Arthur Hays Sulzberger

Arthur Hays Sulzberger (September 12, 1891 – December 11, 1968) was the publisher of The New York Times from 1935 to 1961. During that time, daily circulation rose from 465,000 to 713,000 and Sunday circulation from 745,000 to 1.4 million; the staff more than doubled, reaching 5,200; advertising linage grew from 19 million to 62 million column inches per year; and gross income increased almost sevenfold, reaching 117 million dollars.

Arthur Hays Sulzberger
Arthur Hays Sulzberger
BornSeptember 12, 1891
DiedDecember 11, 1968 (aged 77)
EducationB.A. Columbia College
Known forPublisher of The New York Times
Spouse(s)Iphigene Bertha Ochs
ChildrenMiriam Sulzberger Dryfoos Heiskell
Ruth Sulzberger Golden Holmberg
Judith Sulzberger Levinson
Arthur Ochs Sulzberger
Parent(s)Rachel Peixotto Hays
Cyrus Leopold Sulzberger
FamilyAdolph Ochs (father-in-law)
Orvil Dryfoos (son-in-law)
Arthur Golden (grandson)
Ben Dolnick (great-grandson)
Cyrus Leo Sulzberger II (nephew)

Life

Sulzberger's parents were Cyrus Leopold Sulzberger, a cotton-goods merchant, and Rachel Peixotto Hays. They came from old Jewish families, Ashkenazi and Sephardic, respectively.[1] His great-great-grandfather, Benjamin Seixas,[2] brother of the famous rabbi and American Revolutionary Gershom Mendes Seixas of Congregation Shearith Israel, was one of the founders of the New York Stock Exchange. His great-grandfather, Dr. Daniel Levy Maduro Peixotto,[3] was a prominent physician, director of Columbia University's Medical College and a member of the Philolexian Society. His great granduncle was Jacob Hays, the High Constable of New York from 1801 to 1850.[4]

Sulzberger graduated from the Horace Mann School in 1909 and graduated from Columbia College in 1913, and married Iphigene Bertha Ochs in 1917. In 1918 he began working at the Times, and became publisher when his father-in-law, Adolph Ochs, the previous Times publisher, died in 1935. In 1929, he founded Columbia's original Jewish Advisory Board and served on the board of what became Columbia-Barnard Hillel for many years. He served as a University trustee from 1944 to 1959 and is honored with a floor at the journalism school. He also served as a trustee of the Rockefeller Foundation from 1939 to 1957. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1950.[5] In 1954, Sulzberger received The Hundred Year Association of New York's Gold Medal Award "in recognition of outstanding contributions to the City of New York."

In 1956 Sulzberger received the Elijah Parish Lovejoy Award as well as an honorary Doctor of Laws degree from Colby College.

In 1961, he was succeeded as publisher first by son-in-law Orvil Dryfoos, then, two years later in 1963, by his son Arthur Ochs "Punch" Sulzberger.

Sulzberger broadened the Times’ use of background reporting, pictures, and feature articles, and expanded its sections. He supervised the development of facsimile transmission for photographs and built the Times radio station, WQXR, into a leading vehicle for news and music. Under Sulzberger the Times began to publish editions in Paris and Los Angeles with remote-control typesetting machines.

He once stated "...I certainly do not advocate that the mind should be so open that the brains fall out".[6] Sulzberger is also credited with the quote: "We journalists tell the public which way the cat is jumping. The public will take care of the cat."

Political commitments

Sulzberger, a practicing Reform Jew, Sulzberger was an enthusiastic supporter of the American Council for Judaism, founded in June 1942 to oppose Zionism, giving it prominent coverage in his newspaper. In a 1946 speech, Sulzberger claimed that Zionism was to blame for some of the Jewish deaths in the Holocaust, and that the refugee crisis during the war had been “a manageable, social and economic problem” until “the clamor for statehood introduced an insoluable [sic] political element” into the issue. “It is my judgment that thousands dead might now be alive” if “the Zionists” had put “less emphasis on statehood”.[7]

