Appleton, Wisconsin

Appleton is a city in Outagamie (mostly), Calumet, and Winnebago counties in the U.S. state of Wisconsin. One of the Fox Cities, it is situated on the Fox River, 30 miles (48 km) southwest of Green Bay and 100 miles (160 km) north of Milwaukee. Appleton is the county seat of Outagamie County. The population was 72,623 at the 2010 census. Of this, 60,045 were in Outagamie County, 11,088 in Calumet County, and 1,490 in Winnebago County. Appleton is the principal city of the Appleton, Wisconsin Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah, Wisconsin Combined Statistical Area. The city possesses the two tallest buildings in Outagamie County, the Zuelke Building and 222 Building, at 168 and 183 feet, respectively.

Appleton serves as the heart of the Fox River Valley, and is home to the Fox Cities Exhibition Center, Fox Cities Performing Arts Center, Fox River Mall, Neuroscience Group Field at Fox Cities Stadium, Appleton International Airport, and the Valley's two major hospitals: St. Elizabeth Hospital and ThedaCare Regional Medical Center–Appleton. It also hosts a large number of regional events such as its Flag Day parade, Christmas parade, Octoberfest and others.

Appleton, Wisconsin
Clockwise from top left: Downtown Appleton Skyline, Main Hall (Lawrence University), Fox Cities Performing Arts Center, History Museum at the Castle, Appleton War Memorial: Soldiers Square
Clockwise from top left: Downtown Appleton Skyline, Main Hall (Lawrence University), Fox Cities Performing Arts Center, History Museum at the Castle, Appleton War Memorial: Soldiers Square
Location of Appleton in Outagamie, Calumet, and Winnebago Counties, Wisconsin
Location of Appleton in Outagamie, Calumet, and Winnebago Counties, Wisconsin
Appleton is located in Wisconsin
Appleton
Appleton
Location in Wisconsin
Appleton is located in the United States
Appleton
Appleton
Appleton (the United States)
Appleton is located in North America
Appleton
Appleton
Appleton (North America)
Coordinates: 44°16′N 88°24′W / 44.267°N 88.400°WCoordinates: 44°16′N 88°24′W / 44.267°N 88.400°W
CountryUnited States
StateWisconsin
CountiesOutagamie, Calumet, Winnebago
Surrounding TownsGrand Chute, Little Chute, Menasha, Kimberly
Settled1835
IncorporatedMay 2, 1857
Government
 • TypeMayor-Council
 • MayorTimothy M. Hanna (R)[1]
Area
 • City24.97 sq mi (64.68 km2)
 • Land24.48 sq mi (63.42 km2)
 • Water0.49 sq mi (1.26 km2)  1.97%
Elevation
790 ft (240 m)
Population
 • City72,623
 • Estimate 
(2017)[4]
74,653
 • Density3,037.37/sq mi (1,172.74/km2)
 • Urban
216,154 (US: 165th)
 • Metro
236,126 (US: 194th)
 • Metro density2,160/sq mi (834/km2)
Demonym(s)Appletonians[5]
Time zoneUTC−6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
ZIP Code
54911, 54912, 54913, 54914, 54915, 54919
Area code(s)920
FIPS code55-02375[6]
GNIS feature ID1560914[7]
Websitewww.appleton.org

History

Pre-settlement

The territory where Appleton is today was traditionally occupied by the Ho-Chunk and the Menominee. The Menominee Nation ceded the territory to the United States in the Treaty of the Cedars in 1836, with Chief Oshkosh representing the Menominee. The treaty came at the end of several years of negotiations between the Menominee, the Ho-Chunk and the federal government about how to accommodate the Oneida, Stockbridge-Munsee, and Brothertown peoples who were removed from New York to Wisconsin.[8] The Ho-Chunk never ratified the final treaty as only the Menominee ceded land.[9] In the Menominee language, Appleton is known as Ahkōnemeh, or "watches for them place".[10]

Fur traders seeking to do business with Fox River Valley Native Americans were the first European settlers in Appleton. Hippolyte Grignon built the White Heron in 1835 to house his family and serve as an inn and trading post.[11]

Town

Appleton was settled in 1847 and incorporated as a village in 1853. John F. Johnston was the first resident and village president. Lawrence University, also founded in 1847, was backed financially by Amos A. Lawrence and originally known as the Lawrence Institute. Samuel Appleton, Lawrence's father-in-law from New England who never visited Wisconsin, donated $10,000 to the newly founded college library, and the town took his name in appreciation.[12][13][14]

The community was incorporated as a city on March 2, 1857,[15] with Amos Storey as its first mayor. Early in the 20th century, it adopted the commission form of government. In 1890, 11,869 people lived in Appleton; in 1900, there were 15,085; in 1910, 16,773; in 1920, 19,571; and in 1940, 28,436.

