Apple pie

An apple pie is a pie in which the principal filling ingredient is apple. It is, on occasion, served with whipped cream or iced cream (which is known as apple pie a la mode), or with cheddar cheese.[3] The pastry part is generally used top-and-bottom, making it a double-crust pie; the upper crust may be circular or latticed (woven of crosswise strips). Depending on the baker's preference, the bottom crust may be baked first (before baking the whole pie) to prevent it from getting soggy.[4] Exceptions are: deep-dish apple pie (with a top crust only) and the open-faced French dessert tarte Tatin.

Apple pie is an unofficial symbol of the United States and one of its signature comfort foods.[5]

Apple pie
Apple pie
Apple pie with a lattice
Place of originEngland[1]
Serving temperatureHot or Cold
Main ingredientsApples, flour, sugar, milk, cinnamon, butter, salt[2]
Food energy
(per 100 g serving)
237 kcal (992 kJ)
Tarte.tatin.wmt
Tarte Tatin, a French variation on apple pie

Ingredients

Apple pie can be made with many different sorts of apples. The more popular cooking apples include, Braeburn, Gala, Cortland, Bramley, Empire, Northern Spy, Granny Smith, and McIntosh.[6] The fruit for the pie can be fresh, canned, or reconstituted from dried apples. These different types of apples (canned, dried, fresh) affects the final texture and the length of cooking time required will vary, therefore people disagree on if it affects the flavour or not. Dried or preserved apples were originally substituted only at times when fresh fruit was unavailable. Along with the apples people commonly use, cinnamon, salt, butter, and most importantly sugar.[2] Though most of the old recipes don't include sugar due to the price or having a better sweetener option, most people definitely use it today.[7] Apple pie is often served in the style of "à la Mode" (topped with ice cream). Alternatively, a piece of sharp cheddar cheese is, at times, placed on top of or alongside a slice of the finished pie.[8][9][10] Apple pie with cheddar is popular in the American Midwest and New England, particularly in Vermont, where it is considered the state dish.[3]

Nutrition

Apple pie, commercially prepared, enriched flour (Daily Value)
Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy992 kJ (237 kcal)
34.0 g
Sugars15.65 g
Dietary fiber1.6 g
11.0 g
1.9 g
VitaminsQuantity %DV
Thiamine (B1)
2%
0.028 mg
Riboflavin (B2)
2%
0.027 mg
Niacin (B3)
2%
0.263 mg
Pantothenic acid (B5)
2%
0.119 mg
Vitamin B6
3%
0.038 mg
Folate (B9)
7%
27 μg
Choline
1%
7.2 mg
Vitamin C
4%
3.2 mg
MineralsQuantity %DV
Calcium
1%
11 mg
Iron
3%
0.45 mg
Magnesium
2%
7 mg
Manganese
9%
0.18 mg
Phosphorus
3%
24 mg
Potassium
1%
65 mg
Sodium
13%
201 mg
Zinc
2%
0.16 mg
Other constituentsQuantity
Water52.2 g

Percentages are roughly approximated using US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database

A commercially-prepared apple pie is 52% water, 34% carbohydrates, 2% protein, and 11% fat (table). A 100-gram serving supplies 237 Calories and 13% of the US recommended Daily Value of sodium, with no other micronutrients in significant content (table).

Dutch style

Recipes for Dutch apple pie go back to the Middle Ages. An early Dutch cookbook from 1514, Een notabel boecxken van cokeryen ("A notable little cookery book"),[11] documents a recipe for Appeltaerten (compare modern Dutch Appeltaarten "apple pies"). This early recipe was a simple one, requiring only a standard pie crust, slices of especially soft apples with their skin and seeds removed, and den selven deeghe daer die taerte af ghemaect es (roughly meaning "the same dough that the pie [crust] is made of") to fill in the top. It was then baked in a typical Dutch oven. Once baked, the top crust (except at the edges) would be cut out from the middle, after which the apple slices were potentially put through a sieve before the pie was stirred with a wooden spoon. At this point the book recommends adding several spices to the pie, namely: cardamom, ginger, cinnamon, nutmeg, clove, mace and powdered sugar. Finally, after mixing the ingredients into the pie with cream, it is once again put into the oven to dry.[12]

