Ariyalur

Ariyalur is a town and district headquarters of Ariyalur district in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu and rich lime stone and surrounded with five cement factory and two sugar factory . It is the Smallest district headquarters in Tamil Nadu. The town is located at a distance of 310 km (190 mi) from the state capital Chennai.

Ariyalur is believed to have obtained its name from Hari Nindra Oor, meaning the place where Hindu god Vishnu had his presence. Ariyalur was a part of the erstwhile Trichinopoly District until India's independence in 1947 and Tiruchirappalli district until 1995, Perambalur district until 2007 and subsequently a part of the newly formed Ariyalur district. The town is a part of the fertile Cauvery Delta and the major profession in the town is agriculture.

Ariyalur is administered by a municipality established in 1994. As of 2011, the municipality covered an area of 7.62 km2 (2.94 sq mi) and had a population of 28,902. Ariyalur comes under the Ariyalur assembly constituency which elects a member to the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly once every five years and it is a part of the Chidambaram constituency which elects its Member of Parliament (MP) once in five years. Roadways are the major mode of transportation to the town and it also has rail connectivity. The nearest seaport is Karaikal port, located 95 km (59 mi) away, while the nearest airport is the Tiruchirappalli International Airport, located 76 km (47 mi) away from the town.

Ariyalur
Town
GangaiKonda Cholapuram(Front View)
Nickname(s): 
cement city
Ariyalur is located in Tamil Nadu
Ariyalur
Ariyalur
Location in Tamil Nadu, India
Coordinates: 11°8′14″N 79°4′40″E / 11.13722°N 79.07778°ECoordinates: 11°8′14″N 79°4′40″E / 11.13722°N 79.07778°E
Country India
StateTamil Nadu
DistrictAriyalur
Founded byS.Aravinth
Government
 • TypeSecond Grade Municipality
 • BodyAriyalur Municipality
Elevation
76 m (249 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • Total28,902
Languages
 • OfficialTamil
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
621704,621713
Telephone code91-4329
Vehicle registrationTN 61
Distance from Chennai267 kilometres (166 mi)
Distance from Trichy65 kilometres (40 mi)
Distance from Thanjavur42 kilometres (26 mi)
Precipitation83 millimetres (3.3 in)

Legend

According to legend, Ariyalur was called Hari Nindra Oor, meaning the place where Hindu god Hari (Vishnu) stood. The nine avatars of Hari carved out of single stone is found in the Alanthurayar Kothandaramasamy Temple at Ariyalur.

History

In 1741 the Marathas invaded Tiruchirappalli and took Chanda Saheb as captive. Chanda Saheb succeeded in securing freedom in 1748 and soon got involved in a famous war for the Nawabs place in the Carnatic against Anwardeen, the Nawab of Arcot and his son Mohammed Ali.

Mohammed Ali annexed the two palayams of Ariyalur and Udayarpalayam located with troops were in the Ariyalur district on the grounds of default in the payment of Tributes and failure to assist him in quelling the rebellion of Yusuf Khan. In November 1764, Mohammed Ali represented the issue to Madras Council and obtained military assistance on 3 January 1765. The forces led by Umdat-Ul-Umara and Donald Campbell entered Ariyalur and captured it. The young Poligar together with his followers thereupon fled to Udayarpalayam. On 19 January the army marched upon Udayarpalayam. The Poligar’s troops were defeated and the playams were occupied. The two poligars fled their town and took refuge in Tharangampadi, then a Danish Settlement. The annexation of the palayam gave the Navab uninterrupted possession of all his territories extending Arcot to Tiruchirapalli.

The history followed was a power struggle between Hyder Ali and later Tipu Sultan with the British. After the death of Tipu Sultan the English took the civil and military Administration of the Carnatic in 1801. Thus Tiruchirappalli came into the hands of the English and the District was formed in 1801. In 1995 Tiruchirappalli was trifurcated and the Perambalur and Karur districts were formed. Perambalur district was divided into Perambalur and Ariyalur district in the year 2001 and merged with Perambalur in the year 2002. Then now the district is bifurcated from Perambalur and now functioning from 23.11.2007.

Geography

Ariyalur is a municipality and headquarters of Ariyalur District in the state of Tamil Nadu. It is rich in limestone resources.

