Army ranks and insignia of Myanmar

The following is a list of military appointments and ranks of the Myanmar Army. As a former British colonial territory, its ranks follow those of the British Army.

Military appointments

The military appointments of the Myanmar Army, arranged according to seniority, is as follows:

  1. Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services
  2. Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services
  3. Chief of General Staff (Army/Navy/Airforce)
  4. Commander-in-Chief (Army)
  5. Adjutant General
  6. Quartermaster General
  7. Chiefs Bureau of Special Operation
  8. Chief of Air Defense Forces
  9. Chief of Defense Industries
  10. Judge Advocate General
  11. Military Appointments General
  12. Chief of Armed Forces Training
  13. Defense Services Inspector General
  14. Defense Services Auditor General
  15. Chief of Military Affairs Security
  16. Chief of Staff (Army)
  17. Director of Defense Services Procurement
  18. Director of Signals
  19. Director of Ordnance
  20. Director of Military Engineering
  21. Director of Artillery
  22. Director of Armour
  23. Director of Missile
  24. Director of People Relation and Psychological Welfare
  25. Directorate of Peoples Militia and Frontier Forces
  26. Director of Resettlement
  27. Tatmadaw Provost Marshal
  28. Director of Medical Services
  29. Commanders of Regional Military Commands
  30. Vice Adjutant General
  31. Vice Quartermaster General
  32. Commanders of Light Infantry Divisions
  33. Commanders of Military Operation Commands
  34. Commanders of Regional Operation Commands
  35. Commanders of Artillery Operation Commands
  36. Commanders of Armoured Operation Commands
  37. Tactical Operation Commands
  38. Chief Commanding Officer of the Universities Training
  39. Commanding Officer
  40. Second in Command (2 I.C)
  41. Intelligence Officer
  42. Adjutant
  43. Quarter Master
  44. Medical Assistance warrant officer
  45. Unit Account
  46. Head Clerk
  47. Regimental Quarter Master Sergeant
  48. Apprentice
  49. General Staff Officer (G 1)
  50. Adjutant Staff Officer (A 1)
  51. Quartermaster Staff Officer (Q 1)
  52. Assistant Judge Advocate General (Judge 1)

Rank

The various rank of the Myanmar Army are listed below in descending order:[1]

Commissioned officers

The Tatmadaw has two unique general officer ranks: Senior General, held by the Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services and Vice Senior General, the second highest, held by the Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services and the Commander-in-Chief, Myanmar Army. The latter is the highest rank for all the other service branches. Officer rank insignia of the Myanmar Army are now on light green shoulder boards with the rank insignia.

Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Myanmar Myanmar
(Edit)
18. Myanmar Army SGEN.svg 17. Myanmar Army VSGEN.svg General 15. Myanmar Army LG.svg 14. Myanmar Army MG.svg 13. Myanmar Army BG.svg 12. Myanmar Army COL.svg 11. Myanmar Army LTCOL.svg 10. Myanmar Army MAJ.svg 09. Myanmar Army CAPT.svg 08. Myanmar Army 1LT.svg 07. Myanmar Army 2LT.svg Unknown
Senior General
(ဗိုလ်ချုပ်မှူးကြီး)
Vice Senior General
(ဒုတိယ ဗိုလ်ချုပ်မှူးကြီး)
General
(ဗိုလ်ချုပ်ကြီး)
Lieutenant General
(ဒုတိယ ဗိုလ်ချုပ်ကြီး)
Major General
(ဗိုလ်ချုပ်)
Brigadier General
(ဗိုလ်မှူးချုပ်)
Colonel
(ဗိုလ်မှူးကြီး)
Lieutenant Colonel
(ဒုတိယ ဗိုလ်မှူးကြီး)
Major
(ဗိုလ်မှူး)
Captain
(ဗိုလ်ကြီး)
Lieutenant
(ဗိုလ်)
Second Lieutenant
(ဒုတိယ ဗိုလ်)
Abbreviation ဗခမက ဒုဗခမက ဗခက ဒုဗခက ဗခ ဗမခ ဗမက ဒုဗမက ဗမ ဗက ဒုဗ

