Army ranks and insignia of India

The following tables present the ranks of the Indian Army. These ranks generally correspond with those of Western militaries, and in particular reflect those of the British and Commonwealth armies. Traditional names for ranks are still used, as well as Western names.

Indian Armed Forces
Military Manpower
Active troops 1,395,100 (2nd)
Reserve forces 2,142,800 (7th)
Paramilitary forces
and CAPF
1,403,700 (1st)
Components
Indian Army Flag of Indian Army.svg
Indian Air Force Air Force Ensign of India.svg
Indian Navy Naval Ensign of India.svg
Paramilitary forces of India
Central Armed Police Forces
Strategic Nuclear Command
History
Military history of India
Ranks
Air Force ranks and insignia
Army ranks and insignia
Naval ranks and insignia

History

Until 26 January 1950, when India became a republic, the Indian Army utilised the British-pattern rank badges of the British Indian Army. Upon independence in 1947, India became a dominion within the British Commonwealth of Nations, but the old rank insignia, incorporating the Tudor Crown and four-pointed Bath Star ("pip"), was retained, as George VI remained Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces. After 26 January 1950, when India became a republic, the President of India became Commander-in-Chief, and the Ashoka Lion replaced the crown, with a five-pointed star being substituted for the "pip."[1]

Field marshal

India has a field marshal rank, but it is mostly ceremonial. There are no field marshals in the army organizational structure at present and it has been conferred on only two officers in the past, the late Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw and the late Field Marshal K M Cariappa.

Field marshals hold their rank for life, and are considered to be serving officers until their death. Unlike other officers, they do not draw a pension. A field marshal gets the full pay of a general equal to the Chief of the Army Staff. He wears full uniform on all official occasions and runs an office in army headquarters. He also has a dedicated secretariat of his own.

Ranks and insignia

Current ranks

Officers
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
India India
(Edit)
Field Marshal of the Indian Army.svg General of the Indian Army.svg Lieutenant General of the Indian Army.svg Major General of the Indian Army.svg Brigadier of the Indian Army.svg Colonel of the Indian Army.svg Lieutenant Colonel of the Indian Army.svg Major of the Indian Army.svg Captain of the Indian Army.svg Lieutenant of the Indian Army.svg
Field
Marshal
General Lieutenant
General
Major
General
Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant
Colonel
Major Captain Lieutenant
Enlisted ranks
Equivalent
NATO code
OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
India India
(Edit)
Subedar Major - Risaldar Major of the Indian Army.svg Subedar - Risaldar of the Indian Army.svg Naib Subedar - Naib Risaldar of the Indian Army.svg India-Army-OR-6 No equivalent India-Army-OR-4 India-Army-OR-3 No insignia
Subedar-Major Subedar Naib Subedar Havildar Naik Lance Naik Sepoy

Ranks that are no longer in use

The rank of Second Lieutenant is no longer in use; all new officers are commissioned as Lieutenants.

The appointments of Regimental Quartermaster Havildar and Regimental Havildar Major are no longer used in the Indian Army and those duties are now performed by JCOs.[2][3][4]

Ranks of the Indian Army no longer in use
Officers Non-commissioned officers
Shoulder
Insignia
2nd Lieutenant Indian Army.gif Arm Regimental Havildar Major.gif Regimental Quartermaster Havildar.gif Company Havildar Major.gif Company Quartermaster Havildar.gif
Rank Second
Lieutenant
Regimental
Havildar
Major
Regimental
Quartermaster
Havildar
Company
Havildar
Major
Company
Quartermaster
Havildar

Notable holders include 2Lt. Arun Khetarpal, 2Lt. Rama Raghoba Rane and CQMH Abdul Hamid.

Rank descriptions

  • Indian Army Ranks can be classified into three categories.
    • Commissioned Officers who are equivalent to All India Services & Group "A" Service officers.[5]
    • Junior Commissioned Officers who are equivalent to Group B Gazetted officers.[6]
    • Other Ranks comprising non-commissioned officers and soldiers.

