Armando Galarraga's near-perfect game

In a Major League Baseball game played on June 2, 2010, at Comerica Park in Detroit, Michigan, Detroit Tigers pitcher Armando Galarraga nearly became the 21st pitcher in Major League history to throw a perfect game. Facing the Cleveland Indians, Galarraga retired the first 26 batters he faced. His bid for a perfect game was ruined one out short, when first base umpire Jim Joyce incorrectly ruled that Indians batter Jason Donald reached first base safely on a ground ball. Galarraga instead finished with a one-hit shutout in a 3–0 victory. He faced 28 batters and threw 88 pitches (67 strikes and 21 balls), striking out three. The game is sometimes referred to as the "28-out perfect game",[1] the "Imperfect Game",[2] or simply the "Galarraga game".[3]

Joyce was tearful and apologetic to Galarraga after the game upon realizing he had made the incorrect call. Galarraga was forgiving and understanding of the mistake. Without irony, he told reporters after the game, "Nobody's perfect."[4] Galarraga was the most prominent of the many people throughout Major League Baseball who subsequently voiced their support for Joyce. Unusually, the umpire met with both the pitcher and the media after the game to apologize for his error. The sportsmanship demonstrated by Galarraga and Joyce earned them both widespread praise for their handling of the incident.[5][6]

Armando Galarraga's near-perfect game
"The Imperfect Game"
Armando Galarraga pitching 2010
Armando Galarraga pitching for the Detroit Tigers in 2010.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Cleveland Indians 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
Detroit Tigers 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 x 3 9 0
DateJune 2, 2010
VenueComerica Park
CityDetroit, Michigan
TelevisionFox Sports Detroit
TV announcersMario Impemba (play-by-play)
Rod Allen (color commentary)
Radio announcersDan Dickerson (play-by-play)
Jim Price (color commentary)

Game summary

Galarraga-Donald play 2010-06-02(small)
Video clip of the blown call at first base. Replays showed that Miguel Cabrera's throw to Armando Galarraga beat Jason Donald to the base, but Jim Joyce called Donald safe. Derived from Fox Sports Detroit.

Detroit scored a run on a second-inning solo home run by Miguel Cabrera. Two more runs scored in the eighth inning when Austin Jackson singled, then advanced on an infield hit by Johnny Damon. Jackson and Damon both then scored on a single by Magglio Ordóñez and a throwing error by Shin-Soo Choo.[7]

In the top of the ninth inning, Tigers' center fielder Austin Jackson executed an over-the-shoulder catch on the run to retire Cleveland's Mark Grudzielanek for the first out and preserve the perfect game, a play that has been compared to DeWayne Wise's leaping catch at the wall in the ninth-inning that preserved Mark Buehrle's perfect game in 2009.[8] Mike Redmond grounded out to make the second out of the inning. Jason Donald then hit a soft ground ball that first baseman Miguel Cabrera had to range far to his right to retrieve. Donald was ruled safe, giving him an infield single, but video replay showed that Cabrera's throw to Galarraga, who was covering first base, beat Donald to the bag. Donald advanced to second and third base on defensive indifference during Trevor Crowe's at-bat, until Crowe grounded out to Brandon Inge, ending the game in a 3–0 victory for the Tigers.[7]


Jim Joyce 2013
Umpire Jim Joyce


Team 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 R H E
Cleveland 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
Detroit 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 2 X 3 9 0
WP: Armando Galarraga (2–1)   LP: Roberto Hernández (4–4)
Home runs:
CLE: None
DET: Miguel Cabrera (15)


