Artur Kapp

Artur Kapp (28 February 1878 – 14 January 1952) was an Estonian composer.

Born in Suure-Jaani, Estonia, then part of the Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire, he was the son of Joosep Kapp, who was also a classically trained musician. Kapp began his musical career studying organ at the Saint Petersburg Conservatory as a student of both Louis Homilius and composition with Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov in 1891. Kapp graduated from the Conservatory in 1900 as a composer and from 1904 until 1920 worked as a music director in the southern Russian city of Astrakhan, then returning to Estonia as a professor and conductor at the Tallinn Conservatory where he counted among his students such future notable Estonian composers as Evald Aav, Edgar Arro, Gustav Ernesaks, Helen Tobias-Duesberg, Riho Päts and Enn Võrk. He is, along with Rudolf Tobias (1873-1918), generally considered to be one of the founders of Estonian symphonic music.

Kapp's son Eugen (1908–1996) and nephew Villem (1913–1964) became notable composers as well, having studied at the Tallinn Conservatory under direction of the elder Kapp.

Some of Kapp's most enduring works are the 1899 overture Don Carlos and the 1900 cantata Paradiis ja Peri ("Paradise and Peri"), both of which are large scale works that prominently feature the organ. He is possibly best recalled for his oratorio Hiiob ("Job") and Metsateel ("On A Road Through The Woods"), a piece for solo voice. Kapp's work is abundant and diverse and covers many classical genres. He wrote five symphonies, five concertos, overtures, four orchestral suites, in addition to the above.

After the Soviet invasion of Estonia during World War II, Kapp was forced to resign his position as a composer and retired to Suure-Jaani. He died there in 1952 at the age of 73. His professional career spanned more than five decades. His last two major works were the overture "To the Party" (1947), the Symphony No. 4 (dedicated to the 30th anniversary of the Soviet Young Communist League, 1948), and the Symphony (Cantata-Symphony) No. 5 (Peace Symphony).

In 1998, the annual Suure-Jaani Music Days festival was founded to celebrate Artur Kapp's musical legacy, as well as that of his sons and fellow composer Mart Saar (1882-1963), who was also from the area. The Festival is organized by the Eesti Kontsert in conjunction with the town of Suure-Jaani and the International Artur Kapp Society. The venues for performances include Lutheran and Orthodox churches, the Kapp Museum, and the song festival stage.

Artur kapp
Artur Kapp
20170811 Artur Kapp Gravestone
Artur Kapp's gravestone.

External links/Sources

1878 in music

This article is about music-related events in 1878.

Alfred Karindi

Alfred Karindi (30 May 1901 – 13 April 1969) was an Estonian organist and composer.


Artur is a cognate to the common male given name Arthur, meaning "bear-like," which is believed to possibly be descended from the Roman surname Artorius or the Celtic bear-goddess Artio or more probably from the Celtic word artos ("bear"). Other Celtic languages have similar first names, such as Old Irish Art, Artúur, Welsh Arth - which may also be the source for the modern name.

Art is also a diminutive form of the common name Arthur. In Estonian, and many Romance, Slavic and Germanic languages the name is spelled as Artur. The Finnish versions are Arttu and Artturi.

Artur Uritamm

Artur Uritamm (Tõstamaa, September 9, 1901 – Pärnu, July 8, 1982) was an Estonian classical composer, organist and pedagogue.

Uritamm was a student of Artur Kapp at the Estonian Academy of Music and Theatre, graduating in 1937. He was on the faculty of the same school from 1940 until 1941, during which time he received a number of awards for his compositions. Tiring of the academic atmosphere and unable to find a position at the conservatories in Leningrad or Moscow, he resigned to work in a mill in Koluvere, managed by his brother. He was asked by Artur Kapp, then director of the Conservatory, to reconsider his decision, and he returned to his alma mater in 1945, staying until 1946 and teaching music theory. During the latter period he also served as the director of the Estonian Music Foundation and as the music editor of the newspaper Hammer and Sickle. He was ousted from his positions by the Soviets in 1946; he was also expelled from the Composers' Union for refusing to write music in the approved manner. From 1946 to 1947 he served as the organist at the Estonian Evangelical Lutheran Church of St. John in Kullamaa, following in the footsteps of Johannes Tobias, whose son Rudolf, considered the founder of Estonian classical music, also spent much time at the church. From 1950 to 1955 Uritamm taught music at a high school in Märjamaa, and from 1955 until 1961 he taught children at a school in Pärnu.Uritamm married his wife, Ellen, in 1943. He was a vegetarian. Among his friends was Neeme Järvi, who encouraged him to preserve his music.For political reasons, much of Uritamm's work remained unheard for long stretches during his career; since Estonia gained independence in 1991, however, his work has begun to appear on concert programs. His music has been described as ironic and deriving some of its sonic character from folk music. Little of his work has been recorded, but the piano trio Three Faces of the Homo Sovieticus, written in 1948 (premiered in 2012) was released on compact disc in 2014, and two of his songs were recorded by the baritone Tiit Kuusik in 1976.

Eugen Kapp

Eugen Arturovich Kapp (13 May 1908 – 29 October 1996) was an Estonian composer and music educator. Characterized by simple harmonies, march rhythms and an appealing melodic style, his music is reflective upon the musical ideas favoured by the Stalinist regime of the 1940s and 1950s. He is best remembered today for his contribution to Russian opera.

