Ars Technica

Ars Technica (/ˌɑːrz ˈtɛknɪkə/; a Latin-derived term that the site translates as the "art of technology") is a website covering news and opinions in technology, science, politics, and society, created by Ken Fisher and Jon Stokes in 1998. It publishes news, reviews, and guides on issues such as computer hardware and software, science, technology policy, and video games. Many of the site's writers are postgraduates and some work for research institutions. Articles on the website are written in a less-formal tone than those in traditional journals.

Ars Technica was privately owned until May 2008, when it was sold to Condé Nast Digital, the online division of Condé Nast Publications. Condé Nast purchased the site, along with two others, for $25 million and added it to the company's Wired Digital group, which also includes Wired and, formerly, Reddit. The staff mostly works from home and has offices in Boston, Chicago, London, New York City, and San Francisco.

The operations of Ars Technica are funded primarily by online advertising, and it has offered a paid subscription service since 2001. The website generated controversy in 2010, when it experimentally prevented readers who used advertisement-blocking software from viewing the site.

Ars Technica
The word "Ars" is displayed in white lowercase letters centered within an orange circle; immediately to the right of the circle is the word "Technica" in black uppercase letters.
The Ars Technica logo is displayed in the top-left corner of the web page. Separated into two rows below the logo are several boxes, each of which contains an article's headline and image.
Type of site
Technology news and information
Available inEnglish
OwnerCondé Nast
Created by
Ken Fisher
  • Jon Stokes
Alexa rankNegative increase 1,779 (as of January 18, 2019)[1]
LaunchedDecember 30, 1998[2]
Current statusOnline


Ken Fisher and Jon Stokes created the Ars Technica website and limited liability company in 1998.[3][4] Its purpose was to publish computer hardware- and software-related news articles and guides;[5] in their words, "the best multi-OS, PC hardware, and tech coverage possible while ... having fun, being productive, and being as informative and as accurate as possible".[6] "Ars technica" is a Latin phrase that translates to "Art of Technology".[5] The website published news, reviews, guides, and other content of interest to computer enthusiasts. Writers for Ars Technica were geographically distributed across the United States at the time; Fisher lived in his parents' house in Boston, Massachusetts, Stokes in Chicago, Illinois, and the other writers in their respective cities.[4][7]

On May 19, 2008, Ars Technica was sold to Condé Nast Digital, the online division of Condé Nast Publications.[a] The sale was part of a purchase by Condé Nast Digital of three unaffiliated websites costing $25 million in total: Ars Technica, Webmonkey, and HotWired. Ars Technica was added to the company's Wired Digital group, which included Wired and Reddit. In an interview with The New York Times, Fisher said other companies offered to buy Ars Technica and the site's writers agreed to a deal with Condé Nast because they felt it offered them the best chance to turn their "hobby" into a business.[9] Fisher, Stokes, and the eight other writers at the time were employed by Condé Nast, with Fisher as editor-in-chief.[5][10] Layoffs at Condé Nast in November 2008 affected websites owned by the company "across the board", including Ars Technica.[11]

On May 5, 2015, Ars Technica launched its United Kingdom site to expand its coverage of issues related to the UK and Europe.[12] The UK site began with around 500,000 readers and had reached roughly 1.4 million readers a year after its launch.[13] In September 2017, Condé Nast announced that it was significantly downsizing its Ars Technica UK arm, and laid off all but one member of its permanent editorial staff.[14]


The content of articles published by Ars Technica has generally remained the same since its creation in 1998 and is categorized by four types: news, guides, reviews, and features. News articles relay current events. Ars Technica also hosts OpenForum, a free Internet forum for the discussion of a variety of topics.

Originally, most news articles published by the website were relayed from other technology-related websites. Ars Technica provided short commentary on the news, generally a few paragraphs, and a link to the original source. After being purchased by Condé Nast, Ars Technica began publishing more original news, investigating topics, and interviewing sources themselves. A significant portion of the news articles published there now are original. Relayed news is still published on the website, ranging from one or two sentences to a few paragraphs.