Crowe, CF 4 0 0 0 0 0 1 .240
Choo, RF 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 .275
Kearns, LF 3 0 0 0 0 1 0 .282
Hafner, DH 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 .258
Peralta, J, 3B 3 0 0 0 0 1 0 .243
Branyan, 1B 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 .235
Grudzielanek, 2B 3 0 0 0 0 1 0 .283
Redmond, M, C 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 .220
Donald, SS 3 0 1 0 0 0 0 .280
Totals 28 0 1 0 0 3 1 .243
Cleveland IP H R ER BB SO HR ERA
Hernández 8 9 3 2 0 3 1 3.53
Jackson, A, CF 4 1 3 0 0 0 0 .332
Damon, LF 4 1 1 0 0 0 2 .277
Kelly, LF 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 .277
Ordóñez, RF 4 0 1 1 0 0 0 .307
Cabrera, M, 1B 4 1 2 1 0 1 1 .351
Boesch, DH 3 0 1 0 0 1 0 .319
Guillén, C, 2B 3 0 0 0 0 0 2 .265
Inge, 3B 3 0 0 0 0 1 2 .232
Avila, C 3 0 1 0 0 0 0 .192
Santiago, SS 3 0 0 0 0 0 1 .239
Totals 31 3 9 2 0 3 8 .267
Galarraga 9 1 0 0 0 3 0 2.57


Historical context

Only four days before Galarraga's near-perfect outing, Roy Halladay pitched a perfect game for the Philadelphia Phillies, and just twenty days prior to that, Dallas Braden threw a perfect game for the Oakland Athletics.[10] Halladay's and Braden's perfect games had been the first pair of such games to occur in the same season during the modern era, let alone the same month. Joyce served as the second base umpire for Braden's perfect game.

The twenty days between Braden's perfect game and Halladay's was the shortest span between two perfect games since 1880 and there was a chance that for the first time in MLB history there would be three perfect games in such short succession. Had Galarraga's game been correctly called, the four-day span since Halladay's perfect game would have broken that 130-year-old record,[11] and marked the only time that three consecutive no-hitters had been perfect games, the only time that three perfect games had occurred in one season (since done in 2012 by Philip Humber, Matt Cain and Félix Hernández), the only time that three perfect games had occurred in a span shorter than a month, the only time four perfect games had occurred in a span shorter than a year (as Mark Buehrle of the Chicago White Sox threw a perfect game in July 2009), and the only time that four perfect games had occurred within a stretch of five no-hitters.[10]

This would have also marked the first perfect game in the Tigers' 110-year history. The 83 pitches thrown before the blown call would have been the fewest pitches in a perfect game since 1908. Galarraga's near-perfect game was the first such game since Mike Mussina's bid for a perfect game on September 2, 2001, which was broken up by 27th batter Carl Everett.[12] It was also the third time for a Tigers pitcher to come so close to a perfect game, as Tommy Bridges missed retiring the 27th batter on August 5, 1932,[13] and Milt Wilcox also could not retire the 27th straight batter out on April 15, 1983.[14]

Galarraga's near-perfect game was the tenth time in major league history that the 27th batter in a game broke up what was (to that point) a perfect game. One other instance of this occurrence also involved a missed call by an umpire, who later admitted to his mistake. On July 4, 1908, Hooks Wiltse of the New York Giants, perfect through 26 batters, hit Philadelphia Phillies pitcher George McQuillan on a 2–2 count in a scoreless game. Umpire Cy Rigler later admitted that he should have called the previous pitch strike three, which would have ended the inning. Wiltse pitched on, winning 1–0 in ten innings, with the hit-batsman the only lapse separating him from a perfect game.[15]


Armando Galarraga and Jim Joyce

On tagging first base after Cabrera's relay, Galarraga began celebrating his accomplishment. His immediate reaction to Joyce's on-field ruling was a momentary pause followed by a wry smile at the umpire before returning to the mound.[16][5] Galarraga told reporters after the game that the outing "was my best game, so far", and said that Joyce "probably feels more bad than me. Nobody's perfect. Everybody's human. I understand. I give the guy a lot of credit for saying, 'I need to talk to you.' You don't see an umpire tell you that after a game. I gave him a hug."[4] He also told reporters, "I know that I pitched a perfect game, I believe I got it. I said before, I got a perfect game. I'm going to show my son. Maybe it's not in the book, but I'm going to tell my son, 'One time I got a perfect game.' I'll show him the CD,"[17] further calling his effort "the first 28-out perfect game".[18] Tigers' manager Jim Leyland added, "It's a crying shame. Jim [Joyce] is a class guy. This sounds crazy, but after looking at the play, nobody is going to feel worse than he does. I yelled a bit after the game because emotions are high. You just want it so bad for the kid. I don't think you're as mad at the umpire as mad the kid didn't get it—and he did deserve it." Leyland also said that Joyce's call was part of the "human element of the game".[4]

