Armenians in the Baltic states

Armenians in the Baltic states of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania settled there mostly during the Soviet occupation of the Baltic States.

Country 1959 1970 1979 1989 Post-Soviet (Year)
Estonia 648 604 845 1,669
1,042 (2011)
Latvia 1,060 1,511 1,913 3,069
2,742 (2008)
Lithuania 471 508 955 1,655
1,233 (2011)
Baltic states 2,179 2,623 3,713 6,393 5,663 (2000–2008)
Armenians in the Baltic states
Total population
5,293 (2011)
Regions with significant populations
Riga, Tallinn, Vilnius, other larger cities
Armenian, Russian, Baltic languages
Armenian Apostolic Church
Related ethnic groups
Armenians in Belarus


According to the year 2000 census, there were 1,444 Armenians living in Estonia.[1] According to the 2011 census, the number of Armenians had decreased slightly to 1,042.[2] In 1989 (according to Soviet 1989 census) the number was 1,669.[3] The majority of Armenians live in Tallinn: 58% in the year 2000.[1]

With the affirmation of Estonia's independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, Soviet-era immigrants and their Estonian-born children were not granted citizenship automatically.

A football club based in Tallinn, FC Ararat Tallinn, is named after the mountain Ararat and has a partnership with the Armenian club FC Ararat Yerevan.


Armenians in Latvia number around 5,000 according to[4] and 2,742 according to Latvian yearly statistics of 2008.[5] The Armenians live mainly in Riga.

In 1887 had established Latvian Armenian Society. One Armenian was reported in the Jäger Report as murdered by Einsatzgruppe A in Daugavpils in 1941.[6] In 1990, in the center of Riga had been set a khachkar. In 1991, the first issue of the newspaper "Ararat". In 2001, Armenian community of Riga had established. In 2002, the publishing of the newspaper “Ararat” had resumed.

Rīga, piemineklis Hačkars 2004-04-08 - panoramio

Riga khachkar

Saint Gregory the Illuminator church in Riga

Riga St. Gregory Armenian Apostolic Church


According to the last Lithuanian census of 2011 there were 1,233[7] Armenians in Lithuania. Armenian organizations put the number around 2,500.[4] According to Soviet 1989 census there are 1,655 Armenians in Lithuania.[8] The Armenians live mainly in Vilnius. The settlement of Armenians in Lithuania, in the distant past of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth was of an episodic nature and was due mainly to the needs of trade, although from the historical sources it is known, that Armenian school was established in 16th century Vilnius, Armenian guild in the 16th to 18th centuries Vilnius.[9] One of the most prominent painter of the 19th century in Lithuania was Jan Rustem (Armenian: Յան Ռուստամ). The history of most of the Armenian community now living in Lithuania mainly occurs in the 20th century.

Famous Baltic Armenians

See also


  1. ^ a b "Population by ethnic nationality, mother tongue and citizenship". Statistics Estonia. Archived from the original on 2007-06-14. Retrieved 2009-10-15.
  2. ^ "Eestis elab 192 rahvuse esindajaid." Õhtuleht 9-17-2012. (in Estonian)
  3. ^ Демоскоп Weekly - Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года.Национальный состав населения по республикам СССР Archived June 4, 2011, at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ a b ArmenianDiaspora website Archived May 11, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Population of Latvia by ethnicity and citizenship, 01.07.2008.(in Latvian)
  6. ^ The Jager Report
  7. ^ "2011 Census Results". Department of Statistics to the Government of the Republic of Lithuania (Statistics Lithuania), 2012. Archived from the original on 2012-10-05. Retrieved 2012-09-30.
  8. ^ Демоскоп Weekly - Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года.Национальный состав населения по республикам СССР
  9. ^ [1] History of Armenians in Lithuania (in Lithuanian)

External links

Armenian diaspora

The Armenian diaspora refers to the communities of Armenians outside Armenia and other locations where Armenians are considered an indigenous population. Since antiquity, Armenians have established communities in many regions throughout the world. However, the modern Armenian diaspora was largely formed as a result of the Armenian Genocide of 1915, when the Armenians living in their ancestral homeland in eastern Turkey, known as Western Armenia to Armenians, were systematically exterminated by the Ottoman government.

Armenians in Belarus

Armenians in Belarus refers to ethnic Armenians living in Belarus. They numbered 8,512 as of the 2009 census and mainly live in Minsk.

Armenians in Russia

Armenians in Russia or Russian Armenians are one of the country's largest ethnic minorities and the largest Armenian diaspora community outside Armenia. The 2010 Russian census recorded 1,182,388 Armenians in the country. Various figures estimate that the ethnic Armenian population in Russia is actually more than 2 million. Armenians populate various regions, including Moscow, Saint Petersburg, Krasnodar Krai in the North Caucasus and as far as Vladivostok in the East.

Traditional areas of
Armenian settlement
Former Soviet Union
Middle East
Largest ethnic minorities
Smaller ethnic minorities
Other small ethnic minorities

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