Aristazabal Island (French: île Aristizabal) is an island situated south west of Princess Royal Island in British Columbia, Canada. It has an area of 420 square kilometres (160 sq mi). The island was named on August 30, 1792, by Lieutenant Commander Jacinto Caamaño of the Spanish corvette Aranzazu for the Spanish captain Gabriel de Aristazábal, one of the most noted Spanish commanders of the time. Incidentally, the misspelling "Aristizable" appears on a chart owned by the English explorer, George Vancouver.
Thomson Island is situated west of Aristazabal Island in Borrowman Bay.
Pg. 24: Named by Lieut. Commander Jacinto Caamafio, of the Spanish corvette Aranzazu, ....
Named 30 August 1792 by Lieutenant Commander Jacinto Caamaño of the Spanish corvette "Aranzazu", in honour of Gabriel de Aristazábal, comandante de la armada
Captain Vancouver misspelled this "Aristizable" on his chart.
Major-General Arthur Reid Lempriere (22 August 1835 – 10 April 1927) was a British Army officer in the Corps of Royal Engineers.
Lempriere was born in Ewell, Surrey, England, to Captain William Charles Lemprière of Jersey and Harriet Reid of Kent.
He was in the third and largest group of Engineers to arrive in the Colony of British Columbia in 1859 and served as a lieutenant subaltern in the Columbia Detachment of the RE's there until 1863. He retired as a major-general in 1882. Lempriere surveyed the route from Hope to Lytton via the Coquihalla River in 1859.
Three geographical features are named for him in the northern reaches of the North Thompson River and along British Columbia Highway 5 in the Thompson-Nicola Regional District of the British Columbia Interior, between the communities of Kamloops to the south and Tete Jaune Cache-Valemount to the north:
Mount Lempriere, in the Monashee Mountains, with an elevation of 3,205 metres (10,515 ft)
Lempriere, a railway point on the Canadian National Railway transcontinental main line (used today by freight traffic and the Via Rail Canadian train). There was a post office from 1942 to 1945 when Japanese were interned at a work camp in this area.
Lempriere Creek, a right tributary of the North Thompson River, which has its mouth just upstream of confluence of the North Thompson River and the Albreda River, where the North Thompson River turns 90° right and heads south.A fourth feature named after him is Lempriere Bank, an ocean bank south of Aristazabal Island in the Pacific Oceanon the British Columbia Coast.British Columbia Coast
The British Columbia Coast or BC Coast is Canada's western continental coastline on the North Pacific Ocean. The usage is synonymous with the term West Coast of Canada.
In a sense excluding the urban Lower Mainland area adjacent to the Canada–United States border, which is considered "The Coast," the British Columbia Coast refers to one of British Columbia's three main regions, the others being the Lower Mainland and The Interior.
The aerial distance from Victoria on the Strait of Juan de Fuca to Stewart, British Columbia on the Alaska border at the head of the Portland Canal is 965 kilometres (600 mi) in length. However, because of its many deep inlets and complicated island shorelines—and 40,000 islands of varying sizes, including Vancouver Island and Haida Gwaii —the total length of the British Columbia Coast is over 25,725 kilometres (15,985 mi), making up about 10% of the Canadian coastline at 243,042 kilometres (151,019 mi). The coastline's geography, which is shared with Southeast Alaska and adjoining parts of northwest Washington, is most comparable to that of Norway and its heavily indented coastline of fjords, a landscape also found in southern Chile. The dominant landforms of the BC Coast are the Insular Mountains, comprising most of Vancouver Island and Haida Gwaii, and the Coast Mountains, which extend beyond into Alaska and the Yukon.
The British Columbia Coast is mostly part of the Pacific temperate rain forests ecoregion as defined by the World Wide Fund for Nature. In the system used by Environment Canada, established by the Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC), the area is defined as the Pacific Maritime Ecozone. In the geoclimatic zones system used by the British Columbia Ministry of Forests the bulk of the region comprises the Coastal Western Hemlock biogeoclimatic zone, although small areas flanking the Strait of Georgia at the coast's southern extremity are classed in the Coastal Douglas-fir zone.Caamaño Passage
Caamaño Passage (French: passage Caamaño) is a strait on the North Coast of British Columbia, Canada, located between Dundas and Zayas Islands on the west side of Chatham Sound near Prince Rupert.
It was named for Jacinto Caamaño, commander of the Spanish exploration ship Aranzazu which had been on the coast in question in 1792. Captain Frederick C. Learmonth of HMS Egeria who surveyed the Zayas Island officially named the strait Caamaño Passage.Caamaño Sound
Caamaño Sound (French: détroit Caamaño) is a sound on the coast of the Canadian province of British Columbia. It extends east from Hecate Strait. Princess Royal Island, Rennison Island, and Aristazabal Island lie to the south of the sound. Several islands lie to the north, including Campania Island and the Estevan Group of islands. Caamaño Sound connects with various waterways including Estevan Sound, Campania Sound, and Laredo Channel.