1805-Appleton, Outagamie County, Wisconsin 1867-PRINT
Appleton, Wisconsin - 1867[16]

The paper industry, beginning with the building of the first paper mill in the city in 1853, has been at the forefront of the development of Appleton. In order to provide electricity to the paper industry, the nation's first hydro-electric central station, the Vulcan Street Plant on the Fox River, began operation on September 30, 1882. The power plant also powered the Hearthstone House, the first residence in the world powered by a centrally located hydroelectric station using the Edison system.[17]

Shortly thereafter, in August 1886, Appleton was the site for another national first, the operation of a commercially successful electric streetcar company. Electric lights replaced gas lamps on College Avenue in 1912. Appleton also had the first telephone in Wisconsin, and the first incandescent light in any city outside of the East Coast.[18]

Appleton's tallest building, the 222 Building was built in 1952. The Valley Fair Shopping Center, built in 1954, laid claim to being the first enclosed shopping mall in the United States, although this claim is disputed by other malls. In 2007 most of the structure was demolished, leaving only its east wing and a movie theater. A Pick 'n Save Food Center now stands in its place.

From approximately 1930–1970, Appleton was allegedly a sundown town: black people were not allowed to stay overnight.[19] There was no official city ordinance, only an unwritten law enforced informally, such as by police strongly encouraging black people to leave town after dark.[20] In 1936, the Institute of Paper Chemistry tried to hire the famous chemist Percy Julian but couldn't figure out how to get around the sundown law; Julian was hired by Glidden in Chicago instead.[21][22] A partial exception was made for opera singer Marian Anderson when she sang at Lawrence University in 1941: she was allowed to stay overnight in the Conway Hotel but was not allowed to eat dinner in public.[23]

In May 2016, a report by 24/7 Wall St. found that Appleton had the highest rate of self-reported binge and heavy drinking in the country.[24] In a Vanity Fair interview, actor and Appleton native Willem Dafoe referred to Appleton as a "favela".[25]

Geography

Appleton is located at 44°16′N 88°24′W / 44.267°N 88.400°W (44.278819, -88.392625).[26] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 24.82 square miles (64.28 km2), of which, 24.33 square miles (63.01 km2) is land and 0.49 square miles (1.27 km2) is water.[27]

Climate

Appleton has a humid continental climate[28] typical of Wisconsin. Summers are warm to hot and winters are rather cold in comparison. Precipitation is relatively moderate compared to other areas close to the Great Lakes, which means lesser snowfall in winter than in many other cold areas.[29]

A dew point of 90 °F (32 °C) was observed at Appleton at 5 p.m. on July 13, 1995. This is tied for the second highest dew point ever observed in the United States.

Climate data for Appleton
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 55
(13)
59
(15)
81
(27)
89
(32)
94
(34)
101
(38)
107
(42)
103
(39)
101
(38)
89
(32)
75
(24)
61
(16)
107
(42)
Average high °F (°C) 24.7
(−4.1)
28.1
(−2.2)
39.1
(3.9)
54.0
(12.2)
67.0
(19.4)
76.7
(24.8)
81.9
(27.7)
79.5
(26.4)
70.9
(21.6)
58.4
(14.7)
42.6
(5.9)
29.1
(−1.6)
54.3
(12.4)
Average low °F (°C) 8.7
(−12.9)
11.0
(−11.7)
22.2
(−5.4)
34.6
(1.4)
45.8
(7.7)
55.9
(13.3)
61.3
(16.3)
59.3
(15.2)
51.3
(10.7)
40.3
(4.6)
28.0
(−2.2)
14.8
(−9.6)
36.1
(2.3)
Record low °F (°C) −30
(−34)
−32
(−36)
−21
(−29)
7
(−14)
23
(−5)
34
(1)
41
(5)
35
(2)
25
(−4)
15
(−9)
−7
(−22)
−23
(−31)
−32
(−36)
Average rainfall inches (mm) 1.3
(33)
1.1
(28)
1.9
(48)
2.7
(69)
3.4
(86)
3.8
(97)
3.4
(86)
3.2
(81)
3.4
(86)
2.2
(56)
2.0
(51)
1.4
(36)
30
(760)
Source: [29]

