Arena polo is a fast-paced version of polo played outdoors on an enclosed all-weather surface, or in an indoor arena. Hurlingham Polo Association (HPA, Great Britain) and US Polo Association (USPA, USA ) have established their own rules for arena polo, and these rules are often used in other countries as well.
Unlike outdoor polo, which is played on a 10-acre field, arena polo is played on 300 feet by 150 feet field, enclosed by walls of four or more feet in height. The normal game consists of four chukkas, or periods, of seven and one-half minutes each. A polo ball is similar to a mini soccer ball, larger than the hard plastic ball used outdoors. The arena game is played on a dirt surface with the ball bouncing on the uneven surface and off the arena wall.
Arena polo is typically far more financially accessible than outdoor polo. Club membership fees are usually lesser in comparison, in large part because an arena does not have the high annual maintenance cost of a grass field. Player investment is often smaller because, at a minimum, only two horses are needed to play a regulation arena polo match. Rather than a dedicated truck and large trailer, a bumper-pull trailer and a SUV is usually sufficient for transporting the horses of the arena polo player.
Arena polo can be played year-round, which is attractive to many players because it makes progress in the sport easier and quicker. The most popular season for arena polo is winter.
While they don’t go high speeds over long distances, horses need to utilize acceleration, strength, maneuverability and heart to play arena polo. It is especially important in arena polo for horses to be comfortable with other horses and riders, as they often run into one another in the smaller area. Just about any breed of horse can be used for polo, and mallet sizes allow players to use horses of differing height. Horses usually take a year or two to train to become polo horses, and can play into their twenties.
There are three players per team in arena polo as opposed to four in the outdoor version. Games can be very physical, and because of the smaller size of the playing field, opponents are almost always in close proximity. Players that enjoy arena polo are typically those who do not shy away from physical contact. Arena polo is often very fan friendly because the action is contained in a smaller area.
In the U.S., the USPA Rules and Rules Interpretations govern all sanctioned events. The rules of arena polo are very similar to those of outdoor field polo with the main differences accounting for the presence of the walls surrounding the playing field. Penalty shot lines also account for the smaller size of the field.
In the U.S., interscholastic and intercollegiate polo are played strictly in the arena. As of 2017, there are 38 intercollegiate and 40 interscholastic teams. The interscholastic program has gained popularity in the past several years and teams have grown across the country. Interscholastic players are middle school and high school aged. Two divisions exist within Interscholastic (I/I): Girls and Open. At the Intercollegiate level, the two divisions and Men and Women. The USPA sponsors a program called Team USPA that trains and provides resources for talented I/I members who would like to compete as professional players. For both intercollegiate and interscholastic, after the regular season, regional tournaments are held to win a bid to the national tournament. These are held at facilities of the USPA's choosing. Polo is an NCAA Varsity sport at Cornell University, otherwise it is a club sport at the remaining schools.
The All England Jumping Course at Hickstead, known widely as Hickstead, is an equestrian sport centre in West Sussex, England, principally known for its showjumping activities, where it hosts two international level competitions, the British Jumping Derby and the Longines Royal International Horse Show. The course was the first permanent showground for equestrian sport in the country, opening in 1960.The venue has more recently expanded its operations to include other equestrian sports including dressage and arena polo as well as hosting functions and conferences all year round.It is located adjacent to the hamlet of Hickstead, to the west of Burgess Hill and next to the main A23 road from London to Brighton.Argentine Automobile Club building
The Argentine Automobile Club building its national headquarters of ACA located in Palermo neighborhood in Buenos Aires.
The building is designed in the Rationalist style by local architect Antonio U. Vilar and collaborators Alejandro Bustillo, was completed in 1942. on Buenos Aires' Avenida del Libertador.
The building and its automobile museum are Palermo neighborhood landmarks.Avenida Pueyrredón
Avenida Pueyrredón is an avenue that runs through Recoleta and Balvanera neighborhoods of Buenos Aires, Argentina, and goes from southwest to northeast, parallel Avenida 9 de Julio. It starts at Avenida Rivadavia, and ends at Avenida Figueroa Alcorta.
The Avenue stars at Avenida Rivadavia intersection front of Plaza Miserere and Once station.
The Buenos Aires Underground has numerous stations that serve Avenida Pueyrredón; stations Plaza Miserere on Line , Pueyrredón on Line , Pueyrredón on Line and Once and Corrientes, Córdoba, Santa Fe and Las Heras on Line .Avenida Raúl Scalabrini Ortiz
Avenida Scalabrini Ortiz is an avenue that runs through Villa Crespo and Palermo neighborhoods of Buenos Aires, Argentina, and goes from southwest to northeast, parallel Avenida Juan B. Justo. It starts at Avenida Warnes, and ends at Avenida Figueroa Alcorta.