Joyce, a 22-year veteran, tearfully admitted after reviewing video of the play after the game that "I did not get the call correct", insisting that he "took a perfect game away from that kid over there that worked his ass off all night". Joyce called the Donald ruling "the biggest call of my career", claiming that "I thought [Donald] beat the throw. I was convinced he beat the throw, until I saw the replay."[19] The umpire later said, "I didn't want this to be my 15 minutes of fame. I would have liked my 15 minutes to be a great call in the World Series. Hopefully, my 15 minutes are over now."[18]

Just prior to the next day's game, Leyland sent Galarraga to take the Tigers' lineup to the home plate umpire, who that day was Joyce. The two shook hands and a tearful Joyce gave the pitcher a pat on the shoulder, with a warm reception from the audience.[20] Joyce's accountability and regret, and Galarraga's sportsmanship were widely praised for turning the unfortunate situation into a positive.[5][6]

The rest of MLB

Many people within Major League Baseball spoke out in support of Joyce, offering their sympathies and noting his exceptional reputation.[6] New York Yankees pitcher Mariano Rivera said, "It happened to the best umpire we have in our game. The best. And a perfect gentleman. ... It's a shame for both of them, for the pitcher and for the umpire. But I'm telling you he is the best baseball has, and a great guy. It's just a shame."[21] Former Chicago Cubs pitcher Milt Pappas said, "I would tell [Galarraga], 'I feel for you. There have been only 20 perfect games in the history of baseball. The umpire situation was the same one I had—they blew it. At least I had the satisfaction of getting the no-hitter. You don't. I feel for you. You pitched a tremendous game. At least you have the satisfaction of the umpire saying he was sorry. But that doesn't help your situation as far as a perfect game."[22] Pappas' own bid for a perfect game on September 2, 1972, was spoiled when umpire Bruce Froemming called a borderline 3-and-2 pitch to 27th-batter Larry Stahl a ball, issuing a walk to the pinch-hitter. Former Yankees pitcher Don Larsen—who threw the fourth perfect game of the modern era and the only one in World Series history on October 8, 1956—said, "I feel sorry for the umpire, and I just feel real badly for the kid. He's probably wondering right now whose side God is on."[20]

Galarraga Base
First base used at Comerica Park in Detroit, on the occasion of Armando Galarraga's near-perfect game. Baseball Hall of Fame, Cooperstown, New York

The incorrect call led many baseball writers to call for the increased use of instant replay in baseball, which was used only to review disputed boundaries on home runs during the 2010 season.[23][24][25] Many journalists also advocated for MLB commissioner Bud Selig to overturn Joyce's call and award a perfect game to Galarraga.[16][20] On June 3, Selig announced that Major League Baseball would look at expanded replay and umpiring, but he did not specifically address Joyce's call. A baseball official familiar with the decision confirmed to The Associated Press that the call was not being reversed.[26] For his efforts in this game, Galarraga was named the American League Player of the Week on June 7.[27] Also, first base, a ball used in the game, and Galarraga's spikes were sent to the Baseball Hall of Fame.[28]

Less than two weeks after the controversial game, ESPN The Magazine released an anonymous poll of 100 current MLB players that named Joyce as the best umpire in Major League Baseball. Joyce was named on 53% of ballots, 19 ballots ahead of second-place Tim McClelland. One player was quoted as saying, "The sad thing about the Galarraga game is, Jim Joyce is seriously one of the best umpires around... He always calls it fair, so players love him. Everyone makes mistakes, and it's terrible that this happened to him." Furthermore, the players in this poll overwhelmingly endorsed (86%) Selig's decision not to overturn the call, and were overwhelmingly against (77%) instituting replay for calls on the bases.[29]

