The Armed Forces of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Vojska Crne Gore) consists of an army, navy and air force. There has been no conscription in Montenegro; the military is a fully professional standing army.
The military currently maintains a force of 1,950 active duty members, this number will be increased to 2,368 through 2019. The bulk of its equipment and forces were inherited from the Armed Forces of Serbia and Montenegro; as Montenegro contained the entire coastline of the former union, it retained practically the entire naval force.
In June 2017 Montenegro joined NATO as 29th member.
|Armed Forces of Montenegro|
|Montenegrin: Vojska Crne Gore|
|Current form||2006 (reconstituted)|
|Service branches||Montenegrin Ground Army|
Montenegrin Air Force
|Minister of Defence||Predrag Bošković|
|Chief of the General Staff||Brigadier general Dragutin Dakić|
|Conscription||Abolished in 2006|
|Active personnel||2,368 (2019)|
|Budget||54 million Euro (2017)|
|Percent of GDP||1.65% (2015)|
|Domestic suppliers||TARA Aerospace and Defence Products AD|
|Foreign suppliers|| Austria|
|History||Battle of Bar (1042)|
Battle of Martinići (1796)
Battle of Krusi (1796)
Battle of Lopate (1796)
Siege of Cattaro (1813)
Battle of Grahovac (1858)
Battle of Kolašin (1858)
Battle of Vučji Do (1876)
Battle of Fundina (1876)
Battles for Plav and Gusinje (1879)
First Balkan War (1912-1913)
Siege of Shkoder ( 1913)
Second Balkan War (1913–1913)
First World War (1914-1918)
Christmas Uprising (1919)
Second World War
|Ranks||Military ranks of Montenegro|
Bar Naval base (Bar)
"Pero Ćetković" base (Bar)
Pristan base (Herceg Novi)
Army base "Milovan Šaranović" (Danilovgrad)
Army base "13 jul", Nikšić (Nikšić)
Army base "V. K. Volođa" (Pljevlja)
Army base "Breza" (Kolašin)
Army base "Masline" (Podgorica) - Planned for adaptation
Army base "Nova lokacija" (Andrijevica) - Planned from 2020.year
After military successes in the wars 1876-1878 during which the Principality of Montenegro was enlarged by a large territory, from the Tara River in the north to the Adriatic Sea in the south (liberated towns Podgorica, Nikšić, Kolašin, Andrijevica, Bar and Ulcinj), reorganization in Montenegrin army was conducted in 1880. Each kapetanija (municipality) formed its reserve battalion. There were 42 battalions in total. Since 1881, regular military exercises were conducted.
Supreme Commander of the Montenegrin army was the monarch, Prince / King Nikola I. Operational command, organization and financial support of the Montenegrin army was entrusted to the Ministry of Defence, the department of the Government of the Principality / Kingdom of Montenegro.
General Staff of the Montenegrin army was part of the Ministry of Defence.
In 1882 first 14 Montenegrins were sent to officer schools abroad, particularly in Italy and Russia. In 1886, 10 of them completed their education and they become first trained officers in Montenegrin warrior history. These Montenegrin officers held courses in Podgorica, Nikšić and Cetinje.
In September 1895, the first permanent Infantry NCO school in Podgorica was opened, and the first NCOs got desečar rank. At the end of 1896, artillery officer school in Cetinje was established - the first Montenegrin officer school.
In 1906 Montenegrin army received the first systematized regulations, and the Law on Organization of the Army was adopted in 1910. Infantry and artillery, were established, followed by two specialized branches (reconnaissance and pioneering), and additional branches (medics, military workshop, the military court staff, gendarmerie and logistics).
In 1913 the Montenegrin gendarmerie become a special Military Police unit.
Since the establishment of the internal Montenegrin telecommunications system in 1869, vital for the flow of military-defense information, it was under the jurisdiction of Ministry of the military.