Caamaño Sound was named in 1908 by Captain Learmonth of HMS Egeria, for Jacinto Caamaño, who explored the region in command of the Spanish corvette Aranzazu.Campania Island
Campania Island is an island on the coast of the Canadian province of British Columbia. It is located south of Prince Rupert, east across Hecate Strait from the Queen Charlotte Islands. To the west of Campania Island, across Estevan Sound, is the Estevan Group archipelago. Banks Island lies to the northwest, across Nepean Sound, and Pitt Island lies to the north across Otter Channel. To the northeast, across Squally Channel, is Gil Island, and to the east is Princess Royal Island, across Campania Sound. To the south of Campania Island is Caamaño Sound, beyond which is Aristazabal Island.
Campania Island is 29 kilometres (18 mi) long and ranges in width from 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) to 5 kilometres (3.1 mi). It is 127 square kilometres (49 sq mi) in area.Campania Island was named in 1792 by the Spanish explorer Jacinto Caamaño, who explored the region in the corvette Aranzazu. Caamaño named the island Compañia and that spelling was used for the maps made by George Vancouver. Over time the spelling was changed to Campania.The island's high point is Mount Pender, with an elevation of 740 metres (2,430 ft).Estevan Group
The Estevan Group, formerly the Estevan Islands, is a small archipelago in the Hecate Strait region of the North Coast of British Columbia, Canada. The archipelago is located on the west side of Campania Island, which is separated from the group by Estevan Sound and is itself to the west of Gil Island across Squally Channel. Southeast of it and of the Estevan Group is Caamaño Sound, beyond which is Aristazabal Island; to the east of all is Princess Royal Island, the second largest on the British Columbia Coast. To the northwest of the group is Banks Island.
The five largest islands of the group are named after Lieutenant-Governors of British Columbia - Trutch, Barnard, Dewdney, Prior and Lotbinière. Another island, Tennant Island, is located in Langley Passage, which runs through the heart of the archipelago on the southwest flank of Trutch Island, and is the site of a provincial nature conservancy and is adjacent to an aerodrome at Ethelda Bay on Barnard Island.Gil Island (Canada)
Gil Island is an island on the North Coast of British Columbia, Canada, located on the west side of Whale Channel in the entrance to Douglas Channel, one of the main coastal inlets, on the route of the Inside Passage between Pitt Island and Princess Royal Island. It is 26 km (16 mi) long, with a width ranging from 6 to 13 km (4 to 8 mi), and an area of 231 km² (89 sq mi). The only named summit on the mountainous island is Mount Gil, which faces the opening of Douglas Channel.Hartley Bay Indian Band
The Hartley Bay Indian Band, also known as the Hartley Bay First Nation, Hartley Bay Band, Gitga'at Nation and Gitga'at First Nation, is the band government of the Gitga'ata people of Hartley Bay, British Columbia, Canada.Jacinto Caamaño
Jacinto Caamaño Moraleja (1759-1825?) was the leader of the last great Spanish exploration of Alaska (then Russian America) and the Coast of British Columbia. He was a Knight of the Military Order of Calatrava. Born in Madrid, he came from an aristocratic Galician family, whose homestead was near Santiago de Compostela. His father was Juan Fernández de Caamaño, and his mother, Mariana Moraleja Alocen. He entered the Spanish Navy (Armada) as an adventurer at 18, and two years later he was an Ensign (Alférez de navio).Kitasoo/Xaixais First Nation
The Kitasoo/Xaixais First Nation, also known as the Kitasoo/Xaixais Nation, is the band government of the First Nations people of Klemtu, British Columbia, Canada. The band comprises two ethnic groups who share an ancient alliance, the Kitasoo, a Tsimshian group, and the Xai'xais, a Heiltsuk group. The government is a member of the Oweekeno-Kitasoo-Nuxalk Tribal Council and a member of the Tsimshian First Nations treaty council.List of Spanish place names in Canada
This is a list of geopolitical entities, geographical features, localities, and other places in Canada with names that originate from the Spanish language.List of islands of British Columbia
This is a list of islands of British Columbia.McKenney Islands
The McKenney Islands, or on some charts McKenny Islands, are a small group of islands in Hecate Strait, west of Aristazabal Island in the North Coast region of British Columbia, Canada. The nearby Moore Islands and Whitmore Islands comprise with the McKenney Islands the Moore/McKenny/Whitmore Ecological Preserve.Moore Islands
The Moore Islands, also known as the Moore Group, are a group of small islands in the North Coast region of British Columbia, Canada. They are located in Hecate Strait to the west of Aristazabal Island.Gander Island Indian Reserve No. 14 of the Hartley Bay Indian Band is located on the island of the same name within the group, (300.0 acres) at 52°40′00″N 129°25′00″W.Princess Royal (sloop)
Princess Royal was a British merchant ship that sailed on fur trading ventures in the late 1780s, and was captured at Nootka Sound by Esteban José Martínez of Spain during the Nootka Crisis of 1789. Called Princesa Real while under the Spanish Navy, the vessel was one of the important issues of negotiation during the first Nootka Convention and the difficulties in carrying out the agreements. The vessel also played an important role in both British and Spanish exploration of the Pacific Northwest and the Hawaiian Islands. In 1790, while under Spanish control, Princesa Real carried out the first detailed examination of the Strait of Juan de Fuca by non-indigenous peoples, finding, among other places, the San Juan Islands, Haro Strait (the entrance to the Strait of Georgia), Esquimalt Harbour near present-day Victoria, British Columbia, and Admiralty Inlet (the entrance to Puget Sound).Princess Royal Island
Princess Royal Island is the largest island on the North Coast of British Columbia, Canada. It is located amongst the isolated inlets and islands east of Hecate Strait on the British Columbia Coast. At 2,251 square kilometres (869 sq mi), it is the fourth largest island in British Columbia. Princess Royal Island was named in 1788 by Captain Charles Duncan, after his sloop, the Princess Royal.Queen Charlotte Sound (Canada)
There is also a Queen Charlotte Sound (New Zealand).
