Rainer Joseph of Austria (30 September 1783 – 16 January 1853) was a Viceroy of the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia from 1818 to 1848. He was also an Archduke of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia.
|Archduke Rainer Joseph|
|Born||30 September 1783|
Pisa, Grand Duchy of Tuscany
|Died||16 January 1853 (aged 69)|
Bolzano, Austrian Empire
|Spouse||Princess Elisabeth of Savoy|
|Issue||Adelaide, Queen of Sardinia|
|Father||Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor|
|Mother||Maria Luisa of Spain|
Rainer served as Viceroy of the Kingdom of Lombardy–Venetia from 1818 to 1848. The position made Rainer and his wife the head of the Austrian court at Milan. Rainer politics were increasingly unpopular, the Italians resented him for their lack of political freedom and for collecting revenues with so little benefit to them.
Throughout the 1840s, the political situation worsened to such an extent that in 1847, Metternich resurrected his 1817 plans for an Italian chancellery by sending his right-hand man count Charles-Louis de Ficquelmont to Milan as acting Chancellor of Lombardy–Venetia to restore the Austrian rule while taking over Northern Italy's administration. But only a few months later, Ficquelmont was recalled to Vienna to assume the leadership of the Council of war as the Revolutions of 1848 started.
He married at Prague on 28 May 1820 Princess Elisabeth of Savoy (13 April 1800 – 25 December 1856). She was the sister of the Prince of Carignano, who would in 1831 become King of Sardinia as King Charles Albert. She was also a granddaughter of the late former Duke of the Baltic principality of Courland.
The Revolution of 1848 forced Rainer and Elisabeth from the court at Milan; when the insurrection was quelled, Radetzky was named Rainer's successor as Viceroy. Although his children, except Adelheid, are buried in the Imperial Crypt in Vienna, he and his wife are buried at the Maria Himmelfahrtskirche in Bolzano.
Through his daughter Adelaide, Rainer is an ancestor of the entire royal family of Italy which reigned from 1861 to 1946.
was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar and a common year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar, the 1853rd year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 853rd year of the 2nd millennium, the 53rd year of the 19th century, and the 4th year of the 1850s decade. As of the start of 1853, the Gregorian calendar was
12 days ahead of the Julian calendar, which remained in localized use until 1923.Adelaide of Austria
Adelaide of Austria (Adelheid Franziska Marie Rainera Elisabeth Clotilde; 3 June 1822 – 20 January 1855) was the Queen of Sardinia by marriage to Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia, future King of Italy, from 1849 until 1855 when she died as a result of childbirth. She was the mother of Umberto I of Italy.Adelaide of Savoy
Adelaide of Savoy may refer to:
Adila, often called Adelaide, wife of Amadeus I, Count of Savoy
Adelaide of Susa (c. 1014/20–1091), daughter of Ulric Manfred II of Turin, wife of Otto I, Count of Savoy
Adelaide of Savoy (died 1079), daughter of Otto I, Count of Savoy and Adelaide of Susa, wife of Rudolf of Rheinfelden
Adelaide (d. aft. 1134), daughter of Amadeus II, Count of Savoy, wife of Manasses, sire de Coligny
Adelaide of Maurienne (1092–1154), daughter of Umberto II, Count of Savoy, married first Louis VI of France and then Matthieu I of Montmorency
Princess Henriette Adelaide of Savoy (1636–1676), daughter of Victor Amadeus I, Duke of Savoy, married Ferdinand Maria, Elector of Bavaria
Princess Marie Adélaïde of Savoy (1685–1712), daughter of Victor Amadeus II, Duke of Savoy, married Louis, Dauphin of France, Duke of Burgundy
Maria Carolina Antonietta Adelaide, better known as Princess Maria Carolina of Savoy (1764–1782), daughter of Victor Amadeus III of Sardinia, married Anthony of Saxony
Maria Adelaide Clothilde Xaveria Borbonia of Savoy (1794–1802), daughter of Victor Emmanuel I of Sardinia
Adelaide of Austria (1822–1855), daughter of Archduke Rainer Joseph of Austria, married Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia; was Duchess of Savoy prior to husband's accession
Princess Adelaide of Savoy-Genoa, (1904–1979), daughter of Prince Thomas, Duke of Genoa, married Leone Massimo, Prince of Arsoli