Traditional Dutch apple pie comes in two varieties, a crumb (appelkruimeltaart) and a lattice (appeltaart) style pie. Both recipes are distinct in that they typically call for flavourings of cinnamon and lemon juice to be added and differ in texture, not taste.[13][14] Dutch apple pies may include ingredients such as full-cream butter, raisins and almond paste, in addition to ingredients such as apples and sugar, which they have in common with other recipes.[15]

The basis of Dutch apple pie is a crust on the bottom and around the edges. This crust is then filled with pieces or slices of apple, usually a crisp and mildly tart variety such as Goudreinet or Elstar. Cinnamon and sugar are generally mixed in with the apple filling. Atop the filling, strands of dough cover the pie in a lattice holding the filling in place but keeping it visible or cover the pie with crumbs. It can be eaten warm or cold, sometimes with a dash of whipped cream or vanilla ice cream. In the US, "Dutch apple pie" refers specifically to the apple pie style with a crumb, streusel, topping.[16][17]

English style

For to Make Tartys in Applis (1381)
"For to Make Tartys in Applis", 18th-century print of a 14th-century recipe

English apple pie recipes go back to the time of Chaucer. The 1381 recipe (see illustration at right) is the earliest known apple pie recipe in the world,[1] and lists the ingredients as good apples, good spices, figs, raisins and pears. The cofyn of the recipe is a casing of pastry. Saffron is used for colouring the pie filling. Today, the English style incorporates generous layers of sweetened slices of, usually, Bramley apple; layered into a dome shape to allow for downward shrinkage, and thus avoid a saggy middle, then topped with butter or lard shortcrust pastry, and baked until the apple filling is cooked.

In English-speaking countries, apple pie, often classified as a satisfying 'comfort' food, is a dessert of enduring popularity, whether it's eaten hot or cold, on its own or with ice cream, double cream, or custard.

French style

One kind of French style apple pie is very different compared to the typical version of the sweet dessert. Instead of it being right side up with crust on top and bottom, it actually is upside down, with the fruit being caramelised. This can be made not only with apples but other fruits or vegetables as well, for example, pears or tomatoes. See Tarte Tatin.

Others use a more traditional presentation, including variants like the Norman tart.

Swedish style

The Swedish style apple pie is predominantly a variety of apple crumble, rather than a traditional pastry pie. Often, breadcrumbs are used (wholly or partially) instead of flour, and sometimes rolled oats. It is usually flavoured with cinnamon and served with vanilla custard or ice cream. There is also a very popular version called äppelkaka (apple cake), which differs from the pie in that it is a sponge cake baked with fresh apple pieces in it.

In American culture

Motherhood and apple pie
An apple pie is one of a number of American cultural icons.

Apple pie was brought to the colonies by the English, the Dutch, and the Swedes during the 17th and 18th centuries. The apple pie had to wait for the planting of European varieties, brought across the Atlantic, to become fruit-bearing apple trees, to be selected for their cooking qualities as there were no native apples except crabapples, which yield very small and sour fruit.[18] In the meantime, the colonists were more likely to make their pies, or "pasties", from meat, calling them coffins (meaning basket)[19] rather than fruit; and the main use for apples, once they were available, was in cider. However, there are American apple pie recipes, both manuscript and printed, from the 18th century, and it has since become a very popular dessert.[5] Apple varieties are usually propagated by grafting, as clones, but in the New World, planting from seeds was more popular, which quickly led to the development of hundreds of new native varieties.[20]

Apple pie was a common food in 18th-century Delaware. As noted by the New Sweden historian Dr. Israel Acrelius in a letter: "Apple pie is used throughout the whole year, and when fresh Apples are no longer to be had, dried ones are used. It is the evening meal of children."[21]