His stand against Zionism and a Jewish state of Israel on principle has been accused by Laurel Leff of deliberately burying accounts of Nazi atrocities against Jews in the back pages of the Times. She alleges that Sulzberger went out of his way to play down the special victimhood of Jews and withheld support for specific rescue programs for European Jews.[8]

Personal life

In 1917, he married Iphigene Bertha Ochs, the daughter of Adolph Ochs and Effie Wise (the daughter of Rabbi Isaac Mayer Wise). They had four children: Marian Sulzberger Heiskell (born 1918), widow first of Times publisher Orvil Dryfoos and then of Time Inc. chairman Andrew Heiskell; Ruth Sulzberger Holmberg (1921—2017), publisher of the Chattanooga Times,[9] married and divorced from Ben Hale Golden; Judith Sulzberger Rosenschein Cohen Levinson (1923—2011), physician, married Matthew Rosenschein Jr. (divorced), Dick Cohen (divorced), and Budd Levinson; and Arthur Ochs Sulzberger (1926—2012).[10]

See also

References

  1. ^ "HAYS - JewishEncyclopedia.com".
  2. ^ "SEIXAS - JewishEncyclopedia.com".
  3. ^ "PEIXOTTO - JewishEncyclopedia.com".
  4. ^ "Mrs. Sulzberger's Final Rites Held". The Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Brooklyn, NY. 1938-02-11. Retrieved 2017-07-01.
  5. ^ "Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter S" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved April 7, 2011.
  6. ^ Sulzberger, Arthur Hays (1 January 1954). "Man's right to knowledge and the free use thereof". s.n. – via Google Books.
  7. ^ "New York Times Column on Anti-Zionism a Reminder of its Own Publisher's Past".
  8. ^ Novick, Peter (May 1, 2005). "Looking Back in Anger". Washington Post. Retrieved 2008-06-26.
  9. ^ Mcfadden, Robert D. (19 April 2017). "Ruth Sulzberger Holmberg, Newspaper Publisher, Dies at 96" – via NYTimes.com.
  10. ^ New York Magazine: "Children of the Times - Who’s who in the Ochs-Sulzberger clan" retrieved September 27, 2015
  • The Trust: The Private and Powerful Family Behind The New York Times, Susan E. Tifft and Alex S. Jones, Boston: Little, Brown & Company, 1999.
  • The Kingdom and the Power, Gay Talese, New York: Ivy Books, 1992.
  • The Story of The New York Times, Meyer Berger, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1951 (Reprinted, 1970).
  • Iphigene, I. O. Sulzberger, 1981.

External links

Business positions
Preceded by
Adolph Ochs
The New York Times Company Publisher
1935–1961
Succeeded by
Orvil Dryfoos
Adolph Ochs

Adolph Simon Ochs (March 12, 1858 – April 8, 1935) was an American newspaper publisher and former owner of The New York Times and The Chattanooga Times (now the Chattanooga Times Free Press).

Arthur Golden

Arthur Sulzberger Golden (born December 6, 1956) is an American writer. He is the author of the bestselling novel Memoirs of a Geisha (1997).

Arthur Sulzberger

Arthur Sulzberger may refer to:

Arthur Hays Sulzberger (1891–1968), publisher of The New York Times from 1935 to 1961

Arthur Ochs Sulzberger (1926–2012), son of the above and publisher of The New York Times from 1963 to 1992

Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. (born 1951), son of the above and publisher of The New York Times from 1992 to 2017

Arthur Gregg Sulzberger (born 1980), son of the above and publisher of The New York Times since 2018