Outside baseball

On June 3, White House Press Secretary Robert Gibbs said during his morning press briefing, "I hope that baseball awards a perfect game to that pitcher", joking that the White House was "going to work on an executive order" to that effect. He elaborated, "To watch an umpire take responsibility and to watch a pitcher do what he did, the type of sportsmanship that was exhibited there—I think that gives a lot of heart (...) I think it's tremendously heartening to see somebody understand that they made a mistake and somebody accept the apology from somebody who made that mistake. I think that's a good lesson in baseball."[30] Michigan state Governor Jennifer Granholm also issued a gubernatorial proclamation stating, in part, "I, Jennifer M. Granholm, governor of the state of Michigan, do hereby declare Armando Galarraga to have pitched a perfect game." Her proclamation means that Galarraga is indeed credited with a perfect game, if only in the State of Michigan.[31]

Former SportsCenter co-host Keith Olbermann dedicated a special edition of the "Worst Person in the World" segment of his political commentary show Countdown to lambasting Bud Selig's refusal to reverse Joyce's call. While Olbermann ordinarily lists three "Worsts", Selig alone was awarded the title because "there can only be one Worst Person tonight". Olbermann went on to cite Lee MacPhail's handling of George Brett's 1983 Pine Tar Incident as an example of a commissioner overruling an umpire's call, and discussed the matter with both Governor Granholm and documentarian Ken Burns.[3]

The day after the botched call, in a ceremony before the Tigers game, General Motors presented Galarraga with a red 2010 Chevrolet Corvette Grand-Sport convertible, recognizing his outstanding performance on and off the field. GM North American President Mark Reuss said the way the pitcher had handled the situation deserved to be recognized.[32] Galarraga was presented with a "Medal of Reasonableness" by Jon Stewart at the Rally to Restore Sanity and/or Fear for his measured response.[33] On July 14, 2010, Joyce and Galarraga together presented the ESPY Award for Best Moment at the Nokia Theatre in Los Angeles. The winner was the stoppage-time goal scored by Landon Donovan for the United States against Algeria at the 2010 FIFA World Cup.[34]

Book release and resulting MLB rule

Galarraga and Joyce, along with Daniel Paisner, released a book titled Nobody's Perfect, chronicling their experiences during and after the game.[35] In June 2011, one year after the near-perfect game, Major League Baseball put a rule into effect that Joyce cannot umpire any games in which Galarraga's team plays. Due to the book release, the two are now business partners, and this relationship could affect Joyce's impartiality while umpiring Galarraga's team.[36] It is similar to the policy that prevented umpire Jim Wolf (who coincidentally was the second base umpire on that day) from being the plate umpire in games that his younger brother Randy pitched in.[35]

In popular culture

Singer-songwriter Dan Bern composed and recorded a song, "Joyce and Galarraga", about the game. It appears on his 2012 album of baseball-themed songs, Doubleheader.[37]