Economy

Big industrial houses like Birlas (UltraTech Cement), India Cements, Dalmia Cement, Madras Cement have their cement units here. Tamil Nadu government's TANCEM factory is in Ariyalur and is the first factory to establish the cement production in ariyalur.

Sugar cane is grown as a major commercial crop. One private sugar factory near keelapalur is functioning in the district with a capacity of crushing 3000 Tonnes per day. One of the main crops in Ariyalur district is cashew. The pre-dominate soil in the district is red sanding with scattered Packers of black soil. This town consists mainly of glade soil. The soil in the district is best suited for raising dry crops. Rice also grown in some places.

Administration and politics

Municipality Officials
Chairman R. Murugesan[1]
Commissioner K. Sudha[2]
Vice Chairman M. Malarkodi[3]
Elected Members
Member of Legislative Assembly Thamarai.S.Rajendran[4]
Member of Parliament M. Chandrakasi[5]

The municipality of Ariyalur was established as a second grade town panchayat from 1943 during British rule. It was promoted to a first grade town panchyat in 1995, to a second grade in 1966 and a special grade in October 2004. Jayankondam is the first Municipality in Ariyalur district. During December 2004, it was promoted to a third grade municipality.[6] As of 2008, the municipality covered an area of 7.62 km2 (2.94 sq mi) and had a total of 18 members. The functions of the municipality is devolved into six departments: General, Engineering, Revenue, Public Health, Town planning and the Computer Wing. All these departments are under the control of a Municipal Commissioner who is the supreme executive head.[7] The legislative powers are vested in a body of 18 members, one each from the 18 wards. The legislative body is headed by an elected Chairperson assisted by a Deputy Chairperson.[8] The municipality had an estimated income of 75,917,000 and an estimated expenditure of 63,703,000 for the year 2012–13.[9]

Ariyalur comes under the Ariyalur State Assembly Constituency and it elects a member to the Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly once every five years.[10][11] From the 1977 elections, the assembly seat was won by Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) three times during the 1977, 1980 and 1989 elections, the All India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (AIADMK) two times during the 2001 and 2011 elections, Indian National Congress once during 2006 and Tamil Maanila Congress once during the 1996 elections.[12] The current Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA) of the constituency is Thamarai S.Rajendran from the AIADMK Party.[4] Ariyalur is a part of the Chidambaram Lok Sabha constituency and elects a member to the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament of India, once every five years.[5][11] The current Member of Parliament from the constituency is M. Chandrakasi from the ADMK party.[5]

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±%
197117,305—    
198120,635+19.2%
199124,141+17.0%
200127,822+15.2%
201128,902+3.9%

According to 2011 census, Ariyalur had a population of 28,902 with a sex-ratio of 1,014 females for every 1,000 males, much above the national average of 929.[15] A total of 2,977 were under the age of six, constituting 1,538 males and 1,439 females. Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes accounted for 11.26% and .03% of the population respectively. The average literacy of the town was 76.04%, compared to the national average of 72.99%.[15] The town had a total of : 7319 households. There were a total of 10,283 workers, comprising 315 cultivators, 670 main agricultural labourers, 298 in house hold industries, 7,165 other workers, 1,835 marginal workers, 159 marginal cultivators, 175 marginal agricultural labourers, 150 marginal workers in household industries and 1,351 other marginal workers.[14] As of 2008, there were a total of eight notified slums, with 5,907 comprising 21% of the total population residing in those.[16] As per the religious census of 2011, Ariyalur had 90.55% Hindus, 4.61% Muslims, 3.81% Christians, 0.02% Sikhs, 0.01% Buddhists, 0.01% Jains, 0.97% following other religions and 0.01% following no religion or did not indicate any religious preference.[17]

