Arizpe

Arizpe (or Arispe) is a small town in Arizpe Municipality in the north of the Mexican state of Sonora. It is located at 30°20'"N 110°09'"W. The area of the municipality is 2,806.78 sq.km. The population in 2005 was 2,959 of which 1,743 lived in the municipal seat as of the 2000 census.

Arizpe

Arispe (alternate spelling)
Nuestra Señora de la Asunción de Arizpe, built ca. 1756
Nuestra Señora de la Asunción de Arizpe, built ca. 1756
Coordinates: 30°19′51″N 110°10′9″W / 30.33083°N 110.16917°WCoordinates: 30°19′51″N 110°10′9″W / 30.33083°N 110.16917°W
CountryMexico
StateSonora
MunicipalityArizpe

History

The region of Arizpe was occupied by the Opata people. The name Arizpe is a Basque word "Aritzpe"((H)Aritz meaning Oak and Pe meaning under) and translates to "Under the Oaks".[1]

Arizpe was founded in 1646 by the Jesuit missionary Jerónimo de la Canal, with one of the Spanish missions in the Sonoran Desert.

Provincias Internas

In 1776 Arizpe was made the capital of the Spanish colonial Comandancia y Capitanía General de las Provincias Internas. As the capital, Arizpe became a city by the end of the eighteenth century, the first in the Sonora region.

The Provincias Internas had jurisdiction over the provinces of: Sonora and Sinaloa (present day Sonora and Sinaloa, Nueva Vizcaya (present day Durango and Chihuahua), Las Californias (present day Baja California Peninsula and California), Nueva Vizcaya and Santa Fe de Nuevo México (present day New Mexico), Los Tejas (present day Texas), New Kingdom of León (present day Nuevo Leon), Nuevo Santander (present day Tamaulipas and southern Texas), and Coahuila in Nueva Extremadura (present-day Coahuila and Texas south of Nueces River).

Juan Bautista de Anza

In 1775 an overland expedition, led by Captain Juan Bautista de Anza, of colonial soldiers, missionaries, and settlers was approved by the King of Spain, for a more direct land route to and further colonization of Spanish Alta California. The De Anza Expedition reached San Francisco Bay in 1776, where de Anza located sites for the Presidio of San Francisco and Mission San Francisco de Asis (in present-day San Francisco, California).

Juan Bautista de Anza died in 1788 and is buried in Arizpe, at the Church of Nuestra Señora de la Asunción de Arizpe. In 1963, with the participation of delegations from the University of California, Berkeley and UC San Francisco, he was disinterred and reburied in a new marble memorial mausoleum at the same church.

Economy

Agriculture is the main economic activity, with farms lying in the valley of the Sonora River. Most of the crops are grasses used for the raising of cattle. There were over 40,000 head in 2000.

Tourist attractions

The municipal seat has a church and gardens with palm trees. The main church, Templo de Nuestra Señora de la Asunción, was built around 1756 and preserves retablos with oil paintings of saints and wooden and plaster sculptures.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Arizpe Name Meaning & Arizpe Family History at Ancestry.com". Ancestry.com. Retrieved 9 July 2018.

Other sources

External links

Aconchi

Aconchi is a small city in Aconchi Municipality that surrounds it, located in the center of the Mexican state of Sonora. The population of the municipality (urban and rural) was 2,452 in 2005 in an area of 358.74 square kilometers. It became a municipality in 1932 but was founded in 1639 the Jesuit missionary Bartolomé Castaño.

The municipal seat lies at an elevation of 609 meters above sea level.

The land is mainly mountainous making agriculture difficult; therefore the economy is dependent on cattle raising. The Sonora River crosses the municipality from north to south, but its water flow is irregular.

Aconchi lies on the main highway linking state capital Hermosillo with Cananea.

There is a modest spa called Aguas Termales de Aconchi, located a few kilometers to the north, which has tourist potential. The main tourist attraction is “El Agua Caliente de Aconchi”, which consists of a spring of medicinal waters reaching a temperature of 59 °C (138.2 °F). It is located 4 km from the town on the highway that goes from Hermosillo to Arizpe.

This recreational spot has no hotel infrastructure but there is an area for camping. Besides the swimming pool there is a restaurant and an area for barbecues.

Arizpe Municipality

Arizpe (municipality) is a municipality in Sonora in north-western Mexico.

Bacoachi

Bacoachi is a small town in Bacoachi Municipality in the north of the Mexican state of Sonora. The area of the municipality is 487 square miles (1,260.65 km²) and the population (rural and urban) was 1,456 in 2005, with 924 inhabitants residing in the municipal seat. [1] The elevation of the municipal seat is 4,429 feet (1,350 meters) above sea level.