Maria Gabriella Giuseppa Aldegonda Adelaide Ludovica Felicita Gennara, better known as Princess Maria Gabriella of Savoy (b. 1940), daughter of Umberto II of Italy, married Robert Zellinger de Balkany
Vittoria Cristina Adelaide Chiara Maria, better known as Princess Vittoria of Savoy (b. 2003), daughter of Emanuele Filiberto, Prince of Venice and PiedmontArchduke Ernest of Austria (1824–1899)
Archduke Ernst of Austria (Ernst Karl Felix Maria Rainer Gottfried Cyriak), Archduke of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia (August 8, 1824, Milan – April 4, 1899, Arco) was a member of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine.Archduke Heinrich Anton of Austria
Archduke Heinrich Anton of Austria (Heinrich Anton Maria Rainer Karl Gregor), (May 9, 1828, Milan – November 30, 1891, Vienna) was an Archduke of Austria and Lieutenant field marshal.Archduke Leopold Ludwig of Austria
Archduke Leopold Ludwig of Austria (German: Leopold Ludwig Maria Franz Julius Estorgius Gerhard Erzherzog von Ósterreich) (b. Milan 6 June 1823 – d. Hórnstein 24 May 1898) was an Austrian general and admiral.Archduke Rainer Ferdinand of Austria
Archduke Rainer Ferdinand Maria Johann Evangelist Franz Ignaz of Austria (11 January 1827 – 27 January 1913), a member of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine and nephew of Emperor Francis II, was an Austrian politician who served as Minister-President of Austria from 1861 to 1865.Archduke Rainer of Austria
Archduke Rainer of Austria may refer to:
Archduke Rainer Joseph of Austria (1783–1853), eighth son of Emperor Leopold II
Archduke Rainer Ferdinand of Austria (1827–1913), fourth son of Archduke Rainer (1783-1853)
Archduke Rainer of Austria (1895–1930) (1895–1930), eldest son of Archduke Leopold SalvatorCount Karl Ludwig von Ficquelmont
Karl Ludwig, Count of Ficquelmont (German: [ˈfɪkɛlˌmɔnt]; French: Charles-Louis comte de Ficquelmont; March 23, 1777 – April 7, 1857) was an Austrian aristocrat, statesman and Field marshal of the Austrian Imperial army of French noble origin.Giovanna of Italy
Giovanna of Italy (Bulgarian: Йоанна Савойска, Italian: Giovanna Elisabetta Antonia Romana Maria) (13 November 1907 – 26 February 2000) was the Tsaritsa of Bulgaria by marriage to Boris III of Bulgaria.Maria Letizia Bonaparte, Duchess of Aosta
Maria Letizia Bonaparte (Marie Laetitia Eugénie Catherine Adélaïde; 20 November 1866 – 25 October 1926) was one of three children born to Prince Napoléon and his wife Princess Maria Clotilde of Savoy. In 1888 she married Prince Amadeo, Duke of Aosta, the former king of Spain and her uncle. Maria Letizia became the Duchess of Aosta, Duke of Aosta being a title by which Amadeus was known before and after his kingship. Their marriage was instrumental in almost reviving French hopes of reinstating the Bonaparte dynasty into a position of power, as seen in the days of Napoleon III.Prince Oddone, Duke of Montferrat
Oddone of Savoy (Oddone Eugenio Maria; 11 July 1846 – 22 January 1866) was an Italian humanist and philanthropist. He was the fourth child and third eldest son of King Victor Emmanuel II of Italy and his wife Adelaide of Austria. He was a Prince of Savoy.Prince Vittorio Emanuele, Count of Turin
Prince Vittorio Emanuele of Savoy-Aosta, Infante of Spain, Count of Turin (24 November 1870 – 10 October 1946) was a grandchild of King Victor Emmanuel II and a member of the House of Savoy. He was a cousin of Victor Emmanuel III.Princess Mafalda of Savoy
Princess Mafalda of Savoy (2 November 1902 – 27 August 1944) was the second daughter of King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy and his wife Elena of Montenegro. The future King Umberto II of Italy was her younger brother.Princess Yolanda of Savoy
Princess Yolanda of Savoy (1 June 1901 – 16 October 1986) was the eldest daughter of King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy.Rainer (given name)
Rainer is the German form of the Germanic name Raginheri (Scandinavian Ragnar), composed of the two elements ragin ("advice") and heri ("army").
Other variants of the name include Dutch Reinier, French Rainier, Spanish and Italian Raniero.
|Ancestors of Archduke Rainer Joseph of Austria|
* also an archduke of Austria