Utility services

Electricity supply to Ariyalur is regulated and distributed by the Tamil Nadu Electricity Board (TNEB). The town along with its suburbs forms the Trichy Electricity Distribution Circle.[18] Water supply is provided by the municipality of Ariyalur from Kollidam river through three schemes with head works of two of them located at Thirumanur. In the period 2010–2011, a total of 2.3 million liters of water was supplied everyday for households in the town. There are three bore wells and 356 water fountains in the town that serves as the source of groundwater.[19] About 11 metric tonnes of solid waste are collected from Ariyalur every day by door-to-door collection out of the 15 metric tonnes generated and subsequently the source segregation and dumping is carried out by the sanitary department of the municipality. The coverage of solid waste management had an efficiency of 73% as of 2001.[20] There is limited underground drainage system in the town and the major sewerage system for disposal of sullage is through septic tanks, open drains and public conveniences.[21] The municipality maintains a total of 25.16 km (15.63 mi) of storm water drains in Ariyalur, out of which 7.93 km (4.93 mi) are open drains and 17.23 km (10.71 mi) are unpaved drains.[22] There is a government hospital and twelve private hospitals and clinics that take care of the healthcare needs of the citizens.[23] There are a total of 1,501 street lamps in Ariyalur: 361 sodium lamps, 1,139 tube lights and one high mast beam lamp.[24] The municipality operates one daily market that has 46 shops and a weekly market that cater to the needs of the town and the rural areas around it.[25]

Transportation

SH143 - Ariyalur- Thungapuram - Thittakudi, SH27 Ariyalur - Thanjavur and SH139 Ariyalur - Jayamkondam are the major roads via Ariyalur. The Ariyalur municipality maintains a total length of 29.17 km (18.13 mi). The town has 3.2 km (2.0 mi) concrete roads, 16.2 km (10.1 mi) BT roads, 4 km (2.5 mi) of WBM roads and 5.77 km (3.59 mi) earthen roads. A total of 452 roads is maintained by the State Highways Department.[26] Ariyalur is served by town bus service, which provides connectivity within the town and the suburbs. There are private operated mini-bus services that cater to the local transport needs of the town. The town has a B-class bus stand located in the heart of the town.[26] There are regular inter-city bus services to Ariyalur. The Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation operates daily services connecting various cities to Ariyalur. The major inter city bus routes from the town are to cities and towns like Trichy, Chidambaram, Jayankondam, Perambalur and Thanjavur.[27] Ariyalur railway station is located on the line between the state capital Chennai and Trichy and is well connected by rail to major towns like Madurai and Thoothukudi.[27] The nearest seaport is Karaikal port, located 95 km (59 mi) away, while the nearest airport is the Tiruchirappalli International Airport, located 76 km (47 mi) away from the town.[27]

Ariyalur railway station is a major railway station on chord line connecting Chennai and Tiruchirappalli. Several daily trains such as Pallavan Express, Rockfort Express, Pearl City Express, Vaigai Express etc. connect Ariyalur with Chennai Egmore and Tiruchirappalli Junction.

See also

NOTES

  1. ^ "Chairman of Ariyalur". Ariyalur Municipality, Government of Tamil Nadu. 2011. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  2. ^ "Commissioner of Ariyalur". Ariyalur Municipality, Government of Tamil Nadu. 2012. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  3. ^ "Vice Chairman of Ariyalur". Ariyalur Municipality, Government of Tamil Nadu. 2011. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  4. ^ a b "MLA of Ariyalur". Government of Tamil Nadu. 2012. Archived from the original on 6 October 2013. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  5. ^ a b c "Members of Lok Sabha from Tamil Nadu". Government of Tamil Nadu. 2014. Retrieved 26 May 2014.
  6. ^ "About Ariyalur Municipality". Ariyalur Municipality. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  7. ^ "Commissionerate of Municipal Administration". Commissionerate of Municipal Administration. Archived from the original on 6 November 2012. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  8. ^ Economic and political weekly 1995, p. 2396
  9. ^ "Budget 2010–11" (PDF) (in Tamil). Ariyalur Municipality. p. 1. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  10. ^ "List of Assembly Constituencies". Tamil Nadu. Tamil Nadu state government. 2010. Archived from the original on 14 June 2012. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  11. ^ a b "Map showing the new assembly constituencies" (PDF). Election Commission of India. p. 1. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  12. ^ "Partywise Comparison Since 1977". Election Commission of India. 2011. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  13. ^ Urban Infrastructure Report 2009, pp. 4-5
  14. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals - Ariyalur". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  15. ^ a b "Census Info 2011 Final population totals". Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  16. ^ Urban Infrastructure Report 2009, p. 34
  17. ^ "Population By Religious Community - Tamil Nadu" (XLS). Office of The Registrar General and Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2015.
  18. ^ "Important Address" (PDF). Indian Wind Power Association. 2011. p. 3. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 October 2012. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  19. ^ Urban Infrastructure Report 2008, p. 22
  20. ^ "Waste management programme". Ariyalur Municipality. 2011. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  21. ^ Urban Infrastructure Report 2008, p. 24
  22. ^ Urban Infrastructure Report 2008, p. 25
  23. ^ "Ariyalur hospitals". Ariyalur municipality, Government of Tamil Nadu. 2011. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  24. ^ "Ariyalur street lighting". Ariyalur municipality, Government of Tamil Nadu. 2011. Retrieved 1 January 2014.
  25. ^ Urban Infrastructure Report 2008, p. 35
  26. ^ a b Urban Infrastructure Report 2008, p. 31
  27. ^ a b c "Ariyalur bus routes". Ariyalur municipality. 2011. Retrieved 2012-12-29.

