Arthur Middleton

Arthur Middleton (June 26, 1742 – January 1, 1787), of Charleston, South Carolina, was a signatory of the United States Declaration of Independence.

His parents were Henry Middleton and Mary Baker Williams, both of English descent. He was educated in Britain, at Harrow School, Westminster School, and Trinity Hall, Cambridge.[1] He studied law at the Middle Temple and traveled extensively in Europe where his taste in literature, music, and art was developed and refined. In 1764, Arthur and his bride Mary Izard settled at Middleton Place.

Keenly interested in Carolina, Middleton was a more radical thinker than his father, Henry Middleton. He was a leader of the American Party in Carolina and one of the boldest members of the Council of Safety and its Secret Committee. In 1776, Arthur was elected to succeed his father in the Continental Congress and subsequently was a signer of the United States Declaration of Independence. Also in 1776, he and William Henry Drayton designed the Great Seal of South Carolina. Despite the time he spent in England, his attitude toward Loyalists was said to be ruthless.

During the American Revolutionary War, Middleton served in the defense of Charleston. After the city's fall to the British in 1780, he was sent as a prisoner of war to St. Augustine, Florida (along with Edward Rutledge and Thomas Heyward Jr.), until exchanged in July the following year.

Middleton died on January 1, 1787 at the age of 44 and was buried in the family tomb in the Gardens at Middleton Place.[2] The death notice from the State Gazette of South-Carolina (SC), Jan. 4, 1787, described him as a "tender husband and parent, humane master, steady unshaken patriot, the gentleman, and the scholar."

The plantation then passed to Henry, his eldest son, later Governor of South Carolina, U.S. Representative and Minister to Russia. Arthur Middleton was also an ancestor of actor Charles B. Middleton, who played Ming the Merciless in the Flash Gordon movies of the 1930s. Arthur Middleton's son-in-law was Congressman Daniel Elliott Huger who was the grandfather-in-law of Confederate General Arthur Middleton Manigault who was also a descendant of Henry Middleton.

Arthur Middleton's sister, Susannah Middleton, was the great-great-grandmother of Baldur von Schirach, onetime leader of the Hitler Youth and later Governor ("Gauleiter" or "Reichsstatthalter") of the Reichsgau Vienna, who was convicted of "crimes against humanity" at the Nuremberg Trials, through Baldur Von Schirach's mother Emma Middleton Lynah Tillou (1872–1944).

The tomb of Arthur Middleton at Middleton Place

The United States Navy ship USS Arthur Middleton (AP-55/APA-25) was named for him.

Arthur Middleton
Arthur Middleton from a painting by Benjamin West
Arthur Middleton from a 1771 portrait of the Middleton Family by Benjamin West
BornJune 26, 1742
DiedJanuary 1, 1787 (aged 44)
"The Oaks" near Charleston, South Carolina
Resting placeMiddleton Place Gardens and Tomb, Charleston
Known forsigner of the United States Declaration of Independence
Arthur Middleton signature
Coat of Arms of Arthur Middleton
Coat of Arms of Arthur Middleton


  1. ^ "Middleton, Arthur (MDLN759A)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge. The Biographical Directory of the United States Congress says Middleton "attended school at Hackney, Westminster School, and St. John’s College, Cambridge University, in England".
  2. ^ Arthur Middleton at Find a Grave

External links

Arthur M. Young

Arthur Middleton Young (November 3, 1905 – May 30, 1995) was an American inventor, helicopter pioneer, cosmologist, philosopher, astrologer and author. Young was the designer of Bell Helicopter's first helicopter, the Model 30, and inventor of the stabilizer bar used on many of Bell's early helicopter designs. He founded the "Institute for the Study of Consciousness" in Berkeley in 1972. Young advocated process philosophy, an attempt to integrate the realm of human thought and experience with the realm of science so that the concept of universe is not limited to that which can be physically measured. Young's theory embraces evolution and the concept of the great chain of being. He has influenced such thinkers as Stanislav Grof and Laban Coblentz.

Arthur Middleton-class attack transport

The Arthur Middleton-class attack transport was a class of three US Navy attack transport that saw most of its service in World War II. Ships of the class were named after signatories of the American Declaration of Independence.