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
18602,345
18704,51892.7%
18808,00577.2%
189011,86948.3%
190015,08527.1%
191016,77311.2%
192019,56116.6%
193025,26729.2%
194028,43612.5%
195034,01019.6%
196048,41142.3%
197056,37716.5%
198058,9134.5%
199065,69511.5%
200070,0876.7%
201072,6233.6%
Est. 201674,370[4]2.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[30]
Appleton-Oshkosh-Neenah CSA
Location of the Appleton–Oshkosh–Neenah CSA and its components:
  Appleton Metropolitan Statistical Area
  Oshkosh–Neenah Metropolitan Statistical Area

Appleton is the principal city of the Appleton–Oshkosh–Neenah CSA, a Combined Statistical Area which includes the Appleton (Calumet and Outagamie counties) and Oshkosh–Neenah (Winnebago County) metropolitan areas, which had a combined population of 367,365 at the 2010 census.[6]

2010 census

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 72,623 people, 28,874 households, and 18,271 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,984.9 inhabitants per square mile (1,152.5/km2). There were 30,348 housing units at an average density of 1,247.3 per square mile (481.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 87.5% White, 1.7% African American, 0.7% Native American, 5.9% Asian, 2.2% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.0% of the population.

There were 28,874 households of which 33.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 10.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.7% were non-families. 29.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.04.

The median age in the city was 35.3 years. 25% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.7% were from 25 to 44; 26.1% were from 45 to 64; and 11.3% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.5% male and 50.5% female.

2000 census

As of the census[6] of 2000, there were 70,087 people, 26,864 households, and 17,676 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,355.9 per square mile (1,295.7/km2). There were 27,736 housing units at an average density of 1,328.0 per square mile (512.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.48% White; 0.99% African American; 0.57% Native American; 4.61% Asian; 0.03% Pacific Islander; 1.05% from other races, and 1.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.53% of the population.

There were 26,864 households out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.9% were married couples living together, 8.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.2% were non-families. 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the city, the population was spread out with 27.4% under the age of 18; 9.7% from 18 to 24; 31.8% from 25 to 44; 19.7% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 96.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,285, and the median income for a family was $44,097. Males had a median income of $36,459 versus $22,890 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,478. About 7.3% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.1% of those under age 18 and 4.8% of those age 65 or over.

Crime

FBI crime statistics for 2009 list the crime rate (per 100,000 population) for Appleton as follows:[31]

Crime Appleton Wisconsin United States
Violent crime 234.7 257.0 429.4
Murder 1.4 2.5 5.0
Forcible rape 29.9 19.6 28.7
Robbery 25.6 85.8 133.0
Aggravated assault 177.8 149.1 262.8
Property crime 2,680.2 2,608.2 3,036.1
Burglary 465.2 472.9 716.3
Larceny-theft 2,163.8 1,977.4 2,060.9
Motor vehicle theft 51.2 157.8 258.8

Government

Appleton is governed via the mayor-council system. The mayor appoints department heads, subject to council approval. The city attorney is elected every four years in a citywide vote. The council, known as the common council or city council, consists of 15 members, called alderpersons, all of whom are elected to two-year terms from individual districts.

The current mayor of Appleton, Timothy Hanna, was re-elected in 2016 to his sixth four-year term, having first been elected in 1996. In April, 1857, Appleton voters chose Amos Story as the city's first mayor. List of last ten mayors of Appleton:[32]

  • John Goodland, Jr. 1924 - 1925
  • Albert Rule 1926 - 1929
  • John Goodland, Jr. 1930 - 1946
  • Robert Roemer 1946 - 1958
  • Clarence Mitchell 1958 - 1966
  • George Buckley 1966 - 1972
  • James Sutherland 1972 - 1980
  • Dorothy Johnson 1980 - 1992
  • Richard DeBroux 1992 - 1996
  • Timothy Hanna 1996–present

Appleton is represented by Mike Gallagher (R) in the United States House of Representatives, and by Ron Johnson (R) and Tammy Baldwin (D) in the United States Senate. In the Wisconsin state legislature, Appleton is divided among four State Assembly Districts (3rd, 55th, 56th, 57th) and two State Senate Districts (1st, 19th). As of the 2017-2018 legislative session, the following representatives serve these districts:

Transportation

The city is the owner of Valley Transit, a network of bus lines serving the Fox Valley. There are also several taxi operators in the city. Valley Transit operates routes that generally operate from as early as 5:45 AM until as late as 10:40 PM Monday through Saturday. Frequencies are usually every hour and every half-hour on certain routes during peak morning and afternoon times on weekdays. There is no service on Sunday. Greyhound and Lamers offer intercity buses serving such locations as Green Bay, Madison, Oshkosh, Fond du Lac, Milwaukee, and Chicago.

