Arrast-Larrebieu

Arrast-Larrebieu (Basque: Ürrustoi-Larrebille) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Urrustoitars.[2]

Arrast-Larrebieu
The road into Arrast
The road into Arrast
Location of Arrast-Larrebieu
Arrast-Larrebieu is located in France
Arrast-Larrebieu
Arrast-Larrebieu
Arrast-Larrebieu is located in Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Arrast-Larrebieu
Arrast-Larrebieu
Coordinates: 43°17′39″N 0°50′56″W / 43.2942°N 0.8489°WCoordinates: 43°17′39″N 0°50′56″W / 43.2942°N 0.8489°W
CountryFrance
RegionNouvelle-Aquitaine
DepartmentPyrénées-Atlantiques
ArrondissementOloron-Sainte-Marie
CantonMontagne Basque
IntercommunalityCA Pays Basque
Government
 • Mayor (2014-2020) Allande Davant
Area
1
7.56 km2 (2.92 sq mi)
Population
 (2016-01-01)[1]
96
 • Density13/km2 (33/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
64050 /64130
Elevation132–299 m (433–981 ft)
(avg. 173 m or 568 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Geography

Arrast-Larrebieu General View
Arrast-Larrebieu General View

Arrast-Larrebieu is located in the former province of Soule some 12 km east by south-east of Saint-Palais and 10 km north by north-east of Mauléon-Licharre. Access to the commune is by the D243 road which branches off the D11 west of the commune and north of Espès-Undurein and passes through the village before continuing north-east to join the D115. The D135 from the D11 in the west to Moncayolle-Larrory-Mendibieu in the south-east passes through the south of the commune and the hamlet of Larrebieu. The commune is mainly farmland with many forests scattered throughout the commune.[3]

The Laxubie rises in the south of the commune and flows north past the village gathering many tributaries and joins the Apaure north of the commune. Several small streams rise in the west of the commune and flow west to join the Saison.[3]

Places and Hamlets[4]

  • Abbadia
  • Aguelcheberry
  • Aguerria
  • Aitzaguer (ruins)
  • Algalarrondo
  • Arkabisquey
  • Arrast
  • Asconeguy
  • Behety
  • Bethulard
  • Bou
  • Garatia
  • Gastelu
  • Gastelu Arrast
  • Gasteluchague
  • Habiague
  • Heguilus
  • Hoilly
  • Ibarbouen
  • Lacoste
  • Laplume
  • Larçabal
  • Larlette
  • Larrebieu
  • Larribet
  • Mendiondo
  • Oyhenart
  • Poutou
  • Sabalain
  • Sagardoyburu
  • Sallaberry
  • Sunhary
  • Tine

Toponymy

Arrast Fronton
Arrast Fronton

The commune name in basque today is Ürrüstoi-Larrabile.[5]

Jean-Baptiste Orpustan indicated that the spelling in Basque Arrast is sometimes given with the determinant Ürrüxtoia meaning "hazel tree grove". He also stated that larrabil means a "rounded moor, squat".[6]

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Arrast Arrast 13th century Raymond
11
Bayonne Village
Arrast 1690 Orpustan
Larast 1690 Orpustan
Larrast 1690 Orpustan
Larrebieu Larrebiu 1384 Raymond
94
Notaries Village
Larrebiu 1690 Orpustan

Sources:

Origins:

History

Paul Raymond noted on page 11 of his 1863 dictionary that the commune had a Lay Abbey, vassal of the Viscounts of Soule.[7]

Larrebieu was merged with the commune of Arrast on 16 October 1842.[7]

Administration

Arrast Community Hall
Arrast-Larrebieu Community Hall

List of Successive Mayors[10]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2014 Julien Erbin UMP
2014 2020 Allande Davant

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality

The commune is part of seven inter-communal structures:

  • the Community of communes of Soule-Xiberoa;
  • the Sanitation association of Pays de Soule;
  • the AEP association of Pays de Soule;
  • the inter-communal association of la Vallée;
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
  • the inter-communal association for the construction and operation of the CES at Mauleon;
  • the association to support Basque culture.

Demography

In 2009 the commune had 102 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
216 212 154 191 176 200 323 308 292
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
261 247 283 235 265 275 259 252 246
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
263 251 258 242 225 215 201 203 198
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
173 144 128 131 123 105 103 102 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

Population - Municipality code 64050
Population of Arrast-Larrebieu

Economy

Economic activity is mainly agricultural (livestock and pasture). The town is part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée zone designation of Ossau-iraty.

Culture and Heritage

Civil heritage

An enclosure with an earthen parapet (a protohistoric fort or Gaztelu zahar) at an altitude of 282 metres at a place called Gazteluxaga reflects the ancient past of the commune.

Religious heritage

Arrast Church
The church of Sainte-Lucie
Arrast-Larrebieu Hilarri
Hilarri in the Churchyard
Larrebieu Chapel
Chapel at Larrebieu

The Parish Church of Sainte-Lucie (19th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[11] It has a bell tower called Trinity or Souletin meaning the "top of the wall", pierced by bays for the bells with three roof peaks of approximately equal height, hence the name Trinity.[12] The church contains a Processional Cross (17th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg which is registered as an historical object.[13]

Notable people linked to the commune

See also

External links

Notes and references

Notes

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
  2. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  3. ^ a b c Google Maps
  4. ^ Géoportail, IGN ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  5. ^ Euskaltzaindia - Academy of the Basque language (Basque)
  6. ^ a b Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy, Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, 2006, ISBN 2 86781 396 4 ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  7. ^ a b c Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  8. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  9. ^ Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  10. ^ List of Mayors of France ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  11. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000734 Parish Church of Sainte-Lucie ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  12. ^ Philippe Veyrin, The Basques, p. 241, Arthaud, 20 December 1975, ISBN 2700300386 ‹See Tfd›(in French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000036 Processional Cross ‹See Tfd›(in French)
Araux

Araux (Araus in Occitan) is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in southwestern France.

Arrondissement of Oloron-Sainte-Marie

The arrondissement of Oloron-Sainte-Marie is an arrondissement of France in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region. Since the January 2017 reorganization of the arrondissements of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, it has 155 communes.

Escot

Escot is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.

Estos

Estos is a commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in south-western France.

Habia (placename element)

Habia, probably from habe(a), is an element in river names as:

the Uhabia, a coastal river of the French Basque Country,

the Ardanabia, a left tributary of the Adour.It may also be found in names as: Azkabi (Lohitzun), Habiaga (Ainharp, Arrast-Larrebieu, Iholdy), Zehabia (Armendarits), Zehabiaga (Chéraute), Intzabi, Okabe…

The word habia means 'nest' in modern Basque. Its original meaning is 'hole', 'lower place', where rivers flow.

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Its inhabitants are called Isestois.

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Lanne-en-Barétous

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List of municipalities in Soule

This is a list of the municipalities in the province of Soule in Basque Country and part of Pyrénées-Atlantiques département.

Soule is the smallest historical province of the Basque Country. It is divided into 3 parts:

Cantons of the arrondissement (district) of Oloron-Sainte-Marie (Mauleon-Licharre and Tardets-Soraluce)

A part of the canton of Saint Palais (arrondissement of Bayonne)

7 municipalities of the canton de Saint-Palais (and a part of the municipality of Pagolle).

Livron

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Loubieng

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Mirepeix

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Momy

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Mont, Pyrénées-Atlantiques

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Ramous

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Uzein

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Neighbouring communes and villages[3]
Communes of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department

Languages

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