Artvin Province

Artvin Province (Turkish: Artvin ili; Armenian: Արտվինի նահանգ, Artvini nahang; Georgian: ართვინის პროვინცია, Artvinis p’rovincia; Laz: ართვინიშ დობადონა Artviniş dobadona) is a province in Turkey, on the Black Sea coast in the northeastern corner of the country, on the border with Georgia.

The provincial capital is the city of Artvin.

Artvin Province

Artvin ili
Location of Artvin Province in Turkey
Location of Artvin Province in Turkey
CountryTurkey
RegionEast Black Sea
SubregionTrabzon
Government
 • Electoral districtArtvin
Area
 • Total7,436 km2 (2,871 sq mi)
Population
 (2018)[1]
 • Total174,010
 • Density23/km2 (61/sq mi)
Area code(s)0466
Vehicle registration08

Geography

Artvin2

Artvin is an attractive area of steep valleys carved by the Çoruh River system, surrounded by high mountains of Kaçkar, Karçal and Yalnızçam (up to 3900 m) and forest with much national parkland including the Karagöl-Sahara, which contains the Şavşat and Borçka lakes. The weather in Artvin is very wet and mild at the coast, and as a result is heavily forested. This greenery runs from the top all the way down to the Black Sea coast. The rain turns to snow at higher altitudes, and the peaks are very cold in winter.[2]

The forests are home to brown bears and wolves. The Çoruh is now being dammed in 11 places for hydro-electric power, including the 249 m Deriner Dam and others at Borçka and Muratlı.

Hopa-madenleri
Hopa mines, 1900s

In addition to the vast majority ethnic Turks, the province is home to communities of Laz people and Hemshin peoples. Autochthonous Muslim Georgians form the majority in parts of Artvin Province east of the Çoruh River. Immigrant groups of Georgian origins, found scattered in Turkey are known as Chveneburi.[3] In particular, there is a prominent community of Chveneburi Georgians many of them descendants of Muslim families from Georgia who migrated during the struggles between the Ottoman Turks and Russia during the 19th century. With such diverse peoples, Artvin has a rich variety of folk song and dance (see Arifana and Kochari for examples of folk culture).[4]

Local industries include bee-keeping especially in Macahel region.[5]

Artvin is traversed by the northeasterly line of equal latitude and longitude.

Places of interest

  • The city of Artvin has an ancient castle and a number of Ottoman period houses, mosques, and fountains.
  • Every June, there is a "bull-wrestling" festival in the high plateau of Kafkasör
  • The Parekhi monastery, a Georgian monastery

Popular places for walking and outdoor expeditions.

  • The Kaçkar Mountains are among the most-popular venues for trekking holidays in Turkey.
  • Macahel Valley on the Georgian border, is another popular location for walking holidays.
  • Papart forest in Şavşat
  • Genciyan Hill in Şavşat, overlooks the border and the Binboğa lakes.
  • The lakes of Şavşat and Borçka and the crater lake of Kuyruklu.
  • The Çoruh River is excellent for rafting and championships have been held here
  • There are a number of Georgian churches in the valleys of Yusufeli.
  • Bilbilan Yaylası - a typical Turkish high meadow.
  • Savangin pre-historical cave with an inscription written in an unknown or unsolved alphabet

Notable residents

  • Zülfü Livaneli, singer and politician, born into a family from Yusufeli
  • Kazım Koyuncu, folk rock singer, guitarist and composer, born in Artvin's Black Sea town of Hopa
  • Şükriye Tutkun, folk singer
  • Mircan Kaia, singer, composer and engineer, born into a family from Borcka

Districts

Districts of Artvin
Districts of the Province of Artvin.
Central district also has the same name just like most provinces in Turkey.

