Araria

Araria is a city and a municipality that is the headquarters of Araria district in the state of Bihar, India. Araria is situated in the northern part of Bihar.

Araria
City
Araria is located in Bihar
Araria
Araria
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 26°09′N 87°31′E / 26.15°N 87.52°ECoordinates: 26°09′N 87°31′E / 26.15°N 87.52°E
Country India
StateBihar
DistrictAraria
Elevation
47 m (154 ft)
Population
(2001)
 • Total60,594
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, Urdu, Maithili
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
854311, 8543XX
Vehicle registrationBR-38
Lok Sabha constituencyAraria
Vidhan Sabha constituencyAraria
Websitehttp://www.araria.bih.nic.in/

History

Araria, which was previously part of Purnia district, is part of the Mithila region.[1] Mithila first gained prominence after being settled by Indo-Aryan peoples who established the Mithila Kingdom (also called Kingdom of the Videhas).[2]

During the late Vedic period (c. 1100–500 BCE), Kingdom of the Videhas became one of the major political and cultural centers of South Asia, along with Kuru and Pañcāla. The kings of the Kingdom of the Videhas were called Janakas.[3] The Mithila Kingdom was later incorporated into the Vajji confederacy, which had its capital in the city of Vaishali, which is also in Mithila.[4]

District statistics

Araria is primarily a rural district; 93% of the total population live in the rural areas (713 villages). Only two out of nine tehsils have urban population that is concentrated in Forbesganj and Araria(Census 2001).

In 2008 survey findings, Araria lagged behind the all India average in seven out of eight indicators and also lagged behind the all India level in terms of two more health related indicators. Most of the villages lack some basic infrastructure: 92 percent are without any medical facilities; 20 percent of the villages lack formal facilities of education of any type; 597 out of 713 villages are without electricity; and 50 percent of the villages are without all-weather road connectivity. The overall work participation rate is 40.3 percent, which is much less in case of the female population. Agriculture laborers dominate the labor force (64.7% of the total) that is almost double of the national average.

There is a substantial concentration of minority (mainly Muslims) population. Against the state average of 20.52%, Muslims constitutes 49.4 per cent of the total rural populations, but their percentages are 77.5% in Jokihat, 62.70% of Araria, and 46.8% in Palasi subdivisions. The number of minority groups - Christian, Sikh, Buddhist and Jains - are negligible. The rural literacy rate is 33.2 percent, much below the state and national averages. The worst is female literacy rate, i.e. 20.4%. In other words, only one out of five women is literate. Even sex ratio, i.e., 917 is less than state and all India level.

Geography

Araria is located at 26°09′N 87°31′E / 26.15°N 87.52°E.[5] It has an average elevation of 47 metres (154 feet). Araria is situated at the northern part of Purnia and Madhepura in Bihar. Borders of Araria are surrounded by Nepal in northern side, Kishanganj in eastern side and Supaul at south-west side. The district came into existence by division of Purnia district on Makar Sankranti day of 1990. The district touches the Indo-Nepal international border also this area is very close to three countries: Nepal, Bangladesh, and Bhutan. Hence, the district is important in terms of security. Jogbani is the last point of Araria and after that, Morang district of Nepal starts. Kosi river used to pass through araria,although it long ago changed its path. Most important river is Panaar. Agriculture has flourished along the banks of this river,although it becomes catastrophic during the rainy season because of floods. A canal also passes through Araria. In clean weather Kangchenjunga range of mountains can be seen from here (specially after rain).

Notable people

The Hindi language writer Phanishwar Nath 'Renu' was born in this district at Aurahi Hingna village where his family still lives.

The movie Teesri Kasam was shot in villages of Araria. It was Basu Bhattacharya's film, based on Mare Gaye Gulfam written by Phanishwar Nath 'Renu', starring Raj Kapoor and Waheeda Rehman. Wasim Rahi Khan Actor at TV Serial & Bollywood Film Industry Village in Kasaila Madanpur. Araria. Subrata Roy founder and chairman of Sahara India was born in Ashram Mohalla of the city.

Taslimuddin Ex member of Loksabha belongs to Jokihat provision of the District.

Heritage and Tourism

Araria is the natural habitat of the Gangetic Dolphins.At the Local rivers of Araria Gangetic Dolphins(South Asian river dolphin) are found. Scientific name of the dolphin is Platanista Gangetica. Average length of dolphins are 2.5 meter.