Ars Technica's features are long articles that go into great depth on their subject.[15][16] For example, the site published a guide on CPU architecture in 1998 named "Understanding CPU caching and performance".[17] An article in 2009 discussed in detail the theory, physics, mathematical proofs, and applications of quantum computers.[18] The website's 18,000-word review of Apple Inc.'s iPad described everything from the product's packaging to the specific type of integrated circuits it uses.[19]

Ars Technica is written in a less-formal tone than that found in a traditional journal.[20][21] Many of the website's regular writers have postgraduate degrees, and many work for academic or private research institutions. Website cofounder Jon Stokes published the computer architecture textbook Inside The Machine in 2007;[22] John Timmer performed postdoctoral research in developmental neurobiology;[20] Until 2013, Timothy Lee was a scholar at the Cato Institute, a public-policy institute, which republished Ars Technica articles by him.[23][24] Biology journal Disease Models & Mechanisms called Ars Technica a "conduit between researchers and the public" in 2008.[25]

On September 12, 2012, Ars Technica recorded its highest daily traffic ever with its iPhone 5 event coverage. It recorded 15.3 million page views, 13.2 million of which came from its live blog platform of the event.[26]


Jennifer Ouelette, the former science editor of Gizmodo, contributes science and culture coverage. Beth Mole, who has a PhD in microbiology, handles Ars' health coverage. She was formerly at Science News. Eric Berger, formerly of the Houston Chronicle, covers space exploration. John Timmer is the science editor for Ars.[27] He formerly taught scientific writing and science journalism at Stony Brook University and Weill Cornell Medical College.[28][29] He earned his undergraduate degree from Columbia University and his PhD from University of California, Berkeley and worked as a postdoc at Memorial Sloan Kettering.[27][30]


The cost of operating Ars Technica has always been funded primarily by online advertising.[31] Originally handled by Federated Media Publishing, selling advertising space on the website is now managed by Condé Nast.[10] In addition to online advertising, Ars Technica has sold subscriptions to the website since 2001, now named Ars Premier subscriptions. Subscribers are not shown advertisements, and receive benefits including the ability to see exclusive articles, post in certain areas of the Ars Technica forum, and participate in live chat rooms with notable people in the computer industry.[32] To a lesser extent, revenue is also collected from content sponsorship. A series of articles about the future of collaboration was sponsored by IBM,[31] and the site's Exploring Datacenters section is sponsored by data-management company NetApp. In the past, Ars Technica collected shared revenue from affiliate marketing by advertising deals and discounts from online retailers, and from the sale of Ars Technica-branded merchandise.[33]

On March 5, 2010, Ars Technica experimentally blocked readers who used Adblock Plus—one of several computer programs that stop advertisements from being displayed in a web browser—from viewing the website. Fisher estimated 40% of the website's readers had the software installed at the time. The next day, the block was lifted, and the article "Why Ad Blocking is devastating to the sites you love" was published on Ars Technica, persuading readers not to use the software on websites they care about:[31][34]

... blocking ads can be devastating to the sites you love. I am not making an argument that blocking ads is a form of stealing, or is immoral, or unethical ... It can result in people losing their jobs, it can result in less content on any given site, and it definitely can affect the quality of content. It can also put sites into a real advertising death spin.

The block and article were controversial, generating articles on other websites about them, and the broader issue of advertising ethics.[35][36] Readers of Ars Technica generally followed Fisher's persuasion; the day after his article was published, 25,000 readers who used the software had allowed the display of advertisements on Ars Technica in their browser, and 200 readers had subscribed to Ars Premier.[31]

In February 2016, Fisher noted, "That article lowered the ad-block rate by 12 percent, and what we found was that the majority of people blocking ads on our site were doing it because other sites were irritating them." In response to an increasing use of ad blockers, Ars Technica intends to identify readers who filter out advertisements and ask them to support the site by several means.[37]

See also


  1. ^ Condé Nast Digital was named CondéNet at the time.[8]