Bacoachi is located southeast of Cananea and has boundaries in the north with Naco, in the east with Fronteras, in the southeast with Nacozari, in the southwest with Arizpe and in the east with Cananea. See maps at [2] or [3]

The territory was originally inhabited by the Opata Teguima Indians, who called their settlement "Cuchibaciachi". In 1649, Captain Simón Lazo de la Vega founded a Spanish town in the same spot. The name means "water snake" in the indigenous language.

Most of the land is mountainous and is part of the Sierra de Sonora. There are still pine forests and a rich variety of fauna, including coyotes, jaguars, deer, raccoons, wild pigs, skunks, and owls, among others.

The population has been decreasing due to immigration to the United States of America.

There are few roads but the municipality is connected to the capital, Hermosillo, by the Hermosillo-Cananea highway.

Agriculture and cattle raising are the main economic activities. Most of the agriculture is involved in growing grasses for the cattle, which numbered over 25,000 head in 2000.

Banámichi

Banámichi (Opata: Banamitzi) is a small town in Banámichi Municipality in the north of the Mexican state of Sonora. Geographical coordinates are 30°01′N 110°13′W.

Chevrolet Blazer (crossover)

The Chevrolet Blazer is a 5-seat mid-size crossover SUV produced by General Motors brand Chevrolet. The vehicle went into production in December 2018 and sales began in January 2019 as a 2019 model.

Chevrolet HHR

The Chevrolet HHR (an initialism for Heritage High Roof) is a retro-styled, high-roofed, five-door, five-passenger, front-wheel drive station wagon designed by Bryan Nesbitt and launched by the American automaker Chevrolet at the 2005 Los Angeles Auto Show as a 2006 model.The HHR shares the GM Delta platform with the Chevrolet Cobalt, Pontiac G5, and Saturn Ion. In Mexico, it was marketed with its predecessor, the Opel-sourced Chevrolet Zafira compact MPV.

Chevrolet marketed a panel van variant of the HHR beginning in 2007. Assembled in Ramos Arizpe, Mexico and marketed throughout North America, production of the HHR ended in May 2011.

Coahuila y Tejas

Coahuila y Tejas (Coahuila and Texas) was one of the constituent states of the newly established United Mexican States under its 1824 Constitution.It had two capitals: first Saltillo (1822–1825) for petition of Miguel Ramos Arizpe, that changing the capital for dispute of political groups, but Monclova recovered primacy because it was the colonial capital since 1689; this action provoked a struggle between the residents of Saltillo and Monclova in 1838–1840, but the political actions of Santa Anna convinced the monclovitas to accept the final change of political powers to Saltillo. In the case of Tejas its territory was organized for administrative purposes, with the state being divided into three districts: Béxar, comprising the area covered by Texas; Monclova, comprising northern Coahuila; and Río Grande Saltillo, comprising southern Coahuila.

The state remained in existence until the adoption of the 1835 "Constitutional Bases", whereby the federal republic was converted into a unitary one, and the nation's states (estados) were turned into departments (departamentos). The State of Coahuila and Texas was split in two and became the Department of Coahuila and the Department of Texas.

Both Coahuila and Texas seceded from Mexico because of Antonio López de Santa Anna's attempts to centralize the government. Texas eventually became the independent Republic of Texas, which in 1845 became a state of the United States of America. Coahuila joined with Nuevo León and Tamaulipas, to form the short-lived Republic of the Rio Grande.

GMT800

The GMT800 was a General Motors full-size truck platform used from the 1999 through 2006 model years. It underpinned the Chevrolet Silverado and GMC Sierra pickups; the derived GMT820 and GMT830 were used for the Chevrolet Tahoe/GMC Yukon and the Chevrolet Suburban/GMC Yukon XL full-size SUVs, respectively. This platform was the successor to the GMT400 series of C/K pickups and SUVs, and was replaced for 2007 by the GMT900 line.

The GMT800 frames were manufactured by Magna International in Ramos Arizpe, Coahuila, Mexico and St. Thomas, Ontario, Canada. Final assembly of trucks was done in Oshawa, Ontario; Pontiac, Michigan; Fort Wayne, Indiana; and Flint, Michigan; for pickup & chassis cab models, and Silao, Mexico; Janesville, Wisconsin; and Arlington, Texas; for SUV models. The GMT820-based Hummer H2 was built under contract by AM General at a specially-constructed plant in Mishawaka, Indiana. A GMT810 2 door SUV variant was designed and prototyped, but was not put into production.The GMT800 introduced a three-section frame system, which could be mixed and matched depending on the wheelbase, GVWR, and body type fitted to the platform, rather than a single piece long frame. The front section was hydroformed, while the middle and rear sections were roll formed or stamped, depending on application. This gives greater flexibility to the platform. A total of four front modules, seven midsections, and four rear sections were designed, and supported nearly 40 different truck configurations.