Like all attack transports, the purpose of the Arthur Middleton class was to transport troops and their equipment to hostile shores in order to execute amphibious invasions. To perform this task, attack transports were equipped with a substantial number of integral landing craft, and heavily armed with antiaircraft weaponry to protect themselves and their vulnerable cargo of troops from air attack in the battle zone.

Arthur Middleton (1681–1737)

Arthur Middleton (October 29, 1681 – September 17, 1737) was a South Carolina planter and Acting Governor of South Carolina from May 7, 1725 to December, 1730.

Arthur Middleton (bass-baritone)

Arthur Middleton (Logan, Iowa, November 28, 1880 – Chicago, Illinois, February 16, 1929) was an American operatic and concert bass-baritone.

Arthur Middleton (disambiguation)

Arthur Middleton (1742–1787) was an American Revolutionary War figure.

Arthur Middleton may also refer to:

Arthur Middleton (1681–1737), acting governor of South Carolina

Arthur Middleton (bass-baritone) (1880–1929), American opera singer

Arthur Edward Middleton (1891–1953), British politician

Arthur Middleton Manigault

Arthur Middleton Manigault (October 26, 1824 – August 17, 1886) was a brigadier general in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.

Belsay Castle

Belsay Castle is a 14th-century medieval castle situated at Belsay, Northumberland, England. It is a Scheduled Ancient Monument and a Grade I listed building.The main structure, a substantial three-storey rectangular pele tower with rounded turrets and battlements, was constructed about 1370, and was the home of the Middleton family. In 1614 Thomas Middleton built a new manor house attached to the tower. A west wing was added in 1711 but was later largely demolished in 1872 by Sir Arthur Middleton when the remainder of the house was considerably altered.The castle was abandoned as a residence by the family in the early 19th century when Sir Charles Monck built Belsay Hall close by. The interiors were largely removed and it was then used as a ready-made folly, as was fashionable among the aristocracy at the time, serving as setting for garden parties and other entertainments.

The castle is administered by English Heritage and is open the public.

College of Charleston

The College of Charleston (also known as CofC, The College, or Charleston) is a public sea-grant and space-grant university in Charleston, South Carolina. Founded in 1770 and chartered in 1785, it is the oldest college in South Carolina, the 13th oldest institution of higher learning in the United States, and the oldest municipal college in the country. The founders of the college include three future signers of the Declaration of Independence (Edward Rutledge, Arthur Middleton, and Thomas Heyward) and three future signers of the United States Constitution (John Rutledge, Charles Pinckney, and Charles Cotesworth Pinckney). Founded to "encourage and institute youth in the several branches of liberal education," it is one of the oldest universities in the United States.

Daniel Elliott Huger

Daniel Elliott Huger (June 28, 1779 – August 21, 1854) was a United States Senator from South Carolina. Born on Limerick plantation, Berkeley County (near Charleston), his father was Daniel Huger, a Continental Congressman and U.S. Representative from South Carolina. Daniel Elliott pursued classical studies in Charleston and graduated from the College of New Jersey (later Princeton University) in 1798. He studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1799, beginning practice in Charleston. In 1800 he married Isabella Johannes Middleton-daughter of Declaration of Independence signer Arthur Middleton. He was a member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from 1804 to 1819 and from 1830 to 1832, and was a brigadier general of State troops in 1814. He was judge of the circuit court from 1819 to 1830, and was a member of the South Carolina State Senate from 1838 to 1842. He was an opposition member of the State nullification convention in 1832.

Huger was elected as a State Rights Democrat to the U.S. Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of John C. Calhoun and served from March 4, 1843 to March 4, 1845, when he resigned. He was a delegate to the state-rights convention in 1852, where he urged moderation. Huger died on Sullivan's Island; interment was in Magnolia Cemetery, Charleston. A son was Colonel John Middleton Huger (1809-1894) whose son married a daughter of CS General Leonidas Polk (who was related by marriage to US Presidents Andrew Jackson and James Knox Polk. Daniel Elliott Huger's grandson-in-law was CS General Arthur Middleton Manigault.

In 1818, he bought the Daniel Elliott Huger House in Charleston.

