Arkansas Gazette

The Arkansas Gazette was a daily newspaper in Little Rock, Arkansas, that was published from 1819 to 1991.

The Gazette was known as the oldest newspaper west of the Mississippi River. It was located from 1908 until its closing at the now historic Gazette Building. For many years it was the newspaper of record for Little Rock and the State of Arkansas. It was Arkansas' first newspaper.

Arkansas Gazette
TypeDaily Newspaper
FormatBroadsheet
Founded1819
Ceased publication1991
HeadquartersLittle Rock, Arkansas, United States)
OCLC number9529609

History

The Arkansas Gazette began publication at Arkansas Post, the first capital of Arkansas Territory, on November 20, 1819. The Arkansas Gazette was established seventeen years before Arkansas became a state. When the capital was moved to Little Rock in 1821, publisher William E. Woodruff also relocated the Arkansas Gazette. The newspaper was the first to report Arkansas' statehood in 1836.[1]

Over the decades the paper was bought and sold many times. During the Civil War the paper was even shut down from the September on 1863 to the May of 1865. After the war the Gazette became the first newspaper to have telegraphic services from which they began to receive news from places like New Orleans, Louisiana, Memphis, Tennessee, and St. Louis, Missouri. In 1908 the "Gazette" even added colored comics. During the Little Rock Nine Crisis the "Gazette" promoted the segregation of schools which lost them millions of dollars. But in the aftermath the "Gazette" regained its status. In 1958, the "Arkansas Gazette" was awarded a Pulitzer Prize for Public Service and Harry Ashmore of the "Gazette" was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for editorial writing for their coverage of the school integration crisis in Little Rock. [2] [3]


Through much of its history, the Gazette was in competition with the Arkansas Democrat. Competition became more intense in 1979 when the Democrat changed from publishing in the evening to publishing in the morning.

After 12 years of bitter competition in the morning, the Arkansas Gazette published its final edition on October 18, 1991. The assets of the newspaper were sold to Walter E. Hussman, Jr., owner and publisher of the competing Arkansas Democrat. Hussman renamed the surviving paper the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette.[1] The surviving newspaper proclaims itself a descendant of the Arkansas Gazette, but this viewpoint is disputed by the 726 full-time and 1,200 part-time employees of the Arkansas Gazette who lost their jobs with the demise of their newspaper, as well as by readers of the "Gazette" who preferred the quality of journalism found in the "Gazette" to that found in the "Arkansas Democrat," even holding a vigil for its demise.[4][5]

See also

References

Sources

  • Jessie Ryon Lucke (1955). "Correspondence concerning the Establishment of the First Arkansas Press". Arkansas Historical Quarterly. 14. JSTOR 40025472.
  • Dougan, Michael B (1994). Arkansas Odyssey, The Saga of Arkansas from Prehistoric Times to Present. Little Rock: Rose Publishing Co. ISBN 0-914546-65-1.
  • Reed, Roy (2009). Looking Back at the Arkansas Gazette: An Oral History. Fayetteville: University of Arkansas Press. ISBN 1-55728-899-2.
  • "The Old Gray Lady: Arkansas' First Newspaper". aetn.org. AETN. 2016. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
  • "The Arkansas Gazette". encyclopediaofarkansas.net. Encyclopedia of Arkansas. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
  • Reed, R. (2009). Looking Back at the Arkansas Gazette: An Oral History. EBL-Schweitzer. University of Arkansas Press. ISBN 978-1-61075-249-7. Retrieved 2018-07-18.
  • Ross, M. (1969). Arkansas Gazette: the Early Years, 1819-1866: A History. Arkansas Gazette Foundation.