Until 1912, the territory of the Kingdom of Montenegro was divided into four divisional areas:
After wars 1912th-1913th established additional two divisions field:
By 1912, the Montenegrin Army had 11 brigade areas, 52 districts and 322 battalion troop areas. Divisions were composed of 2-3 Infantry Brigade.
Each divisional command had three artillery batteries. On the eve of the First Balkan War Kingdom of Montenegro lined up 55,000 soldiers.
After the establishment of the Kingdom of Montenegro in 1910, Montenegro was involved in three wars with the first one being the First Balkan War, in alliance with Serbia, Greece, Romania, and Bulgaria against the Ottoman Empire. The Second Balkan War was fought between Montenegro, Serbia, Greece, Romania and the Ottoman Empire against Bulgaria, with Bulgaria consequently losing significant territory in the north, Thrace, and Macedonia.
The Military of Montenegro before 1918, was much larger than today's military. During World War I, Montenegro mobilised 50,000 troops. The Commander-in-Chief was King Nikola I of Montenegro, while the General of Staff was Božidar Janković. Units included:
The Pljevlja Division was commanded by brigadier Luka Gojnić. The division was made up of 10 battalions. It had around 6,000 soldiers, and patrolled the area east from Pljevlja.
The Lovćen Detachment was commanded by divizijar Mitar Martinović. The detachment was made up of 18 battalions. It had around 8,000 soldiers, and patrolled the areas of Lovćen and Sutorman.
The 'Old Serbia' Detachment was commanded by brigadier Radomir Vešović. The detachment was made up of 13 battalions. It had around 6,000 soldiers, and secured the Albanian border.
Most soldiers of the Montenegrin army had no uniforms. At mobilization, the soldiers were issued a rifle and a badge to put in the cap. Both soldiers and officers in the reserve wore national costume. The badges in the caps had different designs depending on the rank of the wearer.
All Montenegrins between 18 and 62 years were conscripts. Recruitment was done three times a year, and the recruits are in peacetime had to have at least 25 years.
Montenegro participates in peace operations under the NATO and UN auspices as military troops and observers. Minister of Defense said that 85 soldiers are trained for international missions. Montenegrin soldiers are trained by the German Bundeswehr.
|Current Mission||Organization||Country||Nr. of personnel|
|RS||NATO||Afghanistan||25 Members (Military troops and medical team)|
|UNMIL||UN||Liberia||Officers as military observers|
|UNFICYP||UN||Cyprus||Officers as military observers|
|EU-NAVFOR||EU||Somalia||8 Members (APVD team)|
|KFOR||NATO||Kosovo||40 Members (Military troops and medical team)|
|Glock 17||Austria||9×19mm||Standard Gun of Montenegrin Military.|
|Zastava CZ 99|| Yugoslavia
|9×19mm||Standard Gun of Montenegrin Military|
|Heckler & Koch MP5||Germany||9×19mm Parabellum||Used by Special Forces.|
|Zastava M59/66||Yugoslavia||7.62×39mm||Ceremonial rifle|
(as of 2015)
|Standard rifle of Montenegrin Military|
|Steyr AUG||Austria||5.56×45mm NATO||Used by Special Forces|
|Heckler & Koch HK416||Germany||5.56×45mm NATO||Used by Special Forces.|
|Tara TM4||Montenegro||5.56×45mm NATO||Testing|
|Zastava M70/M70A|| Yugoslavia
|Heckler & Koch PSG1||Germany||7.62×51mm NATO||PSG 1 and MSG 90 in service.|
|Zastava M93 Black Arrow|| Yugoslavia
|Zastava M76|| Yugoslavia
|Zastava M91|| Yugoslavia
|Zastava M84|| Yugoslavia
|Zastava M72|| Yugoslavia
|BGA 30mm||Serbia||30mm||In service|
|Heckler & Koch AG36||Germany||40mm||In service|
|M79 "Osa"||Yugoslavia||90mm rocket||In service, planned to buy new MANPATS|