Non-Commissioned Officers (NCOs)

Non-Commissioned Officers are refer to as Saya (ဆရာ, lit. "teacher") by both enlisted men and officers. For example, Warrant Officers, Regimental Sergeant Majors and Company Sergeant Major are referred to as Bo Lay (ဗိုလ်လေး, lit. "sub-captain"), Sergeant are referred to as Saya and Corporal/Lance Corporal as Saya Lay (ဆရာလေး, lit. "little teacher"). These unofficial rank are in used throughout the daily life of all branches of Myanmar Armed Forces. Non-Commissioned Officers (NCO) within Myanmar Armed Forces are usually seasoned veteran soldiers with wide-ranging experience of the battlefield, thus both officers and enlisted men refer to them as "teacher" out of respect as well as affection. Just like in the Commonwealth of Nations, as the Tatmadaw is modelled on the British practice, all privates do not wear rank insignia at all.

Equivalent
NATO Code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Myanmar Myanmar
(Edit)
Sergeant Major Tatmadaw Myanmar-Army-OR-8 Burma-army-OR-6 Burma-army-OR-5 No equivalent Burma-army-OR-4 Burma-army-OR-3 No insignia
Warrant officer class 1
အရာခံဗိုလ်
Warrant officer class 2
ဒုအရာခံဗိုလ်
Staff Sergeant
တပ်ခွဲတပ်ကြပ်ကြီး
Sergeant
တပ်ကြပ်ကြီး
Corporal
တပ်ကြပ်
Lance Corporal
ဒုတပ်ကြပ်
Private

References

  1. ^ Defence Services Historical and Research Institute
List of comparative military ranks

This article is a list of various states' armed forces ranking designations. Comparisons are made between the different systems used by nations to categorize the hierarchy of an armed force compared to another. Several of these lists mention NATO reference codes. These are the NATO rank reference codes, used for easy comparison among NATO countries. Links to comparison charts can be found below.

Myanmar Army

The Myanmar Army (Burmese: တပ်မတော်(ကြည်း), pronounced [taʔmədɔ̀ tɕí]) is the largest branch of the Armed Forces (Tatmadaw) of Myanmar (Burma) and has the primary responsibility of conducting land-based military operations. The Myanmar Army maintains the second largest active force in Southeast Asia after the People's Army of Vietnam.

The Myanmar Army had a troop strength of around 350,000 as of 2006. The army has extensive combat experience in fighting insurgents in rough terrains, considering it has been conducting non-stop counter-insurgency operations against ethnic and political insurgents since its inception in 1948.

The force is headed by the Commander-in-Chief of Myanmar Army(ကာကွယ်ရေးဦးစီးချုပ်(ကြည်း)), currently Vice-Senior General Soe Win, concurrently Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Defence Services, with Senior General Min Aung Hlaing as the Commander-in-Chief of Defence Services (တပ်မတော်ကာကွယ်ရေးဦးစီးချုပ်). The highest rank in the Myanmar Army is Senior General, equivalent to Field Marshal position in Western Armies and is currently held by Min Aung Hlaing after being promoted from Vice-Senior General.

In 2011, following transition from military junta government to civilian parliamentary government, the Myanmar Army enacted a military draft for all citizens; all males from the age 18 to 35 and all females age between 18 and 27 years of age can be drafted into military service for two years as enlisted personnel in time of national emergency. The ages for professionals are up to 45 for men and 35 for women for three years service as commissioned and non-commissioned officers.

An official publication has revealed that almost one-quarter of Myanmar's new national budget will be allocated to defence. The Government Gazette reports that 1.8 trillion kyat (about $2 billion at free market rates of exchange), or 23.6 percent of the 2011 budget will go to defence.

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