Henry A. Middleton

Henry Arthur Middleton (July 19, 1888 – March 28, 1975) was a Republican lawyer from Toledo, Ohio, United States who served four years as a judge on the Ohio Supreme Court.

Henry Middleton

Henry Middleton (1717 – June 13, 1784) was a planter and public official from South Carolina. A member of the colonial legislature, during the American Revolution he attended the Continental Congress and served as that body's presiding officer for a few days in 1774. He left Congress before it declared independence. Back in South Carolina, he served as president of the provincial congress and senator in the newly created state government. After his capture by the British in 1780, he accepted defeat and returned to the status of a British subject until the end of the war.

Henry Middleton (governor)

Henry Middleton (September 28, 1770 – June 14, 1846) was an American planter and political leader from Charleston, South Carolina. He was the 43rd Governor of South Carolina (1810–1812), represented South Carolina in the U. S. Congress (1815–1819). He served as Minister to Russia (1820–1830), being sent there in the first instance to replace George Washington Campbell so as to look after slave-owners' interests in the discussions preparatory to arbitration by Czar Alexander I on the question of compensation under Article 1 of the Treaty of Ghent as regards enslaved Americans who went away with British during and after the War of 1812.His father (Arthur Middleton) and his grandfather (Henry Middleton) had both served in the Continental Congress. Son - Williams Middleton. He had 14 children with wife Mary Helen Hering. 10 of their children lived into adulthood, including his youngest son Edward Middleton.

His summer home at Greenville from 1813-1820, known as Whitehall, was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1969. He and his family also spent some of their summer in Newport, RI staying at Stone Villa (demolished in 1957).

John Parker (Continental Congress)

John Parker IV (June 24, 1759 – April 20, 1832) by birth inherited a spot in South Carolina's aristocracy. He was born to John Parker III and Mary Daniell, granddaughter of Governor Robert Daniell. He married Susannah Middleton, daughter of Henry Middleton and sister of Arthur Middleton. He was American planter of the Hayes Plantation and lawyer from Charleston, South Carolina. He also served as a delegate for South Carolina to the Congress of the Confederation from 1786 to 1788.

List of United States Navy amphibious warfare ships

This is a list of United States Navy amphibious warfare ships. This type of ship has been in use with the US Navy since World War I. Ship status is indicated as either currently active [A], inactive [I], or precommissioning [P]. Ships in the inactive category include all that have been decommissioned. Ships in the precommissioning category include ships under construction or on order.

Middleton-Rutledge-Pinckney family

The Middleton-Rutledge-Pinckney family is a family of politicians from the United States.

Henry Middleton 1717-1784, Delegate to the Continental Congress from South Carolina 1774, South Carolina State Senator 1778.Arthur Middleton 1742-1787, Delegate to the South Carolina Constitutional Convention 1776, Delegate to the Continental Congress from South Carolina 1776, South Carolina State Representative 1778, South Carolina State Senator 1781. Son of Henry Middleton.Henry Middleton 1770-1846, South Carolina State Representative 1802, South Carolina State Senator 1810, Governor of South Carolina 1810-1812, U.S. Representative from South Carolina 1815-1819, U.S. Minister to Russia 1820-1830. Son of Arthur Middleton.

Edward Rutledge 1749-1800, Delegate to the Continental Congress 1774-1776, South Carolina State Representative 1782, Governor of South Carolina 1798-1800. Brother-in-law of Henry Middleton.

John Rutledge 1739-1800, Delegate to the Continental Congress from South Carolina 1774, President of South Carolina 1776-1778, Governor of South Carolina 1779, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court 1789-1791, Chief Justice of the South Carolina Supreme Court 1791-1794, Chief Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court 1795. Brother to Edward Rutledge.Charles Cotesworth Pinckney 1746-1825, South Carolina State Senator 1799-1804, U.S. Minister to France 1796-1797, candidate for Vice President of the United States 1800, candidate for President of the United States 1804, 1808. Son-in-law of Henry Middleton.John Rutledge, Jr. 1766-1819, member of the South Carolina State Legislature, U.S. Representative from South Carolina 1797-1803. Son of John Rutledge.NOTE: Charles Cotesworth Pinckney was also brother of South Carolina Governor Thomas Pinckney and cousin of U.S. Senator Charles Pinckney.

