Arsuz

Arsuz (Arabic: أرسوز‎, Greek: Αρσούς), also known as Uluçınar is a city in Hatay Province, southern Anatolia (Asian Turkey), and under its Ancient name Rhosus (Ancient Greek: Ῥῶσός and Ῥωσός[1]) a former bishopric and titular see.

Arsuz

Uluçınar
City
Arsuz is located in Turkey
Arsuz
Arsuz
Location in Turkey
Coordinates: 36°24′46″N 35°53′12″E / 36.41278°N 35.88667°ECoordinates: 36°24′46″N 35°53′12″E / 36.41278°N 35.88667°E
Country Turkey
ProvinceHatay Province
Government
 • MayorNazım ÇULHA (CHP)
Elevation
25 m (82 ft)
Population
 (2012)
 • Total2,257
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
31285
Area code(s)0326
Licence plate31

Geography

Arsuz 36°24′46″N 35°53′12″E / 36.41278°N 35.88667°E was a part of İskenderun ilçe [district] of Hatay Province. The town center is located 40 kilometres (25 mi) South of İskenderun and 118 kilometres (73 mi) from Antakya (administrative center of Hatay Province). The population was 2257 [2] as of 2012. While Arsuz is technically just a small town near the end of a coastal road leading south from İskenderun, the entire coastal region between İskenderun and Arsuz is often simply referred to as Arsuz. This area is predominantly small rural farms (usually located inland towards the mountains) and small groups of summer homes (usually located near the coastline). Arsuz was declared the center of Arsuz ilçe (district) in 2012 by the Metropolitan Law in Turkey.

New district

According to Turkish law no. 6360, in 2014 Arsuz became a district including seven towns and 25 villages in the rural area of the district.

History

Arsuz had many names throughout history, including: Rhosus, Rhossus, Rhopolis, Port Panel/Bonnel, Kabev and Arsous. The earliest documents about it date from the Seleucid Empire, of whose Antioch became the capital. Malalas writes that the city was founded by Cilix son of Agenor.[3][4] Arsuz was then an important seaport on the Gulf of Issus. In 64 BC it was annexed by the Roman Empire. Under the name Rhosus, it was a city and bishopric (see below) in the late Roman province of Cilicia Secunda, with Anazarba as its capital. It is mentioned by Strabo,[5] Ptolemy,[6] Pliny the Elder[7] and Stephanus Byzantius; and later by Hierocles[8] and George of Cyprus.[9][10]

Some Christians in Rhosus accepted as truth the Docetic Gospel of Peter and for them in around AD 200 Serapion of Antioch composed a treatise condemning the book.[11] Theodoret,[12] relates the history of the hermit Theodosius of Antioch, founder of a monastery in the mountain near Rhosus, who was forced by the inroads of barbarians to retire to Antioch, where he died and was succeeded by his disciple Romanus, a native of Rhosus; these two religious are honoured by the Greek Orthodox Church on 5 and 9 February.[10]

In 638 the city was incorporated into the Rashidun Caliphate. In 969 it was taken by the Byzantine Empire, in 1084 by the Seljuk Turks, in 1039 by the Crusades, in 1296 by the Egyptian Mamluks and in 1517 by the Ottoman Turks.[13]

Between 1918 and 1938 the town was under French Mandate for Syria and the Lebanon with the rest of Iskenderun district. In 1938 it became part of the independent Hatay Republic, but in June 1939 the Hatay legislature voted to join Turkey.

Ecclesiastical history

Rhosus was a diocese in the sway of the Patriarchate of Antioch , originally as a suffragan of its Metropolitan in provincial capital of Cilicia Secunda, the Archdiocese of Anazarba, as mentioned in the Notitiae Episcopatuum in the 6th century[14] and one dating from about 840.[15] In another of the 10th century Rhosus is included among the 'exempt' sees, directly subject to the Patriarch.[16]

Six residential Suffragan bishops of Rhosus are known:[17]

Titular see

No later than the 15th century the diocese was nominally restored as Latin titular bishopric of Rhosus (Latin) / Rosea (until 1925) / Roso (Curiate Italian) / Rhosien(sis) (Latin adjective)

It is vacant since decades, having had the following incumbents, so far of the fitting Episcopal (lowest) rank:[18]