  1. ^ Walker, Ben (June 5, 2010). "First 28-out perfect game?". Winnipeg Free Press. Archived from the original on June 7, 2010. Retrieved June 5, 2010.
  2. ^ Walker, Ben (June 3, 2010). "Baseball won't reverse call in 'imperfect' game". New York Post. Retrieved June 5, 2010.
  3. ^ a b "Countdown with Keith Olbermann for Thursday, June 3rd, 2010". Countdown with Keith Olbermann. MSNBC. June 3, 2010. Retrieved June 5, 2010.
  4. ^ a b c White, Paul; Livingstone, Seth (June 2, 2010). "Missed call leaves Detroit's Armando Galarraga one out shy of perfect game". USA Today. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
  5. ^ a b c Cline, Andrew (June 4, 2010). "Perfect Sportsmanship". The American Spectator. Archived from the original on June 7, 2010. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
  6. ^ a b c "Difficult time for Joyce turns positive". Associated Press. June 4, 2010. Archived from the original on June 7, 2010. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
  7. ^ a b "Cleveland Indians vs. Detroit Tigers – Play By Play – June 02, 2010". June 2, 2010. Archived from the original on June 6, 2010. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
  8. ^ Calcaterra, Craig (June 2, 2010). "Lost in the Joycean drama: Austin Jackson made an incredible catch". Archived from the original on June 6, 2010. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
  9. ^ "Boxscore: Cleveland vs. Detroit - June 2, 2010". Archived from the original on June 6, 2010. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
  10. ^ a b "MLB No-Hitters". Archived from the original on April 24, 2010. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
  11. ^ Crasnick, Jerry (June 3, 2010). "Perfect moment stolen in time". Archived from the original on June 6, 2010. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
  12. ^ "Box score: September 2, 2001—New York Yankees at Boston Red Sox". Retrieved June 4, 2010.
  13. ^ "1932: Harris Ruins Perfect Game". August 5, 2009. Retrieved June 10, 2013.
  14. ^ ":: 25 Years Later: Milt Wilcox's Near-Perfect Game". The Daily Fungo. Retrieved June 10, 2013.
  15. ^ Nemec (2006), pp. 86–87; Simon (2004), p. 54; "No Hitter Records". Baseball Almanac. Archived from the original on August 17, 2007. Retrieved August 20, 2007. Vass (1998) notes that this is one of only three otherwise perfect games where the sole lapse was a hit batsman. The pitchers in the two other cases were Lew Burdette (August 18, 1960; fifth inning) and Kevin Brown (June 10, 1997; eighth inning).
  16. ^ a b Albom, Mitch (June 4, 2010). "Yo, Bud Selig, blown call is a perfect call to action". Detroit Free Press. Archived from the original on June 7, 2010. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
  17. ^ Difilippo, Alex (June 3, 2010). "Galarraga perfect in Tigers' eyes". Retrieved June 4, 2010.
  18. ^ a b Walker, Ben (June 3, 2010). "Selig won't overturn call that cost perfect game". Archived from the original on June 5, 2010. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
  19. ^ Kepner, Tyler (June 2, 2010). "Perfect Game Thwarted by Faulty Call". The New York Times. Retrieved June 23, 2013.
  20. ^ a b c O'Connor, Ian (June 3, 2010). "Imperfect Selig ditches perfect game". Archived from the original on June 5, 2010. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
  21. ^ Verducci, Tom (June 2, 2010). "A heartbreaking call that could change the course of baseball". Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on June 4, 2010. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
  22. ^ Weinbaum, Willie (June 3, 2010). "Ex-Cub Pappas feels for Galarraga". Archived from the original on June 5, 2010. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
  23. ^ Singer, Tom (June 3, 2010). "Joyce's call leads to instant call for replay". Retrieved June 4, 2010.
  24. ^ Schwarz, Alan (June 3, 2010). "Replay Gets Another Look After a Gaffe Seen by All". The New York Times. Retrieved June 3, 2010.
  25. ^ Perkins, Dave (June 3, 2010). "Time has come for baseball to expand replay". Toronto Star. Archived from the original on June 5, 2010. Retrieved June 3, 2010.
  26. ^ "Selig won't reverse call". June 4, 2010. Archived from the original on June 5, 2010. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
  27. ^ Stephens, Bailey (June 7, 2010). "Galarraga, Rasmus named week's best". Retrieved June 8, 2010.
  28. ^ "Bagged! Hall of Fame to get base, spikes of Armando Galarraga gem". Booth Newspapers. Associated Press. June 8, 2010. Retrieved June 8, 2010.
  29. ^ "Joyce tops survey; players nix replay". June 13, 2010. Archived from the original on June 15, 2010. Retrieved June 13, 2010.
  30. ^ Gibbs, Robert (June 3, 2010). "Press Briefing by Press Secretary Robert Gibbs, 6/3/2010". White House. Archived from the original on June 7, 2010. Retrieved June 5, 2010.
  31. ^ "Governor Granholm Issues Proclamation Declaring Galarraga Pitched Perfect Game". State of Michigan. June 3, 2010. Retrieved June 5, 2010.
  32. ^ Beck, Jason (June 3, 2010). "Galarraga gets new car, lots of attention". Retrieved June 4, 2010.
  33. ^ Montopoli, Brian (October 30, 2010). "Jon Stewart Rallies for Sanity -- and Against Cable News". CBS News.
  34. ^ Miller, Doug (July 15, 2010). "Galarraga, Joyce reunion an ESPYs highlight". Retrieved June 23, 2013.
  35. ^ a b "Joyce-Galarraga relationship gets weird with book deal". Retrieved June 10, 2013.
  36. ^ Nelson, Amy K. (June 1, 2011). "Jim Joyce kept from umpiring D-backs". Retrieved June 23, 2013.
  37. ^ Plutnicki, Ken (July 24, 2012). "A Singer Collects Stories From the Stadium". The New York Times. Retrieved September 26, 2014.
2010 Major League Baseball season

The 2010 Major League Baseball season began April 4, with the regular season ending on October 3. The 2010 All-Star Game was played on July 13 at Angel Stadium of Anaheim in Anaheim, California. The National League ended a 13-game winless streak with a 3–1 victory. Due to this result, the World Series began October 27 in the city of the National League Champion, the San Francisco Giants, and ended November 1 when the Giants defeated the American League Champion Texas Rangers, four games to one.

