Applied Scholastics

Applied Scholastics is a non-profit corporation founded in 1972 to promote the use of study techniques created by L. Ron Hubbard, the founder of the Church of Scientology. Hubbard called his theories on learning and education "study technology." Applied Scholastics runs the "Hollywood Education and Literacy Project" (HELP),[1] the World Literacy Crusade, "Education Alive", and the "Literacy, Education and Abilities Program" (LEAP).

Applied Scholastics' declared mission is: "to promote and develop programs of effective education for educators, business trainers, tutors, parents, children and people in all walks of life who need improved study skills to enhance their scholastic, business and personal activities."

Applied Scholastics is sponsored by the Church of Scientology.[2][3]

Applied Scholastics
Applied Scholastics
Formation1972
TypeEducational / Religious
Legal statusNon-profit
HeadquartersSpanish Lake, Missouri
Websiteappliedscholastics.org

Study Tech

Study Tech is a teaching methodology developed by L. Ron Hubbard.

Hubbard's theories on education describe three "barriers to learning". The first is the absence of mass, pertaining to the lack of a physical object relating to a concept. The second is a steep study "gradient", meaning a necessary previous step was skipped to master a skill. The third is the "misunderstood word", which necessitates looking up unclear words in the dictionary.[4]

Students are taught that "misunderstood words" are a major cause of confusion and misunderstanding. They are taught to use dictionaries extensively. Emphasis is also put on making sure children are taught at a "gradient", so that a subject's crucial elementary concepts come before more difficult concepts. "Mass" is described as a measure of mental tangibility that students ascribe to a subject, so that students have a picture in their mind of the thing they are learning about.

Applied Scholastics licenses Study Tech to a number of schools throughout the world. In return, these schools pay 4% of their gross income to Applied Scholastics.[5]

Criticism and controversy

In 1992, Applied Materials settled a lawsuit for an estimated $600,000. The lawsuit claimed that the three former employees who filed the lawsuit had been driven out of the company because they had complained about the seminars Applied Scholastics had been contracted to teach there. Applied Scholastics said regarding the case, "In ten years of business, we've never had anything come up like this." [6]

In 1998, the group submitted five of its books for approval as supplemental classroom texts to the California Department of Education. The review board found no religious content to object to, although they did object to the lack of portrayals of disabled persons and people of color. The Southern California American Civil Liberties Union, however, objected on the basis that the books used many of the terms and concepts that the Church of Scientology uses elsewhere in its Study Tech.[7]

In the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, Applied Scholastics convinced the principal of Prescott Middle School in Baton Rouge, Louisiana to implement a program of Study Tech.[8] Critics worried that the move was "an insidious plan ultimately aimed at promoting Scientology."[8] However, Prescott's principal and two education experts claimed that they "saw [no] hidden Scientology agenda or proselytizing in the text."[8] The school's principal felt that the program was worthwhile.[8] In October 2005, St. Louis Public Schools superintendent Creg Williams discovered the group's Scientology connections and immediately advised area principals to cease working with Applied Scholastics. Additionally, CEO Bennetta Slaughter falsely claimed a "partnership" with the Hazelwood School District in St. Louis.[9]

Some parents were upset when Applied Scholastics methods were introduced in September 2008 at Bambolino Montessori Academy, a private school in Toronto. The owner/principal and dean of the school are both Scientologists but they say that Applied Scholastics is secular and that they do not teach Scientology.[10]

In 2013, a charter school group in Phoenix, Arizona came under criticism for using tools provided by Applied Scholastics.[11]