The mock apple pie, made from crackers, was probably invented for use aboard ships, as it was known to the British Royal Navy as early as 1812.[22] The earliest known published recipes for mock apple pie date from the antebellum period of the 1850s.[23][24] In the 1930s, and for many years afterwards, Ritz Crackers promoted a recipe for mock apple pie using its product, along with sugar and various spices.[25]

Although eaten in Europe since long before the European colonization of the Americas, apple pie as used in the phrase "as American as apple pie" describes something as being "typically American.[26]" "[27] In the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, apple pie became a symbol of American prosperity and national pride. A newspaper article published in 1902 declared that "No pie-eating people can be permanently vanquished."[28] The dish was also commemorated in the phrase "for Mom and apple pie" - supposedly the stock answer of American soldiers in World War II, whenever journalists asked why they were going to war. Jack Holden and Frances Kay sang in their patriotic 1950 song The Fiery Bear, creating contrast between this symbol of U.S. culture and the Russian bear of the Soviet Union:

We love our baseball and apple pie
We love our county fair
We'll keep Old Glory waving high
There's no place here for a bear

Advertisers exploited the patriotic connection in the 1970s with the commercial jingle "baseball, hot dogs, apple pie and Chevrolet".

Modern American recipes for apple pie usually indicate a pastry that is 9 inches in diameter in a fluted pie plate, with an apple filling spiced with cinnamon, nutmeg, and lemon juice, and it may or may not have a lattice or shapes cut out of the top for decoration.[29] One out of five Americans surveyed (19%) prefer apple pie over all others, followed by pumpkin (13%) and pecan (12%).[30]

The unincorporated community of Pie Town, New Mexico is named after apple pie.[31]

Gallery

Caramel Rose Apple Pie

Rose Apple Pie

Caramel Apple Roses Cake

Apple Roses Pie

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Kat Eschner (12 May 2017). "Apple Pie Is Not All That American". The Smithsonian. Retrieved 29 March 2019.
  2. ^ a b "Apple Pie". Food Network.
  3. ^ a b Waters, Michael (13 July 2017). "The Long, Storied Controversy Over Cheese on Apple Pie". Atlas Obscura. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  4. ^ "20 Interesting Facts About Apple Pie". factslegend.org.
  5. ^ a b D'Aiutolo, Olivia (17 August 2015). "A Pinch of History: Amelia Simmons's Apple Pie". Fondly, Pennsylvania. Historical Society of Pennsylvania. Retrieved 11 June 2018.
  6. ^ "The Best Apples for Apple Pie". Farm Blog | The Stemilt Blog. 28 September 2015. Retrieved 21 December 2015.
  7. ^ "7 Facts about Apple Pie".
  8. ^ "An apple pie without the cheese". 2012 Apartment Therapy. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
  9. ^ "Apple Pie". OChef. Retrieved 7 April 2012.
  10. ^ "Product Highlight: Apple Pie, Sharp Cheddar, and A Nice Cup of Coffee". Hunger Mountain Coop. Retrieved 7 April 2012.
  11. ^ "Home Notabel Boecxken van Cokeryen door Thomas vander Noot (1514)". Kookhistorie.nl. 13 August 2002. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
  12. ^ Een notabel boecxken van cokeryen - 123 Appeltaerten., dbnl.org
  13. ^ "Recipe: More apple cakes: Hollandse appeltaart aka Dutch Apple Tart". Recipes Tap. Archived from the original on 12 October 2013. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
  14. ^ "Dutch Apple Pie | Stemilt". Stemilt. 17 October 2016. Retrieved 15 November 2016.
  15. ^ "page 21 "De verstandige kock of sorghvuldige huyshoudster (anno 1669)"". Retrieved 5 November 2013.
  16. ^ "Dutch Apple Pie | Stemilt". Stemilt. 17 October 2016. Retrieved 27 October 2016.
  17. ^ "Dutch Apple Pie". Brown Eyed Baker. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
  18. ^ "Origin, History of cultivation". University of Georgia. Archived from the original on 21 January 2008. Retrieved 12 February 2013. The center of diversity of the genus Malus is the eastern Turkey, southwestern Russia region of Asia Minor. Apples were improved through selection over a period of thousands of years by early farmers. Alexander the Great is credited with finding dwarfed apples in Asia Minor in 300 BC; those he brought back to Greece may well have been the progenitors of dwarfing rootstocks. Apples were brought to North America with colonists in the 1600s, and the first apple orchard on this continent was said to be near Boston in 1625.
  19. ^ "Five Facts About Pie That Might Surprise You, And A Survey".
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 28 October 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-26.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  21. ^ Stradley, Linda. "Apple Pie - History of Apple Pie". What's Cooking America.net. Archived from the original on 10 June 2011. Retrieved 2 July 2011.
  22. ^ The Naval Chronicle. 28: 61. 1812 https://books.google.com/books?id=K085AQAAMAAJ&q=%22mock+apple%22. Retrieved 31 August 2016. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  23. ^ Bliss (1850). Practical Cook Book: Containing Upwards of One Thousand Receipts…. Lippincott, Grambo. p. 153. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
  24. ^ Godey's Magazine. 48-49: 378. 1854 https://books.google.com/books?id=e8hZAAAAYAAJ&q=%22mock+apple+pie%22. Retrieved 31 August 2016. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  25. ^ Kracklauer, Beth (28 February 2008). "Putting on the Ritz". Saveur.com. Retrieved 5 November 2013.
  26. ^ "American food: The 50 greatest dishes". CNN Travel. 12 July 2017. Retrieved 5 November 2018.
  27. ^ Cambridge University Press (2011). "Definition of "as American as apple pie"". Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary & Thesaurus.
  28. ^ "Popular Apple Sayings". U.S. Apple Association. Archived from the original on 1 July 2011. Retrieved 2 July 2011.
  29. ^ McBride-Carlton, Jan (1975). The Old Fashioned Cookbook (1st ed.). Vineyard Books. p. 286. ISBN 0030146216.
  30. ^ "Fun facts" (PDF). piecouncil.org.
  31. ^ "Pie Town New Mexico". Pietown.com. Retrieved 5 November 2013.

