Aruchavank

Aruchavank or the Cathedral of Aruch (Արուճավանք; also Surb Grigor) is situated on a rocky plateau at the western foot of Mount Aragats in the village of Aruch in the Aragatsotn Province of Armenia. According to wall inscriptions on the east wall and manuscripts written by historians Ghevond, Hovhannes Draskhanakerttsi, and Stepanos Asoghik, the church and adjoining building for residence (the palace) were commissioned by Prince Grigor Mamikonian and his wife Heghine/Heline between 661-682 AD.[1] Architecturally it is one of the most important Armenian churches of the Middle Ages and also one of the largest.

Aruchavank
Արուճավանք
Swallows over Aruchavank
The Church of Aruch with collapsed dome, 2008.
Religion
AffiliationArmenian Apostolic Church
Location
LocationAruch, Aragatsotn Province,
Armenia Armenia
Geographic coordinates40°17′21″N 44°04′50″E / 40.289078°N 44.080572°ECoordinates: 40°17′21″N 44°04′50″E / 40.289078°N 44.080572°E
Architecture
TypeDomed hall single-nave basilica
StyleArmenian
Completed660s
Dome(s)1 (collapsed)

History

Aruch became a citadel in the later Middle Ages. The ruins of the palace were excavated in 1947 and between 1950 and 1952. The remains of two structures of the palace complex of Prince Grigor Mamikonian were found on the south side of the church of St. Grigor.

There is some controversy as to the exact date of the completion of this church because of the reference in the inscription to the reign of the Byzantine Emperor Constantine III (641). According to Marr, Haroutyunyan, and Manutcheryan, it is believed that there is confusion with the emperor Constans II (641-668).[2]

The church was restored during 1946-1948, except for the drum and cupola. The church had been extensively damaged by earthquakes and possibly by its use as a fortress in the 16th and 17th centuries (Oramanian, 1948).[3]

Architecture

Aruchavank is a domed hall single-nave basilica type structure. Its drum and drum have since collapsed prior to restoration efforts.

Gallery

Aruchavank-map

Map of Aruchavank and surrounding region.

Aruchavank S

South façade of the cathedral.

Aruchavank interior

Apse of Aruch cathedral.

Արուճի եկեղեցական համալիր 25

Inscription on the tympanum over the main portal.

Արուճի եկեղեցական համալիր 31

One of two capitals from the ruins just outside the church.

Notes and references

  1. ^ Encyclopedia of Armenia; Armenian Studies Program at CSU, Fresno
  2. ^ Different historians give the completion date as follows: 668 according to Strzygowski, 1918 and Der Nersessian, 1969; 670's according to Mnatsakanyan in Aknark, 1964, and Haroutyunyan 1975; 666 by Manutcheryan, 1977.
  3. ^ Aruchavank at Armenica Archived October 10, 2007, at the Wayback Machine

External links

Aruch

Aruch (Armenian: Արուճ; until 1970, Talish), is a village in the Aragatsotn Province of Armenia. It is located on the southern part of Mount Aragats. The settlement dates back to the 6th century when it was the winter camp of the royal army. It was later made to a permanent base by Grigor Mamikonian (661-682). The village is the location of the 7th century Armenian monastic complex Aruchavank, adjacent to it are the remains of the Mamikonians' palace.

Chapel of Chupan

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