References

  1. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium, Ethnica, §R548.17
  2. ^ Statistical Institute page Archived 2015-01-29 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ Malalas, Chronography, Book 8.198
  4. ^ Malalas, Chronography, Book 8.201
  5. ^ XIV, 5; XVI, 2.
  6. ^ V, 14.
  7. ^ V, xviii, 2.
  8. ^ Synecdemus 705, 7.
  9. ^ Descriptio orbis romani, 827.
  10. ^ a b Wikisource-logo.svg Pétridès, Sophron (1912). "Rhosus" . In Herbermann, Charles (ed.). Catholic Encyclopedia. 13. New York: Robert Appleton Company.
  11. ^ Eusebius, "Histor. eccles.", VI, xii, 2.
  12. ^ Philoth. Histor., X, XI.
  13. ^ Town page (in Turkish) Archived October 8, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ Vailhé in "Échos d'Orient", X, 145.
  15. ^ Gustav Parthey, Hieroclis synecd. et notit. gr. episcopat., not. Ia, 827.
  16. ^ Vailhé, ibid. 93 seq.
  17. ^ Le Quien, Oriens christianus, II, 905.
  18. ^ http://www.gcatholic.org/dioceses/former/t1470.htm

Sources and external links

Bibliography
  • Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig, 1931, p. 436
  • Michel Lequien, Oriens christianus in quatuor Patriarchatus digestus, Paris, 1740, Tomo II, coll. 905-908
  • Konrad Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, vol. 1, p. 423 (note 4 on 'Rosensis'); vol. 2, pp. 224–225; vol. 3, p. 287; vol. 5, p. 334; vol. 6, p. 357
Alburnus

Alburnus is a genus of fish in the family Cyprinidae, the carps and minnows. They are known commonly as bleaks. A group of species in the genus are known as shemayas. The genus occurs in the western Palearctic ecozone, and the center of diversity is in Turkey.The genus Chalcalburnus is now part of Alburnus.

Altınözü

Altınözü (Arabic: القصير‎, al-Quṣayr) is a district in the south-east of Hatay Province of Turkey, on the border between Turkey and Syria. The mayor is Mehmet Cavid Alkan (AKP).

Arsuz bleak

The Arsuz bleak (Alburnus kotschyi) is a species of freshwater cyprinid fish found in rivers draining into the Gulf of İskenderun, including the Seyhan River and Ceyhan River in Turkey.

Belen, Hatay

Belen is a town and district of Hatay Province in the Mediterranean region of south-central Turkey.

Dörtyol

Dörtyol (Armenian: Չորք Մարզպան, Čork Marzban) is a city in Hatay Province, Turkey. It is a port city and oil terminus located 26 km north of the city of Iskenderun, near the easternmost point of the Mediterranean at the head of the Gulf of İskenderun.

Erzin, Turkey

Erzin, also known as Yeşilkent, is a city in the province of Hatay, on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey. The mayor is Kasım Şimşek (AK Parti).

Füsun Sayek

Füsun Sayek (August 11, 1947 - October 15, 2006) was a Turkish female ophthalmologist and chairperson of the Turkish Medical Association.

Füsun Sayek was born in Bor, Niğde on August 11, 1947, where her father was serving. She completed her primary education in Bor and the middle school in Diyarbakır. In 1964, she finished the high school in Ankara. She studied medicine at Hacettepe University, and graduated in 1970. The career education, which she began at her alma mater in 1971, she continued in the State of New York, the United States until 1976. In 1981i she became a specialist in ophthalmology. She obtained a certificate for community eye healthcare in England in 1986.Sayek served as a board member in Ankara Medical Association between 184 and 1986, as a member of the Central Committee of the Turkish Medical Association (Turkish: Türk Tabipler birliği) (TTB) from 1990 to 1994. In 1996, she was elected chairperson of the TBB's central committee. She served at this post until her death in 2006.Sayek contracted breast cancer, However, she neglected the treatment, which resulted in the advance the disease. She died in Ankara on October 15, 2006. She was survived by her spouse İskender Sayek (born 1944), an academic of general surgery, and daughter Selin Sayek Böke (born 1972), an economist and politician from the Republican People's Party (CHP). She was buried at her spouse's hometown in İskenderun.In honor of her, Ankara Medical Association holds annually "Dr. Füsun Sayek Medical Education Meeting" (Turkish: Dr. Füsun Sayek Tıp Eğitimi Buluşması) on the National Doctors' Day. The "Füsun Sayek Healthcare and Education Development Association" (Turkish: Füsun Sayek Sağlık ve Eğitim Geliştirme Derneği) organizes diverse events in the "Sayek House" at Arsuz, Hatay every year in summer.

Gözcüler

Gözcüler (former Alakop) is a town in İskenderun district of Hatay Province, Turkey. It is situated to the south of İskenderun and to the east of Arsuz (Uluçınar) at 36°23′N 35°55′E. Although not a coastal town, the distance to Mediterranean Sea coast is only 5 kilometres (3.1 mi). The distance to İskenderun is 32 kilometres (20 mi) and to Antakya (province center) is 96 kilometres (60 mi).The population was 7,695 of 2012. After the First World War most of Hatay province was occupied by France and the settlement was named as Elvehep referring to a certain Abdülvahap Pasha who owned most of the territory around. After Hatay became a part of Turkey in 1939, the settlement was renamed as Alakop and after 1960 as Gözcüler (literally “watchmen”). Gözcüler was declared a seat of township in 1988. Although most of town revenue is from agriculture, the touristic potential is promising.