External links

American Pie (film)

American Pie is a 1999 American teen sex comedy film written by Adam Herz and directed by brothers Paul and Chris Weitz, in their directorial film debut. It is the first film in the American Pie theatrical series. The film was a box-office hit and spawned three direct sequels: American Pie 2 (2001), American Wedding (2003), and American Reunion (2012). The film concentrates on five best friends (Jim, Kevin, Oz, Finch, and Stifler) who attend East Great Falls High. With the exception of Stifler (who has already lost his virginity), the guys make a pact to lose their virginity before their high school graduation. The title is borrowed from the song of the same name and refers to a scene in the film, in which the protagonist is caught masturbating with a pie after being told that third base feels like "warm apple pie". Writer Adam Herz has stated that the title also refers to the quest of losing one's virginity in high school, which is as "American as apple pie."

In addition to the primary American Pie saga, there are four direct-to-DVD spin-off films bearing the title American Pie Presents: Band Camp (2005), The Naked Mile (2006), Beta House (2007), and The Book of Love (2009).

In response to the success of American Reunion, a fifth theatrical film, under the working title American Pie 5 was announced on August 4, 2012. In August 2017, Seann William Scott said in an interview that the fourth film probably had not made enough at the domestic box office to warrant another film.

Apple Pie (TV series)

Apple Pie is an American sitcom that aired for only two episodes on ABC on September 23 and September 30, 1978.

Apple Pie Hill

Apple Pie Hill(also known as Petty Coat Pile) is a hill in Tabernacle Township, Burlington County, New Jersey, United States. It is 205 feet (62 m) tall, making it one of the highest points of the New Jersey Pine Barrens. A 60-foot-tall (18 m) fire tower stands atop the summit. It lies along the Batona Trail in Wharton State Forest, making it a popular hiking destination. On September 10, 2016, due to vandalism, the Department of Environmental Protection closed Apple Pie Hill to public access by erecting a fence around the tower. However, the tower is open to visitors when staff members are present and by appointment.Soils are sandy almost everywhere, with profiles that resemble classic podzol development; Atsion, Lakehurst, Lakewood, and Woodmansie are common soil series.

