The Armed Forces of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Vojska Crne Gore) consists of an army, navy and air force. There has been no conscription in Montenegro; the military is a fully professional standing army.
The military currently maintains a force of 1,950 active duty members. The bulk of its equipment and forces were inherited from the Armed Forces of Serbia and Montenegro; as Montenegro contained the entire coastline of the former union, it retained practically the entire naval force.
In June 2017 Montenegro joined NATO as 29th member.
|Armed Forces of Montenegro|
|Montenegrin: Vojska Crne Gore|
|Founded||1879 (reconstituted 2006)|
Montenegrin Ground Army|
Montenegrin Air Force
|Minister of Defence||Predrag Bošković|
|Chief of the General Staff||Brigadier general Dragutin Dakić|
|Conscription||Abolished in 2006|
|Active personnel||1,950 (2017)|
|Budget||54 million Euro (2017)|
|Percent of GDP||1.65% (2015)|
|Domestic suppliers||TARA group|
Battle of Martinići (1796)|
Battle of Krusi (1796)
Battle of Lopate (1796)
Siege of Cattaro (1813)
Battle of Grahovac (1858)
Battle of Kolašin (1858)
Battle of Vučji Do (1876)
Battle of Fundina (1876)
Battles for Plav and Gusinje (1879)
First Balkan War (1912-1913)
Siege of Shkoder ( 1913)
Second Balkan War (1913–1913)
First World War (1914-1918)
Christmas Uprising (1919)
Second World War
|Ranks||Military ranks of Montenegro|
Bar Naval base (Bar)
"Pero Ćetković" base (Bar)
Pristan base (Herceg Novi)
Army base "Milovan Šaranović" (Danilovgrad)
Army base "13 jul", Nikšić (Nikšić)
Army base "V. K. Volođa" (Pljevlja)
Army base "Breza" (Kolašin)
Army base "Masline" (Podgorica) - Planned for adaptation
Army base "Nova lokacija" (Andrijevica) - Planned from 2020.year
After military successes in the wars 1876-1878 during which the Principality of Montenegro was enlarged by a large territory, from the Tara River in the north to the Adriatic Sea in the south (liberated towns Podgorica, Nikšić, Kolašin, Andrijevica, Bar and Ulcinj), reorganization in Montenegrin army was conducted in 1880. Each kapetanija (municipality) formed its reserve battalion. There were 42 battalions in total. Since 1881, regular military exercises were conducted.
Supreme Commander of the Montenegrin army was the monarch, Prince / King Nikola I. Operational command, organization and financial support of the Montenegrin army was entrusted to the Ministry of Defence, the department of the Government of the Principality / Kingdom of Montenegro.
General Staff of the Montenegrin army was part of the Ministry of Defence.
In 1882 first 14 Montenegrins were sent to officer schools abroad, particularly in Italy and Russia. In 1886, 10 of them completed their education and they become first trained officers in Montenegrin warrior history. These Montenegrin officers held courses in Podgorica, Nikšić and Cetinje.
In September 1895, the first permanent Infantry NCO school in Podgorica was opened, and the first NCOs got desečar rank. At the end of 1896, artillery officer school in Cetinje was established - the first Montenegrin officer school.
In 1906 Montenegrin army received the first systematized regulations, and the Law on Organization of the Army was adopted in 1910. Infantry and artillery, were established, followed by two specialized branches (reconnaissance and pioneering), and additional branches (medics, military workshop, the military court staff, gendarmerie and logistics).
In 1913 the Montenegrin gendarmerie become a special Military Police unit.
Since the establishment of the internal Montenegrin telecommunications system in 1869, vital for the flow of military-defense information, it was under the jurisdiction of Ministry of the military.
Until 1912, the territory of the Kingdom of Montenegro was divided into four divisional areas:
After wars 1912th-1913th established additional two divisions field:
By 1912, the Montenegrin Army had 11 brigade areas, 52 districts and 322 battalion troop areas. Divisions were composed of 2-3 Infantry Brigade.