|M80 "Zolja"||Yugoslavia||64mm rocket||In service, planned to buy new MANPATS|
|9M14 Malyutka|| Soviet Union
|64mm rocket||In service|
|M57 mortar||Yugoslavia||60mm||In service|
|M69 mortar||Yugoslavia||82mm||44||14 active, (30 in reserve)|
|M74/M75 mortar||Yugoslavia||120mm||32||In service.|
|D-30J 122 mm||Soviet Union||122 mm||12||In service.|
|M-94 Plamen-S||Yugoslavia||128 mm||18||In service.|
|Armoured personnel carrier|
|BOV VP М86||Yugoslavia||6||In service.|
|Achleitner RCV Survivor|| Austria
|4||In service with special forces, planned to buy another 26 vehicles. Achleitner modification on a MAN truck chassis.|
|LAPV Enok||Germany||6||Donated by Germany in 2018.|
|Humvee||United States||(0)20||Upcoming donation from USA.|
|Otokar Cobra||Turkey||1||Nuclear, Biological,Chemical Reconnaissance Vehicle.|
|BOV 1 POLO M-83||Yugoslavia||9||In service, armed with 6 AT-3 missiles. |
|Off-road utility vehicle|
|Achleitner MMV Survivor|| Austria
|16||In service, planned to buy another 20 vehicles. Achleitner modification on a Toyota SUV chassis.|
|Toyota Hilux||Japan||In service|
|Toyota Land Cruiser||Japan||In service, Ambulance vehicle.|
|Mercedes-Benz G-Class||Germany||In service|
|Pinzgauer 710||Austria||In service|
|Lada Niva 1.5
Lada Niva 1.7
|Iveco Trakker||Italy||In service, Dump truck.|
|Iveco EuroCargo||Italy||In service, Dump truck.|
|IMK ULT-160||Yugoslavia||Wheeled bulldozer|
|CAT 434F||United States||Backhoe loader|
|Mercedes-Benz Unimog||Germany||Multi-purpose utility vehicle|
|Kotor class||Yugoslavia||- P-33 Kotor
- P-34 Novi Sad
|2 in active service|
|Fast attack craft|
|Končar class||Yugoslavia||- RTOP-405 Jordan Nikolov Orce
- RTOP-406 Ante Banina
|Under reconstruction. The ship RTOP-405 was to be completed in 2018.|
|Transport and support|
|PO class||Yugoslavia||- PO91||1||1 in reserve|
|Salvage tug||Yugoslavia||- PR-41 (Orada)
|2 in active service|
|Jadran||Germany||Used as a training ship||1||1 in active service|
|Motor sailboat||Yugoslavia||- Bojana
|2 in active service|
|Diving boat||Yugoslavia||-Ronilačka baraksa 81
-Ronilačka barkasa 85
|2 in active service|
|Motor boat Polycat||Netherlands||1||1 in active service|
|Motor boat||Yugoslavia||- ČM 33||1||1 in active service|
|Valiant 620PT||United Kingdom||Used by Marine Platoon||2||2 in active service|
|Jadranka||Yugoslavia||VIP Yacht||1||Offered for sale|
|Floating Crane||Yugoslavia||LDI 18||1||1 in active service|
|Armed Advanced Jet Trainer|
|Soko G-4 Super Galeb||Yugoslavia||G-4 / N-62||4||Not operational.|
|Utva 75||Yugoslavia||Utva 75 / V-53||3||Not operational.|
|Cessna 421 Golden Eagle||United States||Cessna 421B Golden Eagle||1||One for transport, medical evacuation and training.|
|Transport and Utility Helicopters|
|SOKO Gazelle|| France
|13||Produced under license in Yugoslavia. Planned replacement with new helicopters in the next 5 years, one of the possible helicopter is Bell 505 Jet Ranger X.|
|Bell 412|| United States
|One EP variant and two EPI variants. Medical evacuation, search and rescue, aerial firefighting, patrol.|
|Mil Mi-8||Soviet Union||Mi-8T/HT-40||1||Not in use.|
|9K32 Strela-2M|| Soviet Union
|Portable low-altitude SAM||Planned to buy new MANPADS.|
|Bofors 40 mm||Sweden||Autocannon 40mm L/70,
works with GIRAFFE Radar
|Planned for modernization|
|GIRAFFE Radar||Sweden||Early warning radar, works
with Bofors 40mm L/70
|Planned for modernization|
The Chief of the General Staff (Montenegrin: Начелник Генералштаба / Načelnik Generalštaba) is the chief of the General Staff and Armed Forces of Montenegro. The chief of staff is appointed by the President of Montenegro, who is the commander-in-chief. The position dates back to the Principality of Montenegro. The current Chief of the General Staff is Brigadier General Dragutin Dakić.Honour Guard Company (Montenegro)