Apple cake

Apple cake is a popular dessert produced with the main ingredient of apples. Such a cake is made through the process of slicing this sweet fruit to add fragrance to a plain cake base. Traditional apple cakes go a step further by including various spices such as nutmeg or cinnamon, which give a unique flavour. Upon the addition of spices the batter can also be accompanied by crushed nuts, the most popular being walnuts and almonds.

Dorset apple cake, Devon apple cake and Somerset apple cake are traditional forms of this cake, respectively from Dorset, Devon and Somerset, England. They may include apple juices local to these counties as part of their recipes, but are not necessary.

Apples are also used in other cakes, including chocolate cake, where their water-retention can help a normally-dry cake to stay moist. In this case they may be either dried or fresh.

Bill Withers

William Harrison Withers Jr. (born on July 4, 1938) is an American singer-songwriter and musician who performed and recorded from 1970 until 1985. He recorded several major hits, including "Lean on Me", "Ain't No Sunshine", "Use Me", "Just the Two of Us", "Lovely Day", and "Grandma's Hands". Withers won three Grammy Awards and was nominated for four more. His life was the subject of the 2009 documentary film Still Bill. He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2015.

Brady Seals

Brady Seals (born March 29, 1969) is an American country music artist. He is the cousin of Jim Seals (of Seals & Crofts) and Dan Seals and Johnny Duncan, the nephew of Troy Seals, and the ex-husband of former BNA Records recording artist Lisa Stewart. Seals made his debut in 1988 as co-lead vocalist and keyboardist in the sextet Little Texas, with whom he recorded until his departure in late 1994. Between then and 2002, he recorded as a solo singer, releasing three studio albums and charting in the Top 40 on the country charts with "Another You, Another Me". In 2002, Seals formed a quartet called Hot Apple Pie, in which he has recorded one studio album and charted three singles. A fourth solo album, Play Time, was released in 2009 via Star City.

Hillbillies (song)

"Hillbillies" is a song recorded by American country music group Hot Apple Pie. It was released in March 2005 as the first single from the album Hot Apple Pie. The song reached #26 on the Billboard Hot Country Songs chart. Lead singer Brady Seals wrote the song with Greg McDowell and Kizzy Plush.

Hot Apple Pie

Hot Apple Pie was an American country music band founded in 2002 by Brady Seals (lead vocals), Keith Horne (bass guitar), Trey Landry (drums), and Mark "Sparky" Matejka (guitar). Matjeka was replaced in 2006 by Kevin Ray. Seals was initially co-lead vocalist and keyboardist in the band Little Texas until 1994. Between then and 2002, he recorded three studio albums, including two for Warner Bros. Records. Signed to DreamWorks Records Nashville in 2005, Hot Apple Pie released its self-titled debut album that year. This album produced three chart singles on the Billboard Hot Country Songs charts, including the No. 26-peaking "Hillbillies."

Hot Apple Pie (album)

Hot Apple Pie is an eponymous debut album released by country music band Hot Apple Pie. It was released June 28, 2005 on DreamWorks Records Nashville. The tracks "Hillbillies", "We're Makin' Up" and "Easy Does It" were all released as singles, respectively reaching numbers 26, 54, and 50 on the Billboard Hot Country Songs charts. Due to the dissolution of the DreamWorks label in late 2005, the latter two singles were issued on MCA Nashville. "The Shape I'm In" is a cover of a song originally recorded by The Band, while "We're Makin' Up" was previously recorded by Jeffrey Steele on his 2002 album Somethin' in the Water.

I'd Like to Teach the World to Sing (In Perfect Harmony)

"I'd Like to Teach the World to Sing (In Perfect Harmony)" is a pop song that originated as the jingle "Buy the World a Coke" in the groundbreaking 1971 "Hilltop" television commercial for Coca-Cola. "Buy the World a Coke" was produced by Billy Davis and portrayed a positive message of hope and love, featuring a multicultural collection of teenagers on top of a hill appearing to sing the song.

