Armenian Canadians

Armenian Canadians (Armenian: կանադահայեր, kanadahayer) are Canadian citizens of Armenian national background or descent. The 2006 census determined that their number was 50,500[3] and the 2016 census determined that 35,790 had Armenian as their mother tongue.[4] A large part of the Armenian diaspora in Canada came from nations in the Middle East and some from Europe.[5] Canada has also seen increased immigration from Armenia, especially after the collapse of the Soviet Union.

Armenian Canadians
Total population
63,810 (2016),[1]
estimated 100,000[2]
Regions with significant populations
 Ontario (Toronto, Ottawa),  Quebec (Montreal, Laval)
Languages
Armenian (mainly Western Armenian with a minority of Eastern Armenian), Canadian English, Arabic, Canadian French
Related ethnic groups
Other Armenians and Armenian diaspora

History

During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Armenians who had escaped persecution from the Armenian Genocide settled in communities in southern Ontario. Early immigrants congregated in kratarans or reading rooms where Armenian Canadians shared Armenian literature.[6]

Thousands of Armenians made their way to Canada after federal immigration policies became less restrictive during the 1950s. Many newcomers, who were either displaced during the Armenian Genocide, or whose ancestors were displaced from the Armenian Genocide, were subsequently from Middle Eastern countries that were affected by strife such as Egypt, Iran, Lebanon, Syria and Turkey. In the early 1990s, some Armenians immigrated to Canada after the disintegration of the Soviet Union. Since 2015, as a result of the Syrian Civil War, thousands of ethnic Armenians from Syria are coming to Canada.[7]

Most Armenian-Canadians are centered in the provinces of Quebec and Ontario and are active in community life. Smaller communities exist in the central and Maritime Provinces, with a slightly larger community in British Columbia.

Communities

Montreal and Laval

Montreal, numbering 23,970 people of Armenian ancestry,[1] is center for two Armenian Apostolic (Orthodox) prelacies governing not just Montreal community but all Armenian Apostolic (Orthodox) communities throughout Canada:

  • Diocese of the Armenian Church of Canada (representing the See of Holy Echmiadzin)
    • Parishes: St. Gregory the Illuminator (in Outremont, Montreal) and Holy Cross Armenian Church (Laval)
  • Armenian Prelacy of Canada (representing the Holy See of Cilicia)
    • Parishes: Sourp Hagop Cathedral (Montreal) and Sourp Kevork Armenian Apostolic Church (Laval)
Armenian Genocide Memorial Montreal
The Armenian Genocide memorial in Montreal, by artist Francine Larrivée

There is also the Notre Dame de Nareg Armenian Catholic Church (in Ville Saint Laurent suburb of Montreal) and various Armenian Evangelical Churches, most notably the First Armenian Evangelical Church (Montreal) and the Armenian Evangelical Church (Laval).

The Armenian community in Montreal has two full-time Armenian schools, the Sourp Hagop Armenian School and the Armén-Québec Alex Manoogian School. Laval is the home of the Armenian Catholic Ecole Notre-Dame de Nareg School.

Montreal also boasts the publication of two long-running pan-Canadian Armenian weeklies, Abaka that debut in 1975 and Horizon that started in 1979. Both weeklies are in fact trilingual, as in addition to their Armenian-language content, they run English and French special sections as well on a weekly basis. Horizon Weekly also publishes a monthly literary supplement as well as a monthly youth supplement in addition to the annual New Year's edition.

Montreal also has a monument in remembrance of the victims of the genocide. The monument also serves as a memorial to all peoples who are victims of genocide. It is located in Parc Marcelin-Wilson in the Ahuntsic district of Montreal.

Toronto

The Armenian community in Toronto, with a 2011 population figure of 17,795,[1] is centered in the neighborhoods of Don Valley Village and Pleasant View in north-central Toronto. The hub of the community is the Armenian Community Centre[8] of Toronto complex at Victoria Park and the 401.

From its beginnings in the early 1960s, the Armenian Community Centre of Toronto has been the hub of the Toronto-Armenian community since 1979. The grounds of the Armenian Community Centre are also home to the A.R.S. Armenian School (which offers nursery, kindergarten, elementary and secondary level education), St. Mary Armenian Apostolic Church and the Armenian Youth Centre, which house several community organizations such as the Armenian Relief Society, Homenetmen Armenian General Athletic and Scouting Union, Hamazkayin Armenian Cultural and Educational Society, the Armenian National Committee of Canada, the Armenian Youth Federation, Armen Karo Student Association, the A.R.F. Junior Organization of Canada and the Armenian Senior Citizens Club.

