Ardea (IPA: /ar'dɛa/ or /'ardea/) is an ancient town and comune in the Metropolitan City of Rome, 35 kilometres (22 miles) south of Rome and about 4 kilometres (2 miles) from today's Mediterranean coast.
The economy is mostly based on agriculture, although, starting from the 1970s, industry has had an increasingly important role.
|Comune di Ardea|
The church of St. Peter.
Location of Ardea
Location of Ardea in Italy
|Metropolitan city||Rome (RM)|
|Frazioni||Banditella, Nuova Florida, Castagnetta, Castagnola, Centro Regina, Nuova California, Colle Romito, Lido dei Pini, Marina di Ardea, Rio Verde, Tor San Lorenzo, Tor San Lorenzo Lido, Montagnano.|
|• Mayor||Mario Savarese (Movimento 5 Stelle)|
|• Total||50 km2 (20 sq mi)|
|Elevation||37 m (121 ft)|
(31 December 2017)
|• Density||990/km2 (2,600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|Patron saint||St. Peter the Apostle|
|Saint day||June 29|
In 509 BC Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, the king of Rome sought unsuccessfully to take the town by storm, and then commenced a siege of the town. However the siege was interrupted by the revolution which resulted in the overthrow of the king and the establishment of the Roman republic. One of the leaders of the revolution, Lucius Junius Brutus, came to the camp of the Roman army at Ardea and won the army's support for the revolution.
During the Second Punic War, it was one of the few cities that refused military support to Rome, and, after the Roman victory, was deprived of its autonomy. In the 3rd-2nd centuries BC it decayed until, in the Imperial Age, it was scarcely populated at all. The 1st century agricultural writer Columella possessed estates there.
After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, Ardea was abandoned. It returned to grow only after the 9th century AD. Its castle in 1118 housed Pope Gelasius II and was later contended among various feudal barons of the area. In 1419 Pope Martin V assigned it to his kinsmen, the Colonna family, who sold it in 1564 to the Cesarini.
In 1816 it became a frazione of Genzano. Starting from 1932, the surrounding area was drained and Ardea began to flourish again, becoming a frazione of Pomezia starting from its foundation around 1948 and an independent municipality in 1970.
Remains of the ancient city include the old defensive agger, dating to the 7th century BC and later (4th century BC) updated to larger walls. Archaeological excavations have brought to light four temples, of unknown dedication. Part of the pavement of a basilica (c. 100 BC) have also been found in the area of the ancient Forum. Other sights include:
Ardea is twinned with:
Alessandro Del Grosso (born 27 August 1972) is an Italian footballer.Ardea
Ardea may refer to:
Ardea, Lazio, a town in Lazio, Italy
Ardea (genus), a genus of herons
Ardea (journal), an ornithological journal published by the Netherlands Ornithologists' Union
The Ardea, a condominium high-rise building in Portland, Oregon, USA
Lancia Ardea, a small car produced by the Turin firm between 1939 and 1953Christian Reformists
The Christian Reformists (Cristiano Riformisti, CR) are a Christian-democratic faction within New Centre-Right (NCD), a political party in Italy.
The group emerged as a faction within National Alliance (AN), a conservative party. Its founders included Antonio Mazzochi (ex-DC), Erder Mazzocchi (ex-DC) and Pietro Armani (ex-PRI). The main goal of CR was the admission of the party into the European People's Party (EPP).
In March 2009 the CR, along with the whole AN, joined The People of Freedom (PdL).
In September 2008 the Christian-Social European Union, a Christian-democratic association le by Gennaro Castiello (a former member of the Christian Democratic Refoundation) which had joined the PdL in April 2008, merged into the Christian Reformists, opening the way to a 40,000 members-strong "Catholic bloc".In 2012, while still being part of the PdL, the faction presented its own lists in a few municipalities in Central Italy, gaining a notable 10.5% in Ardea, Lazio.In November 2013 the CR left the PdL and joined NCD.Index of Italy-related articles
The following is an alphabetical list of articles related to Italy.Luciano Ciancola
Luciano Ciancola (22 October 1929 – 25 July 2011) was an Italian road cyclist. As an amateur he won the 1950 Giro di Campania and the road race at the 1952 World Championships. Between 1952 and 1960 he rode professionally and placed second in the Giro della Sicilia in 1956.Pope Leo V
Pope Leo V (d. February 904) was Pope from July 903 to his death in 904. He was pope during the period known as the Saeculum obscurum. He was thrown into prison in September 903 by the Antipope Christopher, and was probably killed at the start of the pontificate of Pope Sergius III. If his deposition is not considered valid (as in the modern Vatican list), then his papacy may be considered to have ended with his death in 904.