In 1924, the Liva Sanjak was abolished and the Artvin Vilayet was created. Artvin Vilayet was combined with Rize to form Çoruh Vilayet with the capital at Rize. Later it was separated into Artvin Province with the districts of Ardanuç, Arhavi, Artvin, Borçka, Hopa, Murgul, Şavşat and Yusufeli.[6]

Artvin province is divided into 8 districts (capital district in bold):

Sister cities

See also

References

  1. ^ "Population of provinces by years - 2000-2018". Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. ^ Artvin geography (tr)
  3. ^ Peoples of the Caucasus in Turkey
  4. ^ Artvin Archived November 5, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Artvin Macahel Archived May 11, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Artvin Archived November 5, 2011, at the Wayback Machine

External links

Coordinates: 41°08′N 041°51′E / 41.133°N 41.850°E

Ardanuç

Ardanuç (Georgian: არტანუჯი, Artanuji; Armenian: Արտանուջ, Artanuj) is a town and district in Artvin Province in Turkey's Black Sea region of Turkey, 32 km east of Artvin. The name Ardanuç derives from Kartvelian language (Laz: Artanish-Uji; lit. "edge of Ardahan").

Artvin

Artvin (Georgian: ართვინი, Artvini; Laz: ართვინი Artvini, Armenian: Արդվին Ardvin) is a city in northeastern Turkey about 30 km inland from the Black Sea. It is located on a hill overlooking the Çoruh River near the Deriner Dam. It is a former bishopric and (vacant) Armenian Catholic titular see and the home of Artvin Çoruh University.

Artvin Dam

The Artvin Dam an arch-gravity dam on the Çoruh River in Artvin Province, Turkey. Preliminary construction on the dam began in December 2010 and the river diversion tunnels were complete in July 2012 at which time construction on the dam foundation started. The purpose of the dam is hydroelectric power generation and its power station has an installed capacity of 340 MW when completed. The dam is part of the Çoruh Development Plan and its construction was supervised by Turkey's State Hydraulic Works. The dam began to impound its reservoir in October 2015 and the power station was commissioned beginning in January 2016.

Borçka

Borçka (Laz: ბორჩხა/Borçxa; Georgian: ბორჩხა/Borchkha, also ფორჩხა/Porchkha) is a town and district of Artvin Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey, on the border with Georgia.

Borçka is reached by a winding road up from the Black Sea coast, alongside the Çoruh River (Nigali valley). There is a medieval stone arched bridge across the river just west of the town.

Borçka Lake is a popular excursion from Artvin.

Borçka Dam

Borçka Dam (Turkish: Borçka Barajı) is a dam on the Çoruh River 1.5 km (0.93 mi) south east of Borçka in Artvin Province, Turkey. It was built between 1999 and 2006.

Deriner Dam

Deriner Dam (Turkish: Deriner Barajı) is a concrete double-curved arch dam on the Çoruh River 5 km (3.1 mi) east of Artvin in Artvin Province, Turkey. The main purpose of the dam is hydroelectric power production and additionally flood control. Construction on the dam began in 1998, the reservoir began to fill in February 2012 and the power station was completed by February 2013. It will have a 670 MW power house and is the tallest dam in Turkey. The dam is being implemented by Turkey's State Hydraulic Works and constructed by a consortium of Turkish, Russian and Swiss companies.

The dam is named after İbrahim Deriner, who died while serving as the Chief Engineer of its research team.

Dikyamaç Museum

Dikyamaç Village Lifestyle Museum (Turkish: Dikyamaç Köyü Yaşam Tarzı Müzesi, shortly Dikyamaç Museum, is an ethnography museum in Artvin Province, northeastern Turkey.

The museum was founded in the village of Dikyamaç, known formerly as Kamparna, in Arhavi ilçe (district) of Artvin Province at 41°17′21″N 41°22′15″E. When established, the private museum was unique in Artvin Province as being the only museum of the province.

The museum was established by the businessman Naim Özkazanç and Professor Maksut Coşkun in 2012. The exhibited items are former and current house tools and clothes.

Hatila Valley National Park

Hatila Valley National Park (Turkish: Hatila Vadisi Millî Parkı) is a national park in Artvin Province in northeastern Turkey. It consists of a steep-sided river valley at the eastern end of the Kaçkar Mountains. The area is close to the Black Sea and has a Mediterranean climate with warm summers, cool winters and plentiful rainfall throughout the year. The valley provides habitats for a diverse community of plants and animals.

Hopa

Hopa (Georgian: ხოფა, ხუფათი) is a city and district of Artvin Province in northeast Turkey. It is located on the eastern Turkish Black Sea coast about 67 km (42 mi) from the city of Artvin and 18 kilometres from the border with Georgia.