The Honour Guard of Montenegro (Montenegrin: Pocasna Garda Vojske Crne Gora, Cyrillic: Почасна гарда Војска Црне Горе) is an honor guard unit of the Armed Forces of Montenegro.LAPV Enok
The LAPV Enok is a Light Armoured Patrol Vehicle of the Bundeswehr, mostly in use with the German Army. It is a significantly further developed Wolf SSA, based on the Mercedes-Benz G-Class.
The LAPV Enok is being manufactured by Armored Car Systems GmbH (ACS), based in Aichach, a wholly owned subsidiary of 'Gruma Commercial Vehicles' based in Derching. Important subcontractors are the companies LeTech - Special Purpose Vehicles (formerly Lennartz Technik) in Welzheim and the Austrian Magna Steyr based in Graz.Ljubiša Jokić
Ljubiša Jokić (Serbian Cyrillic: Љубиша Јокић; born 24 September 1958) is the former Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Serbia and Montenegro.He completed Air Force High School in Mostar (Bosnia and Hercegovina) and graduated from Air Force Military Academy - aircraft pilot program in Pula (Croatia). After Academy, he continued with further education and development programs for expanding himself. He attended General Staff Academy in () and he graduated in 1995. As the crown of his education he graduated from in 1999.
For the excellent results as flying teacher obtained, he was reward with the Flying Instructor title, as well as he was awarded with Gold Flight Medal.
After Air Force Academy, he started as flying teacher till 1989 when he was appointed as Commander of a basic flight unit. 5 years later (1994), he was appointed as Squadron Commander. He replaced flying duties in 1997, with taking over air traffic control and he became Chief of air - traffic control on airport Podgorica. He returned to military part of job during the period from 1999 to 2003, when he was designated as Air Brigade Commander (1999) as well as Military Airport Air Base Commander (2002).
Since April 2003, he has been in charge for many very important areas that were of the crucial significance and relevance for the country. He was appointed as Head of Military Cabinet of the President of and, at the same time, as Defense Supreme Counsel Secretary of and . At the end of 2004 he got a very important role in transformation process of the Army in and he was named as Deputy of Minister of Defense for Human Resources. The top of his military carrier is title Head of General Staff of Serbia and Montenegro (from September 2005 to June 2006).
From July 2007 to December 2011 he has been Montenegro military representative to NATO and EU military committee.
In March 2012 he is appointed as Senior Military Adviser in Permanent Mission of Montenegro at OSCE and Military Attaché in Austria, Czech Republic and Slovakia.
From August 2016 he is appointed as Senior Military Adviser MOD.
From January 2017 to October 2017 he is appointed as Head of General Staff of Montenegro.Military ranks of Montenegro
The Military ranks of Montenegro are the military insignia used by the Armed Forces of Montenegro.Montenegro
Montenegro ( (listen); Montenegrin: Црна Гора / Crna Gora [tsr̩̂ːnaː ɡɔ̌ra]) is a country in Southeast Europe on the Adriatic Sea. It borders Bosnia and Herzegovina to the northwest; Serbia and Kosovo to the east, Albania to the south and Croatia to the southwest. Montenegro has an area of 13,812 square kilometres and a population of 620,079 (2011 census). Its capital Podgorica is one of the twenty-three municipalities in the country. Cetinje is designated as the Old Royal Capital.