  1. ^ " Site Overview". Alexa Internet. Retrieved January 18, 2019.
  2. ^ "Whois Record for". DomainTools. Retrieved July 16, 2016.
  3. ^ "About Us". Ars Technica. Condé Nast. Archived from the original on April 5, 2010. Retrieved April 10, 2010.
  4. ^ a b "Report: Ars Technica bought by Wired Digital". Mass High Tech Business News. American City Business Journals. May 16, 2008. Archived from the original on February 4, 2009. Retrieved April 10, 2010.
  5. ^ a b c Swisher, Kara (March 17, 2008). "Ars Technica's Ken Fisher Speaks!". All Things Digital. Dow Jones & Company. Archived from the original on April 19, 2008. Retrieved April 10, 2010.
  6. ^ "Welcome to Ars Technica". Ars Technica. 1999. Archived from the original on May 8, 1999. Retrieved April 10, 2010.
  7. ^ "The Ars Technica Group". Ars Technica. 1999. Archived from the original on May 8, 1999. Retrieved April 10, 2010.
  8. ^ O'Malley, Gavin (January 26, 2009). "Condé Nast Digital Replaces CondéNet". MediaPost. Archived from the original on May 11, 2011. Retrieved June 23, 2011.
  9. ^ Carr, David (May 19, 2008). "Geeks Crash a House of Fashion". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 22, 2016. Retrieved May 20, 2008.
  10. ^ a b Arrington, Michael (May 16, 2008). "Breaking: Condé Nast/Wired Acquires Ars Technica". TechCrunch. AOL. Archived from the original on April 10, 2010. Retrieved April 10, 2010.
  11. ^ Kafka, Peter (November 11, 2008). "Condé Nast Web Arm CondéNet's Turn for "Across the Board" Cuts". All Things Digital. Dow Jones & Company. Archived from the original on April 8, 2010. Retrieved April 10, 2010.
  12. ^ Anthony, Sebastian (May 5, 2015). "Welcome to Ars Technica UK!". Ars Technica UK. Condé Nast UK. Archived from the original on May 5, 2015. Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  13. ^ Anthony, Sebastian (May 5, 2016). "Ars Technica UK is one year old today: Here's what's coming next". Ars Technica UK. Condé Nast UK. Archived from the original on May 6, 2016. Retrieved September 1, 2016.
  14. ^ Jessica, Davies (September 1, 2017). "Conde Nast's Ars Technica struggles in UK expansion - Digiday". Digiday. Retrieved November 12, 2017.
  15. ^ Fallows, James (October 5, 2009). "Festival of updates #3: Snow Leopard and "huge pages"!". The Atlantic. Archived from the original on June 8, 2011. Retrieved April 10, 2010.
  16. ^ Arthur, Charles (August 29, 2009). "Snow Leopard: hints, hassles and review roundup from around the web". The Guardian. Archived from the original on January 9, 2014. Retrieved April 10, 2010.
  17. ^ "Understanding CPU caching and performance". Ars Technica. December 1, 1998. Archived from the original on May 8, 1999. Retrieved April 10, 2010.
  18. ^ Altepeter, Joseph B. (February 1, 2010). "A tale of two qubits: how quantum computers work". Ars Technica. Condé Nast. Archived from the original on March 23, 2010. Retrieved April 10, 2010.
  19. ^ Cheng, Jacqui (April 6, 2010). "Ars Technica reviews the iPad". Ars Technica. Condé Nast. Archived from the original on April 10, 2010. Retrieved April 10, 2010.
  20. ^ a b Brumfiel, Geoff (April 1, 2009). "Science journalism: Supplanting the old media?". Nature. Macmillan Publishers. Archived from the original on March 21, 2009. Retrieved April 10, 2010.
  21. ^ Bonetta, Laura (May 4, 2007). "Scientists Enter the Blogosphere". Cell. Elsevier. 129 (3): 443–445. doi:10.1016/j.cell.2007.04.032. PMID 17482534. Archived from the original on February 15, 2019. Retrieved April 10, 2010.
  22. ^ Stokes, John (2007). Inside the machine: an illustrated introduction to microprocessors and computer architecture. No Starch Press. ISBN 978-1-59327-104-6. Retrieved March 30, 2015.
  23. ^ "About Cato". Cato Institute. Archived from the original on April 7, 2010. Retrieved April 10, 2010.
  24. ^ Lee, Timothy B. (July 6, 2007). "Google Should Stick to What It Knows Best". Cato Institute. Archived from the original on April 9, 2010. Retrieved April 10, 2010.
  25. ^ "Useful Websites" (PDF). Disease Models & Mechanisms. 1 (2–3): 88. 2008. doi:10.1242/dmm.001305. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 24, 2015. Retrieved April 10, 2010.
  26. ^ "Maybe The iPhone 5 Hype Is Not So 'Silly' After All". MinOnline. September 14, 2012. Archived from the original on September 16, 2012. Retrieved September 17, 2012.
  27. ^ a b Brumfiel, Geoff (March 19, 2009). "Science journalism: Supplanting the old media?". Nature. 458 (7236): 274–277. doi:10.1038/458274a. PMID 19295582.
  28. ^ "ScienceOnline2010 – interview with John Timmer". A Blog Around The Clock. February 18, 2010.
  29. ^ Nguyen, Tien (July 29, 2014). "A Day in the Life of John Timmer". The Open Notebook.
  30. ^ Berry, Dana (November 24, 2016). "More to Science: Working as a science journalist". BioMed Central blog.
  31. ^ a b c d McGann, Laura (March 9, 2010). "How Ars Technica's "experiment" with ad-blocking readers built on its community's affection for the site". Nieman Journalism Lab. The Nieman Foundation for Journalism at Harvard. Archived from the original on March 14, 2010. Retrieved April 10, 2010.
  32. ^ "Ars Premier FAQ". Ars Technica. Condé Nast. September 15, 2009. Archived from the original on April 12, 2010. Retrieved April 10, 2010.
  33. ^ "The Ars Emporium". Ars Technica. 2001. Archived from the original on December 17, 2001. Retrieved April 10, 2010.
  34. ^ Fisher, Ken. "Why Ad Blocking is devastating to the sites you love". Ars Technica.
  35. ^ Asay, Matt (March 9, 2010). "Is ad blocking the problem?". CNET. CBS Interactive. Archived from the original on March 30, 2015. Retrieved March 25, 2015.
  36. ^ Valentino-DeVries, Jennifer (March 8, 2010). "To Block or Not to Block Online Ads". The Wall Street Journal. Dow Jones & Company. Archived from the original on March 11, 2010. Retrieved April 10, 2010.
  37. ^ Murphy, Kate (February 20, 2016). "The Ad Blocking Wars". The New York Times. Archived from the original on February 22, 2016. Retrieved February 22, 2016.