References

External links

Anna University Chennai – Regional Office, Tiruchirappalli

Anna University Tiruchirappalli otherwise Anna University Chennai – Regional Office,BIT CAMPUS, Tiruchirappalli (AUC-ROT), erstwhile Anna University of Technology, Tiruchirappalli, is a technical university department of Anna University, It is located on Tiruchirappalli–Pudukkottai National Highway 336, Tamil Nadu, India. It was established on 1999 as a part of Bharathidasan University with five departments viz., Bio-Technology, Petrochemical Technology, Information Technology and Pharmaceutical Technology. In 2007, due to management constrains Anna University was split into six universities, namely: Anna University, Chennai; Anna University, Chennai – Taramani Campus; Anna University Chennai - Regional Office, Coimbatore; Anna University Chennai - Regional Office, Madurai; Anna University Chennai – Regional Office, Tiruchirappalli; Anna University Chennai - Regional Office, Tirunelveli. Government acquired this campus from Bharathidasan University and renamed it as Anna University Tiruchirappalli in 2007.The university is an accredited university with powers to grant affiliations to colleges and universities conducting graduate and post graduate studies, as well as diploma courses, and is so recognized by the UGC.

Anna University Tiruchirappalli offers higher education in Engineering, Technology, Management and allied sciences at undergraduate, postgraduate and doctrate level. It also offers Post Graduate Courses to teaching faculties of other colleges to enrich their academic career through Modular Based Credit Banking System (MBCBS).The AUTianz,is the official students' e-Magazine of Anna University of Technology, Tiruchirappalli.

Ariyalur, Chennai

Ariyalur (Tamil: அரியலூர்), is a developing residential area in North Chennai, a metropolitan city in Tamil Nadu, India

Ariyalur (state assembly constituency)

Ariyalur is the legislative assembly, that includes the city, Ariyalur. Until 2006, Ariyalur assembly constituency was part of Perambalur (Lok Sabha constituency). After 2006, it is part of Chidambaram (Lok Sabha constituency).

Ariyalur district

Ariyalur district is an administrative district in the state of Tamil Nadu in India. The district headquarters is located at Ariyalur. The district encompasses an area of 1,949.31 km² and had a population of 752,481 As per the 2011 census.

Gangaikonda Cholapuram built by the King Rajendra Cholan of Chola Empire, an UNESCO World Heritage site is situated in the district. This district is also known for its rich prehistoric fossils. Many fossils of gigantic Molluscs, Jawed fishes were discovered here. Notably, The Rajasaurus, an Indian dinosaur genus was identified here. An on-site museum is set up at Keelapazhur to preserve and conserve fossils. The museum is almost ready & is to be inaugurated and opened soon. Ariyalur is noted for its cement industries and has huge reserves of lignite.

Ariyalur railway station

Ariyalur railway station (Code: ALU) is the main railway station in Ariyalur, headquarters of the Ariyalur district in Tamil Nadu, India. It is located on the chord line between Viluppuram and Tiruchirappalli. For administrative reasons, it comes under the Tiruchirappalli railway division of the Southern Railway zone.

Ariyalur taluk

Ariyalur taluk is a taluk of Ariyalur district of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The headquarters of the taluk is the town of Ariyalur.

Bharathidasan University

Bharathidasan University (BDU) is a university in the city of Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu, India. It is located on Tiruchirappalli-Pudukkottai National Highway 336. It has affiliated colleges in the districts of Karur, Nagapattinam, Perambalur, Pudukkottai, district, Tiruvarur and Tiruchirapalli. It is a recognised university, supported by the University Grants Commission of India. All major faculties of science and arts are represented

Devanur

Devanur is a village in the Udayarpalayam taluk of Ariyalur district, Tamil Nadu, India.