Commissioned officers

Equivalent-ranks-of-the-Indian-Armed-Forces
Equivalent ranks of Indian Armed Forces (click to enlarge)

Commissioned officers are the leaders of the army and command anywhere from Platoon, Company, Battalion, Brigade, Division, Corps & the Whole army.

Indian Army officers are continually put through different courses & assessed on merit throughout their career, for promotions and appointments. Substantive promotions up to Lieutenant Colonel or equivalent (subject to clearance of Part B and Part D exam for Major and Lieutenant Colonel) [7][8] and are based on time in service whereas those for Colonel and above are based on selection, with promotion to Colonel also based on time served. Due to steep hierarchy and few vacancies, most of the officers retire at the rank of Colonel and only a few make it to the rank of Brigadier and above.[9][10][11] Civilian equivalents are in accordance with government policies on functional allocation of duties in staff billets, otherwise the rank structure of the armed forces is different from the civilian with regard to years of service and vacancies available.

Indian Army officers undergo various courses such as Young Officers Course, Junior Command Course, Defence Services Staff College course at DSSC Wellington, Management Development Programme: Senior Defence Management Course, Higher Defence Management Course at the College of Defence Management (Secunderabad), Higher Command Courses, NDC courses at various premier institutions of Armed Forces for promotions. The same is applicable to officers other two services namely Indian Navy and Indian Air Force

Dress insignia are in Gold/Black/Silver based on regiments of the officers commissioned

Ranks Description Insignia Collar Patch[12] Notes[13][14] Retirement age
Field marshal National emblem over a crossed baton and sabre in a lotus blossom wreath. Field Marshal of the Indian Army.svg Crimson patches with Five golden stars Only two appointments have ever been made. Not applicable. Life Long
General National emblem over a five-pointed star, all over a crossed baton and sabre. General of the Indian Army.svg Crimson patches with Four golden stars Held only by the Chief of Army Staff of the Indian Army. equivalent to Cabinet Secretary of India

Pay Level 18 Rs. 2,50,000

3 years as COAS or at the age of 62, whichever is earlier.
Lieutenant General National emblem over crossed baton and sabre. Lieutenant General of the Indian Army.svg Crimson patches with Three golden stars By selection.

36 years of commissioned service required.

Lieutenant generals appointed as Vice Chief of Army Staff/Army Commanders/Equivalent/NFSG at Pay Level 17, Rs.2,25,000

HAG + Scale: Admissible to 1/3rd of total strength of Lt Generals Pay Level 16, Rs.2,05,400 - 2,24,400

HAG Scale: Pay Level 15, Rs. 1,82,200 - 2,24,100

60
Major General Five-pointed star over crossed baton and sabre. Major General of the Indian Army.svg Crimson patches with Two golden stars By selection.

32 years of commissioned service required.

Pay Level 14, Rs. 1,44,200 - 2,18,200

58
Brigadier National emblem over three five-pointed stars in a triangular formation. Brigadier of the Indian Army.svg Crimson patches with One golden star By selection.

25 years of commissioned service required.

Pay Level 13A, Rs.1,39,600 - 2,17,600

56
Colonel National emblem over two five-pointed stars Colonel of the Indian Army.svg Crimson patches with golden braids Colonel & above are Selection Grade.

15 years of commissioned service required for selection. Duration of Time Scale promotion to Colonel is 26 years of commissioned service.

Pay Level 13, Rs. 1,30,600 - 2,15,900

54
Lieutenant Colonel National emblem over five-pointed star. Lieutenant Colonel of the Indian Army.svg None on completion of 13 years reckonable commissioned service subject to clearance of Part D exam.

Pay Level 12A, Rs. 1,21,200 -2,12,400

NA
Major National emblem. Major of the Indian Army.svg None on completion of 6 years reckonable commissioned service subject to clearance of Part B exam.

Pay Level 11, Rs. 69,400 - 2,07,200

NA
Captain Three five-pointed stars. Captain of the Indian Army.svg None On completion of 2 years reckonable commissioned service.

Pay Level 10B, Rs. 61,300 - 1,93,900

NA
Lieutenant Two five-pointed stars. Lieutenant of the Indian Army.svg None On commissioning into Indian Army as an Officer in Pay Level 10

Rs. 56,100 - 1,77,500

NA

Junior commissioned officers

Junior commissioned officers are promoted from non-commissioned officers and are broadly equivalent to warrant officers in Western armies.

