Arif Abd ar-Razzaq second coup

Was a failed attempt to overthrown the Iraqi president Abdul Rahman Arif and the prime minister of the Iraqi government Abd al-Rahman al-Bazzaz by the Iraqi previous prime minister Arif Abd ar-Razzaq and other Iraqi air force and army officers supported by Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser after his first failed attempt against Abdul Salam Arif in 1965.The coup was foiled in Mosul by Khaleel Jassim and his Iraqi commando unit.[1]

اللواء خليل جاسم الدباغ بعد احباطه محاولة عارف عبد الرزاق الانقلابية
Major General Khaleel Jassim The commander of Mosul region and the Iraqi Commando units in Mosul airport after foiling Arif Abd ar-Razzaq second coup with Colonel Kareem Shindana. Also in the picture the Major General Abdul Aziz AL-Aqili the Minister of Defence 1966.

Coup

Arif Abd ar-Razzaq and a number of his group of iraqi officers entered Iraq borders through Kuwait with assistant of a Syrian officer Abdul Waham Al Khateeb `who has links to the Syrian government and he escaped to Syria later after the failed attempt' two weeks after the coup. They contacted Brigadier general Younis Atar Bashi who was the commander of the Iraqi fourth division in Mosul to support them in their attempt. He hesitated at the beginning but agreed later to corporate with the conspirators in order to overthrown the government and take control of the fourth division in Mosul and the city Airport. They conspirators received also support from the iraqi embassy in Cairo, Egypt Ali Hussain.[2] The planes took off from the Mosul airport and bombed Baghdad and the Iraqi republican Palace with three air raids, two airplanes for each raid. while another plane landed in Habbaniyah air base while other four planes landed in AL-Rashed military base Near Baghdad an other planes attacked Al-Washash military base. Another force attacked the iraqi Radio station in Baghdad but they failed to control it for some reason.[3] 8 people killed and 15 wounded as a result of the bombing. At this time Abdul Rahman Arif the Iraqi president phoned Major General Khaleel Jassim The commander of Mosul district and Iraqi Commandos Units in Mosul headquarter asking for help to stop the air raids and taking control of the iraqi units there, as there were no response from the other senior officers who are in charge of the fourth division. Khaleel Jassim promised to ease the situation, and arrest the conspirators. He attacked with his commando unit named after his name "Khaleel Jassim Unit" the Mosul air base and took control of the Ghazalni military base and restored the order there. Then captured the conspirators including Arif Abd ar-Razzaq. At the same time the Brigadier Slaibi Aljumaili a pro Arif officer took control over Baghdad TV station where the conspirators tried to occupy.

Aftermath

The coup lead to instability in Iraq on the political level as well as the military level, which lead to the overthrown of president Abdul Rahman Arif few years later in 17 July Revolution or movement. All the conspirators were jailed for a short period of time then released including Arif Abd ar-Razzaq while Younis Atar Bashi and some other officers put to retirement and the fourth division commander released from his command and was replace by Khaleel Jassim for a short period of time then by for a short period of time by Khaleel Jassim then by Abdul Jabbar Khalil Shanshal.

References

  1. ^ اوراق اللواء خليل جاسم الدباغ , د.م. غيث الدباغ , دار دجلة للطباعة والنشر, الاردن
  2. ^ كتاب عبد الرحمن البزاّز: أول رئيس وزراء مدني في العراق الجمهوري, تاليف سيف الدين الدوري, 2006, ص
  3. ^ مقابلة لعارف عبد الرزاق مع احمد منصور, قناة الجزيرة, برنامج شاهد علئ العصر, 2002
Arif Abd ar-Razzaq

Arif Abd ar-Razzaq or Aref Abdel Razzak (1921 – 30 March 2007; Arabic: عارف عبد الرزاق‎) was Prime Minister of Iraq for 11 days in September 1965. On September 17 he fled to Egypt, after participating in a failed coup d'état against President Abdul Salam Arif. On 12 June 1966 he led another unsuccessful attempt to overthrow the new government of Premier Abd ar-Rahman al-Bazzaz and President Abdul Rahman Arif.

Khaleel Jassim

Major-general Khaleel Jassim Al-Dabbagh (Arabic: اللواء خليل جاسم الدباغ‎ 1916-1969) was an Iraqi senior officer from the first era of the old Iraqi Army, the Commander of the Mosul zone, the Commander of the Light regiments Jash, the commander of the Iraqi commando units in the Iraqi army between 1963–1968, the commander of the fourth division 1966–1967. He was well known for his role in the 1948 Arab–Israeli war, for his letters and negotiations with the Israeli army officers, defending 'Ara, Ar'ara and other territories, and also setting up the Palestinian regiments. Additionally, he commanded couple of campaigns and battles in northern Iraq against Kurdish rebels between 1943-1969, starting with The second Barzani movement, The third Barzani movement, The fourth Barzani movement, The Iraqi Campaign on Alquosh 1963 against communist elements and Kurd rebels allies known as Alansar army (جيش ألانصار) in Alqosh, during the First Iraqi–Kurdish War in the Iraqi–Kurdish conflict. Furthermore, driving other Campaigns against Kurdish insurgents under the command of Mustafa Barzani the most well known 1961campaigns, 1963 campaigns, The campaign on Amadiya in 9 September, 1965. Also, he played a major role in foiling the coup of Arif Abd ar-Razzaq in the Arif Abd ar-Razzaq second coup against the former president of Iraq Abdul Rahman Arif in 12 June 1966 which resulted in arresting Arif Abd ar-Razzaq as well as other officers at Mosul Airport.

List of modern conflicts in the Middle East

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