  • Replica Stoop: It is situated Near Manikpur 5 km far from Araria district headquarter going towards Forbesganj.
  • The six-storey Kali Mandir temple, popularly known as "Kali Mandir".
  • Temple of lord Shiva located at the center of city in the ancient Thakurbari of Araria, known as Shiva Mandir or more commonly as Thakurbari itself.
  • The Araria-Madanpur Shiva Mandir.
  • Shiva temple in Madanpur.
  • Sultan phokher in Forbesganj is important for Hindu and Muslim communities.
  • Maata aasawar mandir in Gidwas is very important for Hindu.
  • Shiva mandir in Sundernath.
  • A mosque (Jama Masjid), attended by Muslim communities from the nearby region,
  • Quba Masjid, is situated near navratan chowk. It is one of the famous mosque of this city.
  • The burial ground (kabristan) is situated in the middle of the city in khalilabad muhalla. Khalilabad mosque is also situated at the same place.
  • Newly constructed Masjid cum madarsa at diyaganj.
  • Vishwa Islamic Ijtema was held at araria in 2013 in which 10-15 lakhs were gathered for spiritual and Islamic gains.

Transport Infrastructure

Railway

Araria is accessible to other parts of India by railways via Katihar Junction railway station

Nearest Railway Station is Araria court & Araria(R S)

Road

Connected with National Highway 57 (India)(Old Numbering)

Buses for most of the districts and internal blocks are available from the bus terminal.

Airport

Nearest airport is Bagdogra Airport

Education

Azad Academy,High School Araria, Girls High School Araria ,Mohini Devi Residential School Araria R.S,Navodaya Vidyalaya,Kendriya Vidyalaya Araria R.S,Scottish public school Araria, Araria public School are main famous schools in Araria.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ https://books.google.co.in/books?id=A0i94Z5C8HMC&lpg=PA30&pg=PA27&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false
  2. ^ Michael Witzel (1989), Tracing the Vedic dialects in Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes ed. Caillat, Paris, pages 13, 17 116–124, 141–143
  3. ^ Witzel, M. (1989). "Tracing the Vedic dialects". In Caillat, C. Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes. Paris: Fondation Hugot. pp. 141–143.
  4. ^ Hemchandra, R. (1972). Political History of Ancient India. Calcutta: University of Calcutta.
  5. ^ "Maps, Weather, and Airports for Araria, India". www.fallingrain.com.

References

Araria (Lok Sabha constituency)

Araria Lok Sabha constituency (Hindi: अररिया लोकसभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is one of the 40 Lok Sabha (parliamentary) constituencies in Bihar state in eastern India. It is unreserved.

Araria (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Araria (Vidhan Sabha constituency) (Hindi: आररिया विधान सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is an assembly constituency in Araria district in the Indian state of Bihar.

Araria district

Araria district is one of the thirty-eight districts of Bihar state, India. Araria district is a part of Purnia division. The district occupies an area of 2830 km². Araria town is the administrative headquarters of this district.

Forbesganj

Forbesganj is a city with municipality in the Araria District (formerly Purnia District before 1990) in the state of Bihar, India, situated at the border of Nepal.

Forbesganj (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Forbesganj (Vidhan Sabha constituency) (Hindi: फरबेसगन्ज विधान सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is an assembly constituency in Araria district in the Indian state of Bihar. In Bihar Legislative Assembly election, 2015, Forbesganj will be one of the 36 seats to have VVPAT enabled electronic voting machines.

Jogbani

Jogbani is a town, a notified area and a railway station in Araria District of Bihar state, India. It lies on the Indo-Nepal border with Morang District, Koshi Zone and is a gateway to Biratnagar city. There is a customs checkpoint for goods at the border. Indian and Nepalese nationals cross without restrictions.

Jokihat (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Jokihat (Vidhan Sabha constituency) (Hindi: जोकिहाट विधान सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is an assembly constituency in Araria district in the Indian state of Bihar.In 2017 Bihar Flood affected area

Kulhaiya

The Kulhaiya (Urdu: کلاہیہ‎) is Muslim community found in the northern part of state of Bihar in India and southern part in Nepal. A person belonging to this community is also called by the same name (pl. kulhaiyas). Some people say kulhaiya is a particular ethnicity but in fact it is mixture of races, ethnicity and different castes like Sayyed, Harijan, Sheikh, Pathan etc.

List of constituencies of the Bihar Legislative Assembly

Bihar Legislative Assembly came into existence in 1937. The Assembly had a strength of 155 members. According to the provisions of the Constitution of India, the first General Elections in the state were held in 1952. The total strength of membership in the Assembly was 331, including one nominated member. Dr. Sri Krishna Singh became the first Leader of the house and the Chief Minister and Dr. Anugrah Narayan Sinha was elected the first deputy leader of the assembly and became state's first Deputy Chief Minister. It was reduced to 318 during the second General Elections. In 1977, the total number of elected members of the Bihar Legislative Assembly was further raised from 318 to 324. With the creation of a separate State of Jharkhand, by an Act of Parliament titled the Bihar Reorganisation Act, 2000, the strength of the Bihar Legislative Assembly was reduced from 325 to 243 members.