Sir Arthur Monck, 7th Baronet

Sir Arthur Edward Middleton, M.P., 7th Baronet (12 January 1838 – 1 April 1933) was a British MP.

He was born Arthur Edward Monck, the son of Charles Atticus Monck (1805–1856) of Belsay Castle, Northumberland, by his wife Laura, daughter of Sir Mathew White Ridley (1778–1836) 3rd Bt., M.P., of Blagdon Hall, Northumberland. He succeeded to the Baronetcy of Belsay Castle on the death of his grandfather in 1867. His grandfather had changed his name from Middleton to Monck in 1799, and in 1876 the 7th Baronet and his brothers changed their name from Monck back to Middleton.He was elected as a Liberal Party Member of Parliament (MP) for the City of Durham at a by-election in 1874, after the 1874 general election in Durham had been voided on petition. He retired from the House of Commons at the 1880 general election. He served as High Sheriff of Northumberland for 1884.He married, in 1871, Lady Constance Harriet Amherst, daughter of William Amherst, 2nd Earl Amherst. Middleton outlived his eldest son Gilbert (b. 1873) and was succeeded by his son Sir Charles Middleton, 8th Baronet (1874–1942). He was the author of An Account of Belsay Castle in the County of Northumberland, published in 1910, and of Sir Gilbert de Middleton and the Part he took in the Rebellion of the North in 1317, published in 1918.

USS Arthur Middleton

USS Arthur Middleton (AP-55/APA-25) was a transport launched as the commercial cargo/passenger ship African Comet serving in the United States Navy during World War II. The ship, along with later sister ships SS African Meteor and SS African Planet, was at the time the largest all welded passenger/cargo ship. The ships, of 9,000 GRT and varying only in interior decorations, were designed for New York to South and East African service with accommodations for 116 passengers.African Comet, ordered as American Banker, was laid down under a Maritime Commission contract (MC hull 106) on 1 July 1940 at Pascagoula, Mississippi, by the Ingalls Shipbuilding Corporation. Launched on 28 June 1941, sponsored by Miss Mary Maud Farrell, and delivered 31 December 1941. The ship was acquired by the War Shipping Administration from the American South African Line, Inc., on 31 December 1941 and purchased by the Navy on 6 January 1942.The ship was renamed Arthur Middleton (AP-55) on 7 January 1942 for Arthur Middleton, a member of the Continental Congress. The ship underwent initial conversion at Tietjen & Lang Dry Dock Co. yard in Hoboken, N. J. for operation as a civilian-manned convoy-loaded transport. She was fully converted for service as a combat-loaded (attack) transport by the Union Iron Works, San Francisco, California after arrival in San Francisco from the South Pacific in June 1942. Commissioned on 7 September 1942, Commander Paul K. Perry, USCG, in command.

USS George Clymer (APA-27)

USS George Clymer (APA-27) was an Arthur Middleton-class attack transport that saw service with the US Navy in four wars - World War II, the Chinese Civil War, the Korean War and the Vietnam War.

George Clymer (AP-57) was laid down as African Planet under a Maritime Commission contract 28 October 1940 by Ingalls Shipbuilding of Pascagoula, Mississippi; launched 27 September 1941; renamed George Clymer 9 January 1942; acquired by the Navy 15 June 1942; and commissioned the same day, Captain Arthur T. Moen in command.

USS Samuel Chase (APA-26)

USS Samuel Chase (APA-26), launched as SS African Meteor, was an Arthur Middleton class attack transport manned by the United States Coast Guard during World War II. She was named after Samuel Chase, a signatory to the Declaration of Independence.

Samuel Chase participated in all five of the major U.S. amphibious invasions in the European Theater of Operations during World War II, starting at Algiers in late 1942 and following with the invasions of Sicily, Salerno, Normandy, and Southern France before going to the Pacific in 1945. There she stood duty at Okinawa, under frequent air attack in the aftermath of its invasion, before participating in delivering occupation troops to Japan and repatriating U.S. troops through the middle of 1946.

She was decommissioned in February 1947, laid up in the James River in Norfolk, Virginia, struck from the Navy register in October 1958, and transferred to Maritime Administration in February 1959. She remained in the James River Reserve Fleet until sold for scrap in May 1973.

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