See also

References

  1. ^ Hollywood Education and Literacy Project Archived 2006-12-07 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ Tighe, Mark (2017-09-24). "Scientologists target schoolchildren". The Sunday Times. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  3. ^ "Scientology's Education Fronts - Applied Scholastics International". studytech.org. 2007. Archived from the original on 2008-05-14.
  4. ^ Walsh, Mark. "Texts highlight scientology's role in education". Education Week. ISSN 0277-4232.
  5. ^ ABLE license contract for the use of Applied Scholastics trademarks (PDF format. Archived March 18, 2005)
  6. ^ "Scientologizing". Forbes. September 14, 1992. p. 25.
  7. ^ Szalanski, Andrea. "'Clearing' Johnny to read". Free Inquiry. 18 (2): 12.
  8. ^ a b c d Farley, Robert (2007-05-20). "Scientology makes it in classroom door". St. Petersburg Times. Archived from the original on 19 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-02.
  9. ^ Hinman, Kristen (2005-10-26). "L Is for L. Ron - The state approves a tutoring program linked to Scientology, and everybody cries foul". Riverfront Times. Village Voice Media. Retrieved 2007-07-25.
  10. ^ "Scientology link at Montessori school alarms parents". CBC News. 2009-09-18. Archived from the original on 23 September 2008. Retrieved 2008-09-19.
  11. ^ "Phoenix Schools Under Fire for Program Linked to Scientology".

Further reading

External links

Association for Better Living and Education

The Association for Better Living and Education (ABLE) is a non-profit organization headquartered in Los Angeles, California, established by the Church of Scientology. It states that it is "dedicated to creating a better future for children and communities." It promotes secular uses of L. Ron Hubbard's works, and has been classified as a "Scientology-related entity". Founded in 1988, ABLE's main office is located at 7065 Hollywood Boulevard, the former headquarters for the Screen Actors Guild.

Athena School

The Athena School is an independent, co-educational school for Preschool to Year 10 students located in Newtown, an inner western suburb of Sydney, New South Wales, Australia. The teaching approaches of the school are based on the works of L. Ron Hubbard. The school is registered by the Board of Studies, Teaching and Educational Standards and is a member of the NSW Association of Independent Schools.

The school uses Study Tech.

Bob Adams (American football)

Robert Bruce Adams (born August 15, 1946) is a former professional American football tight end in the National Football League (NFL) and a spokesperson for the Church of Scientology International. He attended El Camino High School during the 1960s, and was encouraged by a coach at the College of San Mateo to play football. He played for a single season at the college, during 1966, while participating in other sports at the school including track-and-field and basketball. A former coach of the College of San Mateo, Doug Scovil, recruited Adams to the College of the Pacific, where he received a full scholarship to play football there. By 1968, he was captain of the team's offense at the school.

He was not drafted by the National Football League, and was signed as a free agent with the Pittsburgh Steelers, where he played under coach Chuck Noll. In 1973 while a member of the Pittsburgh Steelers, Adams became a Scientologist. He said applying Scientology methodology helped his performance playing football. After seven years with the National Football League, Adams finished his pro-career as a member of the Atlanta Falcons. He subsequently took up other professions, including owning a fitness center in Redwood City, California, being a consultant for high tech companies, and working as a teacher.

In 2004, Adams served within the Scientology organization as senior vice president of its Association for Better Living and Education (ABLE), a nonprofit founded by Scientology members in 1988 to supervise the secular programs Narconon, Criminon, The Way to Happiness, and Applied Scholastics. By 2006 he had become a media executive and vice president of the Church of Scientology, and worked out of the organization's facilities in Hollywood, California. He represented the Church of Scientology at the 2006 conference of the Religion Newswriters Association in Utah. Adams held the position of vice president of public affairs for the Church of Scientology International in 2009, and was a Reverend within the organization. He traveled to Melbourne, Australia in December 2009 for the World Religions Conference. He continued to serve as vice president of the Church of Scientology International in 2010, and was one of four officials listed as spokespersons for the church.