In 1867, when this avenue was still a dirt track, it was named El Camino del Ministro Inglés (English Minister's Road), because the English diplomat Henry Southern used it to go downtown from the country house where he lived with his family.
A decree on November 27, 1893 changed its name for the first time to Canning, as a tribute to George Canning, former Secretary of Foreign Relations of the United Kingdom.
Another decree, dictated on May 31, 1974, by the government of Juan Perón, stated that Canning Avenue changed its name into the present one as a tribute to Raúl Scalabrini Ortiz, Argentine journalist, nationalist writer and essayist.
Two years later, during the military dictatorship, the name of this avenue was changed again into Canning Avenue. Ultimately, with the return of democracy, Canning was again renamed to Raúl Scalabrini Ortiz, by a December 29, 1985, ordinance.
The Buenos Aires Metro has two stations that serve Avenida Scalabrini Ortiz; stations Scalabrini Ortiz on Line and Malabia on Line 100 metres (110 yd) away.Beach polo
Beach polo is a team sport and close variant of arena polo.Buenos Aires Lawn Tennis Club
The Buenos Aires Lawn Tennis Club is a private tennis club located in the Palermo neighborhood of Buenos Aires, Argentina. The club is the host of the ATP Buenos Aires, an ATP Tour tournament played on clay. The main stadium court, Horacio Billoch Caride Stadium, has a capacity of 5,500 spectators and is named after former club president Horacio Billoch Caride. The stadium has hosted numerous Davis Cup and Fed Cup ties.
Since 2003, the club has also hosted an exhibition tournament, La copa Argentina de tenis Peugeot (Peugeot Argentina Tennis Cup), in December which features top tour players. During that event, the stadium's surface is hard court instead of usual clay.Buenos Aires Museum of Modern Art
The Buenos Aires Museum of Modern Art known locally as the Museo de Arte Moderno de Buenos Aires or MAMBA is a modern art museum located in Buenos Aires, Argentina.Caminito
Caminito ("little walkway" or "little path" in Spanish) is a street museum and a traditional alley, located in La Boca, a neighborhood of Buenos Aires, Argentina. The place acquired cultural significance because it inspired the music for the famous tango "Caminito" (1926), composed by Juan de Dios Filiberto.Freshwater Creek, Victoria
Freshwater Creek is a small rural community in the Surf Coast Shire, Victoria, Australia. In the 2016 census, Freshwater Creek had a population of 414 people.The community comprises farming and rural properties, with a small township on the Anglesea Road and Dickins Road. The township has several shops and a cafe. The community volunteer CFA building is located on Dickins Road. Alongside is the Community Hall, tennis courts, BBQ, public toilets and playground. The Freshwater Creek Riding Club is next door to the Community Hall with their cross country course along Duneed Creek. Opposite is Red Gum Run Arena Polo. The Revival Centre Church Camp is located behind the service station. The Freshwater Creek Steiner School is located on McIntyres Road. Not for profit, food recycling composting organisation City Harvest is co-located at The Farmers Place.
Freshwater Creek Post Office opened on 21 January 1860, was provisionally closed on 25 January 1961, and closed on 25 March 1961.A school was opened at Freshwater Creek in 1856 as a Wesleyan denominational school. It became a department school State School No. 256 with the introduction of state schools in 1883. A new weatherboard building was opened at the same time, following the bluestone building from 1856. . The school's honour roll from World War I is now located in the Community Hall and is listed on the Victorian War Heritage Inventory. In 1994, Freshwater Creek, Connewarre and Mt Duneed Primary Schools were amalgamated at Mt Duneed.The Freshwater Creek school building was moved to the Waurn Ponds Campus of Deakin University where it formed part of a collection of historic Australian buildings. It remained there for some years and then moved to Mt Duneed Primary School as an extra classroom. A new independent school within the township, Freshwater Creek Steiner School, opened on a different site in 2000.St David's Lutheran Church and Cemetery, located on Anglesea Road, is a historic church which is both listed on the Victorian Heritage Register and classified by the National Trust of Australia. The current bluestone church dates from 1866, although a prior church had existed on the site since 1859. The church has a strong association with the early German pioneers who settled in the area, and the attached churchyard cemetery has historical significance as one of the few in the state to still survive. Services are still held at the church on the 3rd Sunday of every month, run by St Paul's Lutheran Church in Grovedale, which was designed by the same architect.During the early 1970's Freshwater Creek School Headmaster was Graham Brown who had 4 children - Phillip, Noel, Helen and Wendy.