Notes

  1. ^ a b "Gazette and Democrat Wage Newspaper War". History of Newspapers in Arkansas. Old Statehouse Museum. 1998. Archived from the original on November 2, 2006.
  2. ^ "1958 Pulitzer Prizes". pulitzer.org. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
  3. ^ Donna Lampkin Stephens. "Arkansas Gazette". encyclopediaofarkansas.net. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
  4. ^ "The Arkansas Gazette". encyclopediaofarkansas.net. Retrieved November 8, 2016.
  5. ^ "The Old Gray Lady: Arkansas' First Newspaper". aetn.org. AETN. 2016. Retrieved November 8, 2016.

Further reading

  • Donna Lampkin Stephens (2012). "Conscience of the Arkansas Gazette". Journalism History. 38.
1958 Pulitzer Prize

The following are the Pulitzer Prizes for 1958.

39th Infantry Division (United States)

The 39th Infantry Division (Delta Division) was an infantry formation of the Army National Guard, originally formed as the 18th Division in 1917. The division consisted of troops from Arkansas, Louisiana, and Mississippi. After training at Camp Beauregard, Louisiana, the division was deployed to France but did not see combat before the end of World War I. In July 1923 the division was re-designated as the 31st Infantry Division. The 39th Infantry Division was reactivated after World War II with troops from Louisiana and Arkansas and its headquarters in Louisiana. In 1967, the 39th Infantry Division was reorganized to become the 39th Infantry Brigade (Separate). Its headquarters was in Little Rock, Arkansas and the unit consisted entirely of troops from the Arkansas Army National Guard.

Arkansas Democrat-Gazette

The Arkansas Democrat-Gazette is the newspaper of record in the U.S. state of Arkansas, printed in Little Rock with a northwest edition published in Lowell. It is distributed for sale in all 75 of Arkansas' counties, and sold for $1 daily or $2 on Sundays/Thanksgiving Day; price is higher elsewhere outside Arkansas.

By virtue of one of its predecessors, the Arkansas Gazette (founded in 1819), it claims to be the oldest continuously published newspaper west of the Mississippi River. The original print shop of the Gazette is preserved at the Historic Arkansas Museum in Little Rock.

Arkansas National Guard during World War I

The history of the Arkansas National Guard and World War I begins with the reorganization of the Arkansas State Guard following the Spanish–American War. As a result of difficulties encountered during the mobilization of state militia forces, the United States Congress passed new legislation which resulted in the renaming of the Arkansas State Guard as the Arkansas National Guard. The new federal legislation resulted in increased funding and training for the guard. The newly reorganized Arkansas National Guard was call upon by the President to help defend the border with Mexico in 1916 in response to cross border raids during the Mexican Revolution. The Arkansas National Guard had just returned from the Mexican Expedition in 1917 when it was activated for World War I. As a part of their incorporation in the United States Army, all National Guard units were renumbered in accordance with a federal system. The Arkansas National Guard units were incorporated into the 39th Infantry Division and after training at Camp Beauregard, were shipped to France in August and September 1918. The 39th Division was broken up, with some units being used as replacements for other divisions. Most former Arkansas National Guardsmen returned to the United States in February through June 1919 and were demobilized.

Arkansas Times

Arkansas Times, a weekly alternative newspaper based in Little Rock, Arkansas, is a publication that has circulated more than 40 years, originally as a magazine.

Founded as a small magazine on newsprint in 1977 by publisher Alan Leveritt, it later became a glossy monthly magazine with paid circulation, and in May 1992 became a weekly tabloid-format publication on newsprint with free distribution. Its current format stems from reaction to the Arkansas Democrat's buyout of assets from Gannett's closure of the Arkansas Gazette in 1991, which had resulted in the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette. Arkansas Times ' senior editor Max Brantley is among those former Gazette staffers who lost their jobs as a result of the merger. Brantley was the first editor of the weekly edition in May 1992. The Gazette's editorial cartoonist George Fisher became the Times cartoonist until his death.

Billed on its nameplate as Arkansas's weekly newspaper of politics and culture (similarly styled as other regional publications like The Memphis Flyer), Arkansas Times is noted for its opinion columnists and feature articles that take a decidedly liberal stance in comparison to the larger, daily Democrat-Gazette.

