Argeș County

Argeș County (Romanian pronunciation: [ˈard͡ʒeʃ] (listen)) is a county (județ) of Romania, in Muntenia, with the capital city at Pitești.

Argeș County

Județul Argeș
County
Vidraru Lake and Dam in northern Argeș County
Vidraru Lake and Dam in northern Argeș County
Coat of arms of Argeș County

Coat of arms
Location of Argeș County in Romania
Location of Argeș County in Romania
Coordinates: 45°00′N 24°49′E / 45.0°N 24.82°ECoordinates: 45°00′N 24°49′E / 45.0°N 24.82°E
Country Romania
Development region1Sud
Historic regionMuntenia
Capital city (Reședință de județ)Pitești
Government
 • TypeCounty Board
 • President of the County BoardConstantin Nicolescu (PSD)
 • Prefect2Cristian Soare
Area
 • Total6,862 km2 (2,649 sq mi)
Area rank10th in Romania
Population
(2011 census[1])
 • Total612,431
 • Rank10th in Romania
 • Density89/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal Code
11wxyz3
Area code(s)+40 x484
ISO 3166 codeRO-AG
Car PlatesAG5
GDPUS$ 6.2 billion (2008)
GDP/capitaUS$ 9,488 (2008)
WebsiteCounty Board
County Prefecture
1The development regions of Romania have no administrative role and were formed in order to manage funds from the European Union.
2 as of 2007, the Prefect is not a politician, but a public functionary. He (or she) is not allowed to be a member of a political party, and is banned from having any political activity in the first six months after his resignation (or exclusion) from the public functionaries' corps.
3w, x, y, and z are digits that indicate the city, the street, part of the street, or even the building of the address
4x is a digit indicating the operator: 2 for the former national operator, Romtelecom, and 3 for the other ground telephone networks
5used on both the plates of the vehicles that operate only in the county limits (like utility vehicles, ATVs, etc.), and the ones used outside the county

Demographics

On 20 October 2011, it had a population of 612,431 and the population density was 89/km².[1]

Year County population[2][1]
1948 448,964
1956 Increase 483,741
1966 Increase 529,833
1977 Increase 631,918
1992 Increase 680,574
2002 Decrease 652,625
2011 Decrease 612,431

Geography

Argeş County Romania bgiu
Landscape in central and southern Argeș County

This county has a total area of 6,862 km². The landforms can be split into 3 distinctive parts. In the north side there are the mountains, from the Southern Carpathians group – the Făgăraș Mountains with Moldoveanu Peak (2,544 m), Negoiu Peak (2,535 m) and Vânătoarea lui Buteanu peak (2,508 m) towering the region, and in the North-East part the Leaotă Mountains. Between them there is a pass towards Brașov, the Rucăr-Bran Passage. The heights decrease, and in the center there are the sub-carpathian hills, with heights around 800 m, crossed with very deep valleys. In the south there is the northern part of the Romanian Plain.

The main river that crosses the county is the Argeș River in which almost all the other rivers coming from the mountains flow. In the south the main rivers are the Vedea River and the Teleorman River.

Neighbours

Economy

The county is one of the most industrialized counties in Romania. There is one oil refinery and two automobile plants at Mioveni – the Dacia Renault car plant, and at Câmpulung the ARO plant.

The predominant industries in the county are:

  • Automotive
  • Chemical
  • Electrical equipment
  • Home appliances
  • Food
  • Textiles
  • Construction materials

Oil is being extracted in the center and in the south. Also there are a few coal mines and close to Mioveni there is a nuclear research and production facility making nuclear fuels for the Cernavodă Nuclear Electric Power Plant. On the Argeș River there are a great number of hydroelectric power plants, the most impressive being the Vidraru power plant and dam.

The hillsides are well suited for wines and fruit orchards, and the south is suited for cereal crops.

Tourism

The main tourist destinations are:

Politics

The Argeș County Council, elected at the 2016 local government elections, is made up of 35 counselors, with the following party composition:[3]

    Party Seats Current County Council
  Social Democratic Party 20                                        
  National Liberal Party 8                                        
  Alliance of Liberals and Democrats 3                                        
  People's Movement Party 2                                        
  Party for Argeș and Muscel 2                                        

Administrative divisions

Antim Monastery - Arges, Teleorman, Mehedinti
1715 coat of arms of Argeș, Teleorman and Mehedinți counties on the frontispice of the Antim Monastery

Argeș County has 3 cities, 4 towns and 95 communes:

Historical county

Județul Argeș
County (Județ)
The Argeş County Prefecture building from the interwar period, now the Argeș County museum.
The Argeş County Prefecture building from the interwar period, now the Argeș County museum.
Coat of arms of Județul Argeș

Coat of arms
Romania 1930 county Arges
CountryFlag of Romania.svg Romania
Historic regionMuntenia
Capital city (Reședință de județ)Pitești
Area
 • Total4,216 km2 (1,628 sq mi)
Population
(1930)
 • Total259,305
 • Density62/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)

The county was located in the central-southern part of the Greater Romania, in the western part of the historic Muntenia region. Its territory comprised a large part of the current county, and a piece of the western part of the present Vâlcea County. It was bordered on the west by the counties of Olt and Vâlcea, to the north by the counties Făgăraș and Sibiu, to the east by the counties Muscel and Dâmbovița, and to the south by the counties Teleorman and Vlașca.

Administration

1938 map of interwar county Arges
Map of Argeș County as constituted in 1938.