Audrey Hepburn on screen and stage

Audrey Hepburn (4 May 1929 – 20 January 1993) was a British actress who had an extensive career in film, television, and on the stage from 1948 to 1993. Considered by some to be one of the most beautiful women of all time, she was ranked as the third greatest screen legend in American cinema by the American Film Institute. Hepburn is also remembered as both a film and style icon. Her debut was as a flight stewardess in the 1948 Dutch film Dutch in Seven Lessons. Hepburn then performed on the British stage as a chorus girl in the musicals High Button Shoes (1948), and Sauce Tartare (1949). Two years later she made her Broadway debut as the title character in the play Gigi. Hepburn's Hollywood debut as a runaway princess in William Wyler's Roman Holiday (1953) opposite Gregory Peck made her a star. For her performance she received the Academy Award for Best Actress, the BAFTA Award for Best British Actress, and the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress in a Motion Picture – Drama. In 1954 she played a chauffeur's daughter caught in a love triangle in Billy Wilder's romantic comedy Sabrina opposite Humphrey Bogart and William Holden. In the same year Hepburn garnered the Tony Award for Best Actress in a Play for portraying the titular water nymph in the play Ondine.Her next role was as Natasha Rostova in the 1956 film adaptation of Leo Tolstoy's War and Peace. In 1957 Hepburn starred with Gary Cooper and Maurice Chevalier in Billy Wilder's Love in the Afternoon, and with Fred Astaire in the musical film Funny Face. Two years later she appeared in the romantic adventure film Green Mansions, and played a nun in The Nun's Story. In 1961, Hepburn played café society girl Holly Golightly in the romantic comedy Breakfast at Tiffany's, and as a teacher accused of lesbianism in Wyler's drama The Children's Hour opposite Shirley MacLaine. Two years later she appeared opposite Cary Grant in the romantic mystery film Charade. Hepburn followed this by starring in the romantic comedy Paris When It Sizzles opposite William Holden, and as Cockney flower girl Eliza Doolittle in the musical film My Fair Lady (both in 1964). In 1967, she played a blind woman menaced by drug dealers in her own home in the suspense thriller Wait Until Dark which earned her a Best Actress Oscar nomination. Nine years later, Hepburn played Maid Marian opposite Sean Connery as Robin Hood in Robin and Marian.

Her final film appearance was a cameo as an angel in Steven Spielberg's Always (1989). Hepburn's final screen role was as the host of the television documentary series Gardens of the World with Audrey Hepburn (1993) for which she posthumously received the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Individual Achievement – Informational Programming. In recognition of her career, Hepburn earned the Special Award from BAFTA, the Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award, the Screen Actors Guild Life Achievement Award, and the Special Tony Award.

Ben Dolnick

Ben Dolnick (born 1982) is an American fiction writer and author of the novels Zoology (2007), You Know Who You Are (2011), and At the Bottom of Everything: A Novel (2013).

Buried by the Times

Buried by the Times is a 2005 book by Laurel Leff.

The book is a critical account of The New York Times's coverage of Nazi atrocities against Jews that culminated in the Holocaust. It argues that the news was often buried in the back pages in part due to the view about Judaism of the paper's Jewish publisher, Arthur Hays Sulzberger. It also gives a critical look at the work of Times correspondents in Europe.

C. L. Sulzberger

Cyrus Leo Sulzberger II (October 27, 1912 – September 20, 1993) was an American journalist, diarist, and non-fiction writer. He was a member of the family that owned The New York Times and he was that newspaper's lead foreign correspondent during the 1940s and 1950s.

Cyrus Leopold Sulzberger

Cyrus Leopold "Leo" Sulzberger (aka Cyrus Lindauer Sulzberger; July 11, 1858 – April 30, 1932) was an American merchant and philanthropist. He was president of the Jewish Agricultural and Industrial Aid Society.

Elijah Parish Lovejoy Award

The Elijah Parish Lovejoy Award is presented annually by Colby College to a member of the newspaper profession who has contributed to the country's journalistic achievement. The award is named for Elijah Parish Lovejoy, and established in 1952.

Ellen Sulzberger Straus

Ellen Sulzberger Straus (1926–1995) was an American businesswoman and philanthropist who founded the United States' first telephone help line.

Judith Sulzberger

Judith Peixotto Sulzberger (December 27, 1923 – February 21, 2011) was an American physician and philanthropist. Her family has been associated with The New York Times since her grandfather, Adolph Ochs purchased the paper in 1896.