Citizens for Social Reform

Citizens for Social Reform (CSRPAC) was a political action committee founded in 2001 by Scientologists. Its primary mission was "to work with elected officials toward the goal of bringing about more humane and effective solutions to social ills like illiteracy, criminality, substance abuse and the general decay of moral character", mainly by promoting Scientology associated programs including Narconon, Criminon, Applied Scholastics and CCHR with legislators at the US federal and state levels. CSRPAC went inactive on June 30, 2007.

Their website, csrpac.org, while often avoiding direct references to the Church of Scientology, used much L. Ron Hubbard-based language. An entire section on their site was devoted to a "Citizen Hat" treatise listing Scientology books such as The Antisocial Personality and The Thinking Book side by side with basic civics texts such as The Federalist Papers and the U.S. Constitution. The "Citizen Hat" was illustrated by Scientologist Virginia Romero. CSR's website also dealt with anti-psychiatry issues, a key topic for Scientologists.

The former president of CSRPAC was Don Pearson. Corporation records show that Don Pearson opened a local chapter of the Citizen’s Commission in 1998. Pearson also set up a political action committee called the Association of Citizens for Social Reform, for the purpose of eliminating "public support for social, educational and mental health programs that are intrusive, force-based or damaging to individual awareness and competence."

Delphi Schools

Delphi Schools, Inc. operates private schools that use the study methods known as Study Tech that were developed by L. Ron Hubbard within Scientology, a religious organization recognized as a cult in many countries. The headquarters for Delphi Schools, Inc. are located on the property of the founding school, The Delphian School, in Yamhill County, Oregon, near Sheridan. The organization's publishing arm operates under the assumed business name of Heron Books. This is also the address where The Delphian School is located. It was incorporated in 1973 as the Delphi Foundation, and changed to the present name in 1987. Delphi Schools says that its schools teach using "The Delphi Program", which "is a unique, integrated approach to learning." The Study Technology is licensed through the Scientology related group Applied Scholastics. Several Delphi schools use the Heron Basics Program of Heron Books for instruction.

Galaxy Press

Galaxy Press is a trade name set up to publish and promote the fiction works

of L. Ron Hubbard, and the anthologies of the L. Ron Hubbard Writers of the Future contest.

The company was separated from Bridge Publications in the early 2000s, and is a business name of Author Services Inc. which is, in turn, completely owned by the Church of Spiritual Technology. Bridge now focuses solely on Hubbard's Scientology and nonfiction works.

They published The Kingslayer as an audio-book in 2003 as well as L. Ron Hubbard Master Story-Teller, a coffee-table book by William J. Widder.

In 2004 they published a new edition of To the Stars as well as in audio-book form.

In 2008, they announced they would be releasing eighty volumes containing the works Hubbard wrote for pulp magazines, at the rate of four titles every four or five months. The release is scheduled to be accompanied by a $1.9 million marketing campaign, including commercials on such programs popular with middle school children as Transformers and SpongeBob SquarePants. John Goodwin, the president of Galaxy Press, stated that the sale and marketing of the books is not intended to recruit people into the Church of Scientology. The profits from the books will go toward marketing future fiction books and to Applied Scholastics, a nonprofit organization that promotes Hubbard's ideas regarding education.

Greenfields School

Greenfields School is an independent, non-denominational, day and boarding school in Forest Row, East Sussex, England run by Scientologists. It services children from 2 to 18. It has a Montessori-based Pre-school & Reception class, followed by Infant, Junior, Senior, 6th Form and EFL (English as a Foreign Language) classes. Greenfields utilises a study method called Study Technology which is a teaching method developed by Church of Scientology founder L. Ron Hubbard, and licensed from U.S. non-profit educational organization Applied Scholastics. The school is a member of the Independent Schools Association.

