Ararat Stadium

Ararat Stadium (Armenian: Արարատ մարզադաշտ; Persian: ورزشگاه آرارات‎) is a football stadium with 10,000 seats built in 1971 and located in the Ararat Sports Complex in the Vanak neighbourhood of Tehran, Iran. It is named after Mount Ararat, the highest mountain of the Armenian Highlands in what is now Turkey. The complex is owned by the Armenian Cultural Ararat Organization founded in 1944, one of the largest associations of Iranian Armenians. The stadium is used by Ararat Tehran, who play in the Tehran Provincial League. It has also been used by the Iran women's national football team for their home matches.

Coordinates: 35°46′04″N 51°24′05″E / 35.767895°N 51.401253°E

Ararat Stadium
Full nameArarat Stadium
LocationVanak, Tehran, Iran
OwnerArarat Tehran
OperatorArarat Tehran
Capacity15,000 seated
SurfaceGrass
Tenants
Ararat Tehran
Iran women's national football team

Location and architecture

The complex covers an area of 74,000 square meters in form of a triangle enclosed by Ararat Street, Rashid Yasemi Street and Kordestan Expressway. The entrance is in the northern part of Ararat Street. The football stadium of FC Ararat Tehran with 10,000 seats was built in 1971 after plans by architect Rostom Voskanian (1932–2013). Near the stadium in the southeastern part of the complex, there is the Holy Cross Chapel (Surp Khatch) completed in 1987 by the same architect, a small concrete building with block-like crosses, built in part in memory of the Iranian Armenian soldiers who lost their lives in the Iran–Iraq War. The Ararat Sports Complex has also two swimming pools, indoor basketball courts, billiard tables, a rock climbing facility, badminton courts, tennis fields, and a sports museum.[1][2]

Cultural life

Access to most events in the stadium is restricted to Christians, so Armenians are usually among themselves. As long as no Muslims are present, Christian males and females are allowed to practice or watch together, and women are not required to wear headscarves. According to participants, the Sports Complex has its own Armenian atmosphere very different from the Muslim world outside. Even the dominant language spoken by participants (in 2017) is Armenian, and Persian is reportedly rarely spoken.[1]

However, there are inter-ethnic activities, e.g. football matches, where general Islamic regulations have to be followed. In September 2016, the Pan-Armenian Games were held in the Ararat Complex of Tehran with about 800 Armenian athletes from Iran, Armenia and Georgia participating. At the opening ceremony, Ali Younesi, Hassan Rouhani’s Aide in Religious Minorities’ Affairs, was present.[3][4]

Famous athletes

The most important sports club playing in Ararat Stadium is FC Ararat Tehran, a football club that existed from 1944 to 2009 and was dissolved because it was bankrupt. However, it was refounded in 2014, and in 2015 it was playing in the Tehran Province league. Though it never played a dominant role in Iranian football, it produced at least two important football players: One was Andranik Eskandarian, who later played for Taj (now Esteghlal F.C.). After the Islamic Revolution, it was Andranik Teymourian who started his career at Ararat Stadium, later played for the Bolton Wanderers F.C. in the English Premier League, then for Esteghlal F.C. and Tractor Sazi F.C. and in 2015 was appointed new captain of the Iran national football team.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b Holy Cross Chapel – An unexpected icon, this church brings Armenian-Iranians together. Brownbook – An Urban Guide to the Middle East, issue 62 — The Brutalist Architecture in Tehran. Plus Memar Magazine Archives. March – April 2017.
  2. ^ a b Asher Kohn: Towards an Armenian-Iranian Modern: Tehran Church Architecture & Post-Revolutionary Soccer Culture. Ajam Media Collective, 1 December 2012.
  3. ^ Pan-Armenian Games Kick Off in Tehran. Iran Front Page (IFP), 14 September 2016.
  4. ^ Tehran Playing Host to Pan-Armenian Games. Iran Front Page (IFP), 16 September 2016.

External links

  • http://www.araratorg.org/
  • "Ararat Marzavan activities". Retrieved 2016-01-02.
2012 Viva World Cup

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2012–13 Esteghlal F.C. season

The 2012–13 season are the Esteghlal Football Club's 12th season in the Iran Pro League, and their 19th consecutive season in the top division of Iranian football. They are also competing in the Hazfi Cup and AFC Champions League, and 68th year in existence as a football club.