The GMT800 was the first truck usage of the then-new GM Generation III V8 engines. The 4.8 and 5.3 L versions featured iron blocks and aluminum heads, while the 6.0 L version initially used cast iron cylinder heads.

Governor of Coahuila

List of Governors of the northeastern Mexican state of Coahuila de Zaragoza, since its establishment as the province of Nueva Extremadura in Northern New Spain, later province of Coahuila and Texas, and Coahuila as a Mexican state.

Guadalupe Arizpe de la Vega

Guadalupe Arizpe De La Vega is a Mexican humanitarian who founded the Federación Mexicana de Asociaciones y Empresas Privadas (FEMAP), which supports two hospitals and a nursing school Cuidad Juárez. She is a proponent of women's right to access birth control.

Miguel Arizpe Jiménez

Miguel Arizpe Jiménez (born 17 November 1948) is a Mexican politician from the Institutional Revolutionary Party. From 2000 to 2003 he served as Deputy of the LVIII Legislature of the Mexican Congress representing Coahuila.

Miguel Ramos Arizpe

Don Miguel Ramos Arizpe (February 15, 1775 in Valle de San Nicolás, (near Saltillo) Coahuila – April 28, 1843 in Mexico City) was a Mexican priest and politician, and known as "the father of Mexican federalism."

Provincias Internas

The Provincias Internas, also known as the Comandancia y Capitanía General de las Provincias Internas (Commandancy and Captaincy General of the Internal Provinces), was an administrative district of the Spanish Empire created in 1776 to provide more autonomy for the frontier provinces of the Viceroyalty of New Spain, present-day northern Mexico and the Southwestern United States. The goal of its creation was to establish a unified government in political, military and fiscal affairs. Nevertheless, the Commandancy General experienced significant changes in its administration because of experimentation to find the best government for the frontier region as well as bureaucratic in-fighting. Its creation was part of the Bourbon Reforms and was part of an effort to invigorate economic and population growth in the region to stave off encroachment on the region by foreign powers. During its existence, the Commandancy General encompassed the Provinces of Sonora y Sinaloa, Nueva Vizcaya, Las Californias, Nuevo México, Nuevo Santander, Nuevo Reyno de León, Coahuila (formerly Nueva Extremadura) and Texas.

Ramos Arizpe

Ramos Arizpe (Spanish pronunciation: [ˈramos aˈɾispe]) is a city and seat of the surrounding municipality of the same name in the Mexican state of Coahuila. Ramos Arizpe is located 11 km from the state capital of Saltillo. It is part of the Saltillo metropolitan area. The city reported a population of 48,228 in the 2005 census; the municipality had a population of 56,708. Its area is 5,306.6 km² (2,048.9 sq mi).

Ramos Arizpe was established originally in 1577 as Valle de las Labores, a name chosen as the soil was conducive to agriculture.

Ramos Arizpe Assembly

The Ramos Arizpe Assembly is a General Motors automobile factory in Ramos Arizpe, Coahuila, Mexico. It opened in 1981 and has manufactured vehicles from Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Oldsmobile, Pontiac, Saturn, and Saab. It currently produces the Chevrolet Blazer and, along with San Luis Potosi Assembly, the Chevrolet Equinox.

Ramos Arizpe Municipality

Ramos Arizpe is one of the 38 municipalities of Coahuila, in north-eastern Mexico. The municipal seat lies at Ramos Arizpe. The municipality covers an area of 5306.6 km².

As of 2005, the municipality had a total population of 56,708.

Saab 9-4X

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Saltillo Airport

Plan de Guadalupe International Airport (Spanish: Aeropuerto Internacional Plan de Guadalupe, IATA: SLW, ICAO: MMIO), also known as Saltillo Airport, is an airport located at Ramos Arizpe in the state of Coahuila in Mexico. It serves the metropolitan area of Saltillo–Ramos Arizpe, also served by nearby Monterrey's Monterrey International Airport and Del Norte International Airport.

The international category was given back in 1987, when the runway was expanded to receive aircraft such as the Boeing 757, and the new terminal was opened with four boarding gates, a modern ticketing area, customs, migration, baggage claim areas, and a cafeteria.

On November 21, 2017, Aeroméxico Connect ended it's single commercial service to Mexico City, but they returned on January 15, 2018.

SchoolTube

SchoolTube is a free K-12 video community. The company was founded in 2007 by Carl Arizpe and his son, Andrew. It is based in St. Louis, Missouri.

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