2011 in baseball

The following are the baseball events of the year 2011 throughout the world.

2015 Detroit Tigers season

The 2015 Detroit Tigers season was the team's 115th season, and their 16th season at Comerica Park. This season saw the release of President and General Manager Dave Dombrowski, who had been with the team since 2002. In a season plagued by injuries to star players Justin Verlander, Víctor Martínez, Miguel Cabrera, José Iglesias, and Aníbal Sánchez, the Tigers finished in last place in their division with a 74–87 record, had their first losing season since 2008, and failed to make the playoffs for the first time since 2010.

Alex Avila

Alexander Thomas Avila (born January 29, 1987) is an American professional baseball catcher for the Arizona Diamondbacks of Major League Baseball (MLB). He previously played for the Detroit Tigers, Chicago White Sox and Chicago Cubs. Avila is the son of Tigers general manager Al Avila.

Avila was the Tigers' starting catcher for the team's four straight American League Central Division titles, which included catching Cy Young Award seasons for starting pitchers Justin Verlander in 2011 and Max Scherzer in 2013.

Nicknamed "The Titanium Catcher" for the perception among many baseball fans that he was unusually likely to be hit by foul tips, Avila has a history of concussions and concussion-like symptoms. He spent time on the disabled list for a concussion in 2013 and missed games on at least two occasions in 2014 for concussion-like symptoms after taking blows to the head. His most recent reported concussion occurred in the clinching Game 3 of the 2014 American League Division Series when a tipped foul ball hit him in the mask, knocking him out of the game and ending his season three innings early.

Amy K. Nelson

Amy K. Nelson (Born July 16, 1978) is an award-winning freelance multimedia journalist based in New York City. Her work has appeared in Slate, Deadspin, Out Magazine, The Hairpin and Animal New York, among others.

A former Senior Correspondent at SB Nation, Nelson is most known as a writer/reporter for's Enterprise Unit. She also served as a moderator for ESPN’s First Take program, and has appeared on SportsCenter, ESPNews, Baseball Tonight and Outside The Lines.

Austin Jackson

Austin Jarriel Jackson (born February 1, 1987) is an American professional baseball center fielder who is a free agent. He has played in Major League Baseball (MLB) for the Detroit Tigers, Seattle Mariners, Chicago Cubs, Chicago White Sox, Cleveland Indians, San Francisco Giants and New York Mets.

Central Catholic High School (Toledo, Ohio)

Central Catholic High School, is a Catholic, co-educational, college prep secondary school in Toledo, Ohio. It is operated by the Roman Catholic Diocese of Toledo and is the largest Catholic high school in the area. CCHS was founded as Cathedral High School in 1919, with its name change in 1920. The school, which is located one mile northwest of Downtown Toledo, offers three possible degrees: honors, college prep, or standard. It has received two School of Excellence Awards and the Drug Prevention Award.

For Love of the Game (film)

For Love of the Game (sometimes misconstrued as For the Love of the Game) is a 1999 American sports drama film directed by Sam Raimi and written by Dana Stevens based on Michael Shaara's novel of the same title. Starring Kevin Costner and Kelly Preston, it follows the perfect game performance of an aging star baseball pitcher, Billy Chapel, as he deals with the pressures of pitching in Yankee Stadium in his final outing by calming himself with memories about a long term relationship with Jane Aubrey.

The play-by-play of the game is announced by longtime Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers baseball broadcaster Vin Scully, who himself has called four perfect games in his career, and Steve Lyons.

The film received mixed to negative reviews from critics with major criticism drawn towards Costner's performance bringing him a nomination for the Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Actor and was a box office bomb grossing $46.1 million against a $50 million production budget.