Queen Charlotte Sound is a sound of the Pacific Ocean in British Columbia, Canada, between Vancouver Island in the south and Haida Gwaii (formerly Queen Charlotte Islands) in the north. It merges with Hecate Strait in the north and Queen Charlotte Strait in the south.Queen Charlotte Sound is part of the Inside Passage shipping route.
According to the BCGNIS, the northern boundary of Queen Charlotte Sound is defined as a line running from the southernmost point of Price Island to Cape St James on Kunghit Island, the southernmost point of Haida Gwaii. The western boundary is a line from Cape St James to Cape Scott at the north end of Vancouver Island. The southern boundary runs along the coast of Vancouver Island from Cape Scott to Cape Sutil, then to Cape Caution on the mainland. An older definition placed the northern boundary as a line from the southernmost point of Aristazabal Island to Cape St James.Queen Charlotte Sound was named by James Strange on August 5, 1786, in honour of Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, the wife of King George III. Strange was the leader of a fur trading expedition of two vessels, the Captain Cook, under Captain Henry Lawrie, and the Experiment, under Captain John Guise. During a boat excursion up Goletas Channel Strange saw an opening ahead and named it Queen Charlotte Sound. The body of water he named was what is today known as Queen Charlotte Strait. For some time Queen Charlotte Strait was also called Queen Charlotte Sound, until 1920 when the BCGNIS and Hydrographic Service distinguished between Queen Charlotte Sound and Queen Charlotte Strait. George Vancouver, who used the name in his maps and writings, wrote that the sound was named by Mr. S. Wedgeborough, in command of the Experiment under James Strange, but Vancouver was wrong—Strange was the one who gave the name.Sea otter
The sea otter (Enhydra lutris) is a marine mammal native to the coasts of the northern and eastern North Pacific Ocean. Adult sea otters typically weigh between 14 and 45 kg (31 and 99 lb), making them the heaviest members of the weasel family, but among the smallest marine mammals. Unlike most marine mammals, the sea otter's primary form of insulation is an exceptionally thick coat of fur, the densest in the animal kingdom. Although it can walk on land, the sea otter is capable of living exclusively in the ocean.
The sea otter inhabits nearshore environments, where it dives to the sea floor to forage. It preys mostly on marine invertebrates such as sea urchins, various molluscs and crustaceans, and some species of fish. Its foraging and eating habits are noteworthy in several respects. First, its use of rocks to dislodge prey and to open shells makes it one of the few mammal species to use tools. In most of its range, it is a keystone species, controlling sea urchin populations which would otherwise inflict extensive damage to kelp forest ecosystems. Its diet includes prey species that are also valued by humans as food, leading to conflicts between sea otters and fisheries.
Sea otters, whose numbers were once estimated at 150,000–300,000, were hunted extensively for their fur between 1741 and 1911, and the world population fell to 1,000–2,000 individuals living in a fraction of their historic range. A subsequent international ban on hunting, conservation efforts, and reintroduction programs into previously populated areas have contributed to numbers rebounding, and the species occupies about two-thirds of its former range. The recovery of the sea otter is considered an important success in marine conservation, although populations in the Aleutian Islands and California have recently declined or have plateaued at depressed levels. For these reasons, the sea otter remains classified as an endangered species.Whitmore Islands
The Whitmore Islands are a small group of islands in Hecate Strait, west of Aristazabal Island in the North Coast region of British Columbia, Canada. With the nearby Moore Islands and McKenney Islands the three groups together comprise the Moore/McKenny/Whitmore Ecological Preserve.