The school was founded by Scientologists, and the school's staff estimates that 90% of staff and 80% of students are Scientologists, although the school's curriculum is non-religious. The school's website states that it is not a Scientology school, but that it uses 'Study Technology which was developed by L. Ron Hubbard who also developed Scientology' and 'welcomes students and staff of all religions and creeds.' The school has English as a Foreign Language programmes for international students. Summer holiday programmes run from June to August, minimum stay 1 week. The school also runs English programmes all year around for children from 5 to 18 years old. Boarding is on-campus.The school was inspected by the Department for Education's OFSTED in 2009. Since that time inspections are carried out by the Independent Schools Inspectorate; a full inspection was last conducted in 2011, and an intermediate inspection in 2013. The 2013 inspection found that the school did not comply with legal Boarding School standards in terms of staff recruitment checks, record keeping, and child protection. The ISI's reports explain that the schools is run according to Scientology principles. In 1985 Inspectors from the Department for Education who toured Greenfields noted: "Many children are reading, and certainly writing, at a level below what they might be expected to achieve.", despite the school claiming that the students were over a year ahead in reading. The High Court have also stated that Deputy Principal McQuade used "false, spurious" titles.In 1994, one of the few non-Scientologist teachers from the school was jailed for five years after he admitted sexually molesting teenage pupils.A 2012 newspaper report suggested that many students left the school after completing their GCSEs, without going on to the sixth form, in order to transfer to Sea Org.

Heron Books

Heron Books, Inc. is an assumed business name of Delphi Schools Inc., under which the company publishes many paperback books for teachers, students, and home schoolers, as well as single-subject dictionaries for all grade levels. It is a trademark owned by Northwest Research, Inc., which is another assumed business name of Delphi Schools Inc. Heron Books has its headquarters on the property of The Delphian School in unincorporated Yamhill County, Oregon, near Sheridan.Several of Heron Books published works for students are based on the teachings of L. Ron Hubbard, the founder of Scientology. The Heron Basics Program is listed on the website of the Delphi Academy as their basis of instruction. Delphi Schools is a private school system licensed by Applied Scholastics, another Scientology-related entity.Two other publishers have been called Heron Books, both based in London. One published faux-leather classics in the late 1960s and early 1970s while the other published new fiction and nonfiction as an imprint of Quercus from 2011 to 2016.

Karin Pouw

Karin Pouw is a French-born American official of the Church of Scientology International. Since 1993, she has been the Director of Public Affairs, representing the Church as its international spokesperson. In 2000 the Los Angeles Times reported that she was a member of the Church of Scientology's Office of Special Affairs (OSA).

List of trademarks owned by the Church of Scientology and its affiliates

The following are trademarks, service marks, or collective membership marks that the Church of Scientology and affiliated organizations claim to own, some of which are registered in some nations. Additional notes are provided in parentheses after the trademark. Non-English trademarks are listed under their English-language equivalents.

New Village Leadership Academy

New Village Leadership Academy (NVLA), also known as New Village Academy, was a private elementary school located in Calabasas, California, USA. Indian Hills High School previously used the campus, and in 2008 actor Will Smith funded New Village Academy and leased the Calabasas facilities for three years.Smith and his wife Jada Pinkett Smith selected the management for the school. Educational methodologies used by the school include Study Technology, Montessori education, Gardner, and Bruner methods.

The school closed on June 28, 2013.

Progressive Academy

Progressive Academy is a private day school in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. The school teaches students from pre-school to Grade 12. It is accredited and funded by Alberta Education (Alberta's provincial department of education). The school uses Study Technology, which is licensed from Applied Scholastics, a non-profit corporation founded in 1972 to promote the use of study techniques created by L. Ron Hubbard the founder of the Church of Scientology. The school is secular, and co-ed.

Progressive Academy is a member of the Association for Independent Schools and Colleges of Alberta (AISCA), which is an advocacy organization for private schools in Alberta.Progressive Academy’s Junior Kindergarten program is licensed by Alberta Child and Family Services to operate a daycare facility and an out-of-school care program. The Junior Kindergarten and out-of-school care programs are also accredited by the Alberta Association for the Accreditation of Early Learning and Care Services (AELCS), on behalf of the Alberta Government.The school's connection to Scientology has been highlighted by those critical of using provincial funding for private schools.