Karagöl-Sahara National Park

Karagöl-Sahara National Park (Turkish: Karagöl-Sahara Milli Parkı), established on August 31, 1994, is a national park in the Şavşat district of Artvin Province, Turkey. It is located in the Black Sea Region and formed by two separate areas, namely Karagöl and Sahara plateau. Karagöl is located at 45 km (28 mi) from Şavşat, while Sahara plateau is 17 km (11 mi) from the town.The national park covers an area of 3,251 ha (8,030 acres) at an average elevation of 1,800 m (5,900 ft) above mean sea level.

Khandzta

Khandzta (Georgian: ხანძთა, Georgian pronunciation: [χɑnd͡ztʰɑ]) was a medieval Georgian monastery founded by Gregory of Khandzta in 782 AD. It has been identified as probably being the ruined monastery known as Porta, in Pirnali village, Artvin province, Turkey.

List of populated places in Artvin Province

Below is the list of populated places in Artvin Province, Turkey by the districts. In the following lists, first place in each list is the administrative center of the district.

Muratlı Dam

Muratlı Dam (Turkish: Muratlı Barajı) is a dam on the Çoruh River in Muratlı village, 12 km (7.5 mi) north east of Borçka in Artvin Province, Turkey. The development was backed by the Turkish State Hydraulic Works.

Opiza

Opiza (Georgian: ოპიზა) was a medieval Georgian monastery and cathedral church located in historical Klarjeti region, now in Artvin Province, Turkey. It is one of the oldest Georgian churches in the Tao-Klarjeti region. Opiza was reconstructed after an Arab invasion in the 8th century. It is referred to by many Georgian historical persons, such as Gregory of Khandzta, Beqa and Beshqen Opizrebi.

Otkhta

Otkhta (Georgian: ოთხთა, Turkish: Dörtkilise) is a 10th-century Georgian monastery which was built in 961–965 by Davit Kurapalat and renewed in 978–1001. Georgian monastery and cathedral church located in Dörtkilise, the town of Yusufeli, Artvin Province, Turkey.

Otkhta is one of the large cathedrals in Tao-Klarjeti, with Oshki, Ishkhani and khakhuli, and one version that is why it is called Otkhta, which means in English "from fourth".

Parekhi

Parekhi (Georgian: პარეხი or პარეხთა) is a Georgian medieval Orthodox monastery in historical Medieval Georgian Kingdom of Klarjeti (modern-day Artvin Province of Turkey).

The monastery is an illustration of the activity of St. Gregory's followers. Founded in 840s as a hermitage, it soon turned into a coenobium. Monastic buildings are sheltered by a horizontal ledge and form an organic whole with the surrounding landscape. Two ninth-century churches, a single-nave structure and a basilica, stand in the middle of the monastery next to each other.

Parkhali

Parkhali (Georgian: პარხალი), also known in Turkish as Barhal or Altıparmak, is a village that contains a medieval Georgian monastery and cathedral church. It is located near the town of Yusufeli, Artvin Province, Turkey.

Yusufeli

Yusufeli (Georgian: ახალთი, Akhalti) is a town and district of Artvin Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is located on the bank of Çoruh River 104 km south-west of the city of Artvin, on the road to Erzurum.

The town of Yusufeli (population 5863) sits in a valley where the Çoruh River is joined by the Barhal, the surrounding countryside is a range of mountains running east to west, with villages in other valleys between the mountains. The micro climate allows the cultivation of olives, grapes, and citrus fruits, the driving forces of the economy in addition to tourism. The town can be reached by air via Erzurum Airport, 135 km (84 mi) away from Yusufeli or by road from Artvin, Erzurum and Trabzon (via İspir in Erzurum Province).

There is a widely criticised plan to dam the Çoruh at Yusufeli, which would submerge 15,000 homes.

Şavşat

Şavşat (Armenian: Շավշատ; Shavshat; Georgian: შავშეთი; Shavsheti) is a town and district of Artvin Province in the Black Sea region, between the cities of Artvin and Kars on the border with Georgia at the far eastern end of Turkey.

Artvin Province of Turkey
Districts

Languages

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