E. M. V. Krishnamurthy

Edayyathu Mangalam Venkatarama Krishnamurthy (18 June 1934 - 26 October 2012) was an Indian-born computer scientist. He was a professor at the Department of Computer science, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. He was an Emeritus Fellow, Computer Sciences Laboratory, Research School of Information Sciences and Engineering, Australian National University, Canberra.

He received the prestigious Shanti Swarup Bhatnagar Prize for Science and Technology (1978). He held several positions working for many institutions in India, Australia, USA, Europe and other nations.

Gangaikonda Cholapuram

Gangaikonda Cholapuram is a town located in Jayankondam, Tamil Nadu, India. It became the capital of the Chola dynasty in c. 1025 during the reign of Rajendra Chola I, and served as the Chola capital for around 250 years.

The town is about 70 kilometres (43 mi) northeast of Thanjavur city. As of 2014, the ancient city exists as a heritage town in the Ariyalur district of Tamil Nadu, India. The great temple of Brihadeeswarar Temple at this place is next only to the Brihadisvara temple at Thanjavur in its monumental nature and surpasses it in sculptural quality.

Jayankondam

Jayankondam is a Second Grade Municipality in Ariyalur district of Tamil Nadu in India. It is also called Jayamkondacholapuram. As of 2011, the town had a population of 33,945.

Huge amounts of lignite deposits have been found here and power projects have been initiated by the Neyveli Lignite Corporation. This town has more than 25 temples of various historical periods in the vicinity. The existing Government Higher Secondary School at Jayankondam is as the old as the town and has nearly 2000 Students to its name.

Jayankondam (state assembly constituency)

Jayankondam is a state assembly constituency in Ariyalur district in Tamil Nadu. It falls under Chidambaram (Lok Sabha constituency).

Kaduvetti Guru

Kaduvetti Guru, also known as J. Gurunathan and J. Guru and Maveeran J. Guru, (1 February 1961 – 25 May 2018) was an Indian politician who was twice elected as a Member of the Legislative Assembly in Tamil Nadu.

Kumbakonam block

Kumbakonam block is a community development block in the Kumbakonam taluk of Thanjavur District, Tamil Nadu, India. There are a total of 47 villages in this block. The block is surrounded by the Thirumanur and T.Palur blocks of Ariyalur District to the north, Thiruvidaimarudur and Thiruppanandal blocks of Thanjavur District to the east and Tiruvarur block of Tiruvarur District to the south and Papanasam block of Thanjavur district to the west. It is one of the six blocks of Thanjavur district watered by the Kaveri River.

List of districts in Tamil Nadu

The state of Tamil Nadu, in southern India is divided into 33 districts. Tirunelveli district is the largest district whereas Chennai district is the smallest district by area and also the most populated and densely populated district in the state.

List of educational institutions in Perambalur district

This is a list of the schools and colleges in Perambalur district. Perambalur is a municipality in the state of Tamil Nadu (Republic of India). It is the seat of Perambalur District/County and Perambalur Taluk (Sub-District/County). The Perambalur district is bounded on the North by Cuddalore and Salem County, South by Trichy County, East by Ariyalur County, West by Trichy and Salem County.

There are different educational Institutions in Perambalur. Some of them are below:

Green Park Matriculation Higher Secondary School

Sendurai taluk

Sendurai taluk is a taluk of Ariyalur district of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The headquarters of the taluk is the town of Sendurai.Thamilselvan T

Trichinopoly Group

The Trichinopoly Group is a geological formation in India whose strata date back to the Late Cretaceous. It lies between the Ootatoor and Ariyalur groups. It is broad in its southern extremity but thins as it gradually proceeds northwards as it ultimately meets the Ariyalur group. Dinosaur remains are among the fossils that have been recovered from the formation.

Udayarpalayam taluk

Udayarpalayam taluk is a taluk of Ariyalur district of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu. The headquarters of the taluk is the town of Jayankondam.

This page is based on a Wikipedia article written by authors (here).
Text is available under the CC BY-SA 3.0 license; additional terms may apply.
Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.