ukhra (Vidhan Sabha constituency) was an assembly constituency in what is now Paschim Bardhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal. It covered the Ukhra area.