Roads

I-41.svg
Interstate 41 Northbound routes to Green Bay. Southbound I-41 routes to Oshkosh, Fond du Lac, and Milwaukee. This is a full interstate grade freeway that runs on the west and north sides of Appleton. It has 8 exits serving the Appleton area (from South to North) with 2 being in Appleton (the other 5 are located in Grand Chute) at:

Hwy E Ballard Rd. (Exit 144) and Hwy 441 (Exit 145)

US 10.svg
US 10 Westbound goes to Waupaca and Stevens Point. US 10 Eastbound goes to Brillion and Manitowoc. This is mostly a freeway except along Oneida St.
US 41.svg
US 41 runs entirely concurrent with Interstate 41 through the city of Appleton.
WIS 47.svg
WIS 47 travels Northbound to Black Creek and Shawano, Wisconsin. Southbound, WIS 47 routes to Menasha. This is Richmond St., Memorial Dr., and Appleton Rd.
WIS 96.svg
WIS 96 travels west to Fremont and travels east to Little Chute and Kaukauna. This is Wisconsin Ave.
WIS 125.svg
WIS 125 travels between US 41 and WIS 47 on College Ave. College Ave. west of US 41 is Hwy CA and heads to Appleton International Airport.
WIS 441.svg
WIS 441 bypasses Appleton on the south and east sides as a freeway. Exits are at:

US 10 West/US 41, Racine St Menasha, Hwy AP Midway Rd., WIS 47 Appleton Rd., US 10 East Oneida St., Hwy KK Calumet St., Hwy CE College Ave., Hwy OO Northland Ave., US 41

Rail

Appleton is criss-crossed by the former main lines of the Chicago and North Western Railway (southwest-northeast) and the Milwaukee, Lake Shore and Western (roughly southeast-northwest, and now largely abandoned except for local service to area paper mills and other industries). A north-south branch of the former Wisconsin Central Railroad passes on the west side of the city. All rail service is now operated by Canadian National Railway. Appleton has no intercity passenger rail service, although studies are being undertaken on the feasibility of extending Amtrak service to the Fox Cities and Green Bay.

Airport

The Appleton International Airport (ATW) is located at the west end of College Avenue, 2 miles west of Interstate 41 and 6 miles west of downtown Appleton.

Education

Appleton is served by the Appleton Area School District, which has three high schools, four middle schools, seventeen elementary schools, and sixteen charter schools. The district's main public high schools are Appleton East, Appleton North, and Appleton West. The city also has two parochial high schools: Roman Catholic Xavier High School and Fox Valley Lutheran High School. Appleton also has charter high schools, including: Fox Cities Leadership Academy, Renaissance Academy, Appleton Technical Academy, and Tesla Engineering.

Appleton is home to Lawrence University, a private liberal arts college, and Fox Valley Technical College. Globe University, Concordia University Wisconsin,[33] and Rasmussen College have branch campuses in the city. The University of Wisconsin–Fox Valley, a two-year campus of the University of Wisconsin System, is located in nearby Menasha.

The city and surrounding area are served by the Appleton Public Library, which was chartered by the city in 1897 and as of 2010 has a collection of over 600,000 items.[11]

Economy

Largest employers

As of 2016, the largest employers in the city were:[34]

Rank Employer # of Employees Percentage of
total city employment
1 St. Elizabeth Hospital/Affinity Health 5,800 14.8%
2 Thrivent Financial 1,800 4.6%
3 Appleton Area School District 1,796 4.6%
4 ThedaCare Regional Medical Center-Appleton/ThedaCare Health 1,500 3.8%
5 Miller Electric 1,378 3.5%
6 Outagamie County 1,250 3.2%
7 Appvion, Inc. 1,000 2.6%
8 West Business Services 1,000 2.6%
9 Gulfstream Aerospace 800 2.0%
10 Valley Packaging Industries 750 1.9%

Companies headquartered in Appleton

Health care

The city is served by two hospitals:

Tourism

Appleton tourist attractions include the Hearthstone House, the four-story mansion that was the first house in the world to be powered by hydroelectricity at its completion in 1881.[11] The History Museum at the Castle contains exhibits on Fox River Valley history, including a gallery showcasing Edna Ferber, a Harry Houdini exhibit, and other travelling exhibits. The Paper Discovery Center has historic paper-making machines on display and an exhibit on the history of paper. The Fox River Mall is the second-largest mall in Wisconsin. Other local malls include Northland Mall, City Centre Plaza and formerly Valley Fair Shopping Center, aka Valley Fair Mall, disputedly the first enclosed shopping mall in America, opening in 1954.