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Ali Younesi

Ali Younesi (born 1 January 1951) is an Iranian politician, who served in different positions.

F.C. Ararat Tehran

FC Ararat (Persian: آرارات تهران‎) is an Armenian diaspora football team based in Tehran, Iran who play in the Tehran Province League. Ararat football club is the football club of the multisport Ararat Club in Iran.

Ararat has a policy of signing only players who have an Armenian heritage.

Iran women's national football team

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Iranian Armenians

Iranian-Armenians (Armenian: իրանահայեր iranahayer) also known as Persian-Armenians (Armenian: պարսկահայեր parskahayer), are Iranians of Armenian ethnicity who may speak Armenian as their first language. Estimates of their number in Iran range from 70,000 to 200,000. Areas with a high concentration of them include Tabriz, Tehran and Isfahan's Jolfa (Nor Jugha) quarter.

Armenians have lived for millenia in the territory that forms modern-day Iran. Several times in history Iran's northwestern regions were part of Armenia. Many of the oldest Armenian churches, monasteries, and chapels are located within modern-day Iran. Persian Armenia, which includes modern-day Armenian Republic was part of Qajar Iran up to 1828. Iran had one of the largest populations of Armenians in the world alongside neighboring Ottoman Empire until the beginning of the 20th century.

Armenians were influential and active in the modernization of Iran during the 19th and 20th centuries. After the Iranian Revolution, many Armenians emigrated to Armenian diasporic communities in North America and Western Europe. Today the Armenians are Iran's largest Christian religious minority.

List of Armenian churches in Iran

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List of football stadiums in Iran

The following is a list of football stadiums in Iran, ordered by capacity.

List of religious centers in Tehran

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Tehran

Tehran (; Persian: تهران‎ Tehrân [tehˈɾɒːn] (listen)) is the capital of Iran and Tehran Province. With a population of around 8.7 million in the city and 15 million in the larger metropolitan area of Greater Tehran, Tehran is the most populous city in Iran and Western Asia, and has the second-largest metropolitan area in the Middle East. It is ranked 24th in the world by the population of its metropolitan area.In the Classical era, part of the territory of present-day Tehran was occupied by Rhages, a prominent Median city. It was subject to destruction through the medieval Arab, Turkic, and Mongol invasions. Its modern-day inheritor remains as an urban area absorbed into the metropolitan area of Greater Tehran.

Tehran was first chosen as the capital of Iran by Agha Mohammad Khan of the Qajar dynasty in 1796, in order to remain within close reach of Iran's territories in the Caucasus, before being separated from Iran as a result of the Russo-Iranian Wars, and to avoid the vying factions of the previously ruling Iranian dynasties. The capital has been moved several times throughout the history, and Tehran is the 32nd national capital of Iran. Large scale demolition and rebuilding began in the 1920s, and Tehran has been a destination for mass migrations from all over Iran since the 20th century.Tehran is home to many historical collections, including the royal complexes of Golestan, Sa'dabad, and Niavaran, where the two last dynasties of the former Imperial State of Iran were seated. Tehran's most famous landmarks include the Azadi Tower, a memorial built under the reign of Mohammad Reza Shah of the Pahlavi dynasty in 1971 to mark the 2,500th year of the foundation of the Imperial State of Iran, and the Milad Tower, the world's sixth-tallest self-supporting tower which was completed in 2007. The Tabiat Bridge, a newly-built landmark, was completed in 2014.The majority of the population of Tehran are Persian-speaking people, and roughly 99% of the population understand and speak Persian, but there are large populations of other ethno-linguistic groups who live in Tehran and speak Persian as a second language.Tehran has an international airport (Imam Khomeini Airport) , a domestic airport (Mehrabad Airport), a central railway station, the rapid transit system of Tehran Metro, a bus rapid transit system, trolleybuses, and a large network of highways.

There have been plans to relocate Iran's capital from Tehran to another area, due mainly to air pollution and the city's exposure to earthquakes. To date, no definitive plans have been approved. A 2016 survey of 230 cities by consultant Mercer ranked Tehran 203rd for quality of life. According to the Global Destinations Cities Index in 2016, Tehran is among the top ten fastest growing destinations.October 6 is marked as Tehran Day based on a 2016 decision by members of the City Council, celebrating the day when the city was officially chosen as the capital of Iran by the Qajar dynasty back in 1907.

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