Further reading

External links

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Android Nougat

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Windows 10

Windows 10 is a series of personal computer operating systems produced by Microsoft as part of its Windows NT family of operating systems. It is the successor to Windows 8.1, and was released to manufacturing on July 15, 2015, and broadly released for retail sale on July 29, 2015. Windows 10 receives new builds on an ongoing basis, which are available at no additional cost to users, in addition to additional test builds of Windows 10 which are available to Windows Insiders. Devices in enterprise environments can receive these updates at a slower pace, or use long-term support milestones that only receive critical updates, such as security patches, over their ten-year lifespan of extended support.One of Windows 10's most notable features is support for universal apps, an expansion of the Metro-style apps first introduced in Windows 8. Universal apps can be designed to run across multiple Microsoft product families with nearly identical code‍—‌including PCs, tablets, smartphones, embedded systems, Xbox One, Surface Hub and Mixed Reality. The Windows user interface was revised to handle transitions between a mouse-oriented interface and a touchscreen-optimized interface based on available input devices‍—‌particularly on 2-in-1 PCs, both interfaces include an updated Start menu which incorporates elements of Windows 7's traditional Start menu with the tiles of Windows 8. Windows 10 also introduced the Microsoft Edge web browser, a virtual desktop system, a window and desktop management feature called Task View, support for fingerprint and face recognition login, new security features for enterprise environments, and DirectX 12.

Windows 10 received mostly positive reviews upon its original release in July 2015. Critics praised Microsoft's decision to provide a desktop-oriented interface in line with previous versions of Windows, contrasting the tablet-oriented approach of 8, although Windows 10's touch-oriented user interface mode was criticized for containing regressions upon the touch-oriented interface of Windows 8. Critics also praised the improvements to Windows 10's bundled software over Windows 8.1, Xbox Live integration, as well as the functionality and capabilities of the Cortana personal assistant and the replacement of Internet Explorer with Microsoft Edge. However, media outlets have been critical of changes to operating system behaviors, including mandatory update installation, privacy concerns over data collection performed by the OS for Microsoft and its partners and the adware-like tactics used to promote the operating system on its release.Microsoft aimed to have Windows 10 installed on at least one billion devices in the two to three years following its release. Up to August 2016, Windows 10 usage was increasing, with it then plateauing, while eventually in 2018, it became more popular than Windows 7 (though Windows 7 is still more used in most countries in Asia and Africa) and thus the single most used Windows version overall (at 48.18%, thus the other more used overall), though not on some continents as measured by web traffic. As of March 2019, the operating system is running on more than 800 million devices and has an estimated usage share of 32% on traditional PCs, making it the most popular version of Windows and the largest usage share of an OS overall, and 15% across all platforms (PC, mobile, tablet, and console).

Windows Anytime Upgrade

Windows Anytime Upgrade is a discontinued component of Windows Vista and Windows 7 that enabled users to upgrade their editions of Windows (e.g., from Home Basic to Ultimate). Pricing for upgrades purchased through Anytime Upgrade was also reduced when compared with traditional retail packaging. In Windows 8 and Windows 8.1, the feature was re-branded as Add features to Windows and was used to purchase an upgrade license to the Pro edition of the operating system or to add Windows Media Center to an existing Pro edition installation. However, support for this feature in Windows 8 and Windows 8.1 was dropped on October 31, 2015.

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