In 2013, Houdini Plaza, on the corner of College Avenue and Appleton Street, was renovated. The project cost around $1.5 million with most of that paid by the city itself. The plaza, known as the 'front yard' of downtown Appleton holds roughly 55 events each year, including summer concerts and part of the downtown farmers market.[35]

There are numerous performing ensembles in Appleton. Including the Appleton Boy Choir, Fox Valley Symphony Orchestra, Makaroff Youth Ballet, newVoices Choir, Vento Winds, MacDowell Male Chorus, and Christmas Stars.

Parks

The city of Appleton has 24 neighborhood parks and four community parks in its park system. The neighborhood parks range in size from two acres to 16 acres, while the community parks range in size from 25 acres to 139 acres.

Memorial Park is the largest of the community parks, covering 139 acres. The park's facilities include: seven baseball/softball fields, playground equipment, an indoor ice skating rink, a sledding hill, a picnic pavilion, a catch-and-release fishing pond, grills, and a warming shelter.[36] The park provides the firework display for the Appleton community during the 4th of July holiday.

City Park, established in 1882, is the oldest park in the Appleton park system. The Trout Museum of Art uses the park for its Art in the Park showcase. The show features over 200 artists that attract over 25,000 art enthusiasts annually.[37] Pierce Park is the site of weekly Appleton City Band concerts held during the summer, and of the annual Appleton Old Car Show and Swap Meet. Pierce Park and Telulah Park each feature a disc-golf course. Erb Park and Mead Park each feature a public aquatics facility. Jones Park is the site of the finish line for the Santa Scamper run held during the annual Appleton Christmas Parade, and features an outdoor hockey rink in the winter.[38]

A view of the small World War I memorial on the south side of Appleton, including a restored copy of the Spirit of the American Doughboy
A view of the small World War I memorial on the south side of Appleton, including a restored copy of the Spirit of the American Doughboy

