Arthur Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Baron Stanmore

Arthur Charles Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Baron Stanmore GCMG KStJ (26 November 1829 – 30 January 1912)[1] was a British Liberal Party politician and colonial administrator. He had extensive contact with Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone.

The Lord Stanmore

Sir Arthur Hamilton Gordon
Arthur Gordon circa 1870–1880.
9th Lieutenant Governor of New Brunswick
In office
26 October 1861 – 30 September 1866
PremierSamuel Leonard Tilley
Albert J. Smith
Peter Mitchell
Preceded byJohn Manners Sutton
Succeeded byCharles Hastings Doyle
19th Governor of Trinidad
In office
7 November 1866 – 1870
Preceded byE. E. Bushworth
Succeeded byJames Robert Longden
11th Governor of British Mauritius
In office
21 February 1871 – 18 August 1874
Preceded bySir Henry Barkly
Succeeded bySir Arthur Phayre
1st High Commissioner for the Western Pacific
In office
June 1875 – January 1880
Preceded bySir Hercules Robinson
Succeeded bySir William Des Vœux
2nd Governor of Fiji
In office
June 1875 – January 1880
Preceded bySir Hercules Robinson
Succeeded bySir William Des Vœux
9th Governor of New Zealand
In office
29 November 1880 – 24 June 1882
PremierJohn Hall
Frederick Whitaker
Preceded bySir Hercules Robinson
Succeeded bySir William Jervois
16th Governor of British Ceylon
In office
3 December 1883 – 28 May 1890
Preceded byJohn Douglas
Succeeded byArthur Havelock
acting governor
Personal details
Born26 November 1829
Died30 January 1912 (aged 82)
RelationsGeorge Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen (father)
Alma materTrinity College, Cambridge


Gordon was born in London in 1829.[2] He was the youngest son of George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen and his second wife, Harriet Douglas. His mother was the widow of Viscount Hamilton.[2] Gordon was educated privately and then at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he was President of the Cambridge Union Society in 1849.[3] After graduating in 1851, he worked as Assistant Private Secretary to the British Prime Minister (his father) between 1852 and 1855, and was a Member of Parliament (MP) for Beverley from 1854 to 1857,[1] before holding a number of colonial governorships:

He was created Baron Stanmore, of Great Stanmore, in the County of Middlesex on 21 August 1893.[7]

In 1897 Lord Stanmore became the chairman of the Pacific Islands Company Ltd ('PIC'), which was a company formed by John T. Arundel that was based in London with its trading activities in the Pacific that involved mining phosphate rock on Banaba (then known as Ocean Island) and Nauru.[8] John T. Arundel and Lord Stanmore were responsible for financing the new opportunities and negotiating with the German company that controlled the licences to mine in Nauru. In 1902 the interests of PIC were merged with Jaluit Gesellschaft of Hamburg, to form the Pacific Phosphate Company, ('PPC') to engage in phosphate mining in Nauru and Banaba.[9]

Gordon's ethnographic collection from Fiji, which was assembled during his Governorship, was donated to the British Museum in 1878.[10]

He was appointed a member of the Royal Commission on Historical Manuscripts in March 1900.[11]


  • William Ewart Gladstone, Baron Arthur Hamilton-Gordon Stanmore (1961). Gladstone-Gordon correspondence, 1851–1896: selections from the private correspondence of a British Prime Minister and a colonial Governor, Volume 51. American Philosophical Society. p. 116. Retrieved 2010-06-28.(Volume 51, Issue 4 of new series, American Philosophical Society Volume 51, Part 4 of Transactions Series Volume 51, Part 4 of Transactions of the American Philosophical Society new ser v. 51, no. 4)(Original from the University of California)


  1. ^ a b Leigh Rayment's Peerage Pages – Peerages beginning with "S" (part 5)
  2. ^ a b Tyler, W. P. N. "Gordon, Arthur Hamilton". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 1 December 2013.
  3. ^ "Gordon, the Hon. Arthur Charles Hamilton (GRDN846AC)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  4. ^ Newbury, Colin (Spring 2011). "Biography and Patronage in Crown Colony Governorships: Sir Arthur Hamilton Gordon and "Personal Administration"" (PDF). Journal of Historical Biography. 9: 1–36.
  5. ^ "Mauritius". Retrieved 2015-08-11.
  6. ^ In 1875, the Fiji Islands were created a separate Colony, and Sir Arthur Gordon was appointed the first Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Fiji, until 1880. In connection with this he also received the appointment of Consul-General, and High Commissioner of the Western Pacific.
  7. ^ "No. 26437". The London Gazette. 1 September 1893. p. 4994.
  8. ^ Albert F. Ellis, (1935) Ocean Island and Nauru: Their Story, Chapter IV
  9. ^ Maslyn Williams & Barrie Macdonald (1985) The Phosphateers
  10. ^ "Collection search: You searched for". British Museum. 2015-03-20. Retrieved 2015-08-11.
  11. ^ "No. 27174". The London Gazette. 16 March 1900. p. 1791.
  12. ^

