Ark-La-Tex

The Ark-La-Tex region (a portmanteau of Arkansas, Louisiana, and Texas; also stylized as Arklatex, ArkLaTex, or more inclusively Arklatexoma) is a U.S. socio-economic region where the 4 Southern states of Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas, and Oklahoma abut. The region contains portions of Northwest Louisiana, Northeast Texas, South Arkansas, and the Little Dixie area of Oklahoma. The largest city and center of the region is Shreveport, Louisiana. Other major cities in the Ark-La-Tex include Tyler, Texas, Longview, Texas, Marshall, Texas, and Texarkana.

Most of the Ark-La-Tex is located in the Piney Woods, an ecoregion of dense forests of mixed deciduous and conifer flora. The forests are periodically punctuated by sloughs and bayous that are linked to larger bodies of water such as Caddo Lake or the Red River. The Ark-La-Tex covers roughly 46,500 square miles (120,000 km2) with an estimated 2010 population of 1,043,570.

Ark-La-Tex
Downtown Shreveport, Louisiana in 2014
Downtown Shreveport, Louisiana in 2014
Downtown Tyler, Texas skyline in 2012
Downtown Tyler, Texas skyline in 2012
Broad Street Texarkana, Arkansas in 2016
Broad Street Texarkana, Arkansas in 2016
Country United States
State Arkansas
 Louisiana
 Oklahoma
 Texas
Principal cities
Population
 (2010)
 • Total1,043,570
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Area code(s)318, 430 and 903, 870, 580
US map-Arklatex
Map of the Ark-La-Tex region

Origin of the term

According to one source, the name "Ark-La-Tex" was first promoted for the region by a Shreveport Chamber of Commerce campaign in 1932-33.[1]

Communities

Largest cities

List of cities over 2,500 people:

Louisiana

City Parish Population
Arcadia Bienville 2,919
Blanchard Caddo 2,899
Bossier City Bossier 62,745
Eastwood Bossier 4,093
Grambling Lincoln 4,949
Greenwood Caddo 3,219
Haughton Bossier 3,454
Homer Claiborne 3,237
Jonesboro Jackson 4,704
Mansfield DeSoto 5,001
Many Sabine 2,853
Minden Webster 13,082
Natchitoches Natchitoches 18,323
Red Chute Bossier 6,261
Ruston Lincoln 21,859
Shreveport Caddo, Bossier 200,975
Springhill Webster 5,279
Vivian Caddo 3,671
Winnfield Winn 4,840

Texas

City County Population
Atlanta Cass 5,675
Athens Henderson 12,710
Bonham Fannin 10,127
Carthage Panola 6,779
Clarksville Red River 3,883
Crockett Houston 7,141
Daingerfield Morris 2,560
Gilmer Upshur 4,905
Gladewater Gregg, Upshur 6,228
Hallsville Harrison 3,775
Henderson Rusk 13,712
Hooks Bowie 2,769
Jacksonville Cherokee 14,544
Kilgore Gregg, Rusk 12,975
Longview Gregg, Harrison 80,455
Lufkin Angelina 35,067
Marshall Harrison 23,523
Mount Pleasant Titus 15,564
Mount Vernon Franklin 2,662
Nacogdoches Nacogdoches 32,996
New Boston Bowie 4,550
Paris Lamar 25,171
Pittsburg Camp 4,497
Sulphur Springs Hopkins 15,449
Texarkana Bowie 36,411
Tyler Smith 96,900
White Oak Gregg 6,469

Arkansas

City County Population
Arkadelphia Clark 10,714
Ashdown Little River 4,723
Camden Ouachita 12,183
De Queen Sevier 6,629
El Dorado Union 18,491
Hope Hempstead 10,095
Magnolia Columbia 11,577
Mena Polk 5,737
Nashville Howard 4,627
Prescott Nevada 3,868
Texarkana Miller 29,919

Oklahoma

City County Population
Broken Bow McCurtain 4,120
Hugo Choctaw 5,310
Idabel McCurtain 7,010

Culture

The culture of the Ark-La-Tex region, and especially its music, shows a mixture of influences from the related, but distinct, cultures of its surrounding states. The music of the area is marked by country and blues sounds typical of the music of the Southern United States, the Western music of Texas, and the well-documented music of New Orleans and Acadiana in Louisiana.[2] The area had a significant role in the development of country and rock and roll music beginning in the 1940s. On March 1, 1948, Shreveport radio station KWKH launched a country music variety show called the Ark-La-Tex Jubilee, followed a month later by the long-running and influential Louisiana Hayride program.[3] Hayride director Horace Logan and regular performer Webb Pierce started a music publishing company called Ark-La-Tex Music.[4][5]