Notable people

Points of interest

AppletonWisconsinDOTSign

DOT sign on WIS 125

AppletonWisconsinDowntown1

Looking east at downtown Appleton

AppletonWisconsinDowntown2

Looking east at downtown Appleton

AppletonWisconsinDowntown3

Looking west at downtown Appleton

Appleton Facing East

Looking east at downtown Appleton

Appleton Facing West

Looking west at downtown Appleton

References

  1. ^ "Republican mayors urge passage of LGBT nondiscrimination bill". Wisconsin Gazette. 30 July 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2016. A group of Republican mayors — including Appleton Mayor Timothy Hanna
  2. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jul 19, 2017.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  5. ^ "Noisey Would Like to Invite This Kid Who Dabbed Through Graduation to Be Our Intern". noisey. Vice. Retrieved 7 July 2017.
  6. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  7. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  8. ^ "Menominee Treaties and Treaty Rights". Indian Country Wisconsin. Retrieved 2018-10-05.
  9. ^ "Ho-Chunk Treaties and Treaty Rights". Indian Country Wisconsin. Retrieved 2018-10-05.
  10. ^ Hoffman, Mike. "Menominee Place Names in Wisconsin". The Menominee Clans Story. Retrieved 2018-10-05.
  11. ^ a b c "History of Appleton". Appleton Public Library. 2011-06-01. Retrieved 2011-12-28.
  12. ^ Wineries of Wisconsin and Minnesota By Patricia Monaghan page 126
  13. ^ Appleton.org | City of Appleton, Wisconsin Archived March 24, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  14. ^ "Profile for Appleton, Wisconsin". ePodunk. Retrieved 2010-06-20.
  15. ^ Wisconsin (1857). Private and Local Laws Passed by the Legislature of Wisconsin in the Year 1857. Madison, Wisconsin: Calkins and Proudfit, Printers. pp. 243–283.
  16. ^ Ted's Vintage Art. "Appleton, WI Historical Map - 1867". Ted's Vintage Art. Retrieved 2018-08-08.
  17. ^ "Victorian Christmas", Beloit Daily News, December 15, 2005
  18. ^ "Appleton [brief history]". Wisconsinhistory.org. Retrieved 2014-01-18.
  19. ^ Loewen, James (2006). Sundown Towns: A Hidden Dimension of American Racism. New York: Touchstone. ISBN 0743294483.
  20. ^ Peeples, Scott. "Appleton was indeed a 'Sundown Town'". Celebrate Diversity Fox Cities. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  21. ^ Bowden, Mary Ellen (1997). Chemical Achievers: The Human Face of the Chemical Sciences. Chemical Heritage Foundation. pp. 109–110. ISBN 0941901122.
  22. ^ Anderson, Frank. Wicked Fox Cities: The Dark Side of the Valley. Arcadia Publishing.
  23. ^ Anderson, Cheryl (October 18, 2014). "Lawrence to revisit 1941 concert of Marian Anderson". Post-Crescent. Appleton, Wisconsin. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  24. ^ Behr, Madeleine (2016-05-17). "Drunkest city in US? It's Appleton, report says". Post Crescent. Appleton WI. Retrieved 2016-05-25.
  25. ^ Riley, Sarah (2014-06-30). "Willem Dafoe knocks Appleton — again". Post Crescent. Appleton WI. Retrieved 2018-12-07.
  26. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010 - Wisconsin place list". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2017-02-08.
  27. ^ "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-18.
  28. ^ "Appleton, Wisconsin Climate Summary". Weatherbase. Retrieved 6 February 2015.
  29. ^ a b "Appleton, Wisconsin Temperature Averages". Weatherbase. Retrieved 6 February 2015.
  30. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  31. ^ "2009 Crime in the United States: Offenses Known to Law Enforcement". U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation. August 2011. Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-07.
  32. ^ http://content.mpl.org/cdm/search/collection/AMP/searchterm/Appleton%20Mayors/mode/exact/page/1
  33. ^ "Concordia's Locations". Visit Concordia. Concordia University. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
  34. ^ "City of Appleton, Wisconsin Annual Financial Report December 31, 2016". City of Appleton. p. 132. Retrieved March 13, 2018.
  35. ^ July 10, 2013 (2013-07-10). "Houdini Plaza Opens At Last!–The New Face of Downtown Appleton [Infographic]". Whoonew.com. Retrieved 2017-07-27.
  36. ^ dminteractive.com. "Official Site of the City of Appleton | Appleton, WI". Appleton.org. Retrieved 2014-01-18.
  37. ^ "Appleton, Wisconsin Parks and Places - City Park". Triviaasylum.com. 1996-08-02. Retrieved 2014-01-18.
  38. ^ "Appleton Parks & Recreation". Appletonparkandrec.org. Retrieved 2014-01-18.
  39. ^ a b c d e f "General Facts about Appleton, WI". Lawrence University. Archived from the original on 26 November 2010. Retrieved 24 November 2010.
  40. ^ 'Wisconsin Blue Book 1885,' Biographical Sketch of William Fredeick Cirkel, pg. 437-438
  41. ^ Wisconsin Blue Book 1893, p. 671.
  42. ^ "Brad Smith". news.microsoft.com. Microsoft. Retrieved 9 December 2016. Smith grew up in Appleton, Wisconsin

Further reading

  • Raney, William F. "Appleton". Wisconsin Magazine of History, vol. 33, no. 2 (December 1949):135-151.

External links

Air Wisconsin

Air Wisconsin Airlines is a regional airline based at Appleton International Airport in the town of Greenville, Wisconsin, United States, near Appleton. Air Wisconsin previously operated US Airways Express service on behalf of US Airways prior to becoming an American Eagle regional air carrier. As of March 2018, Air Wisconsin operates exclusively as a United Express regional air carrier with primary hubs to located at Chicago O'Hare International Airport (ORD) and Washington Dulles International Airport (IAD).

Amanda Stuck

Amanda Stuck is an American politician.

Appleton West High School

Appleton West High School is a high school located at 610 North Badger Avenue in Appleton, Wisconsin. It is a member of the Appleton Area School District.

Cliff Clevenger

Cliff Clevenger (August 20, 1885 – December 13, 1960) was a United States Representative from Ohio. He was born on a ranch near Long Pine, Brown County, Nebraska. He moved in 1895 with his parents to Lacona, Iowa, where he attended the public schools. He engaged in the mercantile business at Marengo, Iowa, 1901–1903 and at Appleton, Wisconsin, 1904-1914. He was also president of the Clevenger Stores, Bowling Green, Ohio, 1915–1926 and manager of the F. W. Uhlman Stores, Bryan, Ohio, 1927-1938.

Clevenger was elected as a Republican to the Seventy-sixth and to the nine succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1939 - January 3, 1959). He was not a candidate for renomination in 1958. He died at his home in Tiffin, Ohio in 1960. He was buried in Oak Hill Cemetery, Neenah, Wisconsin.

Fox Cities Roller Derby

Fox Cities Roller Derby, formerly known as The Fox City Foxz, is a women's flat track roller derby league based in Appleton, Wisconsin. Founded in 2007, the league consists of two travel teams which compete against teams from other leagues. Fox Cities is a member of the Women's Flat Track Derby Association (WFTDA).

Fox Valley Technical College

Fox Valley Technical College (also Fox Valley Tech and FVTC) is the technical college for the Appleton, Wisconsin/Fox Cities area. It is a member of the Wisconsin Technical College System.