The popularity of the jingle led to it being re-recorded in versions by The New Seekers and by The Hillside Singers as a full-length song, dropping references to Coca-Cola. The song became a hit record in the US and the UK.

Jef Labes

Jef Labes is an American keyboardist and musician. He is best known from his work with Van Morrison and Bonnie Raitt. Jef Labes has also arranged for string and woodwind instruments on numerous albums.

Johnny Appleseed Festival

The Johnny Appleseed Festival is a name given to any number of festivals held in the United States in honor of John Chapman, also known as Johnny Appleseed, usually in September or October.

The Johnny Appleseed Festival is held in Fort Wayne, Indiana. The festival traditionally features food, crafts, and historical demonstrations commemorating the times of John Chapman. It is always held in the third full weekend of September, at Johnny Appleseed Park. Festival hours are always 10:00 AM to 6:00 PM on the Saturday of the festival, and 10:00 AM to 5:00 PM on Sunday.Another such festival is the Johnny Appleseed Festival in Sheffield, PA. This festival is sponsored by the Rotary and Lions Clubs of Sheffield, Pennsylvania. This festival features old fashioned games, lumberjack and lumberjill competitions, chainsaw carving, pie baking and chili cook-off competitions, food antique and craft vendors, old fashioned horse pulls, an Antique Appraisal, an Antique Engine Display, Fireworks, etc.

An additional Johnny Appleseed Festival is held in Apple Creek, OH in late July. Organized by the Apple Creek's Johnny Appleseed Committee, this festival features a Chicken Barbecue, Bingo, and a Cornhole Tournament.

One more Johnny Appleseed Festival is in Crystal Lake, IL. From the festival's website, it is described as:

Activities for the day will include music, entertainment, pony rides, petting zoo, pumpkin train, pumpkin bowling, apple pie baking contest, apple pie eating contest, clowns, face painting, story telling, temporary tattoos, wagon rides, Farmer's Market and so much more!

List of school pranks

A school prank is a prank primarily occurring in a school setting. The effect and intent of school pranks may range from everyday play and consensual bonding behavior to crimes including hazing, bullying and assault, including sexual assault.

Mark Matejka

Mark "Sparky" Matejka (Born January 2, 1967) is an American Southern rock guitarist. He joined Lynyrd Skynyrd in 2006, replacing Hughie Thomasson who had left to reform Outlaws. He first played with the band on their Christmas Time Again album in 2000 and was credited with guitar and vocals.

Mom's Apple Pie

Mom's Apple Pie was an American ten-member rock band from Warren, Ohio. They were best known for their album cover and for the voice of lead singer Bob Fiorino.

Petit Apple Pie

Petit Apple Pie (Japanese: プチアップル・パイ, Hepburn: Puchi Appuru Pai) is an 18-volume bishōjo lolicon manga anthology series published by Animage Comics from November 10, 1982 to March 10, 1987. The first volume was released under the name Bishōjo Manga Best Anthology (美少女まんがベスト集成, Bishōjo Manga Besuto Shūsei), before the series was renamed to Petit Apple Pie with the original title as a subtitle.

The series primarily featured works from editors and contributors to the erotic lolicon magazine Manga Burikko, but did not itself include any erotic or pornographic stories.

Sam Apple Pie

Sam Apple Pie were a British blues-rock band, of the late 1960s and 1970s, noted for having played at the first Glastonbury Festival in 1970, and for playing a role in the early careers of several musicians including Gary Fletcher, Dave Charles and Malcolm Morley.

Shortcrust pastry

Shortcrust pastry is a type of pastry often used for the base of a tart, quiche or pie. Shortcrust pastry can be used to make both sweet and savory pies such as apple pie, quiche, lemon meringue or chicken pie.

White Hall, Frederick County, Virginia

White Hall is an unincorporated farming community in northern Frederick County, Virginia, established in the late 1810s and located near the crossroads of Apple Pie Ridge Road (VA 739) with Green Spring and White Hall (VA 671) Roads, astride Apple Pie Ridge (922 feet/281 meters).

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