Each divisional command had three artillery batteries. On the eve of the First Balkan War Kingdom of Montenegro lined up 55,000 soldiers.
After the establishment of the Kingdom of Montenegro in 1910, Montenegro was involved in three wars with the first one being the First Balkan War, in alliance with Serbia, Greece, Romania, and Bulgaria against the Ottoman Empire. The Second Balkan War was fought between Montenegro, Serbia, Greece, Romania and the Ottoman Empire against Bulgaria, with Bulgaria consequently losing significant territory in the north, Thrace, and Macedonia.
The Military of Montenegro before 1918, was much larger than today's military. During World War I, Montenegro mobilised 50,000 troops. The Commander-in-Chief was King Nikola I of Montenegro, while the General of Staff was Božidar Janković. Units included:
The Pljevlja Division was commanded by brigadier Luka Gojnić. The division was made up of 10 battalions. It had around 6,000 soldiers, and patrolled the area east from Pljevlja.
The Lovćen Detachment was commanded by divizijar Mitar Martinović. The detachment was made up of 18 battalions. It had around 8,000 soldiers, and patrolled the areas of Lovćen and Sutorman.
The 'Old Serbia' Detachment was commanded by brigadier Radomir Vešović. The detachment was made up of 13 battalions. It had around 6,000 soldiers, and secured the Albanian border.
Most soldiers of the Montenegrin army had no uniforms. At mobilization, the soldiers were issued a rifle and a badge to put in the cap. Both soldiers and officers in the reserve wore national costume. The badges in the caps had different designs depending on the rank of the wearer.
All Montenegrins between 18 and 62 years were conscripts. Recruitment was done three times a year, and the recruits are in peacetime had to have at least 25 years.
Montenegro participates in peace operations under the NATO and UN auspices as military troops and observers. Minister of Defense said that 85 soldiers are trained for international missions. Montenegrin soldiers are trained by the German Bundeswehr.
|Current Mission||Organization||Country||Nr. of personnel|
|RS||NATO||Afghanistan||25 Members (Military troops and medical team)|
|UNMIL||UN||Liberia||Officers as military observers|
|UNFICYP||UN||Cyprus||Officers as military observers|
|EU-NAVFOR||EU||Somalia||8 Members (APVD team)|
|KFOR||NATO||Kosovo||40 Members (Military troops and medical team)|
|Glock 17||Austria||9×19mm||Standard Gun of Montenegrin Military.|
|Zastava CZ 99|| Yugoslavia
|9×19mm||Standard Gun of Montenegrin Military|
|Heckler & Koch MP5||Germany||9×19mm Parabellum||Used by Special Forces.|
|Zastava M59/66||Yugoslavia||7.62×39mm||Ceremonial rifle|
(as of 2015)
|Standard rifle of Montenegrin Military|
|Steyr AUG||Austria||5.56×45mm NATO||Used by Special Forces|
|Heckler & Koch HK416||Germany||5.56×45mm NATO||Used by Special Forces.|
|Tara TM4||Montenegro||5.56×45mm NATO||Testing|
|Zastava M70/M70A|| Yugoslavia
|Heckler & Koch PSG1||Germany||7.62×51mm NATO||PSG 1 and MSG 90 in service.|
|Zastava M93 Black Arrow|| Yugoslavia
|Zastava M76|| Yugoslavia
|Zastava M91|| Yugoslavia
|Zastava M84|| Yugoslavia
|Zastava M72|| Yugoslavia
|BGA 30mm||Serbia||30mm||In service|
|Heckler & Koch AG36||Germany||40mm||In service|