Over the years since its founding, the publication's parent company — Arkansas Times Limited Partnership — has gone on to produce a number of special inserts and associated publications. Among these are the weekly El Latino, a Spanish-language weekly. The company also publishes Savvy Kids, a family magazine; the quarterly Arkansas Wild about outdoor pursuits and Arkansas Food and Farm, a periodical that reports on small farm agriculture and locally sourced foods. Annually, the first Times issue of the new year is the Native's Guide to Pulaski County — a comprehensive guide to communities and services in Little Rock and throughout Arkansas's most populous county.

The Times was an early innovator in Arkansas as a source of online news. Its Arkansas Blog began as a source of breaking news and analysis about Arkansas in October 2004. It records some 300,000 unique visitors monthly and also attracts readers through Facebook and Twitter posts. Unlimited access to the Arkansas Blog in 2013 became a subscription offering.

Lindsey Millar became editor of the Times in 2011. He introduced a number of digital features, including a weekly public affairs podcast and a daily video headline program. He has expanded the newspaper's reporting reach by privately underwritten reporting projects on a major oil pipeline spill and an ongoing project on education in Arkansas.

Deborah Mathis

Deborah Myers Mathis (born 24 August 1953) is an African-American journalist and author. Her journalism career began as a reporter for the Arkansas Democrat, a major newspaper in Arkansas. She also worked in television news in Little Rock and Washington. She was White House correspondent for the Gannett News Service. She returned to Arkansas and newspaper journalism at the Arkansas Gazette as an editorial columnist and associate editor.

English-language press of the Socialist Party of America

This is a list of newspapers and magazines in the United States owned by, or editorially supportive of, the Socialist Party of America (SPA, established 1901).

Also included are papers associated with the direct predecessors of the SPA — the Social Democratic Party of America with headquarters in Chicago (split from the Social Democracy of America in 1898) and the Social Democratic Party of America with headquarters in Springfield, Massachusetts (split from the Socialist Labor Party of America in 1899).

The format is: (1) Title, (2) Place of publication, (3) Publisher, (4) (Dates).

Dates indicated are the years the papers were known to be in press and allied with the Socialist Party, not necessarily all years of publication.

Harry Ashmore

Harry Scott Ashmore (July 28, 1916 – January 20, 1998) was an American journalist who won a Pulitzer Prize for his editorials in 1957 on the school integration conflict in Little Rock, Arkansas.

Jefferson W. Speck

Jefferson W. Speck (December 24, 1916 – January 30, 1993) was a planter and businessman from Mississippi County, Arkansas, who was the Republican gubernatorial nominee in 1950 and again in 1952. He was a leader in the Dwight D. Eisenhower faction of the Arkansas party in the early 1950s.

Jennie W. Erickson

Jennie Waters Erickson (1876-1961) was a probation officer and county superintendent of schools in Arkansas. Her work was publicized nationally as an example of progressive policy towards deliquency, dependency, and truancy.

John N. Heiskell

John Netherland Heiskell (November 2, 1872 – December 28, 1972) was a prominent American newspaper editor who served briefly in the United States Senate after being appointed to fill a vacancy. He was the editor of the Arkansas Gazette from 1902 until his death, and served in the United States Senate from Arkansas briefly in 1913. As the result of his long life, Heiskell attained several Senate longevity records, and was the second U.S. Senator to reach the age of 100.

Judy Petty Wolf

Judy C. Petty, later Judy Petty Wolf (born September 4, 1943), is a retired officer of the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio and a Republican former member of the Arkansas House of Representatives. As a lawmaker, she was the primary sponsor of landmark legislation on justice for victims of crimes.

A native of the capital city of Little Rock, Arkansas, Wolf graduated magna cum laude from the University of Arkansas at Little Rock. As Judy Petty, a divorced mother with a young daughter, she took a job in the middle 1960s for $300 per month as a secretary to Winthrop Rockefeller, the twice elected first Republican governor of Arkansas since Reconstruction. She was state chairman of the Arkansas Reagan for President Campaign in 1976 and supported Ronald W. Reagan in 1980 and 1984.