Hassa, Hatay

Hassa is a district of Hatay Province, Turkey on the eastern side of the Nur (Amanos) Mountains, looking towards the city of Gaziantep. It is on the Antakya-Malatya road. In the late 19th and early 20th century, Hassa was part of the Adana Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire. Hassa was a district in Cebel-i Bereket Province from 1923 to 1933 and then a part of Gaziantep Province until 1939.

Hassa is an olive-growing district. The trees were first brought there by Ottoman governor Derviş Paşa in the late 19th century.

Hatay Province

Hatay Province (Turkish: Hatay ili, pronounced [ˈhataj]) is a province in southern Turkey, on the eastern Mediterranean coast. The administrative capital is Antakya (Antioch), and the other major city in the province is the port city of İskenderun (Alexandretta). It is bordered by Syria to the south and east and the Turkish provinces of Adana and Osmaniye to the north. The province is part of Çukurova (Cilicia), a geographical, economical and cultural region that covers the provinces of Mersin, Adana, Osmaniye, and Hatay. There are border crossing points with Syria in the district of Yayladağı and at Cilvegözü in the district of Reyhanlı.

Sovereignty over the province remains disputed with neighbouring Syria, which claims that the province was separated from itself against the stipulations of the French Mandate of Syria in the years following Syria's independence from the Ottoman Empire after World War I. Although the two countries have remained generally peaceful in their dispute over the territory, Syria has never formally renounced its claims to it.

Karsu, Altınözü

Karsu is a village in the Altınözü district of Hatay Province in the south of Turkey.

The neighbourhood has a Mediterranean climate.

Kırıkhan

Kırıkhan is a town and district in the northeastern part of Hatay Province, Turkey. The name Kırıkhan means “broken inn” in the Turkish language, perhaps a reference to one of the many lodgings that once lined the road. The town stands at the intersection of the route between İskenderun and Aleppo, and the major east-west road between Antakya and Kahramanmaraş.

The town was once part of the district of Belen, but became a district in its own right in 1923 at the time of the French Mandate. On 23 June 1939, Kırıkhan joined Turkey as part of Hatay.

It has 687.73 km2 acreage, 32.3°C of average summer temperature and 7.31°C of average winter temperature.

List of populated places in Hatay Province

Below is the list of populated places in Hatay Province, Turkey by the districts. Unlike most other provinces of Turkey, in Hatay the capital of the province and the province don't bear the same name. The capital of the province is Antakya. In the following lists first place in each list is the administrative center of the district.

Quwê

Quwê – also spelled Que, Kue, Qeve, Coa, Kuê and Keveh – was a Syro-Hittite Assyrian vassal state or province at various times from the 9th century BCE to shortly after the death of Ashurbanipal around 627 BCE in the lowlands of eastern Cilicia, and the name of its capital city, tentatively identified with Adana, in modern Turkey. The name Que reflects the Assyrian transmission of the indigenous name Hiyawa, the same state is known as Hume from Babylonian sources. The question whether the toponym Hiyawa is related to Ahhiyawa, the Hittite designation of Mycenaean Greeks, is at present hotly debated. The principal argument in favour of a Greek migration into Cilicia at the end of the Bronze Age is the mention of Muksa/Mopsos as the founder of the local dynasty in indigenous Luwian and Phoenician inscriptions. According to many translations of the Bible, Quwê was the place from which King Solomon obtained horses. (I Kings 10: 28, 29; II Chron. 1:16)

The species name of Cyclamen coum probably refers to Quwê.

Reyhanlı

Reyhanlı (pronounced [ɾejˈhanɫɯ]; Arabic: الريحانية‎, ar-Rayḥānīyah) is a town and district of Hatay Province, on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey, near the country's border with Syria.

Rhosus

Rhosus may refer to:

Places and jurisdictions

Arsuz (Arsûs), formerly known as Rhosus, a coastal town in Hatay Province, Asian Turkey,

the former Diocese of Rhosus, with see in the above city in Cilicia Secunda, now a Latin Catholic titular see

a place on the Pierian coast in MacedoniaOtherRhosus (moth), a moth genus

Yayladağı

Yayladağı (pronounced [ˈjajɫaˈdaɯ], Arabic: اوردو‎) is a town and district of Hatay Province in southern Turkey, on the border between Turkey and Syria, 51 km (32 mi) south of the city of Antakya.

İskenderun

İskenderun (Arabic: الإسكندرونة‎, Greek: Αλεξανδρέττα "Little Alexandria"), historically known as Alexandretta and Scanderoon, is a city and the largest district in Hatay Province on the Mediterranean coast of Turkey.

Aegean
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Central Anatolia
Eastern Anatolia
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