Drummer Brian Blade, a Shreveport native, included a song entitled "Ark.La.Tex." on his 2014 album Landmarks, exploring the mixture of musical influences in his home region.[6]

Media

TV

  • KLTV - Tyler (ABC affiliate)
  • KYTX - Nacogdoches (CBS affiliate)
  • KFXK - Longview (Fox affiliate)
  • KCEB - Longview (Me-TV affiliate)
  • KETK - Jacksonville (NBC affiliate)
  • KTRE - Lufkin (ABC affiliate)
  • KTAL - Texarkana/Shreveport (NBC affiliate)
  • KMSS - Shreveport (Fox affiliate)
  • KSHV - Shreveport (MyNetworkTV affiliate)
  • KPXJ - Shreveport (CW affiliate)
  • KSLA - Shreveport (CBS affiliate)
  • KTBS - Shreveport (ABC affiliate)
  • KLTS-Shreveport (PBS affiliate)
  • AETN - Arkadelphia/El Dorado (PBS affiliate)
  • KTVE - El Dorado (NBC affiliate)

Radio

  • 99.7 KMJJ-FM-The BIG Station
  • 93.7 KXKS-FM—KISS Country
  • 95.7 KLKL-FM—The Greatest Hits of All Time
  • 97.3 KQHN-FM—Q97.3
  • 98.1 KTAL-FM—98Rocks

Notable people

References

  1. ^ Bonnye E. Stuart, Louisiana Curiosities: Quirky Characters, Roadside Oddities & Other Offbeat Stuff (Globe Pequot, 2012), ISBN 978-0762769773, pp. 5-7. Excerpts available at Google Books.
  2. ^ See generally Kip Lornell and Tracey E. W. Laird, eds., Shreveport Sounds in Black and White (University Press of Mississippi, 2008), ISBN 978-1934110423, and in particular the introductory section entitled "The 'Ark-La-Tex' and Music Research" at pp. xii-xvii. Excerpts available at Google Books; other excerpts also available at Amazon.com here.
  3. ^ Tracey E. W. Laird, Louisiana Hayride : Radio and Roots Music along the Red River: Radio and Roots Music along the Red River (Oxford University Press, 2004), ISBN 978-0195347180, p. 6. Excerpts available at Google Books.
  4. ^ "Webb Pierce" in Michael Erlewine, ed., All Music Guide to Country: The Experts' Guide to the Best Recordings in Country Music ( Hal Leonard Corporation, 1997), ISBN 978-0879304751, p. 364. Excerpts available at Google Books.
  5. ^ "KWKH Maps Big Build-Up on Hillbillies", Billboard, August 30, 1952, p. 19.
  6. ^ "Brian Blade Finds A 'Landmark' In His Shreveport Roots", Weekend Edition, April 27, 2014.("... my depiction musically of this region where we live, you know, where Arkansas, Louisiana and Texas meet here at the northwestern corner of Louisiana. I guess in terms of the structure of the song - these sort of three different moods - it unfolds in this very small way - these seeds. Then all of a sudden, you cross a line and the landscape changes immediately.")
Arcadia, Louisiana

Arcadia is a town in and the parish seat of Bienville Parish in north Louisiana, United States. The population was 2,919 at the 2010 census. Arcadia has the highest elevation of any town in Louisiana.

Chopin, Louisiana

Chopin (also recorded as Chotin) is an unincorporated community in Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana, United States. It is located approximately 19 miles (31 km) southeast of Natchitoches, and Interstate 49 (exit 113) intersects Louisiana Highway 490 near this community. It was likely named after an early French colonial settler.

The community is part of the Natchitoches Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Conn, Louisiana

Conn is an unincorporated community in Caddo Parish, Louisiana, United States.

Derry, Louisiana

Derry is an unincorporated community in Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana, United States, located on Louisiana Highway 1.

It is the closest town to Magnolia Plantation, a National Historic Landmark.

There is an abandoned school adjacent to the St. Matthew Baptist Church off Louisiana Highway 119 near Derry.

Fairview Alpha, Louisiana

Fairview Alpha is a populated place in Natchitoches and Red River parishes in the U.S. state of Louisiana. At one time, it was known as Messick and Alpha.

Forbing, Louisiana

Forbing is an unincorporated community in Caddo Parish, Louisiana, United States.

It is part of the Shreveport–Bossier City Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Grambling, Louisiana

Grambling is a city in Lincoln Parish, Louisiana, United States. The population was 4,693 at the 2000 census. The city is home to Grambling State University and is part of the Ruston Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Grambling was designated a "City" in the early 1990s (either in 1992 or 1993), but was erroneously considered a "Town" during the 2000 census.