Ranks Description Insignia Retirement Age
Infantry and other arms Cavalry and Armour
Subedar major Risaldar major Gold national emblem with stripe Subedar Major - Risaldar Major of the Indian Army.svg After 34 years service or at the age of 54, whichever is sooner.
Subedar Risaldar Two gold stars with stripe Subedar - Risaldar of the Indian Army.svg After 30 years service or at the age of 52, whichever is sooner.
Naib subedar Naib risaldar One gold star with stripe Naib Subedar - Naib Risaldar of the Indian Army.svg After 28 years service or at the age of 52, whichever is sooner.

Other ranks

Other ranks in the Indian Army include Non Commissioned Officers ("NCOs") and Soldiers ("sepoys" or "jawans")

Non commissioned officers

Non Commissioned Officers ("NCOs") are soldiers promoted to positions of responsibility, and are equivalent to junior non-commissioned officers (sergeants and corporals) in Western armies.

Ranks Description Insignia Retirement Age
Infantry and other arms Cavalry and armour
Havildar Daffadar Three rank chevrons India-Army-OR-6.svg After 26 years service or at the age of 49, whichever is sooner.
Naik Lance Daffadar Two rank chevrons India-Army-OR-4.svg After 24 years service or at the age of 49, whichever is sooner.
Lance Naik Acting Lance Daffadar Single rank chevron India-Army-OR-3.svg After 22 years service or at the age of 48, whichever is sooner.

Soldiers

Ranks Insignia Retirement Age
Infantry and other arms Cavalry and armour
Sepoy Sowar Plain shoulder badge only After 19 years service or at the age of 42, whichever is sooner.

Retired officers: form of address

On 21 July 2014, the Indian Army issued a circular for retired personnel informing them that the correct form of addressing a retired officer is "Brigadier ABC (Retd) and not Brigadier (Retd) ABC".[15] The reason for this was stated as being, "Rank never retires, it is an officer who retires."[15]

See also

References

  1. ^ "New Designs of Crests and Badges in the Services" (PDF). Press Information Bureau of India - Archive.
  2. ^ Personnel Services Directorate. "Psdte311212" (PDF). Retrieved 4 December 2015.
  3. ^ "DSR Volume I, Chapter IV—JCOs, WOs,OR AND NON-COMBATANTS (ENROLLED)". Indian Army. 2014. Archived from the original on 9 November 2014. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
  4. ^ Kumar, M. K. Sunil (16 May 2012). "Rules of the Raj hindering havildars' promotion". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  5. ^ Singh, Navdeep. "Clarification on the nature of 'Group-A' services". India Military Info. India Military Info. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  6. ^ India, Times of. "JCOs are Gazetted". ToI. Times of India.
  7. ^ Times, Hindustan. "Army defers key annual promotion exam amid LoC tensions". Hindustan Times. Hindustan Times. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  8. ^ India, USI. "PROSPECTUS". USI. USI of India. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  9. ^ Government of India (4 November 2008). "MoD Letter No. 1/55/2008 D(Pay/Services)—Terms and Conditions of Service" (PDF). Indian Army. Government of India, Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
  10. ^ Tirkey, Ajay (30 August 2008). "Ministry of Defence Resolution—Sixth Central Pay Commission" (PDF). The Gazette of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 4 December 2015.
  11. ^ "NCC Spl entry Scheme" (PDF). joinindianarmy.nic.in. Indian Army. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  12. ^ "How to Distinguish between Different Ranks of The Indian Army?".
  13. ^ "Army Pay Rules" (PDF). MoD. GoI. MoD. Retrieved 21 February 2018.
  14. ^ Army, Indian. "NCC SPL ENTRY NOTIFCATION" (PDF). Indian Army Offl website. Indian Army. Retrieved 22 February 2018.
  15. ^ a b Sura, Ajay (3 August 2014). "Rank never retires, officer does: Army". The Times of India. TNN. Retrieved 13 September 2015.

