Aron Gurevich

Aron Yakovlevich Gurevich (also spelled Aaron Gurevich Russian: Аро́н Я́ковлевич Гуре́вич; May 12, 1924, Moscow – August 5, 2006, Moscow) was a Russian medievalist historian, working on the European culture of the Middle Ages.

Gurevich's work was informed by Jacques Le Goff and Georges Duby, and he considered himself a member of their Annales School. He was also influenced by ideas of Mikhail Bakhtin, challenging some of them at the same time. Gurevich's work was considered anti-Marxist and met with hostility in the Soviet Union, but enjoyed support abroad among the Annales School, although he was not allowed to travel abroad before Perestroika.

Life and career

Aron Gurevich was born in Moscow on May 12, 1924 to a secular Jewish family.[1] In 1946 he graduated from the Moscow State University.[2] He initially specialized in Scandinavian languages.[3] In 1950 after defending his dissertation Peasantry of South-Eastern England during the pre-Norman period he became a Candidate of Sciences[2] and a lecturer of Kalinin State Pedagogical Institute (now Tver State University),[2] a provincial posting he was relegated to, and which he held from 1950 until 1964.[3] In 1962 Gurevich received a Doktor nauk degree at Leningrad University.[2] His doctoral thesis was Overview of Norway's social history in IX–XII centuries. It was the first doctoral thesis in Soviet Union completely dedicated to Viking history.[2] His career would suffer notably from the fact that he was Jewish, something that spelled considerable difficulties for scholars within the Soviet Union at that time.[4]

Aron Gurevich returned to Kalinin and became a professor in 1963.[2]

In 1966 Gurevich joined Moscow Institute of Philosophy, but he was fired after publishing Problems in the Origins of Feudalism in Western Europe (Problemy genezisa feodalizma v zapadnoi Evrope(1970)), where he contested the theory on origins of feudalism adopted in Marxist historiography,[2] and was denounced for his employment of structuralist methods. Thereafter on he was barred from academic teaching. He was employed in the Information Department of the Institute for World History in Moscow until 1992.[2][5]

In 1989 during Perestroika Gurevich was allowed to exit the country for the first time, and he lectured abroad in 1989–1991.

In 1993 he became a head of the Institute of the World History at the Moscow State University.[2]

In 1998 he became a foreign member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences.[6]

Publications

  • Gurevich A. J. Categories of Medieval culture. Trans. by G. L. Campbell. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1985. ISBN 0-7100-9578-3
  • Gurevich, Aron. Medieval Popular Culture: Problems of Belief and Perception. Trans. by János M. Bak & Paul A. Hollingsworth. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1990. ISBN 0-521-38658-6
Bornstein, Daniel. Review of Medieval Popular Culture: Problems of Belief and Perception by Aron Gurevich; János M. Bak; Paul A. Hollingsworth. Church History, Vol. 59, No. 2 (Jun., 1990), pp. 234–235.
Van Engen, John. Review of Medieval Popular Culture: Problems of Belief and Perception by Aron Gurevich. Journal of Social History, Vol. 24, No. 1 (Autumn, 1990), pp. 164–167.
Madigan, Kevin. Review of Medieval Popular Culture: Problems of Belief and Perception by Aron Gurevich; Janos M. Bak; Paul A. Hollingsworth. The Journal of Religion, Vol. 70, No. 2 (Apr., 1990), pp. 254–255.
Carruthers, Mary J. Review of Historical Anthropology of the Middle Ages by Aaron Gurevich; Jana Howlett. The American Historical Review, Vol. 98, No. 4 (Oct., 1993), pp. 1220.
Wylie, Jonathan. Review of Historical Anthropology of the Middle Ages by Aaron Gurevich. Ethnohistory, Vol. 41, No. 2 (Spring, 1994), pp. 331–333.

References

  1. ^ Mazour-Matusevich, Yelena (2005). "Writing Medieval History: An Interview with Aaron Gurevich". Journal of Medieval and Early Modern Studies. Duke University Press. 35:1 (Winter 2005): 121–158.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Ефимов, Артем (2006-08-06). История и судьба, или Сага Арона Гуревича (in Russian). Lenta.ru. Retrieved 2008-08-31.
  3. ^ a b Yelena Mazour-Matusevič, ',' in Yelena Mazour-Matusevič, Alexandra Schecket Korros (eds.), Saluting Aron Gurevich: Essays in History, Literature and Other Related Subjects, BRILL 2010 p.xiii.
  4. ^ Harbana Mukhía, 'Aron Gurevich:A View from India', in Yelena Mazour-Matusevič,'Saluting Aron Gurevich: Essays in History, Literature and Other Related Subjects, 'in Alexandra Schecket Korros (eds.), Saluting Aron Gurevich: Essays in History, Literature and Other Related Subjects, BRILL 2010 pp.1-10, p.3.
  5. ^ János M. Bak,'A.J.Gurevich,' letter to the Times Literary Supplement, 19 April 2085p.437.
  6. ^ "A.I. Gurevich (1924 - 2006)". Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 21 July 2015.

External links

See also

Alexander Dobrokhotov

Alexander Dobrokhotov (Russian: Алекса́ндр Льво́вич Доброхо́тов; born 8 September 1950) is a Russian philosopher, historian of philosophy, historian of culture, and university professor. He specialises in the history of Russian culture, history of philosophy, metaphysics, Russian philosophy, ancient and medieval philosophy, Kant and German Idealism, and philosophy of culture. Alexander Dobrokhotov is a leading Russian philosopher of culture and one of the founders of the Russian discipline within the humanities called ‘culturology’ (kulturologia).

Champagne fairs

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Deaths in August 2006

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Entries for each day are listed alphabetically by surname. A typical entry lists information in the following sequence:

Name, age, country of citizenship at birth, subsequent country of citizenship (if applicable), reason for notability, cause of death (if known), and reference.

Materia medica

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Mikhail Gasparov

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In 1997 he shared the Little Booker Prize with Aleksandr Goldstein for their publications analysing Russian literature from a historical-philosophical point of view.In 1999 Gasparov was awarded the Andrei Bely Prize for his essay collection Notes and excerpts (Russian: Записи и выписки).

Gasparov was also a poet. He published translations of classical and modern European poetry, yet only one of his own poems was published during his lifetime.Gasparov was a member of the editorial board of Literary Monuments (Russian: Литературные памятники) book series, journals Journal of Ancient History (Russian: Вестник древней истории), Literary Research (Russian: Литературоведение), Elementa (United States), and Rossica Romana (Italy).Mikhail Gasparov published about 300 articles, translations and other works, including the monographs Fable in Antiquity (Russian: Античная литературная басня, 1971), Modern Russian Versification (Russian: Современный русский стих. Метрика и ритмика, 1974), Overview of the History of Russian Versification (Russian: Очерк истории русского стиха: Метрика, ритмика, рифма, строфика, 1984), Overview of the History of European Versification (Russian: Очерк истории европейского стиха, 1989).During his last years Gasparov was actively engaged in publishing the collected works of the Russian poet Osip Mandelstam.Commemorating Mikhail Gasparov, the Russian State University for the Humanities organises annual conferences dedicated to the main fields of Gasparov's academic research -- classical philology and Russian literature of the 19th and early 20th centuries.

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The company is led by Gianola Nonino, who led the company to achievements and made its Nonino Grappa famous among the celebrities of Italy. Nonino has won several prizes and innovated in the field of grappa production. In 1973, Nonino became the first company to produce a commercial grappa from a single grape variety by creating a liquor using only the Picolit grape. In 1984, the company produced the first whole-grape distillate, which they marketed as Ue.

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