Armenian Apostolic churches include Holy Trinity Armenian Church (Diocese of the See of Holy Echmiadzin) and St. Mary Armenian Apostolic Church (in Willowdale, pertaining to the diocese of the Holy See of Cilicia)

St. Mary Armenian Apostolic Church airs a weekly Armenian radio show every Sunday from 8pm to 11pm on 1690am, named The Voice of Giligia.

Armenian Catholics have their own church St. Gregory the Illuminator in Toronto. Toronto Hye, an Armenian-related periodical is published monthly by the community.

Ottawa

With a small thriving Armenian community of 1,425,[1] Canada's capital city is the home of the St. Mesrob Armenian Apostolic Parish.

Other Ontario regions

Due to the growth of the Armenian community, many have established outside the Greater Toronto Area. Present day communities are present throughout the province in Mississauga, St. Catharines, Hamilton, Windsor and Cambridge, numbering roughly 6,000 Armenians.[3]

Parishes under the diocese of the See of Holy Echmiadzin include St Vartan in Mississauga, St. Gregory the Illuminator in St. Catharines, St. Mary in Hamilton and Holy Resurrection in Windsor. Parishes under the diocese of the Holy See of Cilicia include St. Nishan in Cambridge and St. Paul in St. Catharines.

Vancouver

The community, which had 2,705 people of Armenian ancestry per the results of the 2011 Canada Census,[1] has its own Armenian Apostolic Churches: St Vartan Armenian Church (diocese to the See of Holy Echmiadzin) and St. Greogory the Illuminator (in Richmond, pertaining to the diocese of the Holy See of Cilicia). The diversity of the Armenians in Vancouver, BC ranges from those that immigrated from Iran, Syria, Iraq, Lebanon and even Turkey. The community recently (2014) inaugurated the Armenian Genocide Memorial, which commemorates and was dedicated to the first Genocide of the 20th century, April 24, 1915.

Armenian population in Canada by province and territory

Provinces and territories (2016)[9]
 Ontario 29,675
 Quebec 27,380
 British Columbia 3,715
 Alberta 1,780
 Manitoba 495
 Nova Scotia 265
 Saskatchewan 240
 New Brunswick 115
 Newfoundland and Labrador 55
 Prince Edward Island 35
 Yukon 25
 Northwest Territories 25
 Nunavut 10
Canada Canada 63,810

See also

References and notes

  1. ^ a b c d e Statistics Canada. "Census Profile, 2016 Census".
  2. ^ Embassy of the Republic of Armenia in Canada. Archived 2011-06-09 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ a b Statistics Canada, 2006 Census, Ethnic Origin (247), Single and Multiple Ethnic Origin Responses (3) and Sex (3) for the Population of Canada, Provinces, Territories, Census Metropolitan Areas and Census Agglomerations, 2006 Census - 20% Sample Data, 97-562-XCB2006006 [1]
  4. ^ Statistics Canada, 2016 Census [2]
  5. ^ "Armenian Canadians". The Canadian Encyclopedia Archived September 30, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Kaprielian, Isabel (Spring–Summer 1982). "Armenian political press and its reading rooms". Polyphony: The Bulletin of the Multicultural History Society of Ontario. 4 (1): 30. Retrieved 2 August 2013.
  7. ^ "Syrian refugees get warm welcome at Armenian community centre". CBC News, Dec 11, 2015
  8. ^ "Armenian Community Centre of Toronto". acctoronto.ca.
  9. ^ "2016 National Household Survey: Data tables".

External links

General

Religious links:

Ararat (film)

Ararat is a 2002 Canadian-French historical-drama film written and directed by Atom Egoyan and starring Charles Aznavour, Christopher Plummer, David Alpay, Arsinée Khanjian, Eric Bogosian, Bruce Greenwood and Elias Koteas. It is about a family and film crew in Toronto working on a film based loosely on the 1915 defense of Van during the Armenian Genocide. In addition to exploring the human impact of that specific historical event, Ararat examines the nature of truth and its representation through art. The Genocide is disputed by the Government of Turkey, an issue that partially inspired and is explored in the film.