Lamar Allen

Lamar "Buddy" Allen (November 25, 1914 – May 15, 1989) was an American football player and coach. He was the head football coach at University of Arkansas at Pine Bluff. He held that position for four seasons, from 1946 until 1949. His coaching record at Arkansas–Pine Bluff was 19–18–5.Allen played as a back for Pine Bluff Merrill High School, a segregated black school in Arkansas, which won national championships in 1932, his freshman year, and 1933. His accomplishments were such that even the state's white newspapers, including the Arkansas Gazette took notice.

List of Boston Red Sox spring training venues

The Boston Red Sox have been a member of the American League (AL) of Major League Baseball (MLB) since 1901, and have held spring training prior to each season.

The franchise's first spring training was held in Charlottesville, Virginia, in 1901, when the team was known as the Boston Americans. Since 1993, the city of Fort Myers, Florida, has hosted Boston's spring training, first at City of Palms Park, and since 2012 at jetBlue Park at Fenway South.

Maud Crawford

Maud Robinson Crawford (June 22, 1891 – March 2, 1957) was an American attorney in Camden, Arkansas, who disappeared without a trace on a Saturday night, March 2, 1957. She is presumed dead.

In 1986 the Arkansas Gazette published a 19-article investigative series by reporter Beth Brickell, who alleged that one of Crawford's clients had been defrauded of extensive timber and oil holdings by the late Henry Myar "Mike" Berg (1909-1975), a successful businessman in Camden and former state police commissioner. The newspaper speculated that Crawford had confronted Berg. The newspaper reported that the detective who discovered this connection was removed from the case, and the relevant files disappeared from the police station. In 1986, Bill McLean, the prosecuting attorney in El Dorado in Union County, reopened the case, but was unable to prosecute. The case remains officially unsolved.

Pratt C. Remmel

Pratt Cates Remmel, Sr. (October 26, 1915 – May 14, 1991), was the only 20th century Republican elected on a partisan ballot to have served as mayor of the capital city of Little Rock, Arkansas.

Remmel was elected to the first of two two-year terms in 1951, was reelected in 1953, and then defeated in 1955 by the Democrat Woodrow Wilson Mann, who like Remmel was engaged in the insurance business. In 1954, Remmel was the unsuccessful Republican gubernatorial candidate against the Democrat Orval Faubus, who won the first of his six consecutive two-year terms as the state's highest constitutional officer. Remmel's 37 percent of the general election vote was the greatest then attained by a Republican candidate since Reconstruction. In some ways, he paved the beginning of a long route that would bring fellow Republican Winthrop Rockefeller to the governorship in 1967. Rockefeller moved into the state only a year before Remmel ran for governor.

Ray Hamilton (defensive end)

Raymond "Ray" Hamilton (June 6, 1916 – February 13, 1995) was a standout football and basketball player for the University of Arkansas and a professional football player in the National Football League where he played for the Cleveland Rams, Detroit Lions, and the Los Angeles Rams.

The Baxter Bulletin

The Baxter Bulletin is the daily newspaper serving Mountain Home, Arkansas and Baxter County, Arkansas, and surrounding areas. In 1976, the paper was acquired by Multimedia; Gannett acquired Multimedia in 1995. It is the sole newspaper in Arkansas owned by Gannett, following a late 1991 sale by the company of the Little Rock-based Arkansas Gazette.

William E. Woodruff (politician)

William Edward Woodruff (24 December 1795–19 June 1885) was an early American politician and a pioneer journalist of Arkansas.

Born on a Long Island, New York farm, Woodruff was apprenticed to a Sag Harbor printer at the age of 14, and in 1818 headed west to work in Kentucky, Tennessee, and finally the newly created state of Arkansas, printing the first edition of the Arkansas Gazette in 1819.

He was buried in Little Rock, Arkansas Woodruff County, Arkansas is named after him.

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