KVMA-FM

KVMA-FM (102.9 FM) is an urban adult contemporary formatted radio station based in Shreveport, Louisiana, and serving the "Ark-La-Tex" region. Broadcasting on 102.9 FM, KVMA-FM is owned by Cumulus Media and is headquartered at the Louisiana Boardwalk shopping center in Bossier City, Louisiana.

KVMA-FM was purchased in 2004 from Magnolia, Arkansas and relocated to the Shreveport Market on 107.9 MHz with Cumulus Broadcasting. In 2005, a short discussion between the FCC, Barksdale Air Force Base and Cumulus Broadcasting over the interference of 107.9 and the B52 Aircraft, the FCC shut down the 107.9 frequency forever in the Shreveport/Bossier area. Cumulus Broadcasting shutdown KVMA-FM and relocated its format to 102.9 one evening and temporarily shutdown KBED-FM (Mix 102.9 FM). KVMA-FM picked up the syndication rights to the Tom Joyner Morning Show. It is also the home of The Michael Baisden Show in the afternoons, and The Sweat Hotel at nights. KBED-FM is now KQHN-FM and was relicensed to 97.3 and serves the Ark-La-Tex area.

KVMA-FM transmit facilities are located near Downtown Shreveport on a Landmark non supported structure nicknamed Eiffel Tower. It is co-located with KMJJ-FM and KQHN-FM with the KRMD-FM auxiliary transmitter.

Lincoln Parish, Louisiana

Lincoln Parish (French: Paroisse de Lincoln) is a parish located in the U.S. state of Louisiana. As of the 2010 census, the population was 46,735. The parish seat is Ruston. The parish was created on February 24, 1873 from parts of Bienville, Claiborne, Union, and Jackson parishes, and its boundaries have changed only once (in 1877). This makes Lincoln parish one of the Reconstruction parishes.Lincoln Parish comprises the Ruston, LA Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Linden, Texas

Linden is a city in Cass County, Texas, United States. The population was 1,988 at the 2010 census, down from 2,256 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Cass County.

Mansfield, Louisiana

Mansfield is a small city in and the parish seat of DeSoto Parish, Louisiana, United States. The population was 5,001 at the 2010 census, a decline of more than 10 percent from the 2000 tabulation. Mansfield is 77 percent African American. Mansfield is part of the Shreveport–Bossier City Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Melrose, Louisiana

Melrose is an unincorporated community in Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana, United States, including the Melrose Plantation and surrounding area, on Louisiana Highway 119. In addition to the historic plantation, the Cane River Creole National Historical Park and Heritage Area encompass the Melrose area.

Melrose is part of the Natchitoches Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Mount Zion, Lincoln Parish, Louisiana

Mount Zion is an unincorporated community in Lincoln Parish, Louisiana, United States.

Pleasant Hill, Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana

Pleasant Hill is an Unincorporated community in Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana, United States

Ruston, Louisiana

Ruston is a small city and the parish seat of Lincoln Parish, Louisiana, United States. It is the largest city in the Eastern Ark-La-Tex region. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 21,859, reflecting an increase of 6.4 percent from the count of 20,546 counted in the 2000 Census. Ruston is near the eastern border of the Ark-La-Tex region and is the home of Louisiana Tech University. Its economy is therefore based on its college population. Ruston hosts the annual Peach Festival.

Ruston is the principal city of the Ruston Micropolitan Statistical Area, which includes all of Lincoln Parish.

Texarkana, Arkansas

Texarkana is a city in Arkansas and the county seat of Miller County. The city is located across the state line from its twin city, Texarkana, Texas. The city was founded at a railroad intersection on December 8, 1873, and was incorporated in Arkansas on August 10, 1880. Texarkana (together with its Texas counterpart) is the principal city of the Texarkana metropolitan area, which is ranked 274th in terms of population in the United States with 150,098 in 2016 according to the United States Census Bureau.

Located within the Ark-La-Tex subregion of Southwest Arkansas, Texarkana is located in the Piney Woods, a oak-hickory forest atop the flat Gulf Coastal Plain. Texarkana's economy is driven by agriculture and the city's position as a crossroads of three major Interstate highways: Interstate 30 (I-30), I-49 and the future I-69. Outdoors tourism, such as fishing at Lake Millwood, are also important in the region. The Texarkana Arkansas School District is the largest public school district on the Arkansas side, leading to graduation from Arkansas High School. The city is home to Texarkana College (on the Texas side of town), and a branch campus of the University of Arkansas Community College at Hope (UACCH).

Timon, Louisiana

Timon is an unincorporated community in Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana, United States.

Victoria, Louisiana

Victoria is an Unincorporated Community in Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana, United States.

Winnfield, Louisiana

Winnfield is a small city in the parish seat of Winn Parish, Louisiana, United States. The population was 5,749 at the 2000 census, and 4,840 in 2010. Three governors of the state of Louisiana were from Winnfield.

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