The county was originally (to 1925) divided administratively into five districts (plăṣi):[4]

  1. Plasa Argeș, headquartered at Curtea de Argeș
  2. Plasa Dâmbovnic, headquartered at Rociu
  3. Plasa Oltul, headquartered at Jiblea Veche
  4. Plasa Teleorman, headuqartered at Costești
  5. Plasa Uda, headquartered at Uda

Subsequently, Plasa Uda was divided into two districts, and some territory was transferred from Plasa Oltul:

  1. Plasa Cuca, headquartered at Cuca, which town was formerly in Plasa Oltul
  2. Plasa Pitești, headquartered at Pitești

Population

According to the 1930 census data, the county population was 257,378 inhabitants, out of which 97.6% were ethnic Romanians.[5] From the religious point of view, the population was 99.1% Eastern Orthodox, 0.3% Roman Catholic, 0.3% Jewish, as well as other minorities.

Urban population

In 1930, the county's urban population was 26,341 inhabitants, comprising 90.4% Romanians, 2.2% Jews, 2.0% Hungarians, 1.7% Romanies, 1.1% Germans, as well as other minorities.[5] From the religious point of view, the urban population was composed of 93.0% Eastern Orthodox, 2.4% Roman Catholic, 2.4% Jewish, 0.7% Reformed, 0.7% Lutheran, as well as other minorities.

References

  1. ^ a b c "Population at 20 October 2011" (in Romanian). INSSE. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
  2. ^ National Institute of Statistics, "Populaţia la recensămintele din anii 1948, 1956, 1966, 1977, 1992, 2002"
  3. ^ "Mandate de CJ pe judete si competitori" (in Romanian). Biroul Electoral Central. 10 June 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  4. ^ Portretul României Interbelice - Județul Argeș
  5. ^ a b Recensământul general al populației României din 29 decemvrie 1930, Vol. II, pag. 16-17
Albota

Albota is a commune in Argeș County, in southern central Romania. It is composed of five villages: Albota, Cerbu, Frătești, Gura Văii and Mareș.

Berevoești

Berevoești is a commune in Argeș County, in southern central Romania. It is composed of four villages: Berevoiești, Bratia, Gămăcești and Oțelu.

Bradu

Bradu is a commune in Argeș County, in southern central Romania. It is composed of two villages, Bradu and Geamăna.

Davidești

Davidești is a commune in Argeș County, in southern central Romania. It is composed of three villages: Conțești, Davidești and Voroveni.

Hârsești

Hârsești is a commune in Argeș County, in southern central Romania. It is composed of three villages: Ciobani, Hârsești and Martalogi.

Hârtiești

Hârtiești is a commune in Argeș County, in southern central Romania. It is composed of four villages: Dealu, Hârtiești, Lespezi and Lucieni. It also included the villages of Bârzești, Huluba and Vulturești until 2003, when these were split off to form Vulturești Commune.

Micești

Micești is a commune in Argeș County, in southern central Romania. It is composed of four villages: Brânzari, Micești, Păuleasca and Purcăreni.

Mioarele

Mioarele is a commune in Argeș County, in southern central Romania. It is composed of five villages: Aluniș, Chilii, Cocenești, Mățău (the commune center) and Suslănești.

Mioveni

Mioveni (Romanian pronunciation: [mi.oˈvenʲ]) is a town in Argeș County, Romania, approximately 15 km (9 miles) north-east of Pitești. As of 2011, it had a population of 31,998. The town administers four villages: Clucereasa, Colibași, Făgetu and Racovița.

Miroși

Miroși is a commune in Argeș County, in southern central Romania. It is composed of two villages, Miroși and Surdulești.

Moldoveanu Peak

Moldoveanu Peak (Romanian: Vârful Moldoveanu) pronounced [vɨrful moldoˈve̯anu], Moldovan Peak), at 2,544 metres, is the highest mountain peak in Romania. It is located in Argeș County, in the Făgăraș Mountains of the Southern Carpathians.

The most popular routes to reach Moldoveanu are over the Viștea Mare (2,527 m), by paths coming from Podragu, Sâmbăta, or by the Viștea Valley.

The closest settlement on the North side is Victoria and on the south side, Câmpulung.

Moșoaia

Moșoaia is a commune in Argeș County, in southern central Romania. It is composed of seven villages: Bătrâni, Ciocănăi, Dealu Viilor, Hințești, Lăzărești, Moșoaia and Smeura.

Nucșoara

Nucșoara is a commune in Argeș County, in southern central Romania. It is composed of four villages: Gruiu, Nucșoara, Sboghițești and Slatina.

Poenari Castle

Poenari Castle (Romanian pronunciation: [po.eˈnarʲ]), also known as Poenari Citadel (Cetatea Poenari in Romanian), is a ruined castle in Romania, notable for its connection to Vlad the Impaler. Access to the citadel is made by climbing the 1,480 concrete stairs.

Stadionul Muscelul

Muscelul Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Câmpulung, Argeş County. It was the home ground of Muscelul Câmpulung. It holds 8,000 people, of which 3,000 are on seats.

Stadionul Ștrand

Ştrand Stadium is a multi-use stadium in Piteşti, Romania. It is currently used mostly for football matches. The stadium can host 2,500 people.

Stolnici

Stolnici is a commune in Argeș County, in southern central Romania. It is composed of six villages: Cochinești, Cotmeana, Fâlfani, Izbășești, Stolnici and Vlășcuța.

Suseni, Argeș

Suseni is a commune in Argeș County, in southern central Romania. It is composed of ten villages: Burdești, Cerșani, Chirițești, Gălășești, Odăeni, Pădureni, Strâmbeni, Suseni, Ștefănești and Țuțulești.

Săpata

Săpata is a commune in Argeș County, in southern central Romania. It is composed of eight villages: Bănărești, Dealu Bradului, Drăghicești, Găinușa, Lipia, Mârțești (the commune centre), Popești and Turcești.

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