Galarraga is a surname. Notable people with the surname include:

Andrés Galarraga (born 1961), Major League Baseball first baseman

Armando Galarraga (born 1982), Major League Baseball pitcher

Isidro Lángara Galarraga (1912–1992), Spanish football striker

Manuel Eguiguren Galarraga (1930–2012), Bolivian Roman Catholic bishop

Jim Joyce

James Alfred Joyce III (born October 3, 1955) is a former American professional baseball umpire. He worked in the American League (AL) from 1987 to 1999 and throughout Major League Baseball (MLB) from 2000 to 2016. He wore uniform number 66 for MLB and number 6 while in the AL. His strike call was extremely loud and enthusiastic, similar to that of retired umpire Bruce Froemming.

He became infamous for an incorrect safe call in Armando Galarraga's near-perfect game in June 2010. Prior to this, an ESPN The Magazine poll of MLB players called Joyce the best umpire in the game. He also called an obstruction rule in the bottom of the ninth in Game 3 of the 2013 World Series that helped the St. Louis Cardinals to a win over the Boston Red Sox. In 2012, Joyce was promoted to interim crew chief, replacing injured umpire John Hirschbeck. His crew consisted of Jim Reynolds, Mike DiMuro, and James Hoye. Joyce was promoted to regular crew chief prior to the 2013 season.

Jim Wolf

James Michael Wolf (born July 24, 1969) is a Major League Baseball umpire. He joined the major league staff in 1999 after working in the Arizona Rookie League, the South Atlantic League, the California League, the Texas League and the Pacific Coast League. He wears uniform number 28.

List of Detroit Tigers no-hitters

The Detroit Tigers are a Major League Baseball franchise based in Detroit, Michigan. They play in the American League Central division. Pitchers for the Tigers have thrown seven no-hitters in franchise history. A no-hitter is officially recognized by Major League Baseball only "when a pitcher (or pitchers) allows no hits during the entire course of a game, which consists of at least nine innings. In a no-hit game, a batter may reach base via a walk, an error, a hit by pitch, a passed ball or wild pitch on strike three, or catcher's interference." No-hitters of less than nine complete innings were previously recognized by the league as official; however, several rule alterations in 1991 changed the rule to its current form. A no-hitter is common enough that only one team in Major League Baseball has never had a pitcher accomplish the feat. A perfect game, a special subcategory of no-hitter, has yet to be thrown in Tigers history. As defined by Major League Baseball, "in a perfect game, no batter reaches any base during the course of the game." This feat came closest on June 2, 2010 when Armando Galarraga lost his perfect game bid against the Cleveland Indians with two outs in the ninth due to the incorrect call made by a first base umpire Jim Joyce. But there are two other times when the Tigers perfect game bids were lost with two outs in the ninth, one in 1932 and the other in 1983. The Tigers lead all franchises with three perfect game bids lost with two outs in the ninth.

George Mullin threw the first no-hitter in Tigers history on July 4, 1912; the most recent no-hitter was thrown by Justin Verlander on May 7, 2011. All seven Tigers no-hitters were thrown by right-handers. Virgil Trucks and Verlander are the only pitchers in Tigers history to throw more than one no-hitter. Three no-hitters were thrown at home and four on the road. They threw one in April, two in May, one in June, two in July, and one in August. The longest interval between no-hitters was between the games pitched by Mullin and Trucks, encompassing 39 years, 10 months, and 11 days from July 4, 1912 till May 15, 1952. Conversely, the shortest interval between no-hitters was between the both games pitched by Trucks, encompassing merely 3 months and 10 days from May 15, 1952 till August 25, 1952. The opponents no-hit by the Tigers are St. Louis Browns (now Baltimore Orioles), Washington Senators (now Minnesota Twins), New York Yankees, Boston Red Sox, Chicago White Sox, Milwaukee Brewers and Toronto Blue Jays. None of those no-hitters which the team allowed at least a run. The most baserunners allowed in a no-hitter were by Trucks (his first no-hitter in 1952) and Morris (in 1984), who each allowed six. Of the seven no-hitters, two have been won by a score of 1–0 and two by the score of 4–0, more common than any other results. The largest margin of victory in a no-hitter was a 9–0 win by Verlander in 2011. The smallest margin of victory was two 1–0 wins by Trucks both in 1952.