Lindauer (surname)

Lindauer is a German surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Charles Frederick Lindauer (1836-1921), named in the Lexow Committee hearings on New York City police corruption as a policy racket dealer

Gottfried Lindauer (1839–1926), Czech-New Zealand artist

John Howard Lindauer (born 1937), American economist, media businessman and politician, former chancellor of the University of Alaska Anchorage

Janez Lindauer, 16th-century Slovene politician

Josef Lindauer, Swiss soldier and skier

Martin Lindauer (1918-2008)

Sophia Lindauer (1830-1909), mother of Arthur Hays Sulzberger

Susan Lindauer (born 1963), American journalist and peace activist accused by the United States government as an unregistered agent of Iraq, daughter of John Lindauer

Victor W. Lindauer (1888-1964), a phycologist from New Zealand with the standard author abbreviation "Lindauer"

Michael Golden (businessman)

Michael Golden is an American businessman, currently serving as Vice Chairman of the New York Times Company.

New York Times Building (41 Park Row)

The New York Times Building, at 41 Park Row in the Civic Center neighborhood of Manhattan, New York City, was the home of The New York Times from 1889 to 1903, when it moved to Longacre Square, now known as Times Square. The building stands as the oldest of the surviving buildings of what was once "Newspaper Row", and is owned by Pace University. A bronze statue of Benjamin Franklin holding a copy of his Pennsylvania Gazette stands in front of the building across the street in Printing-House Square, currently known as 1 Pace Plaza.

Orvil Dryfoos

Orvil Eugene Dryfoos (November 8, 1912 – May 25, 1963) was the publisher of The New York Times from 1961 to his death. He entered The Times family via his marriage to Marian Sulzberger, daughter of then-publisher Arthur Hays Sulzberger.

Peter McCarthy (industrialist)

Peter McCarthy (24 November 1845 – 29 May 1919) was an American manufacturer, businessman and philanthropist from Troy, New York.

Punch Sulzberger

Arthur Ochs "Punch" Sulzberger Sr. (February 5, 1926 – September 29, 2012) was an American publisher and a businessman.

Born into a prominent media and publishing family, Sulzberger became publisher of The New York Times in 1963 and chairman of the board of The New York Times Company in 1973. Sulzberger relinquished to his son, Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr., the office of publisher in 1992, and chairman of the board in 1997.

Sulzberger

Sulzberger is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Arthur Hays Sulzberger (1891–1968), publisher of The New York Times from 1935 to 1961

Arthur Ochs Sulzberger (1926-2012), publisher of The New York Times from 1963 to 1992

Arthur Ochs Sulzberger Jr. (born 1951), publisher of The New York Times from 1992 to 2017

Arthur Gregg Sulzberger (born 1980), publisher of The New York Times starting January 1, 2018

Mayer Sulzberger (1843-1923), Philadelphia judge and Jewish communal leader

Cyrus Leo Sulzberger II (1912–1993) American journalist, diarist, and non-fiction writer

Marcel Sulzberger, (1876–1941) Swiss composer, pianist and music author

Jacob Sulzberger, Swiss engineer who was an expert in Mills

Swimming at the 1936 Summer Olympics – Women's 200 metre breaststroke

The women's 200 metre breaststroke event, included in the swimming competition at the 1936 Summer Olympics, took place from 8 to 11 August, at the Olympiapark Schwimmstadion Berlin. In this event, swimmers covered four lengths of the 50-metre (160 ft) Olympic-sized pool employing the breaststroke. It was the fourth appearance of the event, which first appeared at the 1924 Summer Olympics in Paris. A total of 23 competitors from 12 nations participated in the event. The world record holder at the time, Japanese Hideko Maehata, won the event four years after losing the gold medal to Australian Clare Dennis by one tenth of a second. Fourteen-year-old German silver medalist Martha Genenger broke the Olympic record in her heat on 8 August, but Maebata broke it again in the next heat with a time of 3:01.9 seconds. Danish Inge Sørensen won the bronze medal, becoming the youngest ever female Olympic medalist (12 years, 24 days). Sørensen's compatriot Valborg Christensen was favoured to win a medal in this event, but she was eliminated after finishing fifth in her semifinal.

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