Serving about 50,000 people each year, FVTC provides occupational training for specific careers as well as technical, adult basic, and continuing education. In addition, it offers customized employee training.

The school offers more than 200 associate degree, technical diploma, and certificate programs as well as instruction related to 20 apprenticeship trades. It has credit transfer agreements with more than 30 four-year colleges and universities.

The main campus is in Grand Chute with a second campus in Oshkosh. FVTC has smaller regional centers in Chilton, Clintonville, Waupaca, and Wautoma. It also operates a Public Safety Training Center in Greenville.

Greta Van Susteren

Greta Conway Van Susteren (born June 11, 1954) is an American commentator and former television news anchor for CNN, Fox News, and NBC News. She hosted Fox News's On the Record w/ Greta Van Susteren for 14 years (2002–2016) before departing for MSNBC, where she hosted For the Record with Greta for roughly six months in 2017. A former criminal defense and civil trial lawyer, she appeared as a legal analyst on CNN co-hosting Burden of Proof with Roger Cossack from 1994 to 2002, playing defense attorney to Cossack's prosecutor. In 2016, she was listed as the 94th most powerful woman in the world by Forbes, up from 99th in 2015.

James Zwerg

James Zwerg (born November 28, 1939) is an American former minister who was involved with the Freedom Riders in the early 1960s.

Rocky Bleier

Robert Patrick "Rocky" Bleier (ˈblaɪər, BLAI-yer, born March 5, 1946) is an American former professional American football player. He was a National Football League (NFL) halfback for the Pittsburgh Steelers in 1968 and from 1971 to 1980.

Roger Roth

Roger J. Roth Jr. (born February 5, 1978) is a United States politician and homebuilder.

His uncle, Toby Roth, served in the United States House of Representatives from Wisconsin from 1979 to 1997.Born in Appleton, Wisconsin, Roth served in the Wisconsin Air National Guard and was an Iraq War veteran. Roth graduated from St. Mary Central High School in Neenah, Wisconsin, and received his bachelor's degree from the University of Wisconsin–Oshkosh. He was a self-employed homebuilder. He served in the Wisconsin State Assembly as a Republican from 2007 to 2011.Roth ran for State Senate against Penny Bernard Schaber (D) in the 19th district of Wisconsin to replace long time incumbent Michael Ellis (R) in the 2014 election. On November 4, 2014, Roth was elected to the Wisconsin State Senate.In 2019, Roth falsely claimed that Wisconsin Republicans did not curb the powers of the incoming Democratic administration during the lame-duck session. PolitiFact wrote, "The lame-duck bills transparently limited Evers’ and Kaul’s power on numerous fronts, including appointments, spending and rule-making. Roth’s claim is not only wrong, it’s ridiculous. We rate it Pants on Fire."

Ron Tusler

Ron W. Tusler (born March 21, 1984) is an American politician and attorney.From Appleton, Wisconsin, Tusler received his bachelor's degree from University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee and his law degree from Marquette University Law School. He practices law in Appleton, and is involved with the Republican Party. Tusler was elected to the Wisconsin State Assembly in 2016. His great grandfather, Gordon A. Bubolz, served in the Wisconsin Senate.

Royal T. Farrand

Royal Twombly Farrand (October 8, 1867 – March 28, 1927) was an American football player and medical doctor.

Farrand was born in 1867 in Detroit, Michigan, the son of David Osburn Farrand, a surgeon, and Elizabeth Twombley. He graduated from high school in Detroit in 1886 and enrolled at the University of Michigan. He was the starting quarterback for the undefeated 1887 Michigan Wolverines football team that outscored its opponents by a combined score of 102 to 10. In November 1887, Farrand led Michigan to an 8-0 win over Notre Dame in the first meeting between the two schools. However, when the teams agreed to play two additional games in the spring of 1888, Farrand was left home in Ann Arbor with his knee in a cast and was replaced by Ball.