External links

Air Force ranks and insignia of India

The Indian Air Force's rank structure is based on that of the Royal Air Force. The highest rank attainable in the Indian Air Force is Marshal of the Indian Air Force, conferred by the President of India after exceptional service during wartime. MIAF Arjan Singh was the only officer to have achieved this rank. The head of the Indian Air Force is the Chief of the Air Staff, who holds the rank of Air Chief Marshal. The current Chief of the Air Staff is Air Chief Marshal Birender Singh Dhanoa, appointed on 31 December 2016, following the retirement of Air Chief Marshal Arup Raha.

Field marshal (India)

Field marshal (or field marshal, abbreviated as FM) is a five–star general officer rank and the highest attainable rank in the Indian Army. Field marshal is ranked immediately above general, but not exercised in the regular army structure. It is a largely ceremonial or wartime rank, having been awarded only twice. A field marshal's insignia consists of the national emblem over a crossed baton and sabre in a lotus blossom wreath.

Sam Manekshaw was the first field marshal of India, and was conferred the rank in January 1973. The second was Kodandera M. Cariappa, who was conferred the rank on 14 January 1986.

Field marshal is equivalent to an admiral of the fleet in the Indian Navy or a marshal of the air force in the Indian Air Force. In the navy, admiral of the fleet has never been awarded, but from the air force, Arjan Singh was promoted to the marshal of the air force.

Naik (military rank)

Naik (Nk; sometimes historically spelled nayak) is the Indian Army and Pakistan Army rank equivalent to corporal. In Tamil, the word naik was used to indicate a lord or governor prior to its use as an equivalent to corporal in British India.

The rank was previously used in the British Indian Army and the Camel Corps, ranking between lance naik and havildar. In cavalry units the equivalent is lance daffadar. Like a British corporal, a naik wears two rank chevrons.

Naval ranks and insignia of India

The following graphs presents the officer ranks of the Indian Navy. These ranks generally correspond with those of Western militaries, and reflect those of the British military ranks.

Outline of India

The following outline is provided as an overview of, and topical guide to, India:

India – seventh-largest country by area, located on the Indian subcontinent in South Asia. India was home to the ancient Indus Valley Civilisation, and is the birthplace of four world religions—Hinduism, Sikhism, Buddhism, Jainism. India endured colonization, eventually being administered by the United Kingdom from the mid-19th century to the mid-20th century. India became an independent nation in 1947 after a struggle for independence that was mainly non-violent resistance, led by influential figures like Mahatma Gandhi, and underwent a violent partition. India is the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people, and is also the most populous democracy in the world.

Police ranks and insignia of India

Gazetted officers include all the Indian Police Service officers which are Class I officers of the cadre and all State Police Services officers of and above the rank of inspector of police and State Police forces respectively. All are arranged in a hierarchical order.

Equivalent ranks of Indian military
Indian Navy Indian Army Indian Air Force
Commissioned ranks
Admiral of
the Fleet
Field Marshal Marshal of
the Air Force
Admiral General Air Chief Marshal
Vice Admiral Lieutenant General Air Marshal
Rear Admiral Major General Air Vice Marshal
Commodore Brigadier Air Commodore
Captain Colonel Group Captain
Commander Lieutenant Colonel Wing Commander
Lt. Commander Major Squadron Leader
Lieutenant Captain Flight Lieutenant
Sub Lieutenant Lieutenant Flying Officer
Junior commissioned ranks
Master Chief
Petty Officer
1st Class
Subedar Major[Alt 1] Master warrant officer
Master Chief
Petty Officer
2nd Class
Subedar[Alt 2] Warrant officer
Chief
Petty Officer
Naib Subedar[Alt 3] Junior warrant officer
Non-commissioned ranks
Petty Officer Havildar Sergeant
Leading Seaman Naik Corporal
Seaman 1 Lance Naik Leading aircraftsman
Seaman 2 Sepoy Aircraftsman
Footnotes
  1. ^ Risaldar Major in cavalry and armoured regiments
  2. ^ Risaldar in cavalry and armoured regiments
  3. ^ Naib Risaldar in cavalry and armoured regiments.
    Called as Jemadar until 1965.
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