List of state highways in Bihar

This is a list of state highways in Bihar, India.

Mohammed Taslimuddin

Mohammed Taslimuddin (4 January 1943 – 17 September 2017) was an Indian politician and a veteran RJD leader. He hailed from the village of Sisauna in the Araria district of Bihar. He started his political career as a sarpanch and was elected to the Bihar Legislative Assembly for the first time in 1969, serving as an MLA eight times. In 1989, he was first elected to the Lok Sabha from the Purnia constituency. He was thrice elected as an MP from the Kishanganj constituency in 1996, 1998 and 2004. He served his final stint as an MP in the 16th Lok Sabha after being elected from the Araria constituency.He died on 17 September 2017 at the age of 74 after being treated for respiratory problems in Chennai, he was laid to rest with state honours on 19 September 2017 at his birthplace located in sisauna jokihat,

Narpatganj (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Narpatganj (Vidhan Sabha constituency) (Hindi: नरपतगन्ज विधान सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is an assembly constituency in Araria district in the Indian state of Bihar.

Purnea University

Purnea University is a collegiate public state university located in Purnia, Bihar, India. It has jurisdiction over Purnia, Araria, Kishanganj and Katihar districts. It was established by an act of State Legislature in 2018. As a collegiate university, its main functions are divided between the academic departments of the university and affiliated colleges.

The Governor of Bihar serves as the university's chancellor.

Purnia division

Purnia division is an administrative geographical unit of Bihar state of India. Purnia is the administrative headquarters of the division. The division consists of Purnia district, Katihar district, Araria district, and Kishanganj district in 2005. It is also known as Seemanchal. It is a part of the Kosi—Seemanchal subregion of the cultural Mithila region.

Raniganj, Araria (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Raniganj, Araria, Bihar (Vidhan Sabha constituency of Bihar) (Hindi: रानीगंज) is a legislative assembly constituency in Araria district in the Indian state of Bihar. It is reserved for scheduled castes. It is a central market place for nearby villages. All items of daily consumption are easily available in the market. A number of clothes shops, electronic items' shops, bike showrooms, medical shops and other miscellaneous shops are commonly seen in the market area. Kali mandir is an iconic place situated at heart of the market. An annual festival dedicated to Maa Kali temple is enthusiastically celebrated on the occasion of Diwali.

Shailendra (lyricist)

Shailendra (30 August 1923 – 14 December 1966) was a popular Indian Hindustani (Hindi-Urdu) lyricist , music arranger, playback singer and music director. Noted for his association with the filmmaker Raj Kapoor and the composers Shankar-Jaikishan, he wrote lyrics for several successful Hindi film songs in the 1950s and the 1960s.

Sikti (Vidhan Sabha constituency)

Sikti (Vidhan Sabha constituency) (Hindi: शिक्ति विधान सभा निर्वाचन क्षेत्र) is an assembly constituency in Araria district in the Indian state of Bihar.

Subrata Roy

Subrata Roy (Bengali: সুব্রত রায়, Hindi: सुब्रत रॉय) (born 10 June 1948) is an Indian businessman. He is the Managing Worker and Chairman of Sahara India Pariwar, an Indian conglomerate with diversified businesses and assets including Aamby Valley City, and India's largest land bank spread in cities across India. Roy founded the company in 1978.

He was named among the 10 Most Powerful People of India in 2012 by India Today. In 2004, Sahara group was termed by the Time magazine as ‘the second largest employer in India' after Indian Railways. The group operates in more than 5,000 establishments spread across India and has a workforce of around 1.4 million under the Sahara India umbrella.

Surjapuri language

Surjapuri, a language possessing similarities with Kamatapuri,

Assamese, Bengali and Maithili, is mainly spoken in the parts of Purnia division (Kishanganj, Katihar, Purnia, Araria districts) of Mithila region of Bihar. Apart from Bihar, it is also spoken in West Bengal (Uttar Dinajpur and Dakshin Dinajpur districts, and in Siliguri city of Darjeeling district – part of the North Bengal region within Jalpaiguri division), as well as in parts of eastern Nepal. It is one of the lesser known Bihari languages spoken in Eastern India comprising today's northern West Bengal and Eastern Bihar. It is associated with Kamtapuri language (and its dialects Rangpuri and Koch Rajbangshi) spoken in North Bengal and Western Assam.

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