External links

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
William Wells
Francis Charles Lawley
Member of Parliament for Beverley
1854 – 1857
With: William Wells
Succeeded by
Edward Glover
William Denison
Government offices
Preceded by
Sir John Henry Thomas Manners-Sutton
Lieutenant-Governor of New Brunswick
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Hastings Doyle
Preceded by
E. E. Bushworth (acting)
Governor of Trinidad
Succeeded by
James Robert Longden
Preceded by
Sir Henry Barkly
Governor of Mauritius
Succeeded by
Sir Arthur Purves Phayre
Preceded by
Sir Hercules Robinson
Governor of Fiji
Succeeded by
Sir William Des Vœux
New creation High Commissioner for the Western Pacific
Preceded by
Sir Hercules Robinson
Governor of New Zealand
Succeeded by
Sir William Jervois
Preceded by
John Douglas
acting governor
Governor of Ceylon
Succeeded by
Arthur Havelock
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Stanmore
Succeeded by
George Hamilton-Gordon
1829 in New Zealand

The following lists events that happened during 1829 in New Zealand.

1863 in Canada

Events from the year 1863 in Canada.

Alexander Hamilton-Gordon (British Army officer, born 1817)

General The Honourable Sir Alexander Hamilton-Gordon (11 December 1817 – 18 May 1890), was a Scottish soldier and Liberal Party politician.

Arthur Gordon

Arthur Gordon may refer to:

Arthur Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Baron Stanmore (1829–1912), British colonial administrator

Arthur Gordon (politician) (1896–??), Canadian manufacturer and politician

Arthur Gordon (priest), Dean of Ross, Ireland from 1968 to 1978

Arthurette, New Brunswick

Arthurette is a Canadian farming community in Victoria County, New Brunswick. It is located on the Tobique River halfway between the villages of Plaster Rock and Perth-Andover. The community is located where the Route 109 and Route 390 change banks of the Tobique River.

Baron Stanmore

Baron Stanmore, of Great Stanmore in the County of Middlesex, was a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. It was created in 1893 for the colonial administrator the Hon. Sir Arthur Hamilton-Gordon. He was the youngest son of the former Prime Minister George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen (see Marquess of Aberdeen and Temair for earlier history of the family). His only son, the second Baron, served as a Government Whip from 1914 to 1922 and as Chief Liberal Whip in the House of Lords from 1923 to 1944. However, Lord Stanmore never married and the title became extinct on his death in 1957.

Carl Feilberg

Carl Adolph Feilberg (21 August 1844 – 25 October 1887) was a Danish-born Australian journalist, newspaper editor, general political commentator, who are today best known as an Australian indigenous human-rights activist.

Charles Morris Woodford

Charles Morris Woodford CMG (30 October 1852 – 4 October 1927) was a British naturalist and government minister active in the Solomon Islands. He became the first Resident Commissioner of the Solomon Islands Protectorate, serving from 1896 (three years after the establishment of the British Solomon Islands Protectorate) until 1915.

George Hamilton-Gordon, 2nd Baron Stanmore

George Arthur Maurice Hamilton-Gordon, 2nd Baron Stanmore (3 January 1871 – 13 April 1957), was a British Liberal politician.

Henry Chester

Henry Marjoribanks Chester (30 December 1832 – 3 October 1914) was a public servant and police magistrate in colonial Queensland.Chester was born in London, England, son of William Chester, and educated at Christ's Hospital, the London School in Newgate Street and the Royal Mathematical School. In 1849 Chester entered the service of the Indian navy and remained an officer in it until its abolition in 1862.Chester was in the Queensland Government service from 1876, and in 1877 was sent on an exploring expedition to New Guinea. In July of the next year Chester was appointed by Arthur Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Baron Stanmore to represent him in New Guinea in his capacity as High Commissioner of the Western Pacific. In 1883, when Sir Thomas McIlwraith decided on annexing the island on behalf of the Queensland Government, Chester was employed to proclaim the Queen's sovereignty, which he carried into effect on 4 April. Chester was a police magistrate at Croydon, Queensland from November 1887. Chester was transferred to Cooktown in 1891, to Clermont in 1898 and Gladstone in 1902.Chester died in Brisbane, Queensland, Australia, on 3 October 1914; he was survived by two of his three sons.