Wendy went to Oberon High School and after a brief marriage to Michael Harmer from Geelong, became the famous comedienne Wendy Harmer.John Horswell
John Horswell is an English polo player and coach. At height of his playing career, Horswell held a 6 Goal handicap and played for The England Polo Team himself. Horswell is regarded within the polo community as one of the best polo coaches in the world and travels the globe teaching at different clubs. Horswell's current handicap is 3 goals and he holds an 'A' grade HPA umpiring qualification. He is also on the HPA Committees for coaching development and Arena Polo. John Horswell is the father of Chloe and Alannah who are extremely established young thriving academic girls with impressive polo records.Oxford University Polo Club
The Oxford University Polo Club (often referred to as OUPC) is the Discretionary Full Blue sports club for competitive polo at Oxford University. Founded in 1874 it is one of the four oldest continuing polo clubs world wide. Its annual Varsity Match against Cambridge established in 1878 is the 2nd oldest continuing Polo Fixture in the Western World. It is played at Guards Polo Club, England, usually at the beginning of June.
The last Varsity title won by Oxford was in 2019 at the Polo Varsity Match, defeating Cambridge 15-1.
A Winter Varsity has also been created due to the growth in Arena Polo, with the last Winter Varsity title being won by Oxford, in 2019, 9-8.PIPA Beach Polo World Series
The PIPA Beach Polo World Series is an international series of beach polo tournaments organized by PIPA Polo Instructors and Players Association in cooperation with A Quechua World of Polo. It is the largest international beach polo tour. The rules are similar to arena polo.PIPA Snow Polo World Cup Tour
The PIPA Snow Polo World Cup Tour is an international played series of worldwide Polo tournaments organized by the PIPA Polo Instructors and Players Association in cooperation with A Quechua World of Polo.
Snow Polo Tournaments are played in teams with two or three players each. Teams are built by nationality, so for example there plays team Argentina versus Austria. The game and the rules are similar to Arena polo.Plaza Intendente Alvear
Plaza Intendente Alvear is a public space in Recoleta, Buenos Aires. It is commonly but mistakenly known as Plaza Francia, as the actual Plaza Francia is located at its side.
It faces the Recoleta Cemetery and the cultural center.Polo
Polo is a horseback mounted team sport. It is one of the world's oldest known team sports.Polo was first played in Persia (Iran) at dates given from the 6th century BC to the 1st century AD. Polo was at first a training game for cavalry units, usually the king’s guard or other elite troops. From there it spread to the entirety of Persia and beyond. It is now popular around the world, with well over 100 member countries in the Federation of International Polo. It is played professionally in 16 countries. It was an Olympic sport from 1900 to 1936.
It is known as the sport of kings. It has become a spectator sport for equestrians and society, often supported by sponsorship.
The game is played by two opposing teams with the objective of scoring goals by using a long-handled wooden mallet to hit a small hard ball through the opposing team's goal. Each team has four mounted riders, and the game usually lasts one to two hours, divided into periods called chukkas (or "chukkers").
Arena polo has similar rules, and is played with three players per team. The playing area is smaller, enclosed, and usually of compacted sand or fine aggregate, often indoors. Arena polo has more maneuvering due to space limitations, and uses an air inflated ball, slightly larger than the hard field polo ball. Standard mallets are used, though slightly larger head arena mallets are an option.Royal County of Berkshire Polo Club
The Royal County of Berkshire Polo Club is a polo club located near Windsor, Berkshire and home to the Prince of Wales tournament - one of the most coveted high goal trophies in Polo. It is set in a 230-acre estate, one mile from Ascot Racecourse, and comprises six polo fields, an arena, clubhouse and a polo school. The club is also home to The Arena Gold Cup, the most prestigious winter season tournament and The Arena Polo Masters, currently the highest goal game played in the winter.Established in 1985, by music mogul Bryan Morrison, the club’s founding member and patron was H.R.H. The Prince of Wales with both the Duke of Cambridge and Prince Harry as players.San Martín Palace
San Martín Palace (Palacio San Martín) is located facing Plaza San Martín in the Retiro neighbourhood of Buenos Aires, Argentina and serves as the Ceremonial Headquarters for the Ministry of Foreign Relations.Sebastian Dawnay
Sebastian Dawnay is a professional polo player who holds a 4-goal handicap outdoors and an 8-goal arena polo handicap. Sebastian has played for the England Arena Polo Team on several occasions as well as winning the Arena Gold Cup at The Royal County of Berkshire Polo Club. He has also played in some of the major outdoor polo competitions in the UK winning the British Open for the Gold Cup at Cowdray park with CS Brooks in 1996.Sebastian is the son of the polo coach Major Hugh Dawnay and grandson of the British Olympic polo player David Dawnay.Tommy Biddle
Tommy Biddle (a.k.a. Thomas J. Biddle, Jr.) is an American polo player. He is an eight-goaler in outdoor polo and a ten-goaler in arena polo. He has won many national and international tournaments.