The umpire is also an integral part of any no-hitter. The task of the umpire in a baseball game is to make any decision "which involves judgment, such as, but not limited to, whether a batted ball is fair or foul, whether a pitch is a strike or a ball, or whether a runner is safe or out… [the umpire's judgment on such matters] is final." Part of the duties of the umpire making calls at home plate includes defining the strike zone, which is defined as the "area over home plate the upper limit of which is a horizontal line at the midpoint between the top of the shoulders and the top of the uniform pants, and the lower level is a line at the hollow beneath the kneecap." These calls define every baseball game and are therefore integral to the completion of any no-hitter. A different umpire presided over each of the Tigers' seven no-hitters.

The manager is another integral part of any no-hitter. The tasks of the manager include determining the starting rotation as well as batting order and defensive lineup every game. Managers choosing the right pitcher and right defensive lineup at a right game at a right place at a right time would lead to a no-hitter. Jim Leyland is the only Tigers manager to skipper more than one no-hitter, being at the helm for both of Verlander's.

Mario Impemba

Mario Impemba (born March 18, 1963) is an American sportscaster, currently a part-time radio play-by-play announcer for the Boston Red Sox.

Marvin Hudson

Marvin Lee Hudson (born March 3, 1964) is a Major League Baseball (MLB) umpire who began his career in the National League in 1999. He has officiated in the 2004 All-Star Game, six Division Series (2005, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2015, 2016), the 2014 American League Championship Series, and the 2016 World Series. He wears uniform number 51.

Perfect game

A perfect game is defined by Major League Baseball as a game in which a pitcher (or combination of pitchers) pitches a victory that lasts a minimum of nine innings in which no opposing player reaches base.

To achieve a perfect game, a team must not allow an opposing player to reach base for any reason, including hits, walks, hit batsmen, or fielding errors; in short, "27 up, 27 down" (for a nine-inning game). The feat has been achieved 23 times in MLB history – 21 times since the modern era began in 1900, most recently by Félix Hernández of the Seattle Mariners on August 15, 2012. A perfect game is also a no-hitter and a shutout. A fielding error that does not allow a batter to reach base, such as a misplayed foul ball, does not spoil a perfect game. Weather-shortened contests in which a team has no baserunners and games in which a team reaches first base only in extra innings do not qualify as perfect games under the present definition.

The first confirmed use of the term perfect game was in 1908; the term's current definition was formalized in 1991. Although it is theoretically possible for several pitchers to combine for a perfect game (as has happened 11 times at the major league level for a no-hitter), to date, every major league perfect game has been thrown by a single pitcher.In Eastern Asian leagues such as Nippon Professional Baseball, KBO League, or Chinese Professional Baseball League, only Complete Perfect Games were recorded as official.

Roy Halladay's perfect game

On May 29, 2010, Roy Halladay of the Philadelphia Phillies pitched the twentieth perfect game in Major League Baseball history, against the Florida Marlins in Sun Life Stadium. He retired all 27 batters, striking out 11. This was the first time in the modern era that two pitchers (Dallas Braden of the Oakland Athletics being the other) threw perfect games in the same month and that multiple perfect games had been achieved in the same season.

Umpire (baseball)

In baseball, the umpire is the person charged with officiating the game, including beginning and ending the game, enforcing the rules of the game and the grounds, making judgment calls on plays, and handling the disciplinary actions. The term is often shortened to the colloquial form ump. They are also sometimes addressed as blue at lower levels due to the common color of the uniform worn by umpires. In professional baseball, the term blue is seldom used by players or managers, who instead call the umpire by name. Although games were often officiated by a sole umpire in the formative years of the sport, since the turn of the 20th century, officiating has been commonly divided among several umpires, who form the umpiring crew. The position is analogous to that of a referee in many other sports.

Culture and lore
Key personnel
Postseason appearances (14)
Division championships (10)
American League pennants (6)
World Series championships (2)
Hall of Fame inductees
Important figures
Minor league affiliates
Key personnel
World Series
championships (4)
American League pennants (11)
Division titles (7)
Wild card berths (1)


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