Hugh Hastings Romilly

Hugh Hastings Romilly (1856–1892) was a British explorer in the Pacific, the third son of Colonel Frederick Romilly Frederick Romilly and Elizabeth, daughter of Gilbert Elliot, second earl of Minto. He was born in London on 15 March 1856, and, at first, educated at the Rev. C. A. Johns's school at Winchester, and then at Repton. He entered Christ Church, Oxford, on 10 October 1874, but took no degree, leaving to enter the business of Messrs. Melly & Co., merchants, of Liverpool.

He was of adventurous disposition, and joined in Fiji in October 1879 Sir Arthur Gordon, the governor. On 12 November he accompanied his chief to Tonga, and, in December, to Rotumah, in connection with the annexation of that island. He arrived again in Fiji on 17 April 1880, and returned to Rotumah on 18 September 1880 as deputy-commissioner on its annexation to the British crown.

In early 1881, owing to continued ill-health, he rejoined Sir Arthur Gordon, who had gone to New Zealand as governor, but in March he was appointed deputy-commissioner for the Western Pacific, and started for his first long tour through these seas in H.M.S. Beagle. He visited New Hanover, the Admiralty group, Hermit Islands, Astrolabe Bay in New Guinea, the Louisiade archipelago, Woodlark Islands, and the Trobriands. After a visit on sick leave to England, succeeded by a short stay in Fiji, he was ordered to New Guinea for the first time, at the end of 1883. In November 1884 he was one of the party which declared the British protectorate over part of New Guinea.

By some misunderstanding he hoisted the British flag in advance of the formal declaration of protectorate. He gave effective aid in the early administration of the new colony, and on the death of the chief administrator, Sir Peter Scratchley, he acted as administrator in charge of the settlement from December 1885 to the end of February 1886, but went to London in June to supervise the New Guinea exhibits at the Colonial and Indian Exhibition.

For these services he was created a C.M.G. On 17 Jan. 1887 he once again started for the Pacific, staying en route in Egypt and Australia, and in June took up the appointment of deputy-commissioner and consul of the New Hebrides and Solomon Islands, residing chiefly at Port Moresby, New Guinea. His task during 1888 and 1889 was peculiarly trying. There was a good deal of native hostility, and he was much isolated, owing largely, he believed, to the neglect of the home authorities. Finally, in 1890, he resigned his offices.

In 1891 Romilly went out to Africa in command of an expedition for the Northumberland Mining Syndicate, and travelled for some time in Mashonaland. While there he contracted fever, and, returning home, died at Cecil Street, Strand, London, on 27 July 1892. He was unmarried.

Romilly is described by Arthur Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Baron Stanmore as of "a quick intelligence, great physical strength, and an easy temper." His writings prove that he possessed all the qualifications for an explorer of new lands and a student of native ways. A portrait forms the frontispiece of the memoir by his brother, Samuel H. Romilly.

Romilly published: 1. A true Story of the Western Pacific in 1879–80, London, 1882 (2nd edit. with portrait, 1893). 2. The Western Pacific and New Guinea, London, 1886. 3. From my Verandah in New Guinea, London, 1889.


Harris, Charles Alexander (1897). "Romilly, Hugh Hastings" . In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 49. London: Smith, Elder & Co. [Letters and Memoir of Hugh Hastings Romilly, London, 1893; Mennell's Dict. of Australian Biogr.; official records; private information.]

Index of Mauritius-related articles

For a list by topic, see list of Mauritius-related topicsThe following is an index of Mauritius-related topics by alphabetical order.

Index of Sri Lanka-related articles (A)

This page lists Sri Lanka-related articles with titles beginning with an alphabet letter A.

Index of Trinidad and Tobago-related articles

The following is an alphabetical list of topics related to the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago.

Josefa Lalabalavu

Ratu Josefa Lalabalavu (1860 – 1905) was from 1879 until 1905 the 9th Tui Cakau, the Paramount Chief of Cakaudrove Province in Fiji. He was the son of Ratu Goleanavanua and father of Ratu Glanville Wellington Lalabalavu.

List of Trinidad and Tobago-related topics

The following is an outline of topics related to the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago.