|M79 "Osa"||Yugoslavia||90mm rocket||In service, planned to buy new MANPATS|
|M80 "Zolja"||Yugoslavia||64mm rocket||In service, planned to buy new MANPATS|
|9M14 Malyutka|| Soviet Union
|64mm rocket||In service|
|M57 mortar||Yugoslavia||60mm||In service|
|M69 mortar||Yugoslavia||82mm||44||14 active,(30 in reserve)|
|M74/M75 mortar||Yugoslavia||120mm||32||In service.|
|D-30J 122 mm||Soviet Union||122 mm||12||In service.|
|M-94 Plamen-S||Yugoslavia||128 mm||18||In service.|
|Armoured personnel carrier|
|BOV VP М86||Yugoslavia||6||In service.|
|Achleitner RCV Survivor|| Austria
|4||In service with special forces, planned to buy another 26 vehicles. Achleitner modification on a MAN truck chassis.|
|LAPV Enok||Germany||6||Donated by Germany in 2018.|
|Humvee||United States||(0)20||Upcoming donation from USA.|
|Otokar Cobra||Turkey||1||Nuclear, Biological,Chemical Reconnaissance Vehicle.|
|BOV 1 POLO M-83||Yugoslavia||9||In service, armed with 6 AT-3 missiles. |
|Off-road utility vehicle|
|Achleitner MMV Survivor|| Austria
|16||In service, planned to buy another 20 vehicles. Achleitner modification on a Toyota SUV chassis.|
|Toyota Hilux||Japan||In service|
|Toyota Land Cruiser||Japan||In service, Ambulance vehicle.|
|Mercedes-Benz G-Class||Germany||In service|
|Pinzgauer 710||Austria||In service|
|Lada Niva 1.5
Lada Niva 1.7
|Iveco Trakker||Italy||In service, Dump truck.|
|Iveco EuroCargo||Italy||In service, Dump truck.|
|IMK ULT-160||Yugoslavia||Wheeled bulldozer|
|CAT 434F||United States||Backhoe loader|
|Mercedes-Benz Unimog||Germany||Multi-purpose utility vehicle|
|Kotor class frigate||Yugoslavia||- P-33 Kotor
- P-34 Novi Sad
|2 in active service|
|Fast attack craft|
|Končar class fast attack craft||Yugoslavia||- RTOP-405 Jordan Nikolov Orce
- RTOP-406 Ante Banina
|Under reconstruction. The ship RTOP-405 was to be completed in 2018.|
|Transport and support|
|PO class||Yugoslavia||- PO91||1||1 in reserve|
|Salvage tug||Yugoslavia||- PR-41 (Orada)
|2 in active service|
|Jadran||Germany||Used as a training ship||1||1 in active service|
|Motor sailboat||Yugoslavia||- Bojana
|2 in active service|
|Diving boat||Yugoslavia||-Ronilačka baraksa 81
-Ronilačka barkasa 85
|2 in active service|
|Motor boat Polycat||Netherlands||1||1 in active service|
|Motor boat||Yugoslavia||- ČM 33||1||1 in active service|
|Valiant 620PT||United Kingdom||Used by Marine Platoon||2||2 in active service|
|Jadranka||Yugoslavia||VIP Yacht||1||Offered for sale|
|Floating Crane||Yugoslavia||LDI 18||1||1 in active service|
|Armed Advanced Jet Trainer|
|Soko G-4 Super Galeb||Yugoslavia||G-4 / N-62||4||Not operational.|
|Utva 75||Yugoslavia||Utva 75 / V-53||4||Not operational.|
|Transport and Utility Helicopters|
|SOKO Gazelle|| France
|13||Produced under license in Yugoslavia.|
|Bell 412|| United States
|One EP variant and two EPI variants. Medical evacuation, search and rescue, aerial firefighting, patrol.|
|Mil Mi-8||Soviet Union||Mi-8T/HT-40||1||Not in use.|
|9K32 Strela-2M|| Soviet Union
|Portable low-altitude SAM||Planned to buy new MANPADS.|
|Bofors 40 mm||Sweden||Autocannon 40mm L/70,
works with GIRAFFE Radar
|Planned for modernization|
|GIRAFFE Radar||Sweden||Early warning radar, works
with Bofors 40mm L/70
|Planned for modernization|