The film was featured out of competition at the 2002 Cannes Film Festival. It won five awards at the 23rd Genie Awards, including Best Motion Picture.

Ared Arzumanian

Ared Arzumanian (born August 11, 1970) is a producer, songwriter, and recording artist. He is a Canadian of Armenian descent from Toronto.

Armenian Genocide recognition

Armenian Genocide recognition is the formal acceptance that the systematic massacres and forced deportation of Armenians committed by the Ottoman Empire from 1915 to 1923 constituted genocide. The consensus of historians and academic institutions on Holocaust and genocide studies recognize the Armenian Genocide. However, despite the recognition of the genocidal character of the massacre of Armenians in scholarship as well as in civil society, some governments have been reticent to officially acknowledge the killings as genocide because of political concerns about their relations with the Republic of Turkey, the successor state of the Ottoman Imperial authorities which perpetrated the genocide. The governments of Turkey and its close ally The Republic of Azerbaijan are the only ones that directly deny the historical factuality of the Armenian Genocide, and both are adamantly opposed to the recognition of the genocide by other nations, threatening economic and diplomatic consequences to recognizers.

As of 2019, governments and parliaments of 31 countries, including Brazil, Canada, France, Germany, Italy and Russia, as well as 49 states out of 50 of the United States, have recognized the events as a genocide.

Armenia–Canada relations

Armenian–Canadian relations refer to diplomatic relations between Armenia and Canada. Both nations are members of the Organisation internationale de la Francophonie.

Asian Canadians

Asian Canadians are Canadians who can trace their ancestry back to the continent of Asia or Asian people. Canadians with Asian ancestry comprise the largest and fastest growing visible minority group in Canada, with roughly 17.7% of the Canadian population. Most Asian Canadians are concentrated in the urban areas of Southern Ontario, the Greater Vancouver area, Calgary, and other large Canadian cities.

Asian Canadians considered visible minorities may be classified as East Asian Canadian (e.g. Chinese Canadians, Korean Canadians, Japanese Canadians); South Asian Canadians (e.g. Bangladeshi Canadians, Indian Canadians, Pakistani Canadians, Sri Lankan Canadians); Southeast Asian Canadian (e.g. Filipino Canadians, Vietnamese Canadians); or West Asian Canadians (e.g. Iranian Canadians, Iraqi Canadians, Lebanese Canadians).

Iranian Canadians

Iranian Canadians or Persian Canadians are citizens of Canada whose national background is traced from Iran or are people possessing Iranian and Canadian dual citizenship. From the 2016 Canadian census, the main communities can be found in Southern Ontario, British Columbia, and Quebec. The vast majority, however, live in the northern suburbs of Toronto such as Richmond Hill, Vaughan, Markham, and Thornhill, and in the municipalities of Vancouver such as: North Vancouver, West Vancouver, Burnaby, and Coquitlam. As of 2016 a total of 97,110 Iranians reside in the Greater Toronto Area, 46,255 in the Greater Vancouver Area, 23,410 in the Greater Montreal Area, and the remainder are spread out in the other major cities in Canada based on the 2016 Canadian Census. These numbers represent the people who stated "Iranian" as their (or one of their) ethnic origin in the census survey.

List of Armenian Canadians

This is a list of notable Canadians of Armenian descent.

List of Canadians of Asian ancestry

This is a list of Canadians of Asian ancestry. Asian Canadians comprise the largest visible minority in Canada, at 11% of the Canadian population.

List of electoral firsts in Canada

This article lists notable achievements of women, ethnic minorities, people with disabilities, and gay/lesbian/bisexual and transgender people in Canadian politics and elections in Canada.

This list includes:

Members of Parliament—Members of the House of Commons of Canada;

Senators—Members of the Senate of Canada

Governor-General—Canadian Governors General and Lieutenant Governors

Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs);

Members of Provincial Parliament (MPPs in Ontario);

Members of the National Assembly (MNAs) in Quebec; and

Members of the House of Assembly (MHAs) in Newfoundland and Labrador.

Lists of Armenians

This is a list of notable Armenians.

Maurice Vellacott

Maurice Vellacott (born September 29, 1955) is a Canadian politician. He served in the House of Commons of Canada from 1997 to 2015 as Member of Parliament (MP) for Saskatoon, Saskatchewan.

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