Born in Astrakhan, Russia, Kapp was the son of Artur Kapp, also a composer and teacher. His first cousin was the composer, organist and music teacher Villem Kapp. Kapp studied under his father at the Tallinn Conservatory and graduated from there in 1931. Four years later he joined the adjunct faculty at the Conservatory where he taught music theory and composition. He won the Stalin Prize in 1946 for his opera Tasuleegid (‘Fire of Revenge’). In 1947 he was appointed as a full professor at the Conservatory, acting as rector from 1952 to 1964. Several of Kapp's students, such as Eino Tamberg, went on to have successful careers. From 1948 to 1965, Kapp served as chairman of the Estonian Composers' Union. In 1950 he was awarded a Stalin Prize for another opera, Vabaduse laulik ("Bard of Freedom"), followed by a third prize in 1952 for the ballet Kalevipoeg. Kapp died in Tallinn, Estonia in 1996.

Evald Aav

Evald Aav (7 March [O.S. 22 February] 1900 – 21 March 1939) was an Estonian composer born in Tallinn, Governorate of Estonia, Russian Empire. He studied music composition there with Artur Kapp and wrote primarily vocal music to words in the Estonian language. In 1928 he composed the first national Estonian opera, Vikerlased (The Vikings). The opera premiered in Tallinn on 8 September 1928. He modelled his style of composition after Tchaikovsky.

Aav was married to opera singer Ida Loo-Talvari from 1926 until 1937 when the couple divorced.

Heino Eller

Heino Eller (7 March 1887 – 16 June 1970) was an Estonian composer and composition teacher.

Helen Tobias-Duesberg

Helen Tobias-Duesberg (June 11, 1919 – February 4, 2010) was an Estonian-American composer.

January 14

January 14 is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 351 days remaining until the end of the year (352 in leap years).

In the 20th and 21st centuries the Julian calendar is 13 days behind the Gregorian calendar, thus January 14 is sometimes celebrated as New Year's Day (Old New Year) by religious groups who use the Julian calendar.


Kapp or KAPP may refer to:

Kapp, Norway, village in Østre Toten, Oppland, Norway

Kapp Records, a record label

KAPP, channel 35, ABC affiliate for Yakima, Washington

Kenya African People's Party, a defunct political party in KenyaKapp is a surname of German origin. It may refer to:

Kärt Jänes-Kapp (1960–2015), Estonian journalist and editor

Alex Kapp Horner (born 1969), American actress

Alexander Kapp (German educator and editor) (1799–1869), German editor and educator

Alexander Kapp (dermatologist and allergist) (born 1955) German dermatologist and allergist

Andy Kapp (born 1967), German curler

Ardeth G. Kapp (born 1931), Canadian religious leader

Artur Kapp (1878–1952), Estonian composer

Colin Kapp (1928–2007), British author

Dietloff Kapp (born 1925), German modern pentathlete

Erhardt Kapp (born 1959), Romanian-American soccer player and coach

Ernst Kapp (1808–1896), German-American philosopher and geographer

Eugen Kapp (1908–1996), Estonian composer

Friedrich Kapp (1824–1884), German-American attorney, author and politician

Gisbert Kapp (1852–1922), Austrian-English electrotechnican

Helmut Kapp (died 1943), Nazi German war criminal

Jack Kapp (1901–1949), American music entrepreneur

Janice Kapp Perry (born 1938), American missionary and religious songwriter

Joe Kapp (born 1938), American and Canadian football player

Karl William Kapp (1910–1976), German-American economist

Luisa Kapp-Young (1835–1919), Austrian dramatic operatic soprano, musical educator, essayist

Marizanne Kapp (born 1990), South African criceteer

Richard Kapp (1936–2006), American conductor

Uli Kapp (born 1971), German curler

Villem Kapp (1913–1964), Estonian composer, organist and music teacher

Wolfgang Kapp (1858–1922), German political activist and journalist, leader of the Kapp Putsch

List of Estonian composers

The following is a list of Estonian composers of classical music.

Mart Saar

Mart Saar (28 September [O.S. 15 September] 1882 in Hüpassaare - 28 October 1963) was an Estonian composer, organist and collector of folk songs.

Music of Estonia

The recorded history of music in Estonia dates back as far as the 12th century. The older folksongs, referred to as runic songs, are in the poetic metre regivärss the tradition shared by all Baltic Finns. These were gradually replaced by rhythmic folksongs in the 18th century.

Saint Petersburg Conservatory

The N. A. Rimsky-Korsakov Saint Petersburg State Conservatory (Russian: Санкт-Петербургская государственная консерватория имени Н. А. Римского-Корсакова) is a music school in Saint Petersburg, Russia. In 2004, the conservatory had around 275 faculty members and 1,400 students.


Suure-Jaani is a town in the northern part of the county of Viljandimaa in Põhja-Sakala rural municipality, 25 kilometres north of the town of Viljandi. Until 2017, Suure-Jaani was the administrative centre of Suure-Jaani rural municipality.


Toila is a small borough (alevik) in Ida-Viru County, in northeastern Estonia. It is located about 10 km (6 mi) northeast of the town of Jõhvi, on the coast of Narva Bay (part of the Gulf of Finland). Toila is known as an important sea resort in Estonia, with a spa hotel, beach and a beautiful park (Oru Park). Toila is the administrative centre of Toila Parish. As of the 2011 Census, the settlement's population was 780, of whom the ethnic Estonians made up 628 (80.5%).

Valeria Barsova

Valeria Vladimirovna Barsova (Astrakhan, 13 June 1892 – Sochi, 13 December 1967), PAU, was a Russian operatic soprano, one of the leading lyric-coloratura sopranos of the first half of the 20th century in Russia.

Villem Kapp

Villem Kapp (7 September 1913 – 24 March 1964) was an Estonian composer, organist and music teacher.

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