During the Early Medieval period, three principalities were located on the territory of modern-day Montenegro: Duklja, roughly corresponding to the southern half; Travunia, the west; and Rascia proper, the north. In 1042, archon Stefan Vojislav led a revolt that resulted in the independence of Duklja from the Byzantine Empire and the establishment of the Vojislavljević dynasty. The independent Principality of Zeta emerged in the 14th and 15th centuries, ruled by the House of Balšić between 1356 and 1421, and by the House of Crnojević between 1431 and 1498, when the name Montenegro started being used for the country. After falling under Ottoman rule, Montenegro regained de facto independence in 1697 under the rule of the House of Petrović-Njegoš, first under the theocratic rule of prince-bishops, before being transformed into a secular principality in 1852. Montenegro's de jure independence was recognised by the Great Powers at the Congress of Berlin in 1878, following the Montenegrin–Ottoman War. In 1905, the country became a kingdom. After World War I, it became part of Yugoslavia. Following the breakup of Yugoslavia, the republics of Serbia and Montenegro together established a federation known as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, which was renamed to the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro in 2003. On the basis of an independence referendum held in May 2006, Montenegro declared independence and the federation peacefully dissolved on 3 June of that year.
Since 1990, the sovereign state of Montenegro has been governed by the Democratic Party of Socialists and its minor coalition partners. Classified by the World Bank as an upper middle-income country, Montenegro is a member of the UN, NATO, the World Trade Organization, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, the Council of Europe, and the Central European Free Trade Agreement. It is a founding member of the Union for the Mediterranean.NATO Integrated Air Defense System
The NATO Integrated Air Defense System (short: NATINADS) is a command and control network combining radars and other facilities spread throughout the NATO alliance's air defence forces. It formed in the mid-1950s and became operational in 1962 as NADGE. It has been constantly upgraded since its formation, notably with the integration of Airborne Early Warning aircraft in the 1970s. The United Kingdom maintained its own network, but was fully integrated with the network since the introduction of the Linesman/Mediator network in the 1970s. Similarily, the German network maintained an independent nature through GEADGE.R-2 Mala-class swimmer delivery vehicle
The R-2 Mala is a class of swimmer delivery vehicles (SDVs) built for the Yugoslav, and later on, Croatian Navy. The two man wet SDVs are used for transporting naval commandos into hostile waters where they would perform sabotage on enemy warships and coastal installations. Weapons at their disposal included limpet mines.
With the start of the Croatian War of Independence SDVs in service with the Yugoslav Navy were relocated to FR Yugoslavia. Two new vehicles were completed for the Croatian Navy during the 1990s while a small number these vehicles were also exported to Syria and Sweden before the war.Silba-class landing ship-minelayer
The Silba class (sometimes the Cetina class) is a class of three landing ships, also used as minelayers, built for the Yugoslav (JRM) and Croatian Navy (HRM) during the 1980s and 1990s. The ships were built at the Brodogradilište specijalnih objekata shipyard in Split with slight differences in armament configuration between the last two ships. By the time the Croatian War of Independence started, one ship was in service with the JRM while another was being completed.
The one in JRM service was relocated to Montenegro where it would be commissioned with the Navy of the new FR Yugoslavia. The second ship that was captured unfinished was completed by Croatian forces and entered service with the HRM, followed by a third that was laid down by Croatia in 1993. The two ships commissioned with the HRM remain in active service, providing assistance to civilian institutions aside from their regular military tasks. The fate of the first ship in the class remains unknown.
Armed Forces of Montenegro
Militaries of Europe
|States with limited|