Scholastic

Scholastic may refer to:

a philosopher or theologian in tradition of scholasticism

Scholastic (Notre Dame publication)

Scholastic Corporation, an American publishing company of educational materials

Scholastic Building, in New York City

Jan I the Scholastic (14th c. AD), Duke of Oświęcim

Scientology front groups

The Church of Scientology uses front groups to promote its interests in politics and to make itself appear legitimate. Many of the groups are founded on pseudoscience, named disingenuously, and underplay their links to Scientology.

Scientology in Pakistan

Scientology in Pakistan is said to be followed among a very small number of people, mainly from the middle and upper classes of Karachi. The Dianetics Centre of Karachi for Personal Excellence, located in Gulshan-e-Iqbal, is affiliated with the Church of Scientology. The center provides introductory courses, individual counseling and life improvement courses.Several Scientology-affiliated organisations are active in the country. Youth Together for Human Rights Education (YTHRE), affiliated with Youth for Human Rights International, promotes human rights education and has conducted workshops on character development for thousands of participants. The Criminon program, run by the Scientologist community under the coordination of the Society for Advancement of Health, Education and the Environment (SAHEE), has been used to rehabilitate over 1,500 prisoners in Pakistani jails. Over 12,000 policemen have also attended Criminon workshops. The Study Tech teaching method developed by L. Ron Hubbard has been adopted in schools in Pakistan, a program for which Applied Scholastics has trained many teachers. Scientologist-run Assist teams have aided in several relief operations throughout the country in times of natural disasters.

Study Tech

Study Technology, or Study Tech, is a teaching method developed by L. Ron Hubbard, founder of the Church of Scientology. Study Technology is used by Scientologists as part of their training, and is also promoted outside the church by an affiliated corporation known as Applied Scholastics, which presents Study Tech as a secular, universally applicable method to enhance the comprehension of any student, studying any topic. However, the method has many critics, including former teachers, claiming that the "technology" and associated schools are intrinsically linked with religious aspects of Scientology, and that the methods are ineffective.Hubbard wrote in a Scientology policy letter in 1972 that "Study Tech is our primary bridge to Society." Most Study Tech books include a two-page biography of Hubbard that does not mention his role in creating Scientology. Religious scholar J. Gordon Melton said that Hubbard wrote the Study Tech materials to help people who joined Scientology with a low level of literacy, and that the materials are used within the Church of Scientology “not to proselytize for the religion but to teach people how to read.”

The Delphian School

The Delphian School is a co-ed K–12 private school operated by Delphi Schools, which employs L. Ron Hubbard's study techniques, known as Study Tech. It is located in unincorporated Yamhill County, Oregon, near Sheridan. The school operates primarily as a boarding school, with most students living on campus either full-time or five-day (going home for the weekends). The school also accepts day students; boarders must be at least eight years old, while day students can be as young as five. Most of the school's 272 students are in grades 8-12.

Tim Bowles

Timothy Bowles is an American attorney who has worked for the Church of Scientology and its related organizations for the majority of his career.

Along with Kendrick Moxon and Laurie Bartilson, Bowles was one of the lead attorneys for the Church of Scientology in the oft-cited legal case: Church of Scientology International v. Fishman and Geertz.He is the executive director of Youth for Human Rights International, and is a Commissioner on the Board of Advisors of the Citizens Commission on Human Rights, both Church of Scientology sponsored organizations.

World Literacy Crusade

World Literacy Crusade (WLC) is a non-profit organisation formed in 1992 by the Rev. Alfreddie Johnson to fight illiteracy, and supported by the Church of Scientology. The group uses "study technologies" and "drug rehabilitation technologies" developed by L. Ron Hubbard, the Church's founder. It has been characterized as a "Scientology front group", and has been promoted by celebrity Scientologists such as Isaac Hayes and Anne Archer.

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