Serua Province

See also Serua (disambiguation)Serua is one of Fiji's fourteen Provinces. Its 830 square kilometers occupy the southernmost areas of Viti Levu, being one of 8 provinces based on Fiji's largest island. It had a population of 15,461 at the 2007 census.According to a report by David Wilkinson an interpreter and advisor to Sir Arthur Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Baron Stanmore, 1st, Governor of Fiji, the region was one of the least stable regions of Fiji before cession in 1874. It led to the secession of the western part of the province into the neighbouring province of Nadroga-Navosa in 1916.Serua is part of the Burebasaga confederacy. The traditional head of the province is titled the Vunivalu of Korolevu and is based on the tiny island of Serua (to which the province is named after) just off the coast of the province.

Serua includes Nuku District and three non-contiguous pieces of Serua District, all separated by Nuku.

The province is governed by a Provincial Council, chaired by Taito Nakalevu based in the nearest township of Navua.Prominent people from Serua includes former executive of Telecom Fiji Limited (TFL) Taito Tabaleka, former Fiji government consultant Pio Tabaiwalu, Kele Leawere, netball players Matila Waqanidrola and Vilimaina Davu.

Places of interest in the province include the Pacific Novitiate at Lomeri Pacific Harbour and the renowned Deuba beach.

Ta' Braxia Cemetery

Ta' Braxia Cemetery (Maltese: Iċ-Ċimiterju ta' Braxia) is a cemetery in Gwardamanġa, located near the boundary between Pietà and Ħamrun, Malta. It was built between 1855 and 1857 as a multi-denomination burial ground primarily intended for British servicemen, partially replacing a number of earlier 18th century cemeteries. The site also incorporates a Jewish cemetery which was established in around 1830. The cemetery's construction was controversial since the local ecclesiastical authorities were opposed to a multi-faith extra-mural cemetery.

The cemetery was designed by the Maltese architect Emanuele Luigi Galizia. It was expanded a number of times during the 19th century, and in 1893–94 a memorial chapel dedicated to Lady Rachel Hamilton-Gordon was added. The chapel was designed by the English architect John Loughborough Pearson in a combination of the Gothic Revival and Romanesque Revival styles.

Taukei ni Waluvu

Taukei ni Waluvu is a Fijian phrase for "Native of the Flood." It is the traditional chiefly title of the warrior hill clan Siko-Natabutale of Nairukuruku village. The history of the clan from the mid- nineteenth century, represent the social structures of the chiefly system, religion and western culture that supported colonialism in Fiji. Tradition, Christianity and British indirect rule were combined to legitimize what was accepted as the right way to govern. Condemned by some modern day critics as exploitative, the Fijian chiefly system was the medium of native social interdependence and a traditional contract shared by the indigenous clans of pre-colonial Fiji, that was justly utilized for colonial rule. Since Independence the chiefly system has had to adapt to the demands of modernity. Anthropologist Arthur Capell in his study of early tribal migration within Fiji made the point that, "the history of Fiji is the history of chiefly families." The phrase in fact emphasized the hierarchical nature of Fijian traditional society where chiefly power was held sacred. The relationship between Chiefs and Westerners in especially Missionaries thus became a focal point for gathering insight into Fijian culture and tradition in the nineteenth century.

James Turner a latter anthropologist found, "The chiefly families of Nairukuruku were the first in the eastern highlands of Viti Levu to declare their allegiance to the central government and as a result of this support their influence expanded throughout the area".

Coat of arms of Arthur Hamilton-Gordon, 1st Baron Stanmore
1st: Two Arms from the shoulder naked proper holding a Bow Or and letting fly an Arrow Argent (Gordon); 2nd: Our of a Ducal Coronet Oran Oak Tree fructed and penetrated transversely in the main stem by a Frame Saw inscribed with the word "Thorough" all proper, the tree charged with an Escutcheon Argent thereon a Heart Gules (Hamilton)
Quarterly, 1st and 4th, Azure three Boars' Heads couped within a Double Tressure adorned with Roses Thistles and Fleurs-de-lis alternately Or (Gordon); 2nd and 3rd, Quarterly, (i) and (iv), Gules three Cinquefoils pierced Ermine, (ii) and (iii) Argent a Lymphad the sails furled, the whole within a Bordure Sable (Hamilton)
Dexter: a Chief of the Fiji Islands habited and supporting with the exterior hand a Club all proper; Sinister: an Adigar of the Island of Ceylon habited and holding in the exterior hand a Staff of Office all proper
Haud Immemor [12]
Military Governors

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