After graduating in 1890, Farrand returned to Ann Arbor for medical school and served as the manager of the 1891 team. While serving as manager of the football team in 1891, Farrand hired the team's first coach. On October 13, 1891, The Michigan Daily reported that the Athletic Association had instructed Farrand to retain Mike Murphy, trainer of the Detroit Athletic Club, "for a few days to get the team in shape to turn over to a coach." Farrand graduated from Michigan's medical school in 1892 and subsequently took post-graduate work at the New York College of Physicians and Surgeons.After completing his medical studies, Royal T. Farrand worked for a time as an intern at the Atlantic Copper Mine Hospital in Houghton, Michigan. He next practiced medicine in Detroit. In 1898, Farrand moved to Niagara, Wisconsin, where he worked for nine years as a physician at the Kimberly-Clark mill. In approximately 1907, he moved back to Houghton, Michigan. In approximately 1922, he moved to Appleton, Wisconsin, where he worked as a part-time assistant in swimming and "basement management" at the Appleton YMCA.Farrand married Jessie Douglas MacNaughton in September 1896 in Calumet, Michigan. They had three children, Isabel Douglas Farrand (born 1898 in Detroit), David Osburn Farrand (born 1902 in Niagara) and Katherine MacNaughton Farrand (born 1905 in Niagara).

In March 1927, Farrand died in Appleton, Wisconsin, after a long illness at age 58. He was buried at Elmwood Cemetery in Detroit.

St. Mary's Parish (Appleton, Wisconsin)

St. Mary's Parish is a Roman Catholic parish in Appleton, Wisconsin, USA, in the Diocese of Green Bay.

Organized by Fr. J.N. Pfeiffer and the Irish Catholics of the area in 1859, St. Mary Parish was the first Roman Catholic church in Appleton. In 1860, a frame church was completed and dedicated to the Blessed Virgin under the title “St. Mary of the Seven Dolors”. U.S. Senator Joseph McCarthy is buried in the parish cemetery. Wisconsin State Assemblyman John Tracy and his family were attendees.

Swede Johnston

Chester Arthur "Swede" Johnston (March 7, 1910 – September 19, 2002) was a professional American football player who played running back for seven seasons for the Cincinnati Reds, Green Bay Packers, St. Louis Gunners, Cleveland Rams, and Pittsburgh Steelers.

Johnston was born in Appleton, Wisconsin to Swedish immigrant parents. In 1981, he was inducted into the Green Bay Packers Hall of Fame. He died in St. Louis, Missouri and is buried in Dodgeville, Wisconsin.

The Post-Crescent

The Post-Crescent is a daily newspaper based in Appleton, Wisconsin. Part of the Gannett chain of newspapers, it is primarily distributed in numerous counties surrounding the Appleton/Fox Cities area.

WGEE (FM)

WGEE (93.5 FM, "93.5 Duke FM") a classic country radio station owned and operated by Midwest Communications, licensed to New London, Wisconsin, and serving the Northeast Wisconsin area, including Appleton, Oshkosh, and Green Bay (the latter city aided by a repeater at 93.1 FM, W226BD), and is repeated on full-powered station WDKF (99.7 FM), which is licensed to Sturgeon Bay. WGEE's studios are located on Bellevue Street in Green Bay, while its main transmitter is located in Maine Township in Outagamie County, Wisconsin.

Wisconsin's 8th congressional district

Wisconsin's 8th congressional district is a congressional district of the United States House of Representatives in northeastern Wisconsin. The district includes Green Bay and Appleton. It is currently represented by Mike Gallagher, a Republican. Gallagher won the open seat vacated by Reid Ribble. It is also one of two Congressional Districts to ever elect a Catholic Priest, Robert John Cornell.

The 8th leaned Republican for several years; only four Democrats represented it in the 20th century. However, it has become more of a swing seat since the 1990s. In 2004, Republican George W. Bush won 55% of the vote in the district, while in 2008, Democrat Barack Obama received 53.6% of the vote.

Wisconsin Timber Rattlers

The Wisconsin Timber Rattlers are a minor league baseball team of the Midwest League, and the Class A affiliate of the Milwaukee Brewers. The team is located in Appleton, and are named for the timber rattlesnake, which is indigenous to the area. The team plays its home games at Neuroscience Group Field at Fox Cities Stadium, which opened in 1995 and seats 5,170 fans (plus grass seating). The Timber Rattlers have won nine league championships, most recently in 2012. World Series-winning Managers Earl Weaver and Jack McKeon were Managers at Appleton. Baseball Hall of Fame members Pat Gillick, Earl Weaver, and Goose Gossage played for Appleton. Five future Cy Young Award winners and three Most Valuable Player recipients were on Appleton/Wisconsin rosters. The 1978 Appleton Foxes were recognized as one of the 100 greatest minor league teams of all time.

Xavier High School (Appleton, Wisconsin)

Xavier High School is a private Catholic secondary school in Appleton, Wisconsin, in the Diocese of Green Bay. It was opened in 1959 by the Institute of the Brothers of the Christian Schools (Christian Brothers) and the Franciscan Sisters of Christian Charity (Manitowoc Franciscans). The school was named in honor of St. Francis Xavier, the patron saint of the Green Bay Diocese.

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